Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics

The Fluid Mechanics Research Group covers a spectrum of research across four major areas: (1) Environmental and Industrial Fluid Mechanics; (2) Soil Mechanics; (3) Structural Mechanics; and (4) Transport Studies.


Research in Environmental and Industrial Fluid Mechanics primarily focuses on (i) hydrodynamics of free-surface flows; (ii) mechanics of fluid-sediment interactions and transport; and (iii) thermophysical properties of fluids and metrology. These areas cover environmental and industrial flows at multiple scales, from sub-mm to kilometres. Studies of free-surface flows focus on open-channel flows, coastal processes, eco-hydraulics, flow-porous-bed interfaces, and liquid-solid impacts. Research on fluid-sediment interactions concentrates on sediment transport in unidirectional and oscillatory flows and on gravity currents. Experimental fluid metrology and thermodynamics characterise properties of fluids in a wide range of temperatures, pressures, scales and compositions, including extreme conditions. A historical sketch of the School's Fluid Mechanics research can be found here.


Research in Soil Mechanics is focused on soil-structure interactions within two themes: (i) the dynamic behaviour of ground anchorage systems installed in soil or rock; and (ii) interactions between the seabed and bottom-moving objects (fishing gear or similar). Numerical and experimental approaches are used to understand and predict the impact of these activities on the environment. 


The Structures Research investigates fundamental and applied aspects of the design and analysis of structural systems, components, connections and materials, and evaluates the performance, condition and health of existing structural systems. The aim of the research is to make structures safer, more reliable, sustainable and efficient through enhanced fundamental understanding of how they work and how they can be practically improved.


Transport Studies are undertaken through the Centre for Transport Research (CTR) which is the focus place for transport research at the University. CTR specialises in the sustainability of transport systems with emphasis on environment, society and technology. The Centre applies an inter-disciplinary approach to research and knowledge exchange, drawing on expertise from engineering, geography, psychology, sociology, economics and computing science.