Dr J. Edward Schofield

Dr J. Edward Schofield
BA, MSc, PhD, FSA Scot

Lecturer

Overview
Dr J. Edward Schofield
Dr J. Edward Schofield

Contact Details

Telephone
work +44 (0)1224 273589
Email
Address
The University of Aberdeen (G20 St Mary's Building) Department of Geography & Environment, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen, Elphinstone Road, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK.

Biography

  • 2007-present: Lecturer in Geography, Department of Geography & Environment, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen; 2015-present, Adjunct Lecturer in Archaeology within the same School
  • 2004-07: PDRF, Department of Geography & Environment, University of Aberdeen
  • 2002-04: PDRA, School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University
  • 2002: RA, Wetland Archaeology and Environments Research Centre (WAERC), University of Hull
  • 1996-2001: PhD Vegetation Succession in the Humber Wetlands
  • 1995-1996: MSc Environmental Analysis & Dynamics, University of Hull
  • 1991-1994: BA (Hons) Geography, University of Hull
Research

Research Interests

  • Reconstructing past environments (specialising in palynology)
  • Viking settlement across the North Atlantic islands, with an emphasis on the Norse colonisation of Greenland
  • Human-environment relationships through prehistory and into the late Medieval period
  • Vegetation history and plant succession in British wetlands
  • Biogeography

Current Research

I am currently pursuing interests that connect directly with the University of Aberdeen's strategic theme of The North. In this respect, my core research activities continue to focus upon the impacts of Norse settlement on the vegetation and landscapes of southwest Greenland. The colonisation (landnám) of Greenland by people of Scandinavian origin - the Norse, or 'Vikings' of popular culture - took place around AD 985 following the arrival of settlers from Iceland led by Erik the Red. Settlement continued for a period of around 400 years before the colonies collapsed for various economic, social and climatic reasons which are still being debated. My research in this field is centred upon the characterisation of signatures for Norse activity in palaeoecological records from Greenland using pollen analysis and associated proxies (such as microscopic charcoal, fungal spores, radiocarbon dating, and peat geochemistry).

 

(Above) The ruins of Hvalsey church and farm, Eastern Settlement, Greenland (June 2011, photograph by J.E.Schofield). The last definite (written) record to emerge from Norse Greenland is a letter reporting a wedding at Hvalsey church in AD 1408.

 

Research Grants

  • Leverhulme Trust Standard Grant (2014-17) Calving glaciers: long-term validation and evidence (CALVE) (Co-investigator)
  • AHRC Standard Grant (2014) Bennachie landscapes: investigating communities past and present at the Colony site (Co-investigator)
  • SNH 'Year of Natural Scotland' (2013) A stratigraphic survey and pollen analysis of peat deposits at Bennachie, Aberdeenshire (in collabaration with the Scottish Sculpture Workshop)
  • Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Research Grant (2010) The potential of the Norse Middle Settlement of Greenland for a major interdisciplinary research project (joint with Prof. K Edwards)
Teaching

Teaching Responsibilities

Course co-ordinator for Level 1 Geography (Semester 2)

  • GG1510 Global Worlds, Local Challenges

...with teaching contributions on the following Geography modules:

  • GG1008 Global Worlds, Global Challenges
  • GG2508 Skills & Techniques in Geosciences
  • GG3069 Remote sensing and GIS
  • GG3575 Techniques in Physical Geography
  • GG4571 Environmental Change

...plus guest lectures, lab practicals and seminars for various modules in Archaeology.

Further Info

External Responsibilities

  • Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (FSA Scot).
  • Book review editor for the international journal Environmental Archaeology.
  • Scottish Archaeological Research Framework (ScARF): Science in Scottish Archaeology panel member 2010-12 (based at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh). Contribution to the Science Report on Pollen Analysis.

Admin Responsibilities

  • Course co-ordinator for GG1510 (Global Worlds, Local Challenges)
  • Library Representative for Geography & Environment
  • Member of the Teaching Committee for Geography & Environment 
Publications

Publications 

Currently viewing:

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Contributions to Journals

Articles

  • Pérez-Rodríguez, M., Silva-Sánchez, N., Kylander, ME., Bindler, R., Mighall, TM., Schofield, JE., Edwards, KJ. & Martínez Cortizas, A. 'Industrial-era lead and mercury contamination in southern Greenland implicates North American sources'. Science of the Total Environment, vol 613-614, pp. 919-930.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.041
  • Kamerling, IM., Schofield, JE., Edwards, KJ. & Aronsson, K-Å (2017). 'High-resolution palynology reveals the land-use history of a Sami renvall in northern Sweden'. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol 26, no. 4, pp. 369-388.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s00334-016-0596-5
    [Online] AURA: 10.1007_2Fs00334_016_0596_5.pdf
  • Mikolajczyk, L. & Schofield, JE. (2017). 'A Geochemical Signal from a Mesolithic Intertidal Archaeological Site: A Proof-of-Concept Study from Clachan Harbor, Scotland'. Geoarchaeology-An International Journal, vol 32, no. 3, pp. 400-413.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1002/gea.21606
  • Ledger, PM., Edwards, KJ. & Schofield, JE. (2017). 'Competing hypotheses, ordination and pollen preservation: landscape impacts of Norse landnám in southern Greenland'. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, vol 236, pp. 1-11.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.10.007
  • Oliver, J., Armstrong, J., Milek, K., Schofield, JE., Vergunst, J., Brochard, T., Gould, A. & Noble, G. (2016). 'The Bennachie Colony: A Nineteenth-Century Informal Community in Northeast Scotland'. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, vol 20, no. 2, pp. 341-377.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s10761-016-0336-7
    [Online] AURA: OLIVER_et_al_The_Bennahcie_Colony_preproof.pdf
  • Ledger, PM., Edwards, KJ. & Schofield, JE. (2016). 'The biogeographical status of Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursch in sub-Arctic southern Greenland: Do pollen records indicate local populations during the past 1500 years?'. Polar Biology, vol 39, no. 3, pp. 433-441.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1790-0
    [Online] AURA: Ledger_et_al_2016_Polar_Biology_Final_Manuscript_with_figure...
  • Silva-Sánchez, N., Schofield, JE., Mighall, TM., Martínez Cortizas, A., Edwards, KJ. & Foster, I. (2015). 'Climate changes, lead pollution and soil erosion in south Greenland over the past 700 years'. Quaternary Research, vol 84, no. 2, pp. 159-173.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2015.06.001
    [Online] AURA: YQRES_D_15_00014R2_Manuscript.pdf
  • Blockley, SPE., Edwards, KJ., Schofield, JE., Pyne-O'Donnell, SDF., Jensen, BJL., Matthews, IP., Cook, GT., Wallace, KL. & Froese, D. (2015). 'First evidence of cryptotephra in palaeoenvironmental records associated with Norse occupation sites in Greenland'. Quaternary Geochronology, vol 27, pp. 145-157.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.quageo.2015.02.023
  • Edwards, KJ., Fyfe, RM., Hunt, CO. & Schofield, JE. (2015). 'Moving forwards? Palynology and the human dimension'. Journal of Archaeological Science, vol 56, pp. 117-132.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2015.02.010
    [Online] AURA: JAS_Accepted.pdf
  • Golding, KA., Simpson, IA., Wilson, CA., Lowe, EC., Schofield, JE. & Edwards, KJ. (2015). 'Europeanization of sub-arctic environments: perspectives from Norse Greenland's outer fjords'. Human Ecology, vol 43, no. 1, pp. 61-77.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s10745-014-9708-y
    [Online] AURA: Human_Ecology_accepted.pdf
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