Our group on an oyster fishing expedition
We interviewed a local oyster farmer on his techniques
We interviewed a local oyster farmer on his techniques
Our third seminar was held in Sendai 26-27 October
Our debates were both inside and out along the coast
An international seminar - The Politics and Pitfalls of Maritime Governance - was held in Aberdeen with 32 participants
Experts from around the world took part in our Network's ground-breaking meeting in Sendai, Japan at the Tohoku University.
On the 10th December 2019 we will host a small meeting in Aberdeen entitled ‘Developing Future Research Proposals to understand the Political Ecology of the Marine Environment’. The meeting is organised by Dr Tavis Potts (University of Aberdeen). Here delegates will explore the evolving nature of connections between communities and coastal systems within rapidly changing political, social and ecological contexts. These discussions will be focused on coastal resource sectors, particularly kelp harvesting and fisheries, in light of increasing interest in the so-called ‘Blue Economy’. We will in particular discuss local and indigenous tenure systems designed to include the intertidal foreshore. The meeting will explore how current research work is addressing this concept, asking whose economy is being represented in this work, and consider ways in which this could be approached innovatively in future work.
Our guests at the meeting will be:
Bente Sundsvold (Universitetet i Tromsø)
Camilla Brattland (Universitetet i Tromsø)
Liam Carr (NUI Galway)
Yairen Jerez Columbie (University College Cork)
Malcolm Gibson (Uist Asco Ltd)
Daryl Burdon (Director, Daryl Burdon Ltd.
Locally, our team are:
Tavis Potts (Geography)
David Anderson (Anthropology)
Rob Wishart (Anthropology)
Gioia Barnbrook (Anthropology)
Stephanie Weir (PhD Candidate Herriot Watt University Orkney)
We will meet in the Meston building with the following agenda. Accommodation will be provided at the Northern Hotel. Transport from the rail station or the airport is likely best by the 727 airport express bus which stops outside of the Northern Hotel
1000: Meet on ground floor of SDR Library
1015: Coffee and lunch orders
1030: Informal introductions and research interests.
1100: Move to Meston G05.
Discussion on the remit of JPI SOLSTICE
Agreeing our research aims and objectives
1230: Informal lunch and walk (please dress appropriately)
1330: Review A&O
Agree effort and staffing (and indicative budget)
Discuss case study sites
Draft conceptual & methodological framework
1500: Agree forward plan and roles
1600: Space for open discussion, other bids
1900: Meet 630pm at the Northern Hotel for taxi to Jewel in the Crown.
Both the UK and Japan define their identity by their relationship to the sea and both have struggled with the effects of rising sea levels and climate change. This new research network will bring together British and Japanese scholars to develop new social science approaches to the political ecology of coastal societies. Our network will examine two topics. First, the social and political context surrounding the harvesting of seaweed, with special attention to traditional rights and methods of building a "blue economy". Second, we will also investigate the legacies of community-based flood management and mitigation systems in both UK and Japan with an eye to identifying best practice. Both issues are connected and of central concern to authorities in each area. Our network will build around two network seminars and two "scoping events" where British and Japanese researchers will together converse with stakeholders, managers, and visit local communities to investigate the possibility of designing a major research project around one or the topic.
This project will involve academic researchers from the UK and Japan, and its central goal is to increase collaboration as a means to develop new, high quality research. However, the main ultimate beneficiaries of the work will be policy makers and coastal communities in both countries. To ensure this outcome, our group will work closely with stakeholders and managers involved in the mitigation of floods, and in the design and elaboration of new forms of aquaculture. Both topics have been of central concern to both regional and national authorities in both countries.
More informaton about our project can be found on the UK Research and Innovation page
This project is to support the establishment of an international research network on the ‘political ecology of coastal societies’ expanding upon the existing expertise of the University of Aberdeen, Scotland and Tohoku University, Japan. Our network will focus upon four central themes:
Areas of research:
Each of these themes take into account long-standing traditions in both the north and west of Scotland and the North of Japan, reflect the considerable academic and community work our universities have done on these topics. They are further deeply interlinked with recent events and policy initiatives.
