Dr Graham Scotland

Dr Graham Scotland

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Dr Graham Scotland
Dr Graham Scotland

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Biography

Graham is a Reader and leads the Assessment of Technologies theme in HERU. He joined HERU in 2004 and has since 2012 held a joint appointment between HERU and the Health Services Research Unit (HSRU). His current research interests span both model- and trial-based economic evaluation, with specific areas of interest including the evaluation of technologies in widespread routine use, the use of patient-level data to inform decision models, and the valuation of outcomes within economic evaluation. Graham graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1998 with BSc (Hons) in pharmacology, and following this undertook an MSc in Health Services and Public Health Research at the University of Aberdeen. After completing his MSc he worked at the Dugald Baird Centre for Research in Women's Health, University of Aberdeen, where he undertook research into economic aspects of maternal healthcare delivery in developing countries. Since his appointment in HERU he has gained over 10 years’ experience working in the area of health technology assessment. In 2012 he completed a part-time PhD on methods for incorporating broader measures of value into economic evaluation in the area of reproductive healthcare.

Curriculum Vitae

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Publications 

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  • Early detection of neovascular age-related macular degeneration: an economic evaluation based on data from the EDNA study

    Hernández, R., Banister, K., Goulao, B., Cook, J., Sivaprasad, S., Hogg, R. E., Azuara-Blanco, A., Heimann, H., Dimitrova, M. P., Gale, R., Porteous, M., Ramsay, C., Chakravarthy, U., Scotland, G.

    British Journal of Ophthalmology

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cost-effectiveness and value of information analysis of multiple frequency bioimpedance devices for fluid management in people with chronic kidney disease having dialysis

    Jacobsen, E., Cruickshank, M., Cooper, D., Marks, A., Brazzelli, M., Scotland, G.

    Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, vol. 19, 24

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Help for Hay Fever community pharmacy-based pilot randomised controlled trial for intermittent allergic rhinitis

    Smith, S., Porteous, T., Bond, C., Francis, J., Lee, A. J., Lowrie, R., Scotland, G., Sheikh, A., Thomas, M., Wyke, S., Smith, L.

    npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, vol. 30, pp. 23

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Glyceryl trinitrate to reduce the need for manual removal of retained placenta following vaginal delivery: The GOT-IT RCT

    Denison, F. C., Carruthers, K. F., Hudson, J., McPherson, G., Scotland, G., Brook-Smith, S., Clarkson, C., Peace, M., Brewin, J., Chua, G. N., Hallowell, N., Norman, J. E., Lawton, J., Norrie, J.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 23, no. 70, pp. 1-72

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Nitroglycerin for treatment of retained placenta: A randomised, placebo-controlled, multicentre, double-blind trial in the UK

    Denison, F., Carruthers, K. F., Hudson, J., McPherson, G., Chua, G. N., Peace, M., Brewin, J., Hallowell, N., Scotland, G., Lawton, J., Norrie, J., Norman, J. E., GOT-IT investigator team

    PLoS Medicine, vol. 16, no. 12, 1003001

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus endometrial ablation for women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HEALTH): a parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled trial

    Cooper, K., Breeman, S., Scott, N. W., Scotland, G., Clark, J., Hawe, J., Hawthorn, R., Phillips, K., MacLennan, G., Wileman, S., McCormack, K., Hernández, R. A., Norrie, J., Bhattacharya, S., HEALTH Study Group

    The Lancet, vol. 394, no. 10207, pp. 1425-1436

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy compared with second-generation endometrial ablation for heavy menstrual bleeding: the HEALTH RCT

    Cooper, K., Breeman, S., Scott, N. W., Scotland, G. S., Hernández, R. A., Clark, T. J., Hawe, J., Hawthorn, R., Phillips, K., Wileman, S. M., McCormack, K., Norrie, J., Bhattacharya, S.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 23, no. 53, pp. 1-107

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Five-Year Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of Treatments for Varicose Veins

    Brittenden, J., Cooper, D., Dimitrova, M., Scotland, G., Cotton, S. C., Elders, A., MacLennan, G., Ramsay, C. R., Norrie, J., Burr, J. M., Campbell, B., Bachoo, P., Chetter, I., Gough, M., Earnshaw, J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S. A., Tassie, E., Francis, J., Campbell, M. K.

