Data plotted on graphMost health psychology research is conducted outside of the laboratory, in real-life settings where things are complex, hard to measure, and difficult to control compared to the laboratory setting.

Our group contributes to improving methodology for designing, describing, coding and synthesizing health behaviour change interventions.

Sample Publications:

Jump to: Behaviour Change Techniques | Measurement | Systematic Reviews | Trials

Behaviour Change Techniques

  • Cane, J., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Ladha, R. & Michie, S. (2015). 'From lists of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to structured hierarchies: Comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs'. British Journal of Health Psychology, vol 20, no. 1, pp. 130-150.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12102
  • Michie, S., Wood, C.E., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J. & Hardeman, W. (2015) Behaviour Change Techniques: The Development and Evaluation of a Taxonomic Method for Reporting and Describing Behaviour Change Interventions. HTA Report
  • Peters, G-JY, de Bruin, M. & Crutzen, R. (2015). 'Everything should be as simple as possible, but no simpler: towards a protocol for accumulating evidence regarding the active content of health behaviour change interventions'. Health Psychology Review, vol 9, no. 1, pp. 1-14.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2013.848409
  • Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M,P., Cane, J. & Wood, C,E. (2013) The Behavior Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 Hierarchically Clustered Techniques: Building an International Consensus for the Reporting of Behavior Change Interventions. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, vol 46, no. 1, pp. 81-95.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6


  • Dima, A.L., Stutterheim, S.E., Lyimo, R. & de Bruin, M. (2014). 'Advancing methodology in the study of HIV status disclosure: The importance of considering disclosure target and intent'. Social Science & Medicine, vol 108, pp. 166-174.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.02.045
  • Johnston M., Dixon, D., Hart, J., Glidewell L.,Schröder, C. & Pollard, B. (2014).  Discriminant Content Validity (DCV): a quantitative methodology for assessing content of theory-based measures, with illustrative applications. British Journal of Health Psychology, vol 19, no 2, p240-257.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12095
  • Pollard, B., Johnston, M. & Dixon, D. (2012) ‘Exploring differential item functioning in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)’. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol 13, 265.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-13-265

Systematic Reviews

  • de Bruin, M., Viechtbauer, W., Schaalma, HP., Kok, G., Abraham, C. & Hospers, HJ. (2010). 'Standard care impact on effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence interventions: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials'. Archives of Internal Medicine, vol 170, no. 3, pp. 240-250.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.536
  • de Bruin, M., Viechtbauer, W., Hospers, HJ., Schaalma, HP. & Kok, G. (2009). 'Standard care quality determines treatment outcomes in control groups of HAART-adherence intervention studies: Implications for the interpretation and comparison of intervention effects'. Health Psychology, vol 28, no. 6, pp. 668-674.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1037/a0015989


  • de Bruin, M., McCambridge, J. & Prins, J.M. (2015). 'Reducing the risk of bias in health behaviour change trials: Improving trial design, reporting or bias assessment criteria? A review and case study'. Psychology & Health, vol 30, no. 1, pp. 8-34.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2014.953531
  • Oberjé, E.J.M., Dima, A.L., Pijnappel, FJ., Prins, JM. & de Bruin, M. (in press). 'Assessing treatment-as-usual provided to control groups in adherence trials: Exploring the use of an open-ended questionnaire for identifying behaviour change techniques'. Psychology & Health.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2014.1001392
  • Abraham, C., Johnson, B.T., de Bruin, M. & Łuszczynska, A.A. (2014). 'Enhancing reporting of behavior change intervention evaluations'. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes : JAIDS., vol 66, no. Suppl. 3, pp. S293-S299.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000231
  • Hoffman, T., Glasziou, P., Boutron, I., Milne, R., Perera, R., Moher, D., Altman, D,G., Barbour, V., Macdonald, H., Johnston, M., Lamb, S, E., Dixon-Woods, M., McCulloch, P., Wyatt, J.C., Chan, A. & Michie, S. (2014) ‘Better reporting of interventions: the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide’. British Medical Journal, 348:g1687.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g1687
  • McCambridge, J., de Bruin, M. & Witton, J. (2012). 'The effects of demand characteristics on research participant behaviours in non-laboratory settings: a systematic review'. PloS one, vol 7, no. 6, e39116.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039116