Professor Roger Pertwee

Professor Roger Pertwee

Emeritus Professor

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Professor Roger Pertwee
Professor Roger Pertwee

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The University of Aberdeen School of Medical Sciences Institute of Medical Sciences University of Aberdeen Foresterhill Aberdeen AB25 2ZD Scotland, UK

Biography

Roger Pertwee has three degrees from the University of Oxford: MA (in biochemistry), D.Phil. (in pharmacology) and D.Sc. (in physiological sciences). He is now an Emeritus Professor at the University of Aberdeen, where he is still actively engaged in scientific research. He is also co-chairman of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) Subcommittee on Cannabinoid Receptors, a co-ordinator of the British Pharmacological Society’s Special Interest Group on Cannabinoids, a co-founder of the International Cannabinoid Research Society (ICRS) <http://icrs.co/> , and an invited scientific advisor on cannabinoid pharmacology/therapeutics to the Beckley Foundation <http://beckleyfoundation.org/about/advisory-boards/>, has had formal cannabinoid pharmacology-related links with several pharmaceutical companies, and currently has such a link with GW Pharmaceuticals. He has served too, twice as President of the ICRS (1997-1998 and 2007-2008), and once as Chairman of the International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines (IACM; 2005-2007), and is also currently ICRS International Secretary, and a member of the IACM Board of Directors <http://www.cannabis-med.org/index.php?tpl=page&id=74&lng=en>. He was the recipient of the 2002 Mechoulam Award “for his outstanding contributions to cannabinoid research”. He was also awarded the 2011 Wellcome Gold Medal by the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) “for outstanding contributions to pharmacology, based mainly on research achievements”, and the 2013 IACM Special Award “for his major contributions to the re-introduction of cannabis as a medicine”, and is an Honorary Fellow of the BPS: this fellowship is awarded to BPS members who have “demonstrated distinction and peer recognition in science, or have given long and valuable service to the Society”. In addition, he was identified by Thomson Reuters in 2005 to be a “Highly Cited Researcher” and hence among “the world's most cited and influential researchers”. He also received (1) a Highly Cited Researcher Award from Thomson Reuters in September 2014 “in recognition of ranking among the top 1% of researchers for most cited documents in their specific field” (see Pertwee in “Archives” at <http://hcr.stateofinnovation.thomsonreuters.com/page/archives> and from Clarivate Analytics in 2018 “in recognition of exceptional research performance demonstrated by production of multiple highly cited papers, those that rank in the top 1% by citations for field and year in Pharmacology and Toxicology” and (2) the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Cannabinoid Research Society "for outstanding contributions to cannabinoid research and the ICRS".

Roger Pertwee presented evidence on cannabis in person at the House of Lords to the Science and Technology Committee which published its report on cannabis in 1998. He is the author of numerous review articles on the cannabinoids and is often invited to speak on the pharmacology of cannabinoids at international conferences. He is also interested in the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids. Indeed, he was a contributing author of the British Medical Association book entitled "Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis." and served on the Royal Pharmaceutical Society working party that recommended and helped to design clinical trials with cannabis and THC that were carried out in the UK and funded by the Medical Research Council. Together with Drs Rik Musty and Paul Consroe he also carried out the first large survey of multiple sclerosis patients who self-medicate with cannabis [Eur Neurol (1997) 38: 44]. His contributions to the "medicalization of cannabis" are summarized in a Witness Seminar Transcript (Vol 40), co-authored by Crowther, S.M., Reynolds, L.A. and Tansey, E.M. and published in 2010 by The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL. This book is freely downloadable at <http://www.history.qmul.ac.uk/research/modbiomed/wellcome_witnesses/volume40/index.html>.

Roger Pertwee's research focuses on the pharmacology of cannabinoids. He began his work in this area in 1968 as a post-doc with Professor Sir William Paton at the Department of Pharmacology, Oxford University. He initially worked with cannabis and also with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol, both of which were extracted from tincture of cannabis, then still a legal medicine in the UK. This research led to the demonstration that cannabidiol is a highly effective inhibitor of hepatic microsomal enzymes and to the development of the "ring immobility test", still widely used as a behavioural bioassay.

After moving to Aberdeen in 1974, Roger Pertwee continued with his cannabinoid research, initially investigating the basis for the hypothermic effect of THC. This work provided evidence that THC lowers the thermoregulatory set point such that animals regulate their core temperature at a lower level than normal by adjusting heat gain and heat loss both autonomically and behaviourally. In other research carried out during this time he found that cannabinoids interact synergistically with benzodiazepines and also identified the globus pallidus as one of the sites at which cannabinoids alter motor function.

