Dr Chadwick is a Biomedical Engineer with research interests in biomechanics, modelling and simulation of human movement, and rehabilitation engineering. After gaining a first-class degree in Mechanical Engineering at Nottingham University, he went on to complete a PhD in Bioengineering at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow.
Following international post-doctoral positions at the Technical University of Delft in the Netherlands, and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, he returned to the UK in 2008. He was a Lecturer in Biomechanics at the University of Aberystwyth until 2012, and Lecturer / Senior Lecturer in Biomedical Engineering at Keele University until 2019.
Dr Chadwick joined the School of Engineering at Aberdeen as Reader in Bioengineering in October 2019.
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- Programme Coordinator for MSc Biomedical Engineering
- Member of School of Engineering Postgraduate Learning and Teaching Committee
- Member of the School of Engineering 2021 REF Panel.
- External Memberships
Dr Chadwick has a number of roles external to the University:
- Member of the Engineering at the Life Sciences Interface Thematic Leadership Group for the Scottish Research Partnership in Engineering.
- Member of the Institute for Physics and Engineering in Medicine Course Accreditation Committee, overseeing accreditation of medical engineering courses alongside the Engineering Council.
- Member of the EPSRC Peer Review Collegee, reviewer for other grant awarding bodies and journals in Biomedical Engineering.
- Member of the National Scientific Committee for the Inspire Foundation.
- Member of The International Society of Biomechanics (Executive Council Member 2013-17, Chair of the International Shoulder Group 2011-14).
A new method of contrast enhancement of musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging based on fuzzy inference techniqueBiomedical Physics and Engineering Express, vol. 7, no. 5, 055003Contributions to Journals: Articles
Use and evaluation of assistive technologies for upper limb function in tetraplegia.Journal of Spinal Cord MedicineContributions to Journals: Articles
Automated measurements of morphological parameters of muscles and tendonsBiomedical Physics and Engineering Express, vol. 7, no. 2, 025002Contributions to Journals: Articles
Automated reduction the speckle noise of the panoramic ultrasound images of Muscles and TendonsContributions to Journals: Conference Articles
A comparative evaluation of time-delay, deep learning and echo state neural networks when used as simulated transhumeral prosthesis controllers2020 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. 7 pages.Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
The goal of my research is to apply engineering principles to facilitate restoration of function in people with activity-limiting movement disorders of the upper limb arising from neuromuscular conditions, orthopaedic problems and limb difference. The restoration of function can allow the resumption of independent living, the maintenance of health through exercise and the reduction of pain and discomfort.
My areas of expertise are in shoulder biomechanics, modelling and simulation of movement, human movement analysis, Functional Electrical Stimulation and advanced prosthetic devices.
I am currently accepting PhDs in Engineering.
Please get in touch if you would like to discuss your research ideas further.
- Biomedical Engineering
- Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Mathematical Modelling
- Rehabilitation Studies
One of my main areas of research currently is the development of real-time models for the simulation of arm and hand function. A musculoskeletal model that can simulate the dynamics of the human arm in real time allows the creation of a realistic 'virtual arm'. This can be used as a replacement for the real arm in the development and testing of advanced neural prosthesis systems, or as a controller for a myoelectric prosthesis. This also allows rapid development and extensive testing of complex devices whilst reducing the burden on human participants.
Alongside bioengineering and the development of assistive technologies, I am interested in understanding more about the normal and pathological function of the upper limb musculoskeletal system, in particular the shoulder. As such, part of my work also attempts to apply the modelling and simulation tools that we develop to understanding more about shoulder function and stability, both in terms of the glenohumeral joint and control of the scapula.
Funding and Grants
- 2021 – 23 Action Medical Research, Exploration of the role of subtalar joint morphology in the development of foot deformity in cerebral palsy, Co-I, £148k.
- 2020 – 22 Private Physiotherapy Educational Foundation, Shoulder instability in children: understanding muscle activity and movement pattern differences, Co-I, £30k.
