Energy and Environmental Law with Professional Skills, LLM

Energy and Environmental Law with Professional Skills, LLM


This unique Master’s examines both energy and environmental law and the ways in which they directly impact each another. During your studies, you’ll gain a valuable insight into this fast-developing, highly topical industry, and form a solid basis to forge a successful career in this field.

Study Information

Study Options

Learning Mode
On Campus Learning
Degree Qualification
12 months or 24 months
Study Mode
Full Time or Part Time
Start Month
January or September

Tapping into the growing need for lawyers with interdisciplinary knowledge, this programme will equip you with the necessary knowledge and skills to operate effectively at the intersection of energy and environmental matters. Our programme produces lawyers that understand how environmental law affects the energy industry in its physical, technical, economic and political context. As growing energy demand coincides with the need to move away from fossil fuel dependence, law has a central role to play in enabling the shift to low carbon energy whilst maintaining energy security and the transition to environmentally sustainable economic development. With a unique choice of energy and environment courses such as Corporate Environmental Liability and Oil and Minerals for Good, you will benefit from an advanced understanding and sharpened critical analysis across many key areas, including the current position of energy and environmental laws and how these might change in the future. The programme covers matters of core interest for policy-makers, not only from an energy and environmental perspective but in all fields that provide the foundation for socio-economic functionality and corporate policy. The courses have been carefully designed collaboratively by teaching staff within the university and a range of key external contacts who have a direct role in the industry. This additional input ensures that the Master’s degree is aligned to industry competencies and needs, and you will benefit from the programme’s specific focus on intensive professional skills courses. The main difference with the LLM Energy and Environmental Law is the replacement of the dissertation with two intensive professional skills exercises.

Available Programmes of Study

Please note: Students staring their LLM programme in January write their Dissertation project during the Summer semester.

Duration: 12 months full-time. 24 months part time.


Energy and Environmental Law with Professional Skills

Qualification Duration Learning Mode Study Mode Start Month  
LLM 12 months or 24 months On Campus Learning Full Time or Part Time January More

Semester 1

Compulsory Courses

Students must take courses:

Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship (LS551T)

This course provides students from diverse legal and educational backgrounds with a common understanding of the core research, analytical, and writing skills which will be required for LLM-Taught courses. It begins with a series of lectures and progresses to working in a workshop environment and finally to the submission of an individual assignment. It also incorporates a library workshop to provide students with hands-on experience with the resources available for course and dissertation work.

Getting Started at the University of Aberdeen (PD5506)

This course, which is prescribed for all taught postgraduate students, is studied entirely online, takes approximately 5-6 hours to complete and can be taken in one sitting, or spread across a number of weeks.

Topics include orientation overview, equality and diversity, health, safety and cyber security and how to make the most of your time at university in relation to careers and employability.

Successful completion of this course will be recorded on your Enhanced Transcript as ‘Achieved’.

Optional Courses

In addition to the above candidates must take courses to the value of 120 credit points. At least 90
credit points must be obtained from the courses listed below and the semester 3 (September) list. The remaining credit points may be obtained from any Level 5 30 credit on-campus Law course. Please visit the Course Catalogue for details: Postgraduate Law 2022-2023 - Catalogue of Courses (

LS553Z Regulation of Carbon Management

Downstream Energy Law (LS5594)

30 Credit Points

The transport and supply of hydrocarbons (oil and gas) and electricity is essential for modern civilisation. If energy cannot get to the consumer, then energy security is threatened and economic development may be restricted.

These challenges are important in the context of the liberalisation of these sectors, especially the restructuring of these industries from monopolies to competitive markets. This course explores the law and policy framework governing the movement and distribution of energy, particularly within a liberalised market, in an era of climate change. Topics covered include market liberalisation, energy security, gas sales and transport, and market regulation.

International Arbitration: Energy & Natural Resources (LS552Z)

30 Credit Points

The complex interaction between investment protection and the sovereign right of states to regulate has been most acute in the energy sector. On the one hand, investors require strong guarantees that states will respect the “rules of the game” that constitute the basis of their investments. On the other, states can be tempted to interfere with foreign energy investments because of their strategic and social importance. This course aims to analyse if existing investment disciplines and international investment protection framework, are adapted to the specific regulatory risks that investors face in the energy landscape of the 21st Century and how best to avoid disputes and manage them.

Principles of Environmental Regulation (LS551A)

30 Credit Points

The purpose of this course is to introduce the main principles of environmental law. The course analyses the challenges of environmental protection from the perspective of international, European and national law. Besides the conceptual analysis of the main principles of environmental law and methods of regulation, the course focuses on the delicate interaction between the principles of economic law (e.g. the right to property, the protection of investments, free trade) and environmental protection. Is there a conflict between economic law and environmental law or are these fields of law mutually reinforcing?