Opioid research with the mouse isolated vas deferens being carried out in Professor Hans Kosterlitz's laboratory in Aberdeen gave Roger Pertwee the opportunity to establish whether this tissue would also serve as a bioassay for cannabinoids. The mouse vas deferens turned out to be an extremely sensitive quantitative assay for CB1 agonists. He presented some of the initial vas deferens data at a cannabinoid meeting in Palm Beach in 1991 and this led to a collaboration with Professor Raphael Mechoulam who was also at the meeting. As a result, using the mouse vas deferens, Roger Pertwee (with Graeme Griffin) was able to provide the first evidence that anandamide not only binds to cannabinoid receptors (Dr William Devane's data) but also activates these receptors, greatly strengthening the argument that anandamide is an endogenous cannabinoid/endocannabinoid [Science (1992) 258:1946]. Other research in his laboratory, led by Dr Angela Coutts, was directed at mapping out the distribution of cannabinoid receptors in brain and gut using immunohistochemical techniques.

His research has also played major roles in

  • the discovery that ethanolamides that are formed from dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and that seem to be endocannabinoids, have the capacity to inhibit cancer cell growth and proliferation;

  • the discovery of a cannabinoid CB1 receptor allosteric site;

  • the discovery that delta-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin is a plant cannabinoid (phytocannabinoid) - and that this compound is both a cannabinoid CB1 receptor blocker (antagonist) and a cannabinoid CB2 receptor activator (agonist) that has the potential to treat drug dependence, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, obesity and liver diseases, and to reduce health risks associated with liver transplantation;

  • the pharmacological characterization of other phytocannabinoids, including cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid & cannabigerol, and the further pharmacological characterization of THCV;

  • the discovery/pharmacological characterization of novel synthetic cannabinoids many of which are widely used by cannabinoid researchers as experimental tools, e.g.

  1. methanandamide, the first CB1 receptor-selective agonist (with Dr Alexandros Makriyannis);

  2. two other CB1-selective agonists: ACEA & ACPA (with Dr Cecelia Hillard);

  3. HU-308, a CB2-selective agonist (with Dr Raphael Mechoulam);

  4. AM281, a widely-used CB1 receptor antagonist, and AM630, a widely-used CB2 receptor antagonist (with Dr Alexandros Makriyannis);

  5. CB1 receptor “neutral” antagonists;

  6. O-1057, the first water-soluble cannabinoid receptor ligand (with Drs Billy Martin and Raj Razdan);

  7. novel positive and negative allosteric modulators of the CB1 receptor (with Dr Ganesh Thakur). 

Research now being carried out in Roger Pertwee's laboratory is directed (i) at seeking out further pharmacological actions of phytocannabinoids, (ii) at elucidating the pharmacological actions of other constituents of cannabis, and (iii) at exploring the actions and therapeutic potential of novel synthetic allosteric modulators of cannabinoid receptors. This research, which is being conducted mainly using radioligand binding assays and in vitro bioassays that measure drug effects on cannabinoid receptor signalling (e.g. [35S]GTPgammaS binding assays), is currently supported by the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (part of NIH) and by GW Pharmaceuticals. He is also presently collaborating with colleagues at Aberdeen University in cannabinoid research funded by Diabetes UK and by Medical Research Scotland.

 

Research

Research Overview

Primary research interests:

·       pharmacology and therapeutic potential of plant cannabinoids

·       pharmacology of allosteric sites on cannabinoid receptors

·       novel cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor ligands

·       new pharmacological targets for cannabinoids

·       roles of the endocannabinoid system in health and disease

 

Current Research

Roger Pertwee's current research is directed at seeking out pharmacological actions of phytocannabinoids, and at elucidating the pharmacological actions of other constituents of cannabis. In addition, he is currently following up a discovery made in his laboratory that there is at least one allosteric site on the cannabinoid CB1 receptor, by exploring the actions and therapeutic potential of novel synthetic allosteric modulators of cannabinoid receptors.

 

 

 

 

 

Publications

Publications 

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  • Synthetic bioactive olivetol-related amides: The influence of the phenolic group in cannabinoid receptor activity

    Brizzi, A., Aiello, F., Boccella, S., Cascio, M. G., De Petrocellis, L., Frosini, M., Gado, F., Ligresti, A., Luongo, L., Marini, P., Mugnaini, C., Pessina, F., Corelli, F., Maione, S., Manera, C., Pertwee, R. G., Di Marzo, V.

    Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 28, no. 11, 115513

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Anticancer effects of n-3 EPA and DHA and their endocannabinoid derivatives on breast cancer cell growth and invasion

    Brown, I., Lee, J., Sneddon, A. A., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G., Wahle, K. W., Rotondo, D., Heys, S. D.

    Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 156, pp. 102024

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Disease associated polymorphisms within the conserved ECR1 enhancer differentially regulate the tissue specific activity of the cannabinoid‐1 receptor gene promoter; implications for cannabinoid pharmacogenetics

    Hay, E. A., Cowie, P., McEwan, A. R., Ross, R., Pertwee, R. G., MacKenzie, A.

    Human Mutation, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 291-298

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Fatty acid suppression of glial activation prevents central neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury

    Georgieva, M., Wei, Y., Dumitrascuta, M., Pertwee, R., Finnerup, N. B., Huang, W.

    Pain, vol. 160, no. 12, pp. 2724-2742

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Disruption of an enhancer associated with addictive behaviour within the cannabinoid receptor-1 gene suggests a possible role in alcohol intake, cannabinoid response and anxiety-related behaviour

    Hay, E. A., McEwan, A., Wilson, D., Barrett, P., D'Agostino, G., Pertwee, R. G., MacKenzie, A.

    Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 109, pp. 104407

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • A synthetic analogue of cannabidiolic acid that acts like a positive allosteric modulator at 5-HT1A receptors

    Alcina, A. G., Stevenson, L. A., Haj, C., Smoum, R., Mechoulam, R., Hislop, J. N., Pertwee, R. G.

    British-Pharmacology-Society Meeting (Pharmacology), pp. 3011-3012

    Contributions to Journals: Abstracts

  • Identification of the First Synthetic Allosteric Modulator of the CB2 Receptors and Evidence of Its Efficacy for Neuropathic Pain Relief

    Gado, F., Di Cesare Mannelli, L., Lucarini, E., Bertini, S., Cappelli, E., Digiacomo, M., Stevenson, L. A., Macchia, M., Tuccinardi, T., Ghelardini, C., Pertwee, R. G., Manera, C.

    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 276-287

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Positive Allosteric Modulation of Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 Suppresses Pathological Pain Without Producing Tolerance or Dependence

    Slivicki, R. A., Xu, Z., Kulkarni, P. M., Pertwee, R. G., Mackie, K., Thakur, G. A., Hohmann, A. G.

    Biological Psychiatry, vol. 84, no. 10, pp. 722-733

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Synthesis, radio-synthesis and in vitro evaluation of terminally fluorinated derivatives of HU-210 and HU-211 as novel candidate PET tracers

    Zanato, C., Pelagalli, A., Marwick, K. F. M., Piras, M., Dall'Angelo, S., Spinaci, A., Pertwee, R. G., Wyllie, D. J. A., Hardingham, G. E., Zanda, M.

    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 2086-2096

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The pharmacology and therapeutic potential of plant cannabinoids

    Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G., Marini, P.

    Cannabis sativa L. - Botany and Biotechnology. Chandra, S., Lata, H., ElSohly, M. (eds.). Springer, Biomedicine & Life Sciences, pp. 207-225, 19 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Mapping Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Allosteric Site(s): Critical Molecular Determinant and Signaling Profile of GAT100, a Novel, Potent, and Irreversibly Binding Probe

    Laprairie, R. B., Kulkarni, A. R., Kulkarni, P. M., Hurst, D. P., Lynch, D., Reggio, P. H., Janero, D. R., Pertwee, R. G., Stevenson, L. A., Kelly, M. E. M., Denovan-Wright, E. M., Thakur, G. A.

    ACS Chemical Neuroscience, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 776-798

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Displacement Binding Assay Using Human Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor-Transfected Cells

    Cascio, M. G., Marini, P., Pertwee, R. G.

    Endocannabinoid Signaling. Maccarrone, M. (ed.). Springer Science+Business Media, pp. 57-63, 7 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Effect of cannabis on glutamate signalling in the brain: A systematic review of human and animal evidence

    Colizzi, M., McGuire, P., Pertwee, R. G., Bhattacharyya, S.

    Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 64, pp. 359-381

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Novel Electrophilic and Photoaffinity Covalent Probes for Mapping the Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Allosteric Site(s)

    Kulkarni, P. M., Kulkarni, A. R., Korde, A., Tichkule, R. B., Laprairie, R. B., Denovan-Wright, E. M., Zhou, H., Janero, D. R., Zvonok, N., Makriyannis, A., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G., Thakur, G. A.

