Dr Ann Rajnicek
BS, PhD, FRSB
- BSc Biology1984 - Marygrove College (Detroit, MI USA)
- PhD Developmental Biology1990 - Purdue University (W Lafayette, IN USA)Thesis title: Effects of electric fields on wound healing and directed neurite growth
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- Chair: School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, Staff Student Liaison Committee, Level 2 courses (2008-present)
- Senior Personal Tutor: School of Medicine ,Medical Sciences and Nutrition (2021-present)
- Co-lead, Co-founder: The IDEALL Group for Equality and Diversity (2016-present)
- Member: Institute of Medical Sciences Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Committee (2016-present)
- Member: University Senate (elected 2012-2016; re-elected 2016-2020)
- Member: Self Assessment Team, Institute of Medical Sciences Athena Swan Application (2015-2019)
- External Memberships
Senior Journal Editor/Media Editor: Bioelectricity (2019-present)(https://home.liebertpub.com/publications/bioelectricity/647)
External examiner: Glasgow University, Molecular and Cellular Biology/Biotechnology/Bioengineering undergraduate degrees (2017-2021)
Fellow: Royal Society of Biology (FRSB)
Member: Society for Neuroscience
Member: British Society for Cell Biology
Member: Scottish Developmental Biology Group
Member: American Society for Cell Biology
Vice Chair: Gordon Research Conference on Bioelectrochemistry (2006)
Chair: Gordon Research Conference on Bioelectrochemistry (2008)
Board Member: Bioelectromagnetics Society (2008-2011)
Council Member: Bioelectrochemical Society (2009-2013)
Prizes and Awards
Yasuda Award for Excellence in Biomedical Research (Jan 2000) Society for Physical Regulation in Biology and Medicine.
I am interested in the process by which cells use environmental conditions as guidance cues during development, wound healing and regeneration. My work has potential applications in tissue engineering and for devising clinical strategies to aid wound healing and nervous system repair.
Guiding cells by DC electric fields
Cells exist within a naturally-occuring electric field, which results from the normal ion transport properties of polarized epithelia. My research addresses the question of how cells use the electric field as a cue to direct cell migration and orientation.
Guiding cells by small substratum contours
The physical shape of the extracellular environment is usually not considered in the context of directional cell migration. However, cells migrate along parallel substratum features on the scale of tens to hundreds of nanometers, which mimic the size of naturally ocurring features (such as individual collagen fibrils or oriented neuronal fibers). I am interested in the process by which individual cells sense very small substratum features and how they translate the cues subsequently into directed migration.
Establishing a guidance heirarchy
Since electric fields and variation in substratum shape co-exist in vivo another interest is to determine the hierarchy of directional cues and the mechanisms that allow the cues to be selected/integrated by individual cells.
Rho GTPases and growth cone guidance by an electric field
The Rho GTPases Rac, Rho and Cdc42 regulate cytoskeletal dynamics spatially and therefore control cell shape and the direction of cell migration. We have shown that Rho GTPase-mediated cytoskeletal dynamics are essential for growth cone guidance by an electric field (Rajnicek et al., 2006 Journal of Cell Science 119:1723-1735; Rajnicek et al. 2006 Journal of Cell Science 119: 1736-45).
Growth cone guidance by substratum grooves
Growth cones are exquititely sensitive to substratum features on the scale of tens of nanometers deep but not all types of growth cones respond in the same way to identical features. For example, embryonic rat hippocampal axons align at a right angle to a series of parallel grooves 130 nm deep and 1 um across but Xenopus spinal neuron growth cones migrate parallel to the same grooves. I am currently exploring the intracellular mechanisms growth cones use to detect small substratum features, including roles for Rho GTPases and the transcription factor Pax-6 (collaboration with Martin Collinson and Derryck Shewan, School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen).
Guidance of epithelial cells by substratum nanotopograpy and electric fields is controlled by a rho/cdc42 switch
Cells migrating to re-epithelialise a wound in the cornea migrate over non-planar surfaces within the context of a wound-induced DC electric field. We have shown that corneal epithelial cells migrate parallel to nano-scale substratum grooves and that on planar quartz they migrate toward the cathode of a DC electric field. By simultaneously challenging corneal cells with co-presented substratum grooves and an electric field oriented orthogonally we determined that the electric field was a more potent directional cue and that a cdc42/rho switch controls electrical/contact guidance priority. This is relevant to the design of future therapies to aid wound healing as well as the basic mechanism for how cells sort/select/integrate simultaneous directonal guidance cues present in the normal extracellular environment.
Aberdeen- Prof Nieves Casan-Pastor, Dr W Huang, Dr D Shewan, Dr M Collinson, Dr H Wilson, Prof M Delibegovic
Funding and Grants
IMS Spinal Research Fund -PhD Studentship "Electrical Control of Nerve Cell Growth"
School of Medical Sciences -PhD Studentship "The transcription factor Pax6 and neuronal guidance" (with M Collinson and D Shewan)
European Commission Specific Targeted Research or Innovation Project - "Development of a Bioelectrochemical device for CNS repair" (NERBIOS) ~£220,000 (with C.D. McCaig)
BBSRC - Genetic control of epithelial cell migration and wound healing physiology (with M Collinson, C McCaig and M.Zhao) ~£643,000.
AN4301- Developmental Neuroscience with Anatomy
PY4302- Developmental Neuroscience
BM3804- Neuroscience Research Topics
Non-course Teaching Responsibilities
Senior Personal Tutor for School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition (undergraduates)
Personal Tutor and related pastoral care for undergraduates
Industrial Placement Tutor
Chair Level 2 undergraduate Staff Student Liaison Committee
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Roles for IFT172 and primary cilia in cell migration, cell division and neocortex developmentFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, vol. 7, 287Contributions to Journals: Articles
Electric field gradients and bipolar electrochemistry effects on neural growth: A finite element study on immersed electroactive conducting electrode materialsElectrochimica Acta, vol. 317, pp. 102-111Contributions to Journals: Articles
Electrical Stimulation Directs Migration, Enhances and Orients Cell Division and Upregulates the Chemokine Receptors CXCR4 and CXCR2 in Endothelial CellsJournal of Vascular Research, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 39-53Contributions to Journals: Articles
The Bioelectricity revolution: a discussion among the founding associate editorsBioelectricity, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 8-15Contributions to Journals: Editorials
Controlling Nerve Growth with an Electric Field Induced Indirectly in Transparent Conductive Substrate MaterialsAdvanced Healthcare Materials, vol. 7, no. 17, 1800473Contributions to Journals: Articles
A refined rat primary neonatal microglial culture method that reduces time, cost and animal useJournal of Neuroscience Methods, vol. 304, pp. 92-102Contributions to Journals: Articles
Silkworm silk biomaterials for spinal cord repair: promise for combinatorial therapiesNeural Regeneration Research, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 809-810Contributions to Journals: Articles
The potential of Antheraea pernyi silk for spinal cord repairScientific Reports, vol. 7, pp. 1-10Contributions to Journals: Articles
TiO2 surfaces support neuron growth during electric field stimulationMaterials Science and Engineering C, vol. 79, pp. 1-8Contributions to Journals: Articles
Requirement of Pax6 for the integration of guidance cues in cell migrationRoyal Society Open Science, vol. 4, 170625Contributions to Journals: Articles