Semester 2

Students will need to take the Professional Skills module during the summer.

Compulsory Courses

Energy and Environmental Law Professional Skills (LS5908)

60 Credit Points

This course allows students the opportunity to deploy the knowledge they have gained in the taught courses on the LLM Energy and Environmental Law with Professional Skills programme in intensive exercises designed to develop their professional skills. It aims to provide students with an insight into specific processes which form the practical context for the legal and regulatory knowledge and skills gained during the taught courses. It also informs them about how the environmental regulatory context affects the planning of projects and the conduct of processes leading to their authorisation and implementation.

Semester 3

Optional Courses

In addition to the above candidates must take courses to the value of 120 credit points from the courses below and the semester 1 (January) list. At least 90 credit points must be obtained from the courses listed below.

The remaining credit points may be obtained from any Level 5 30 credit on-campus Law course. Please visit the Course Catalogue for details: Postgraduate Law 2022-2023 - Catalogue of Courses (

International Energy and Environmental Law (LS501C)

30 Credit Points

The course deals with the regulation of international activities regarding energy and the environment. The course will consider the international legal framework regarding energy sources, and it will look at the various legal instruments at the global and regional level as well as the key actors that are involved in regulation. It will also examine environmental issues that correspond to the generation and use of energy in the international context and the responses relating to environmental protection of soil, water, air, atmosphere and species.

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law (LS501H)

30 Credit Points

A transition from reliance on fossil fuels to low-carbon renewable energy is essential for mitigating climate change and for making energy supplies more sustainable. The course considers the challenges and concerns that this fundamental change in the nature of energy supplies gives rise to, and explores laws role in addressing them. The course examines the legal regimes for promoting renewable energy at international, EU and UK levels, and considers how law can be used to address significant constraints on the growth of renewable energy including difficulties with grid access and public opposition to wind energy development.

Oil and Mining Resources for Good (LS502Z)

30 Credit Points

The course examines the relationship between development management and utilisation of energy and natural resources, law, ethics, governance, and development at the national and international levels on the one hand and poor/variable developmental outcomes, particularly the resource curse phenomenon, on the other hand. The course then proceeds to apply advanced academic and experiential knowledge to formulate the fundamentals for overarching legal frameworks that will enable the good exploitation and development of energy and natural resources, thereby producing enduring benefits for all key stakeholders. The course is multidisciplinary in approach and with some experiential engagement with industry, governments/regulators, and non-governmental perspectives.

Programme Fees

Fee information
Fee category Cost
EU / International students £25,100
Tuition Fees for 2022/23 Academic Year
Home / RUK £12,800
Tuition Fees for 2022/23 Academic Year
LLM 12 months or 24 months On Campus Learning Full Time or Part Time September More

We will endeavour to make all course options available; however, these may be subject to timetabling and other constraints. Please see our InfoHub pages for further information.

Fee Information

Additional Fee Information

  • Fees for individual programmes can be viewed in the Programmes section above.
  • In exceptional circumstances there may be additional fees associated with specialist courses, for example field trips. Any additional fees for a course can be found in our Catalogue of Courses.
  • For more information about tuition fees for this programme, including payment plans and our refund policy, please visit our InfoHub Tuition Fees page.

Funding Opportunities

The CB Davidson Fund provides limited financial support for postgraduate students within the Law School. It offers financial support to graduates in law from outside the UK to study in Aberdeen and to students and graduates of the University of Aberdeen who wish to travel outside of the UK for research purposes. Awards will not exceed £2,500 and in most instances will be less.


Eligible self-funded international Masters students will receive the Aberdeen Global Scholarship. Visit our Funding Database to find out more and see our full range of scholarships.

How You'll Study

Learning Methods

  • Individual Projects
  • Lectures
  • Research
  • Tutorials

Assessment Methods

  • Assessment is based on a combination of continuous assessment and written examination at the end of the relevant semester.
  • The variety of assessment in the programme - through essays, presentations, group and project work ensures that students apply theory to practise and become expert communicators and team players.

Why Study Energy and Environmental Law with Professional Skills?

Repeatedly ranked as one of the UK’s top Law Schools, we pride ourselves on delivering high quality, engaging and academically challenging programmes. But don't just take our word for it - we let the facts speak for themselves.

  • Our Energy LLM is ranked in the top 10 globally by LLM Guide.
  • The School of Law is ranked Top 100 in the World by the Times Higher Education World University Subject Ranking 2022).
  • There are over 40 nationalities within the School of Law postgraduate community, therefore you will benefit from a programme with a truly international outlook.