    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 44-60

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Cyclic AMP Assay Using Human Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor-Transfected Cells

    Marini, P., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G.

    Endocannabinoid Signaling. Maccarrone, M. (ed.). Springer Science+Business Media, pp. 85-93, 9 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist enantiomers HU-433 and HU-308: An inverse relationship between binding affinity and biological potency

    Smoum, R., Baraghithy, S., Chourasia, M., Breuer, A., Mussai, N., Attar-Namdar, M., Kogan, N. M., Raphael, B., Bolognini, D., Cascio, M. G., Marini, P., Pertwee, R. G., Shurki, A., Mechoulam, R., Bab, I.

    PNAS, vol. 112, no. 28, pp. 8774-8779

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Modulation of food consumption and sleep-wake cycle in mice by the neutral CB1 antagonist ABD459

    Goonawardena, A. V., Plano, A., Robinson, L., Ross, R., Greig, I., Pertwee, R. G., Hampson, R. E., Platt, B., Riedel, G.

    Behavioural Pharmacology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 289-303

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Are cannabidiol and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin negative modulators of the endocannabinoid system? A systematic review

    McPartland, J. M., Duncan, M., Di Marzo, V., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 172, no. 3, pp. 737-753

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Early phytocannabinoid chemistry to endocannabinoids and beyond

    Mechoulam, R., Hanus, L. O., Pertwee, R., Howlett, A. C.

    Nature reviews neuroscience, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 757-764

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Pyrazoles with a "click" 4-[N-(4-fluorobutyl)-1,2,3-triazole] substituent in position 3 are nanomolar CB1 receptor ligands

    Distinto, R., Zanato, C., Montanari, S., Cascio, M. G., Lazzari, P., Pertwee, R., Zanda, M.

    Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, vol. 167, pp. 184-191

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Structure-affinity relationships and pharmacological characterization of new alkyl-resorcinol cannabinoid receptor ligands: Identification of a dual cannabinoid receptor/TRPA1 channel agonist

    Brizzi, A., Aiello, F., Marini, P., Cascio, M. G., Corelli, F., Brizzi, V., De Petrocellis, L., Ligresti, A., Luongo, L., Lamponi, S., Maione, S., Pertwee, R. G., Di Marzo, V.

    Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 22, no. 17, pp. 4770-4783

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The phytocannabinoid, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin, can act trough 5HT1A receptors to produce anti-psychotic effects

    Cascio, M. G., Zamberletti, E., Marini, P., Pertwee, R. G., Parolaro, D.

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • Inhibition of colon carcinogenesis by a standardized Cannabis sativa extract with high content of cannabidiol

    Romano, B., Borrelli, F., Pagano, E., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G., Izzo, A. A.

    Phytomedicine, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 631-639

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • In-vivo pharmacological evaluation of the CB1-receptor allosteric modulator Org-27569

    Gamage, T. F., Ignatowska-Jankowska, B. M., Wiley, J. L., Abdelrahman, M., Trembleau, L., Greig, I. R., Thakur, G. A., Tichkule, R., Poklis, J., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G., Lichtman, A. H.

    Behavioural Pharmacology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 182-185

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Elevating endocannabinoid levels: pharmacological strategies and potential therapeutic applications

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 96-105

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Motor effects of the non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid cannabidiol that are mediated by 5-HT1A receptors

    Espejo-Porras, F., Fernandez-Ruiz, J., Pertwee, R. G., Mechoulam, R., Garcia, C.

    Neuropharmacology, vol. 75, pp. 155-163

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidivarin-rich cannabis extracts are anticonvulsant in mouse and rat via a CB1 receptor-independent mechanism

    Hill, T. D. M., Cascio, M., Romano, B., Duncan, M., Pertwee, R. G., Williams, C. M., Whalley, B. J., Hill, A. J.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 170, no. 3, pp. 679-692

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin at serotoninergic 5-HT1A receptors, and of its 11-Hydroxy-metabolite at cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors

    Cascio, M. G., Marini, P., Pertwee, R. G.

