Dr J. Edward Schofield
BA, MSc, PhD, FSA Scot
- 2007-present: Lecturer in Geography, Department of Geography & Environment, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen; 2015-present, Adjunct Lecturer in Archaeology within the same School
- 2004-07: PDRF, Department of Geography & Environment, University of Aberdeen
- 2002-04: PDRA, School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University
- 2002: RA, Wetland Archaeology and Environments Research Centre (WAERC), University of Hull
- 1996-2001: PhD Vegetation Succession in the Humber Wetlands
- 1995-1996: MSc Environmental Analysis & Dynamics, University of Hull
- 1991-1994: BA (Hons) Geography, University of Hull
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- Course co-ordinator for GG1510 (Global Worlds, Local Challenges)
- Library Representative for Geography & Environment
- Member of the Teaching Committee for Geography & Environment
- External Memberships
- Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (FSA Scot).
- Book review editor for the international journal Environmental Archaeology.
- Scottish Archaeological Research Framework (ScARF): Science in Scottish Archaeology panel member 2010-12 (based at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh). Contribution to the Science Report on Pollen Analysis.
- Reconstructing past environments (specialising in palynology)
- Viking settlement across the North Atlantic islands, with an emphasis on the Norse colonisation of Greenland
- Human-environment relationships through prehistory and into the late Medieval period
- Vegetation history and plant succession in British wetlands
I am currently pursuing interests that connect directly with the University of Aberdeen's strategic theme of The North. In this respect, my core research activities continue to focus upon the impacts of Norse settlement on the vegetation and landscapes of southwest Greenland. The colonisation (landnám) of Greenland by people of Scandinavian origin - the Norse, or 'Vikings' of popular culture - took place around AD 985 following the arrival of settlers from Iceland led by Erik the Red. Settlement continued for a period of around 400 years before the colonies collapsed for various economic, social and climatic reasons which are still being debated. My research in this field is centred upon the characterisation of signatures for Norse activity in palaeoecological records from Greenland using pollen analysis and associated proxies (such as microscopic charcoal, fungal spores, radiocarbon dating, and peat geochemistry).
(Above) The ruins of Hvalsey church and farm, Eastern Settlement, Greenland (June 2011, photograph by J.E.Schofield). The last definite (written) record to emerge from Norse Greenland is a letter reporting a wedding at Hvalsey church in AD 1408.
Funding and Grants
- Leverhulme Trust Standard Grant (2014-17) Calving glaciers: long-term validation and evidence (CALVE) (Co-investigator)
- AHRC Standard Grant (2014) Bennachie landscapes: investigating communities past and present at the Colony site (Co-investigator)
- SNH 'Year of Natural Scotland' (2013) A stratigraphic survey and pollen analysis of peat deposits at Bennachie, Aberdeenshire (in collabaration with the Scottish Sculpture Workshop)
- Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Research Grant (2010) The potential of the Norse Middle Settlement of Greenland for a major interdisciplinary research project (joint with Prof. K Edwards)
Course co-ordinator for Level 1 Geography (Semester 2)
- GG1510 Global Worlds, Local Challenges
...with teaching contributions on the following Geography modules:
- GG1008 Global Worlds, Global Challenges
- GG2508 Skills & Techniques in Geosciences
- GG3069 Remote sensing and GIS
- GG3575 Techniques in Physical Geography
- GG4571 Environmental Change
...plus guest lectures, lab practicals and seminars for various modules in Archaeology.
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First evidence of cryptotephra in palaeoenvironmental records associated with Norse occupation sites in GreenlandQuaternary Geochronology, vol. 27, pp. 145-157Contributions to Journals: Articles
Moving forwards? Palynology and the human dimensionJournal of Archaeological Science, vol. 56, pp. 117-132Contributions to Journals: Articles
Europeanization of sub-arctic environments: perspectives from Norse Greenland's outer fjordsHuman Ecology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 61-77Contributions to Journals: Articles
Taphonomy or signal sensitivity in palaeoecological investigations of Norse landnám in Vatnahverfi, southern Greenland?Boreas, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 197-215Contributions to Journals: Articles
The geography of the past: a North Atlantic sagaThe Geographer, vol. Spring, pp. 6-7Contributions to Journals: Articles
A multiple profile approach to the palynological reconstruction of Norse landscapes in Greenland's Eastern SettlementQuaternary Research, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 22-37Contributions to Journals: Articles
Terminus-driven retreat of a major southwest Greenland tidewater glacier during the early 19th century: insights from glacier reconstructions and numerical modellingJournal of Glaciology, vol. 60, no. 220, pp. 333-344Contributions to Journals: Articles
Vatnahverfi: a green and pleasant land? Palaeoecological reconstructions and environmental land-use changeJournal of the North Atlantic, vol. 6, pp. 29-46Contributions to Journals: Articles
Toftanes. A Viking Age Farmstead in the Faroe IslandsActa Archaeologica, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 5-239Contributions to Journals: Special Issues
Re-deposited cryptotephra layers in Holocene peats linked to anthropogenic activityThe Holocene, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1493-1501Contributions to Journals: Articles