Clare Frances is lecturer in law at Aberdeen Law School, specialising in international criminal law. She holds degrees from Edinburgh Napier University (LLB Hons) and the universities of Edinburgh (LLM) and Glasgow (PhD). She has taught law in several Scottish universities, and has previously held visiting research positions at Columbia University, New York, and the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law. She is also a listed Assistant to Counsel at the International Criminal Court.
Clare Frances' research interests lie in the related areas of international criminal law, international humanitarian law, and international human rights law, and she has published widely in these areas. Her first monograph, 'The Authority of International Criminal Law: A Controversial Concept', is published in 2023 by Cambridge University Press. Her work has also engaged with the role of defences in both domestic and the international criminal legal systems, the role of the International Criminal Court in prosecuting human trafficking, and the way in which international criminal law and human rights law can be used to support the rights of refugees.
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- Theme Coordinator, Criminal Justice and Human Rights
- PGT Policy Committee Member
- Board Member, Aberdeen University Press
- Member of the Aberdeen Centre for Constitutional and Public International Law
- External Memberships
- External Examiner, University of Glasgow
- Co-convener, Interest Group on Peace and Security, European Society of International Law
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
- Listed Assistant to Counsel, International Criminal Court
‘Formal and Circumscribed in Time and Space’? The Authority of International Criminal LawFifteen Eighty FourContributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
Dominic Ongwen: how the case of a former child soldier exposed weaknesses in international criminal lawThe ConversationContributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
The authority of international criminal law: A controversial conceptCambridge University Press. 220 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
The Memorandum of Understanding between Italy and Libya: Does It Create Human Rights Obligations on the Part of Italy?Non-textual Forms: Web Publications and Websites
Towards a Better Migrant Protection Framework Along the Central Mediterranean Route: Human rights implications and necessary revisions of the Memorandum of Understanding Between Italy and LibyaWorking Papers: Discussion Papers
Prizes and Awards
Merit Scholarship holder 2013, International Law Fund.
Clare Frances' research interests relate to international criminal law, international humanitarian law, and international human rights law. Her most recent project culminated in the publication of her first monograph, 'The Authority of International Criminal Law: A Controversial Concept', published in 2023 by Cambridge University Press.
Her work has also engaged with the role of defences in both domestic and the international criminal legal systems, the role of the International Criminal Court in prosecuting human trafficking, and the way in which international criminal law and human rights law can be used to support the rights of refugees.
I am currently accepting PhDs in Law, Llm By Research.
Please get in touch if you would like to discuss your research ideas further.
Llm By ResearchAccepting PhDs
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Crystallising the International Rule of Law: Trump’s Accidental Contribution to International LawWashburn Law Journal, vol. 56, pp. 491-506Contributions to Journals: Articles
Human rights law.Studying EU Law in Scotland during and after Brexit: Open Access Resource. Busby, N., Zahn, R. (eds.). First Edition edition. Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe, pp. 81-84Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
How Donald Trump’s bull-in-a-china-shop shtick is strengthening international lawThe ConversationContributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
A comparative exploration of the defence of duressGlobal Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 51-76Contributions to Journals: Articles
To Be Responsible for Ourselves: Dominic Ongwen and Defences Before the International Criminal CourtNon-textual Forms: Web Publications and Websites
Defences for war crimes and crimes against humanity? Duress and the Rome Statute.Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law. Gill, T. (ed.). T.M.C. Asser Press, pp. 205-223Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Dignity in revolution.Essays on human rights: a celebration of the life of Dr. Janusz Kochanowski. Carby-Hall, J. (ed.). Ius et Lex FoundationChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Human trafficking and the Rome statute of the International Criminal Court.The Age of Human Rights Journal, vol. 3, pp. 32-45Contributions to Journals: Articles
Beyond the state: the future of international criminal law.Books and Reports: Other Reports
Emerging voices: the contribution of international criminal tribunals and courts to the development and promotion of international human rights lawNon-textual Forms: Web Publications and Websites