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • Characterization of cannabinoid receptor ligands in tissues natively expressing cannabinoid CB2 receptors

    Marini, P., Cascio, M. G., King, A., Pertwee, R. G., Ross, R. A.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 169, no. 4, pp. 887-899

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The cannabinoid TRPA1 agonist cannabichromene inhibits nitric oxide production in macrophages and ameliorates murine colitis

    Romano, B., Borrelli, F., Fasolino, I., Capasso, R., Piscitelli, F., Cascio, M., Pertwee, R., Coppola, D., Vassallo, L., Orlando, P., Di Marzo, V., Izzo, A.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 169, no. 1, pp. 213-229

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidiolic acid prevents vomiting in Suncus murinus and nausea-induced behaviour in rats by enhancing 5-HT(1A) receptor activation

    Bolognini, D., Rock, E., Cluny, N., Cascio, M., Limebeer, C., Duncan, M., Stott, C., Javid, F., Parker, L., Pertwee, R.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 168, no. 6, pp. 1456-1470

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • CB1 Receptor Allosteric Modulators Display Both Agonist and Signaling Pathway Specificity

    Baillie, G. L., Horswill, J. G., Anavi-Goffer, S., Reggio, P. H., Bolognini, D., Abood, M. E., McAllister, S., Strange, P. G., Stephens, G. J., Pertwee, R. G., Ross, R. A.

    Molecular Pharmacology, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 322-338

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidiol for neurodegenerative disorders: important new clinical applications for this phytocannabinoid?

    Fernandez-Ruiz, J., Sagredo, O., Ruth Pazos, M., Garcia, C., Pertwee, R., Mechoulam, R., Martinez-Orgado, J.

    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 323-333

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabinoids and omega-3/6 endocannabinoids as cell death and anticancer modulators

    Brown, I., Cascio, M. G., Rotondo, D., Pertwee, R. G., Heys, S. D., Wahle, K. W. J.

    Progress in Lipid Research, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 80-109

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Targeting the endocannabinoid system with cannabinoid receptor agonists: pharmacological strategies and therapeutic possibilities

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 367, no. 1607, pp. 3353-3363

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Investigations on the 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid motif. 6. Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of 7-substituted quinolone-3-carboxamide derivatives as high affinity ligands for cannabinoid receptors

    Pasquini, S., De Rosa, M., Ligresti, A., Mugnaini, C., Brizzi, A., Caradonna, N. P., Cascio, M. G., Bolognini, D., Pertwee, R. G., Di Marzo, V., Corelli, F.

    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 58, pp. 30-43

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Manipulation of the endocannabinoid system to provide a protective benefit in the MPTP-mouse model

    Mounsey, R. B., Mustafa, S., Strachan, L., Riedel, G., Ross, R., Pertwee, R. G., Teismann, P.

    Scottish Neuroscience Group meeting 2012

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • Investigations on the 4-Quinolone-3-Carboxylic Acid Motif Part 5: Modulation of the Physicochemical Profile of a Set of Potent and Selective Cannabinoid-2 Receptor Ligands through a Bioisosteric Approach

    Mugnaini, C., Nocerino, S., Pedani, V., Pasquini, S., Tafi, A., De Chiaro, M., Bellucci, L., Valoti, M., Guida, F., Luongo, L., Dragoni, S., Ligresti, A., Rosenberg, A., Bolognini, D., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G., Moaddel, R., Maione, S., Di Marzo, V., Corelli, F.

    ChemMedChem, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 920-934

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • AM630 behaves as a protean ligand at the human cannabinoid CB2 receptor

    Bolognini, D., Cascio, M. G., Parolaro, D., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 165, no. 8, pp. 2561-2574

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidiol, a non-psychotropic component of cannabis, attenuates vomiting and nausea-like behaviour via indirect agonism of 5-HT1A somatodendritic autoreceptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus

    Rock, E. M., Bolognini, D., Limebeer, C. L., Cascio, M. G., Anavi-Goffer, S., Fletcher, P. J., Mechoulam, R., Pertwee, R. G., Parker, L. A.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 165, no. 8, pp. 2620-2634

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Delta(8)-Tetrahydrocannabivarin prevents hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion injury by decreasing oxidative stress and inflammatory responses through cannabinoid CB2 receptors

    Batkai, S., Mukhopadhyay, P., Horvath, B., Rajesh, M., Gao, R. Y., Mahadevan, A., Amere, M., Battista, N., Lichtman, A. H., Gauson, L. A., Maccarrone, M., Pertwee, R. G., Pacher, P.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 165, no. 8, pp. 2450-2461

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Sativex-like Combination of Phytocannabinoids is Neuroprotective in Malonate-Lesioned Rats, an Inflammatory Model of Huntington's Disease: Role of CB1 and CB2 Receptors

    Valdeolivas, S., Satta, V., Pertwee, R. G., Fernandez-Ruiz, J., Sagredo, O.