- 2018 – 22 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Personalised approach to restoration of arm function in people with high-level tetraplegia, PI, £387k.
- 2017 – 18 Institute for Physics and Engineering in Medicine, Intelligent FES for restoring arm movement in people with tetraplegia, PI, £10k.
- 2016 – 19 Orthopaedic Institute, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Biomechanical modelling of toe walking gait to inform the prescription of ankle foot orthoses in children with cerebral palsy (AFOs), Co-Investigator, £44k.
- 2015–20 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Intracortical control of FES-restored arm and hand function in people with SCI, subcontract with Case Western Reserve University, £38k.
- 2015–18 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Enabling Technologies for Sensory Feedback in Next-Generation Assistive Devices, Co-Investigator, collaboration with Newcastle (lead), Leeds, Essex, Southampton and Imperial College, £1.44m.
- 2014–17 Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Image-based estimation of musculoskeletal parameters for patient-specific modelling, PhD studentship, £53k.
- 2014–16 Guy Hilton Asthma Trust, Validation of Structured Light Plethysmography in Acute Viral Bronchiolitis, Principal Investigator, collaboration with University Hospitals of North Midlands, £30k.
- 2013–15 Pneumacare Ltd, Validation of Structured Light Plethysmography: Pre/Post Bronchodilation Challenge, Principal Investigator, collaboration with University Hospitals of North Midlands, £29k.
- 2012–15 National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIH subcontract via Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago), Software development for musculoskeletal simulations, £31k.
- 2013–14 Keele University MRC Centenary Funding (Bridging the Gaps), Continuous control of advanced myoelectric prostheses, PI, £6.5k.
- 2006–8 Telemedicine & Advanced Technology Research Center, Prosthetic arm control device for amputees, Research Co-investigator.
- 2005–8 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Controller development for upper limb movement, Research Co-investigator.
- 2005–8 National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH), Restoration of Hand and Arm Function by Functional Electrical Stimulation, Research Coinvestigator.
Dr Chadwick’s teaching focuses mainly on biomechanics, healthcare technologies, medical devices and other areas related to biomedical engineering.
- Fundamentals of Engineering in Medicine
- Rehabilitation Engineering and Biomechanics
- Research Methods for Bioengineers
- Introduction to Engineering for Life Scientists
- Human Factors Engineering
- Fearsome Engines
Non-course Teaching Responsibilities
Individual project supervision at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
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Tidal breathing parameters measured using structured light plethysmography in healthy children and those with asthma before and after bronchodilatorPhysiological reports, vol. 5, no. 5Contributions to Journals: Articles
Using Convolutional Neural Network for edge detection in musculoskeletal ultrasound images2016 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2016.  IEEE Explore pp. 4619-4626, 8 pages.Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
Feasibility of using combined EMG and kinematic signals for prosthesis control: A simulation study using a virtual reality environmentJournal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, vol. 29, pp. 21-27Contributions to Journals: Articles
Real-Time Simulation of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle and Arm DynamicsIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 1947-1956Contributions to Journals: Articles
Glenohumeral stability during a hand-positioning task in previously injured shouldersMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 251-256Contributions to Journals: Articles
Shoulder biomechanics and the success of translational researchMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 205-210Contributions to Journals: Editorials
Clinical applications of musculoskeletal modelling for the shoulder and upper limbMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 953-963Contributions to Journals: Articles
Selection of muscle and nerve-cuff electrodes for neuroprostheses using customizable musculoskeletal model.Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 395-408Contributions to Journals: Articles
Development of a comprehensive musculoskeletal model of the shoulder and elbow.Medical & biological engineering & computingContributions to Journals: Articles
Continuous neuronal ensemble control of simulated arm reaching by a human with tetraplegia.Journal of Neural Engineering, vol. 8, no. 3Contributions to Journals: Articles