A foundation discipline in 1495, our Law School is now considered one of the UK’s elite training grounds for lawyers. At our university, you will:

  • Gain interdisciplinary exposure, which is very important to practising lawyers.
  • Understand the crucial interaction between energy and environmental law, particularly in relation to low carbon energy, which is a highly-prized topic today.
  • Have the opportunity to study a programme that has been designed by experts in their field. The programme provides the ideal opportunity for professional development in specialist areas of law.
  • Gain first-hand experience of aspects of professional practice in the field of your academic specialisation.
  • Be part of a programme that has a focus on tangible, marketable employability skills that will enable you to get ahead in your career.
  • Take advantage of real-world interactions and assignments that simulate what lawyers do day-to-day.
  • Be taught by professionals, researchers and consultants with direct experience of mitigating against environmental harm in the North Sea oil and gas industry and beyond.

The programme is set against the background of Aberdeen’s reputation and knowledge as the Energy capital of Europe.

To help align your knowledge with a career path beyond, you’ll be supported by a comprehensive range of bespoke careers services and events, focused on providing you with the tools and additional skills you need to advance and transform your career potential.

What Our Students Say

Gurnish Sidhu

Gurnish Sidhu

Gurnish Sidhu

Obviously doing Energy here, there's nowhere else better to do it than Aberdeen. A lot of the lecturers are all over the world and they know so much about it. They are some of the best. They've written the books!

Sofia De Llano Pedroza Mexico

Sofia De Llano Pedroza <small><i>Mexico</i></small>

Sofia De Llano Pedroza Mexico

The university offers a Professional Skills programme in which all that was learned during the master’s degree, is brought to practice. You will have the chance to learn through experience, not just theory.

Entry Requirements


The information below is provided as a guide only and does not guarantee entry to the University of Aberdeen.

Normally a 2(1) honours degree in Law (or another related discipline) or equivalent.
Relevant practical experience will also be beneficial.

Please enter your country to view country-specific entry requirements.

English Language Requirements

To study for a Postgraduate Taught degree at the University of Aberdeen it is essential that you can speak, understand, read, and write English fluently. The minimum requirements for this degree are as follows:

IELTS Academic:

OVERALL - 6.5 with: Listening - 5.5; Reading - 6.0; Speaking - 5.5; Writing - 6.0


OVERALL - 90 with: Listening - 17; Reading - 21; Speaking - 20; Writing - 21

PTE Academic:

OVERALL - 62 with: Listening - 59; Reading - 59; Speaking - 59; Writing - 59

Cambridge English B2 First, C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency:

OVERALL - 176 with: Listening - 162; Reading - 169; Speaking - 162; Writing - 169

Read more about specific English Language requirements here.

Document Requirements

You will be required to supply the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current programme of study, then you can still apply and you can provide your Degree Certificate at a later date.

Degree Transcript
a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your degree(s) (original & official English translation)
Personal Statement
a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular programme
a reference letter from your university discussing your academic ability. If you have been out of education for a long time you may wish to use your current or most recent employer, or another professional person


The LLM in Energy and Environmental Law is more than a qualification - it’s potentially a passport to greater opportunity for both practising and aspiring lawyers and to those who want to pursue a career within national or multi-national energy companies. It provides the skills needed for those who might want to work within governmental or non-governmental organisations. The programme may also serve to engage those seeking a more academic career – perhaps forming part of the journey towards gaining a PhD.

Whatever drives you and on whichever side of the energy and environment debate you stand, it’s clear that both energy and environment have to work together. There’s no plan B. The whole world will have to invest in making this happen. So if you want a sustainable career, like we all want a sustainable world, here’s the place to start.

Professional Links

On our Professional Skills routes we use professionals as adjunct faculty, as well as on-the-ground industry contacts.


This degree holds accreditation from

Growing Demand for Energy Lawyers Globally

Energy and Environmental Law consultants are in demand globally due to the high growth in legal and commercial risk associated with climate impact and constantly evolving EU legislation.

Specialty courses to improve your employability

Our broad range of niche courses focus on specific areas of industry and use current examples that will prepare you for your career. 

5th in the UK for Law

Our Law School is ranked 5th in the UK of 105 providers for Overall Student Satisfaction (National Student Survey 2022).

Top 10 UK Law School

We are ranked Top 10 in the UK for Law by the Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2023.

Our Experts

Other Expert
Anne-Michelle Slater
Programme Coordinator
Daria Shapovalova

Information About Staff Changes

You will be taught by a range of experts including professors, lecturers, teaching fellows and postgraduate tutors. Staff changes will occur from time to time; please see our InfoHub pages for further information.


Taylor Library

The School of Law has its own dedicated law library, Taylor Library, which is located within the Law School building, offering access to the Law collection, Official Publications and the European Documentation Centre.

Get in Touch