Professor Samuel Martin
2022- present Director of Research, School of Biological Sciences
2020- present Director Scottish Fish Immunology Research Centre
2014- present Professor, Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences (IBES)
2012-2014 Reader, IBES, University of Aberdeen
2010-2012 Senior lecturer, IBES, University of Aberdeen
2007-2010 Lecturer IBES, University of Aberdeen
1999- 2007 Research Fellow, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen
1996-1999 Senior Research Officer, National Diagnostics Centre, NUI, Galway, Ireland
1993-1996 Postdoctoral RA, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Glasgow
PhD Queens University Belfast 1993
BSc (Hons) Queens University Belfast 1989
Sam discusses his research interms of climate chaange and COP26, November 2021
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- External Memberships
Aquaculture Research Hub UK (ARCH-UK) Co Lead
Scottish Excetutive Ministerial Advisory Group for Aquaculture
MASTS: Productive seas/ aquaculture forum member
Coordinator for "New technologies in fish nutrition" European Aquaculture Technology Implementation Platform
Editorial Board Member : Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development
Board of Directors, River Don Trust
1. Genomics in Aquaculture
2. Atlantic salmon transcriptomics
3. Nutrigenomics in farmed fish
4. Fish health and immunology
5. Life history stratagies and evolutionary adaptations in salmon
My research focuses on fish health and how this is impacted by other physiological processes. The fish immune system regulates the animals response to pathogens and other stressors, as such it is central fish performance at many levels. My research includes how nutrition- especially novel diets and functional feeds impact intestinal and systemic immune function. We have several programs that are focussed on vaacacination, which includes developemnt of cells lines using gene editing (crispr/cas9) in both salmon and carp.
Much of my research is related to aquaculture which is one of the fastest growing global food producing industries, but often this grwoth is retarted due to health management. Within Scotland the Atlantic salmon industry is worth >£1.3 Billion to the Scottish economy producing ~200,000 tons of salmon per annum, however there targets for increased production. Globally now ~50% all consumed fish is reared in aquaculture. My group uses a variety of genomcs approaches to address key traits relating to improving the performance of fish in culture.
For wild salmonids I have a long term interest in the parr smolt transformation and the underlying regulation that controls this physiological process that controls both the migratory behaviour and the ability to osmoregulate in the marine environment.
Funding and Grants
2022-2025 Immune cellular dynamics predictive of vaccine protection in Atlantic salmon. With Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh. BBSRC Responsive mode BB/W008564/1
2020-2024 Development of cell culture tools to study fish virus interactions with a focus on fastidious carp viruses. Phd with CEFAS
2021-2024. Knowledge Transfer Partnership between Innovate UK and Vertebrate Antibodies Ltd. KTP
2021-2022. Artificial intelligence approaches to improve diagnosis of gill disease in Atlantic salmon (AIGD). Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre (SAIC)
2021-2022 Evaluation & Optimisation of thermal delicing in Scottish salmonid aquaculture SAIC
2020-2023 NucNanoFish: Nucleic Nanovaccines for fish. BBSRC (ICRAD) BB/V019902/1
2020-2022 Spatial and Temporal Drivers of Gill Pathology in Atlantic Salmon (STGP). SAIC
2019-2023 NOSIFISH: Novel Omega-3 Sources in Feeds and Impacts on Salmon Health BBSRC Responsive mode BB/S005919/1
2019-2022 NUTRIPROG (IPA). Investigating the potential of nutritional programming to improve the utilisation of sustainable feeds in aquaculture. With University of Strirling BBSRC Responsive mode BB/R018812/1
2019-2022: Feed Additives for Improved Physiological and Health Parameters in Fish. PhD studentship Newton-Mosharafa Fund (UK- Egypt)
2019-2023: Photoperiod and immune function, how critical life cycle events in salmon impact on disease response and post smolt performance. PhD studentship funded by SAIC (industrial partner Scottish Sea Farms)
2019-2023 ROBUST-SMOLT: Impact of early life history in freshwater Recirculation Aquaculture Systems on Atlantic salmon robustness and susceptibility to disease at sea. Consortium grant lead by University of Stirling BBSRC BB/S004270/1
2019-2023 Advancing European Aquaculture by Genome Functional Annotation. H2020 Coordinated NMBU Oslo.
2019-2023 AQUALEAP: Innovation in Genetics and Breeding to Advance UK Aquaculture Production. Consortium grant lead by Edinburgh. BBSRC BB/S004181/1
2018-2022: Functional feeds and gill health. PhD studentship with BioMar
2018-2022 Improving resistance to infectious salmon anaemia using genome editing: Novel approaches to tackling viral disease in aquaculture (PI Prof Ross Houston, Roslin Institute) BBSRC BB/R008612/1 responsive mode
2017-2019 Clinical nutrition and the treatment of Atlantic salmon gill diseases. SAIC
2017-2019 Vaccines for chronic viral pathogens in salmon- generation of interferon attenuated cell lines. NERC NE/P010946/1
2017-2020 Functional annotation of the Atlantic salmon genome, translation to improved health and performance for Aquaculture (Partnering award with Canada) BBSRC BB/P02582X/1
2017-2021 Gut leucocytes as a screen for the health impact of functional feeds. PhD studentship with Skretting
2017 Innovation for Health and Robustness in Aquculture in NE India. NERC_BBSRC Innovation ODA scoping award
2017-2021 UK Aquaculture Initiative Network. Aquaculture Research Collaborative Hub -UK (ARCH-UK). NERC / BBSRC BB/P017223/1
2016-2018 Mucosal health and microbiota during sea lice parasitism: effect of oral delivery of immunomodulants. Newton Fund RCUK-CONICYT
2015-2017 Gut health and immune function: the emerging role of gut microbiota in sustainable aquaculture. BBSRC BB/M026604/1
2015-2017. Epigenetic management of stress and disease resistance in Atlantic salmon. BBSRC BB/M026469/1 (with Prof Carlos Garcia de Leaniz, University of Swansea)
2015-2019 Nutrigenomic approaches for development of sustainable fish feeds. PhD studentship. Ministry of Education, Malaysia.