    The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 381, no. 10, pp. 912-922

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Study protocol: E-freeze-freezing of embryos in assisted conception: A randomised controlled trial evaluating the clinical and cost effectiveness of a policy of freezing embryos followed by thawed frozen embryo transfer compared with a policy of fresh embryo transfer, in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation

    Maheshwari, A., Bhattacharya, S., Bowler, U., Brison, D., Child, T., Cole, C., Coomarasamy, A., Cutting, R., Harbottle, S., Hardy, P., Juszczak, E., Khalaf, Y., Kurinczuk, J. J., Lavery, S., Lewis-Jones, C., Macklon, N., Raine-Fenning, N. J., Rajkohwa, M., Scotland, G., Troup, S.

    Reproductive Health, vol. 16, 81

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Dupilumab for treating adults with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis.

    Hernandez, R. A., Cruickshank, M., Dimitrova, M. P., Cooper, D. J., Aucott, L. S., Fraser, C., Shimonovich, M., Ormerod, A., Scotland, G. S., Brazzelli, M. G.

    Evidence Review Group report in support of NICE STA Programme. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

    Books and Reports: Commissioned Reports

  • Multiple-frequency bioimpedance devices for fluid management in people with chronic kidney disease receiving dialysis: a systematic review and economic evaluation

    Scotland, G., Cruickshank, M., Jacobsen, E., Cooper, D., Fraser, C., Shimonovich, M., Marks, A., Brazzelli, M.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1-138

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • HEALTH: laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus second-generation endometrial ablation for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    Cooper, K., McCormack, K., Breeman, S., Wood, J., Scott, N. W., Clark, J., Hawe, J., Hawthorn, R., Phillips, K., Hyde, A., McDonald, A., Forrest, M., Wileman, S., Scotland, G., Norrie, J., Bhattacharya, S., HEALTH Study Group

    Trials, vol. 19, 63

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • A pragmatic group sequential, placebo-controlled, randomised trial to determine the effectiveness of glyceryl trinitrate for retained placenta (GOT-IT): a study protocol

    Denison, F. C., Norrie, J., Lawton, J., Norman, J. E., Scotland, G., McPherson, G. C., McDonald, A., Forrest, M., Hudson, J., Brewin, J., Peace, M., Clarkson, C., Brook-Smith, S., Morrow, S., Hallowell, N., Hodges, L., Carruthers, K. F.

    BMJ Open, vol. 7, e017134

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Effectiveness of early lens extraction for the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (EAGLE): a randomised controlled trial

    Azuara-Blanco, A., Burr, J., Ramsay, C., Cooper, D., Foster, P. J., Friedman, D. S., Scotland, G., Javanbakht, M., Cochran, C., Norrie, J., Eagle Study Group

    The Lancet, vol. 388, no. 10052, pp. 1389-1397

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Modelling the cost-effectiveness of adopting risk stratified approaches to extended screening intervals in the national diabetic retinopathy screening programme in Scotland

    Scotland, G., McKeigue, P., Philip, S., Leese, G. P., Olson, J. A., Looker, H. C., Colhoun, H. M., Javanbakht, M.

    Diabetic Medicine, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 886-895

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Assessment of diagnostic tests and the impact on decision making: self-monitoring of oral anticoagulation therapy: Oral presentation

    Sharma, P., Scotland, G. S., Cruickshank, M., Tassie, E., Fraser, C. M., Burton, C. D., Croal, B. L., Ramsay, C. R., Brazzelli, M. G.