    ACS Chemical Neuroscience, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 400-406

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Modulation of L-α-lysophosphatidylinositol/GPR55 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling by cannabinoids

    Anavi-Goffer, S., Baillie, G., Irving, A., Gertsch, J., Greig, I. R., Pertwee, R. G., Ross, R. A.

    The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 287, no. 1, pp. 91-104

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The endocannabinoid 2-AG provides neuroprotection in the MPTP model of Parkinson's disease

    Mounsey, R. B., Mustafa, S., Ross, R., Pertwee, R. G., Teismann, P.

    Contributions to Conferences: Other Contributions

  • Omega-3 N-acylethanolamines are endogenously synthesised from omega-3 fatty acids in different human prostate and breast cancer cell lines

    Brown, I., Wahle, K. W., Cascio, M. G., Smoum, R., Mechoulam, R., Pertwee, R. G., Heys, S. D.

    Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 305-310

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • N-(ARYLALKYL)-1H-INDOLE-2-SULFONIC ACID AMIDE COMPOUNDS AND THEIR THERAPEUTIC USE AS CANNABINOID ALLOSTERIC MODULATORS

    Greig, I. R., Ross, R. A., Trembleau, L. A. C., Pertwee, R. G., Abdelrahman, M. H.

    Patents: Patents

  • Structural and pharmacological analysis of O-2050, a putative neutral cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist

    Wiley, J. L., Breivogel, C. S., Mahadevan, A., Pertwee, R. G., Cascio, M. G., Bolognini, D., Huffman, J. W., Walentiny, D. M., Vann, R. E., Razdan, R. K., Martin, B. R.

    European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 651, no. 1-3, pp. 96-105

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The endocannabinoid 2-AG provides neuroprotection in the MPTP model of Parkinson's disease

    Mounsey, R. B., Mustafa, S., Ross, R., Pertwee, R. G., Teismann, P.

    Society for Neuroscience

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. LXXIX. Cannabinoid Receptors and Their Ligands: Beyond CB1 and CB2

    Pertwee, R. G., Howlett, A. C., Abood, M. E., Alexander, S. P. H., Di Marzo, V., Elphick, M. R., Greasley, P. J., Hansen, H. S., Kunos, G., Mackie, K., Mechoulam, R., Ross, R. A.

    Pharmacological Reviews, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 588-631

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Cannabinoid receptor-dependent and -independent anti-proliferative effects of omega-3 ethanolamides in androgen receptor-positive and -negative prostate cancer cell lines

    Brown, I., Cascio, M. G., Wahle, K. W. J., Smoum, R., Mechoulam, R., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G., Heys, S. D.

    Carcinogenesis, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1584-1591

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Investigations on the 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid motif. 3. Synthesis, structure-affinity relationships, and pharmacological characterization of 6-substituted 4-quinolone-3-carboxamides as highly selective cannabinoid-2 receptor ligands.

    Pasquini, S., Ligresti, A., Mugnaini, C., Semeraro, T., Cicione, L., De Rosa, M., Guida, F., Luongo, L., De Chiaro, M., Cascio, M. G., Bolognini, D., Marini, P., Pertwee, R. G., Maione, S., Di Marzo, V., Corelli, F.

    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 16, pp. 5915-5928

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Biochanin A, a naturally occurring inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase

    Thors, L., Burston, J. J., Alter, B. J., McKinney, M. K., Cravatt, B. F., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G., Gereau, R. W., Wiley, J. L., Fowler, C. J.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 160, no. 3, pp. 549-560

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Phytocannabinoids beyond the Cannabis plant - do they exist?

    Gertsch, J., Pertwee, R. G., Di Marzo, V.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 160, no. 3, pp. 523-529

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The effects of ¿9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol alone and in combination on damage, inflammation and in vitro motility disturbances in rat colitis

    Jamontt, J. M., Molleman, A., Pertwee, R. G., Parsons, M. E.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 160, no. 3, pp. 712-723

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The plant cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin can decrease signs of inflammation and inflammatory pain in mice

    Bolognini, D., Costa, B., Maione, S., Comelli, F., Marini, P., Di Marzo, V., Parolaro, D., Ross, R. A., Gauson, L. A., Cascio, M. G., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 160, no. 3, pp. 677-687

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • WIN55,212-2 induced deficits in spatial learning are mediated by cholinergic hypofunction

    Robinson, L., Goonawardena, A. V., Pertwee, R. G., Hampson, R., Platt, B., Riedel, G.