The topics will be linked through the holistic vision of ‘political ecology’ which nests ecological, economic, and social sustainability within the visions and hopes of local communities. Advocates of political ecology argue that environmental risk and environmental change are not simply suffered by communities but are structured by the way that communities organize themselves . There are of course a large number of important developments which are impacting coastal communities today - ranging from sustainability in fisheries, to the emergence of offshore windfarms. We have selected these two issues for two reasons. First, the literature on each has been heavily dominated by top-down “objective” engineering models where the role of social and economic interests has been muted. This project, therefore, offers a social science approach to each topic – which would help cover a “gap in knowledge”. Second, in our two regions, these topics are interlinked. In Northern Japan the relatively recent “3/11” (2011) earthquake and tsunami necessitated both a rethinking of coastal flood risk management and the restructuring of the traditional coastal seaweed industry. The North of Scotland, also recently battered by flood events, is embarking on a new experiment with an industrial form of seaweed harvesting which may not be fully embedded (unlike Japan) in existing, socially constructed sea-tenure systems. Therefore, our project also represents a timely intervention to exchange experience, as well as a unique attempt to apply the intuitions of political ecology to marine environments. It is our hope that through highlighting these two topics we can spark further collaborative research to positively reshape coastal livelihoods which are rapidly modernizing in the face of economic drivers and climatic pressures. Our work will be interdisciplinary, relying primarily upon social anthropological community work supported with expertise in environmental geography and ecology.
The first network seminar was held in February 2019 in Japan, organised by the project International Co Investigator Prof. Hiroki Takakura from Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. The main event took place at Tohoku University in Sendai on 20 February 2019. People interested to become involved as project members formally introduced themselves and described their affiliations and relationship to the project theme. This meeting identified possible synergies and produced a roadmap based on these for our work for the following months. Smaller meetings were held first with the Cyberforest project at Tokyo university and then with scholars promoting Brent Geese conservation at Sapporo University. A full set of meeting notes are available here.
The second international network event titled: “Politics and Pitfalls of Maritime Governance“ was held in June in Aberdeen hosted by the University of Aberdeen. Programme available here. Twenty four short papers were presented by 21 delegates, followed by several round-table events. A full set of abstracts are available here.
Our discussions were organized around six themes:
Session 1: Introduction – Theoretical perspectives on Political Ecology. Presentations available here.
Session 2; The Foreshore - Tenure Rights between Land and Sea.
Session 3: The Resilience of Coastal Livelihoods. Presentations are available here.
Session 4: Sea walls – Barriers or Enablers of Coastal Life.
Session 5 The New Blue-Green Economy in Sea Algae Harvesting. Presentations are available here.
Session 6 Coastal Conservation.
Our third network event continued the agenda and discussions of the "Politics and Pitfalls of Maritime Governance". It was held in October at the Centre for Northeast Asia Studies at Tohoku University, Sendai Japan. We had three round-table meetings and heard papers from four presenters. The event had a short pilot fieldwork trip to the Karakuwa peninsula to study the controversies surrounding the construction of seawalls.
We also met to discuss two pilot projects which will take place in November and December, as well as to plan the next meeting of the group in Aberdeen.
Prof. David G. Anderson, UAberdeen, Project PI (UK)
Dr. Robert Wishart, UAberdeen, Co-PI (UK)
Dr. Tavis Potts, UAberdeen, Co-PI (UK)
Dr. Andrew Whitehouse, UAberdeen
Dr. Jo Vergunst UAberdeen
Mr.Malcolm M Combe UAberdeen
Johanne Verbockhaven UAberdeen
Mr. Simon Peres UAberdeen
Katherine Anderson UAberdeen
Prof. Hiroki Takakura, TohokuU, Project PI (JP)
Dr. Alyne Delaney, TohokuU, Co-PI (JP)
Dr. Minoru Ikeda, TohokuU,
Prof. Masakazu Aoki, TohokuU
Nao Sakaguchi, TohokuU
Prof. Satoshi Katayama, TohokuU
Prof .Taku Iida, Minpaku Osaka
Prof. Kyoko Ueda, SophiaU Tokyo
Dr. Shiaki Kondo, CAIS Hokkaido
Dr. Jennifer Clarke RGU Aberdeen
Dr. Rebecca Ford UHighlands and Islands
Dr. Emma McKInley Cardiff U
Dr. Liam Carr NIU Galway
Dr. Leslie Mabon RGU Aberdeen
Dr. Tim Stojanovic USt.Andrews
Dr. Laura Watts UEdinburgh
Dr. John MacAskill UEdinburgh
Stephanie Weir HW (ICIT) Orkney
Laura Goyhenex UVersailles SQY
Dr Alex Watson Crook SIFT
Dr Raul Ugarte Acadian Seaplants ltd.
Crawford Paris EGCP
Paula Schiefer UAberdeen
Dr. Malcolm Gibson Acadian Seaplants ltd.
Dr. Kate Johnston HW (ICIT) Orkney
Dr. Sandy Kerr HW (ICIT Orkney