    Contributions to Conferences: Other Contributions

  • The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of point-of-care tests (CoaguChek system, INRatio2 PT/INR monitor and ProTime Microcoagulation system) for the self-monitoring of the coagulation status of people receiving long-term vitamin K antagonist therapy, compared with standard UK practice: systematic review and economic evaluation

    Sharma, P., Scotland, G. S., Cruickshank, M., Tassie, E., Fraser, C., Burton, C. D., Croal, B., Ramsay, C. R., Brazzelli, M.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 19, no. 48, pp. 1-172

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation and surgery for varicose veins: results from the Comparison of LAser, Surgery and foam Sclerotherapy (CLASS) randomised controlled trial

    Brittenden, J., Cotton, S. C., Elders, A., Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Ramsay, C. R., Norrie, J., Burr, J., Francis, J., Wileman, S., Campbell, B., Bachoo, P., Chetter, I., Gough, M., Earnshaw, J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S. A., MacLennan, G., Prior, M., Bolsover, D., Campbell, M. K.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 19, no. 27, pp. 1-342

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Patient-reported improvements in health are maintained 2 years after completing a short course of cognitive behaviour therapy, exercise or both treatments for chronic widespread pain: Long-term results from the MUSICIAN randomised controlled trial

    Beasley, M., Prescott, G. J., Scotland, G., McBeth, J., Lovell, K., Keeley, P., Hannaford, P. C., Symmons, D. P. M., Macdonald, R., Macfarlane, G. J.

    RMD Open, vol. 1, no. 1, e000026

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation or surgery as treatment for primary varicose veins from the randomized CLASS trial

    Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Brittenden, J., Cotton, S. C., Elders, A., Campbell, M. K., Campbell, B., Gough, M., Burr, J. M., Ramsay, C. R., CLASS Study Team

    British Journal of Surgery, vol. 101, no. 12, pp. 1532-1540

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • A randomized trial comparing treatments for varicose veins

    Brittenden, J., Cotton, S. C., Elders, A., Ramsay, C. R., Norrie, J., Burr, J., Campbell, B., Bachoo, P., Chetter, I., Gough, M., Earnshaw, J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S. A., Francis, J., Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Wileman, S., Campbell, M. K.

    The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 371, no. 13, pp. 1218-1227

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Improving the cost-effectiveness of photographic screening for diabetic macular oedema: a prospective, multi-centre, UK study

    Prescott, G., Sharp, P., Goatman, K., Scotland, G., Fleming, A., Philip, S., Staff, R., Santiago, C., Borooah, S., Broadbent, D., Chong, V., Dodson, P., Harding, S., Leese, G., Megaw, R., Styles, C., Swa, K., Wharton, H., Olson, J.

    British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 1042-1049

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • An assessment of the cost-effectiveness of magnetic resonance, including diffusion-weighted imaging in patients with transient ischaemic attack and minor stroke: a systematic review, meta-analysis and economic evaluation

    Wardlaw, J., Brazzelli, M., Miranda, H., Chappell, F., McNamee, P., Scotland, G. S., Quayyum, Z., Martin, D., Shuler, K., Sandercock, P., Dennis, M.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 18, no. 27, pp. 1-368, v-xxvi

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Long-Term Results from a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) Of Telephone Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (TCBT) And Exercise In The Management Of Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP), And Predictors Of Treatment-Effectiveness

    Beasley, M., Prescott, G. J., Scotland, G. S., McBeth, J., Keeley, P., Lovell, K., Hannaford, P. C., McNamee, P., Symmons, D., Woby, S., Macfarlane, G.

    British Pain Society Annual Scientific Meeting 2014

    Contributions to Conferences: Abstracts

  • Association between maternal body mass index during pregnancy, short-term morbidity and increased health service costs: a population based study

    Denison, F., Norwood, P., Bhattacharya, S., Duffy, A., Mahmood, T., Morris, C., Raja, E., Norman, J., Lee, A., Scotland, G.

    BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 72-82

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Improving the economic value of photographic screening for optical coherence tomography-detectable macular oedema: a prospective, multicentre, UK study

    Olson, J., Sharp, P., Goatman, K., Prescott, G., Scotland, G., Fleming, A., Philip, S., Santiago, C., Borooah, S., Broadbent, D., Chong, V., Dodson, P., Harding, S., Leese, G., Styles, C., Swa, K., Wharton, H.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 17, no. 51, pp. 1-141

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • 'Help for Hay Fever', a goal-focused intervention for people with intermittent allergic rhinitis, delivered in Scottish community pharmacies: study protocol for a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial

    Porteous, T., Wyke, S., Smith, S., Bond, C., Francis, J., Lee, A. J., Lowrie, R., Scotland, G., Sheikh, A., Thomas, M., Smith, L.

    Trials, vol. 14, 217

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Long-Term Effects of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Exercise for Chronic Widespread Pain

    Beasley, M., Prescott, G., McBeth, J., Scotland, G., Lovell, K., Keeley, P., Hannaford, P., McNamee, P., Symmons, D. P. M., Woby, S., Gkazinou, C., Macfarlane, G. J.

    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 72, pp. 1057

    Contributions to Journals: Abstracts

  • Long-term effects of cognitive behaviour therapy and exercise for chronic widespread pain

    Beasley, M., Prescott, G., McBeth, J., Scotland, G., Lovell, K., Keeley, P., Hannaford, P., McNamee, P., Symmons, D. P. M., Woby, S., Gkazinou, C., Macfarlane, G. J.

    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 72, no. Suppl3, pp. 131

    Contributions to Journals: Abstracts

  • The diagnostic accuracy and cost-effectiveness of magnetic resonance spectroscopy and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques in aiding the localisation of prostate abnormalities for biopsy: a systematic review and economic evaluation

    Mowatt, G., Scotland, G., Boachie, C., Cruickshank, M., Ford, J. A., Fraser, C., Kurban, L., Lam, T. B., Padhani, A. R., Royle, J., Scheenen, T. W., Tassie, E.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 17, no. 20, pp. 1-281

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Non-pharmacological interventions to reduce the risk of diabetes in people with impaired glucose regulation: a systematic review and economic evaluation

    Gillett, M., Royle, P., Snaith, A., Scotland, G., Poobalan, A., Imamura, M., Black, C., Boroujerdi, M., Jick, S., Wyness, L., McNamee, P., Brennan, A., Waugh, N.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 16, no. 33, pp. 1-235

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Denosumab per la prevenzione delle fratture osteoporotiche in donne in post-menopausa valutazione di tecnologia singola presso il nice

    Scotland, G., Waugh, N., Royle, P., Mcnamee, P., Henderson, R., Hollick, R.

    PharmacoEconomics - Italian Research Articles, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 131-142

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cognitive behavior therapy, exercise, or both for treating chronic widespread pain

    McBeth, J., Prescott, G., Scotland, G., Lovell, K., Keeley, P., Hannaford, P., McNamee, P., Symmons, D. P. M., Woby, S., Gkazinou, C., Beasley, M., Macfarlane, G. J.

    JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 172, no. 1, pp. 48-57

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Denosumab for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in post-menopausal women: A NICE single technology appraisal

    Scotland, G., Waugh, N., Royle, P., McNamee, P., Henderson, R., Hollick, R.

    Pharmacoeconomics, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 951-961

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Minimising twins in in vitro fertilisation: a modelling study assessing the costs, consequences and cost-utility of elective single versus double embryo transfer over a 20-year time horizon

    Scotland, G. S., McLernon, D., Kurinczuk, J. J., McNamee, P., Harrild, K., Lyall, H., Rajkhowa, M., Hamilton, M., Bhattacharya, S.

    BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 1073-1083

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Women's Preferences for Aspects of Labor Management: Results from a Discrete Choice Experiment

    Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Cheyne, H., Hundley, V., Barnett, C.

    Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 36-46

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Denosumab for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women

    Waugh, N. R., Royle, P. L., Scotland, G. S., Henderson, R., Hollick, R, R., McNamee, P.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 15, no. Suppl. 1, pp. 51-59

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Does stage-3 chronic kidney disease matter?: A systematic literature review

    Sharma, P., McCullough, K., Scotland, G., McNamee, P., Prescott, G., Macleod, A., Fluck, N., Smith, W. C., Black, C.