    Behavioural Brain Research, vol. 208, no. 2, pp. 584-592

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • In vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of two novel selective cannabinoid CB2 receptor inverse agonists

    Cascio, M. G., Bolognini, D., Pertwee, R. G., Palazzo, E., Corelli, F., Pasquini, S., Di Marzo, V., Maione, S.

    Pharmacological Research, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 349-354

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Evidence that the plant cannabinoid cannabigerol is a highly potent α2-adrenoceptor agonist and moderately potent 5HT1A receptor antagonist

    Cascio, M. G., Gauson, L. A., Stevenson, L. A., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 159, no. 1, pp. 129-141

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Receptors and Channels Targeted by Synthetic Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists and Antagonists

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 14, pp. 1360-1381

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Conformationally Constrained Fatty Acid Ethanolamides as Cannabinoid and Vanilloid Receptor Probes

    Appendino, G., Ligresti, A., Minassi, A., Cascio, M. G., Allara, M., Taglialatela-Scafati, O., Pertwee, R. G., De Petrocellis, L., Di Marzo, V.

    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 3001-3009

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Synthetic and plant-derived cannabinoid receptor antagonists show hypophagic properties in fasted and non-fasted mice

    Riedel, G., Fadda, P., McKillop-Smith, S., Pertwee, R. G., Platt, B., Robinson, L.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 156, no. 7, pp. 1154-1166

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Therapeutic applications for agents that act at CB1 and CB2 receptors

    Pertwee, R. G., Thomas, A.

    The Cannabinoid Receptors. Reggio, P. (ed.). Humana Press, pp. 361-392

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Cannabidiol targets mitochondria to regulate intracellular Ca2+ levels

    Ryan, D., Drysdale, A. J., Lafourcade, C., Pertwee, R. G., Platt, B.

    Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 2053-2063

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Emerging strategies for exploiting cannabinoid receptor agonists as medicines

    Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 156, no. 3, pp. 397-411

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • New pharmaceutical formulation comprising cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabivarin

    Pertwee, R. G., Guy, G. W., Whittle, B.

    Patents: Patents

  • Use of tetrahydrocannabinol and/or cannabidiol for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease

    Pertwee, R. G., Guy, G. W., Jamontt, J., Robson, P.

    Patents: Patents

  • Therapeutic uses of cannabigerol

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Patents: Patents

  • Neuroprotective Effects of the Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoid Cannabidiol in Hypoxic-Ischemic Newborn Piglets

    Alvarez, F. J., Lafuente, H., Rey-Santano, M. C., Mielgo, V. E., Gastiasoro, E., Rueda, M., Pertwee, R. G., Castillo, A. I., Romero, J., Martinez-Orgado, J.

    Pediatric Research, vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 653-658

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • New use for cannabinoid

    Pertwee, R. G., Guy, G. W.

    Patents: Patents

  • 1,5-diaryl-pyrazoles as cannabinoid receptor neutral antagonists useful as therapeutic agents

    Greig, I. R., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G.

    Patents: Patents

  • Hippocampal endocannabinoids inhibit spatial learning and limit spatial memory in rats

    Robinson, L., McKillop-Smith, S., Ross, N. L., Pertwee, R. G., Hampson, R. E., Platt, B., Riedel, G.

    Psychopharmacology, vol. 198, no. 4, pp. 551-563

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Ligands that target cannabinoid receptors in the brain: from THC to anandamide and beyond

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Addiction Biology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 147-159

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Use for cannabinoid

    Pertwee, R. G., Guy, G. W.

    Patents: Patents

  • CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology

    Pertwee, R. G.

    Cannabinoids and the Brain. Köfalvi, A. (ed.). Springer Science+Business Media, pp. 91-99

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Inhibition of human neutrophil chemotaxis by endogenous cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids: Evidence for a site distinct from CB1 and CB2

    McHugh, D., Tanner, C., Mechoulam, R., Pertwee, R. G., Ross, R. A.

    Molecular Pharmacology, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 441-450

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabinoid-mediated neuroprotection, not immunosuppression, may be more relevant to multiple sclerosis

    Croxford, J. L., Pryce, G., Jackson, S. J., Ledent, C., Giovannoni, G., Pertwee, R. G., Yamamura, T., Baker, D.

    Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol. 193, no. 1-2, pp. 120-129

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin

    Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 199-215

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • New use for cannabinoid

    Pertwee, R. G., Guy, G.