2015-2019 The role of functional amino acids as regulators of metabolic pathways in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). (Industrial PhD studentship with BioMar).
2015-2019 Light & Salt – thyroid hormone deiodinase paralogs and the evolution of complex life-history strategy. Research Council of Norway (Prof. David Hazlerigg, University of Tromso).
2015–2019 Characterization & exploitation of copy number variation in Atlantic salmon. BBSRC industrial CASE PhD studentship, Lead Dr Dan Macqueen.
2013-2017 Gut health and nutrition in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BBSRC EastBio PhD studentship
2013-2017 (Norwegian Research Council) Salmon health and immune function during parr smolt transformation. (Coordinated by Dr Sonal Patel, Bergen, Norway)
2013-2016 The Molecular Interactions between Growth and Health Status in Salmonid Fish. PhD studentship (Kuwait University sponsor)
2011-2016 Development of protein-rich and starch-rich fractions from faba beans for salmon and terrestrial animal production respectively. Technology Strategy Board, UK.
2013 Gene expression and health relating to organic feeds in aquaculture. MASTS visiting Fellow (Dr E Mente).
2011-2014 Nutritional requirements during viral induced muscle wasting in Atlantic salmon (Industrial PhD studentship with BioMar)
2011-2014 Selenium as an antiviral agent in farmed fish (Industrial PhD studentship with Alltech)
2010-2014 Application of nutrigenomics to develop new diets that reduce lice burden in Atlantic salmon. Industrial PhD studentship with BioMar
2010-2014 Farm animal proteomics. EU COST
2010-2014 The physiological and genomic basis to the timing of life history transitions in Atlantic salmon. BBSRC
2008-2011: Evolutionary dynamics of major histocompatibility genes in Arctic charr. NERC (with Prof Rene Stet and Dr W.C. Jordan, IOZ London)
2009-2013: LIFECYCLES: Building a biological knowledge-base on fish lifecycles for competitive, sustainable European aquaculture.
2009-2012: A systems biology based approach to functionally annotate and analyse the genome of the fish pathogenic oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica. BBSRC (with Dr P. Van West)
2008-2011: Molecular basis of improved feed quality for aquaculture. PhD studentship with BioMar
2009-2010: Modulation of muscle atrophy gene expression in Atlantic salmon following an inflammatory response. Royal Society
1st year Introduction to Biological Sciences (BI1008)
1st year Diversity of life 1, (BI1012)
1st year Diversity of life 2, (BI1512, Course Coordinator)
3rd year Aquatic Biology, Conservation and Exploitation (ZO3809)
3rd year Skills, Bioinformatics unit (BI3010)
4th year Sustainable Aquaculture (ZO4811, Course Coordinator)
4th year Grant Writing for MSci degree programme (BI4015, Course coordinator)
MSc Applied Marine and Fisheries Ecology, Aquaculture (ZI5505, Unit Coordinator)
MSci Degree programme coordinator
Outreach to Schools: "Trout in the Classroom". I teach about ecology and fish in the river Don by growing fish from eggs to fry in the classroom. (Kemnay Academy 2008, Inverurie Academy 2009, Strathburn School 2010).
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Transcriptomic response to ISAV infection in the gills, head kidney and spleen of resistant and susceptible Atlantic salmonBMC Genomics, vol. 23, 775Contributions to Journals: Articles
Gut Associated Lymphoid Tissue (GALT) primary cells and stable cell lines as predictive models for intestinal health in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 13, 1023235Contributions to Journals: Articles
Temporal changes in skin and gill microbiomes of Atlantic salmon in a recirculating aquaculture system – Why do they matter?Aquaculture, vol. 558, 738352Contributions to Journals: Articles
Single cell transcriptomics of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) liver reveals cellular heterogeneity and immunological responses to challenge by Aeromonas salmonicida.Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 13, pp. 1-17Contributions to Journals: Articles
Immune responses to prebiotics in farmed salmonid fish: How transcriptomic approaches help interpret responsesFish & Shellfish ImmunologyContributions to Journals: Articles
Interactive effects of dietary lipid and nutritional emulsifier supplementation on growth, chemical composition, immune response and lipid metabolism of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)Aquaculture, vol. 546, 737341Contributions to Journals: Articles
Tenebrio molitor larvae meal inclusion affects hepatic proteome and apoptosis and/or autophagy of three farmed fish speciesScientific Reports, vol. 12, no. 1, 121Contributions to Journals: Articles
Genome-wide reconstruction of rediploidization following autopolyploidization across one hundred million years of salmonid evolutionMolecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 39, no. 1, msab310Contributions to Journals: Articles
Gill Transcriptomic Responses to Toxin-producing Alga Prymnesium parvum in Rainbow TroutFrontiers in Immunology, vol. 12, 794593Contributions to Journals: Articles
Sampling the fish gill microbiome: a comparison of tissue biopsies and swabsBMC Microbiology, vol. 21, 313Contributions to Journals: Articles