    The British Journal of General Practice, vol. 60, no. 575, pp. e266-e276

    Contributions to Journals: Literature Reviews

  • Costs and consequences of automated algorithms versus manual grading for the detection of referable diabetic retinopathy

    Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Fleming, A. D., Goatman, K. A., Philip, S., Prescott, G. J., Sharp, P. F., Williams, G. J., Wykes, W., Leese, G. P., Olson, J. A., Scottish Diabetic Retinopathy Clin

    British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 712-719

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The role of haemorrhage and exudate detection in automated grading of diabetic retinopathy

    Fleming, A. D., Goatman, K. A., Philip, S., Williams, G. J., Prescott, G. J., Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Leese, G. P., Wykes, W. N., Sharp, P. F., Olson, J. A., Scottish Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network

    British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 706-711

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Early referral strategies for management of people with markers of renal disease: a systematic review of the evidence of clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and economic analysis

    Black, C., Sharma, P., Scotland, G., McCullough, K., McGurn, D., Robertson, L., Fluck, N., MacLeod, A., McNamee, P., Prescott, G., Smith, C.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 14, no. 21, pp. 1-184

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Direct health services costs of providing assisted reproduction services in older women

    Maheshwari, A., Scotland, G. S., Bell, J. S., McTavish, A., Hamilton, M., Bhattacharya, S.

    Fertility and Sterility, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 527-536

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Approaches to Care in Chronic Kidney Disease: Understanding the Intervention

    Sharma, P., Scotland, G. S., McCullough, K. A., Robertson, L. M., Fluck, N., MacLeod, A., McNamee, P., Prescott, G. J., Smith, W. C. S., Black, C.

    Health Technology Assessment International (HTAi) Annual Meeting (2010)

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • The Building blocks for Complex Decision Makine: An example of HTA in Chronic Kidney Disease Care

    Sharma, P., Scotland, G. S., McCullough, K. A., Robertson, L. M., Fluck, N., MacLeod, A., McNamee, P., Prescott, G. J., Smith, W. C. S., Black, C.

    Health Technology Assessment International (HTAi) Annual Meeting (2010)

    Contributions to Conferences: Posters

  • The direct health services costs of providing assisted reproduction services in overweight or obese women: a retrospective cross-sectional analysis

    Maheshwari, A., Scotland, G. S., Bell, J., McTavish, A., Hamilton, M., Bhattacharya, S.

    Human Reproduction, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 633-639

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Effects of algorithm for diagnosis of active labour: cluster randomised trial

    Cheyne, H., Hundley, V., Dowding, D., Bland, J. M., McNamee, P., Greer, I., Styles, M., Barnett, C. A., Scotland, G., Niven, C.

    British Medical Journal, vol. 337, pp. a2396

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Cost-effectiveness of implementing automated grading within the national screening programme for diabetic retinopathy in Scotland

    Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Philip, S., Fleming, A. D., Goatman, K. A., Prescott, G. J., Fonseca, S., Sharp, P. F., Olson, J. A.

    British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 91, no. 11, pp. 1518-1523

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The efficacy of “disease/no disease” grading for diabetic retinopathy in a systematic screening programme

    Philip, S., Fleming, A. D., Goatman, K. A., Fonseca, S., McNamee, P., Scotland, G. S., Prescott, G. J., Sharp, P. F., Olson, J. A.

    British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 91, no. 11, pp. 1512-1517

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Safety versus success in elective single embryo transfer: Women's preferences for outcome of in vitro fertilisation

    Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Peddie, V., Bhattacharya, S.

    BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 114, no. 8, pp. 977-983

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Screening for type 2 diabetes: Literature review and economic modelling

    Waugh, N. R., Scotland, G. S., McNamee, P., Gillett, M., Brennan, A., Goyder, E., Williams, R., John, A.

    Health Technology Assessment, vol. 11, no. 17, pp. 1-144

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

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