    Patents: Patents

  • GPR55: a new member of the cannabinoid receptor clan?

    Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 152, no. 7, pp. 984-986

    Contributions to Journals: Editorials

  • Meta-analysis of cannabinoid ligand binding affinity and receptor distribution: interspecies differences

    McPartland, J. M., Glass, M., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 152, no. 5, pp. 583-593

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Anti-inflammatory property of the cannaboinid receptor-2-selective agonist JWH-133 in a rodent model of autoimmune uveoretinitis

    Xu, H., Cheng, C. L., Chen, M., Manivannan, A., Cabay, L., Pertwee, R. G., Coutts, A. A., Forrester, J. V.

    Journal of Leukocyte Biology, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 532-541

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The synthetic cannabinoid HU210 induces spatial memory deficits and suppresses hippocampal firing rate in rats

    Robinson, L., Goonawardena, A. V., Pertwee, R. G., Hampson, R. E., Riedel, G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 151, no. 5, pp. 688-700

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidiol displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in vitro

    Thomas, A., Baillie, G., Phillips, A. M., Razdan, R. K., Ross, R. A., Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 150, no. 5, pp. 613-623

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The psychoactive plant cannabinoid, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is antagonized by Δ8- and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin in mice in vivo

    Pertwee, R. G., Thomas, A., Stevenson, L. A., Ross, R. A., Varvel, S. A., Lichtman, A. H., Martin, B. R., Razdan, R. K.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 150, no. 5, pp. 586-594

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Significance of cardiac cannabinoid receptors in regulation of cardiac rhythm, myocardial contractility, and electrophysiologic processes in heart

    Krylatov, A. V., Maslov, L. N., Ermakov, S. Y., Lasukova, O. V., Barzakh, E. I., Crawford, D., Pertwee, R. G.

    Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 28-35

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Differential effects of cannabis extracts and pure plant cannabinoids on hippocampal neurones and glia

    Ryan, D., Drysdale, A. J., Pertwee, R. G., Platt, B.

    Neuroscience Letters, vol. 408, no. 3, pp. 236-241

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Effect of sublingual application of cannabinoids on intraocular pressure: A pilot study

    Tomida, I., Azuara-Blanco, A., House, H., Flint, M., Pertwee, R. G., Robson, P. J.

    Journal of Glaucoma, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 349-353

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • In vitro and in vivo pharmacology of synthetic olivetol- or resorcinol-derived cannabinoid receptor ligands

    Cascio, M. G., Bisogno, T., Palazzo, E., Thomas, A. D., van der Stelt, M., Brizzi, A., De Novellis, V., Marabese, I., Ross, R. A., van de Doelen, T., Brizzi, V., Pertwee, R. G., Maione, S., Di Marzo, V.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. 431-440

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabinoid-mediated immunosuppression in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis

    Baker, D., Croxford, J. L., Pryce, G., Jackson, S. M., Ledent, C., Marsicano, G., Lutz, B., Giovannoni, G., Pertwee, R. G., Yamamura, T.

    Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol. 178, no. Suppl. 1, pp. 90-91

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabidiol-induced intracellular Ca2+ elevations in hippocampal cells

    Drysdale, A. J., Ryan, D., Pertwee, R. G., Platt, B.

    Neuropharmacology, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 621-631

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cannabinoid pharmacology

    Pertwee, R. G.

    British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 147, no. S1, pp. S163-S171

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • First "hybrid" ligands of vanilloid TRPV1 and cannabinoid CB2 receptors and non-polyunsaturated fatty acid-derived CB2-selective ligands

    Appendino, G., Cascio, M. G., Bacchiega, S., Moriello, A. S., Minassi, A., Thomas, A., Ross, R., Pertwee, R., De Petrocellis, L., Di Marzo, V.

    FEBS Letters, vol. 580, pp. 568-574

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Novel compounds that interact with both leukotriene B-4 receptors and vanilloid TRPV1 receptors

    McHugh, D., McMaster, R. S., Pertwee, R. G., Roy, S., Mahadevan, A., Razdan, R. K., Ross, R. A.

    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 316, pp. 955-965

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Role of cannabinoid receptors in the regulation of cardiac contractility during ischemia/reperfusion

    Maslov, L. N., Lasukova, O. V., Krylatov, A. V., Hanus, L. O., Pertwee, R. G., Ivanchuk, I. I., Crowford, D.

    Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 142, no. 5, pp. 557-561

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

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