1921

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Frederick Soddy, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Aberdeen from 1914-1919, for his work on radioactivity and isotopes.

1923

Nobel Prize in Medicine 

Professor J J R Macleod, jointly with Frederick Banting, for the research which led to the development of insulin as a treatment for diabetes.

1937

Nobel Prize in Physics

Sir George Paget Thomson, Professor of Natural Philosophy (Physics) at Aberdeen from 1922-1930, together with the American physicist C J Davisson "for their (independent) experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals".

1947

Nobel Peace Prize

Lord Boyd Orr, Director of the Rowett Institute and Professor of Agriculture from 1942 to 1945, in recognition of his contribution to the worldwide fight against hunger.

1952

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Richard L M Synge, a biochemist with the Rowett Institute from 1948 to 1967, and Richard Synge for the invention of partition chromatography - a technique used in the separation mixtures of similar chemicals that revolutionised analytical chemistry.