Professor Ursula Witte
Chair in Zoology
Benthic ecosystem functioning, anthropogenic impacts and climate change
The Witte group investigates the functioning of benthic marine ecosystems and benthic-pelagic coupling from the deep ocean floor to the intertidal, with a current focus on consequences of both anthropogenic activities and climate change.
This often includes the development of new research technologies, and one focus of ongoing work is the development of a pressurised coring, incubation and cultivation system for the study of biogeochemical processes and piezophile microorganisms from the deep seafloor under varying environmental conditions (pH, T, O2 etc).
Sea ice is a unique feature of polar marine ecosystems and the fact that small temperature differences can have large effects on the extent and thickness of this sea ice makes polar marine ecosystems particularly sensitive to climate change. The group’s work on climate change impacts on benthic ecosystem functioning is therefore centred in both the Arctic and the Antarctic peninsula where change is particularly rapid.
In many cases, stable isotope tracing experiments, often carried out in situ at the deep-sea floor, help us track the pathway of organic matter, in particular C and N, through the benthic community and thus understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of biological and geochemical transformations of matter in benthic and benthopelagic foodwebs.
But we also work closer to home: Aberdeen is often referred to as the ‘oil capital of Europe’, and with hydrocarbon extraction now occurring down to 1100 m in the Faroe Shetland Channel, a need arises to understand the consequences of accidental releases in Scottish deep water environments in order to improve monitoring and optimize response measures after a spill. Several ongoing projects therefore investigate the rates and pathways of hydrocarbon degradation in Scottish Waters, as well as the microorganisms involved.
Funding and Grants
Transformation of Antarctic Benthic Food Webs on the Larsen Ice Shelf following Loss of Sea-Ice Cover (TABOSI). 2019-2021. Polarstern Nebennutzerantrag. PI Witte.
Benthic biodiversity under Antarctic ice-shelves - baseline assessment of the seabed exposed by the 2017 calving of the Larsen-C Ice Shelf. NERC urgency application; 2018-19, CoI, PI Linse.
Continuous observation of deep-sea benthic community structure and benthic-pelagic coupling throughout the polar night and summer ice melt. NERC Arctic office. PI Witte 2017-2018
Using the intrinsic recovery capabilities of deep-sea and polar ecosystems to reduce the impact of accidental oil release. NERC Oil and Gas DTP. PI Witte, 2014-2018
Increasing oil spill preparedness for Scottish deep waters - the role of sediments in a deep water oil spill. MarCRF. PI Witte with A. Gallego and J. Anderson. 2014-2018
Fate and flow of oil carbon in the marine food web – towards efficient monitoring of oil contamination. NERC CASE PhD studenthsip 2014- 2018. PI Witte
The natural capacity for oil degradation of marine environments. NERC PI Witte with J. Anderson and E. Gontikaki. £98,871, 2013-2015.
ArcDeep: Deep-sea ecosystem functioning in a changing climate: consequences of changing sea-ice cover for Arctic benthic ecosystems . NERC standard grant proposal; PI Witte, with F. Kuepper. £508,490, Appr. 2013 – 2017
MAC-EXP: A pressurised coring, experimentation and cultivation system for deep-sea sedimentary ecosystems. NERC Technology-led standard grant.2012-2014. Lead: Witte (Aberdeen), with Parkes, (Cardiff). Awarded. £552000. 2013- 2017.
PharmaSea: Planet Ocean – Streamlining the Marine Biodiscovery Pipeline. EC FP7-KBBE-2012-6(PI: M Jaspers. Total volume 10 Mio €. Aberdeen: € 725000. 2012- 2017
"The role of micronutrients in deep-sea carbon cycling". The Leverhulme Trust, 2007 -2010
Bacterial Diversity and Carbon Turnover at the Abyssal Seafloor –proposal to apply 454-based tag sequencing technology to deep-sea sediments. Keck foundation – 2008/ 2009.
"Rates and pathways of carbon cycling at the abyssal sea floor: a long-term, in situ experimental study". NERC, 2007-2010
HERMIONE –– Hotspot Ecosystem Research at Continental Margins; April 2009- September 2012.
Carnegie Trust – Development of Scottish resources for seafloor biogeochemical process studies. August 2008 – July 2010. £29800
"Nutrient regeneration in North Sea coastal sediments". FRF, 2006-2009
"Carbon turnover and trophic relationships in theabyssal Pacific", NERC-LSMSF, 2007/08
COBO - Towards a Coastal Ocan Benthic Observatory (EC) 2004 - 2007
SX1015 The Oceans and Society in a changing environment. 6th century course. Course coordinator and coordiantor theme 1.
BI 1006 BUGS (Biology for Undergraduates) tutor Marine Biology
BI25Z4 Ocean Biology
ZO3306 Marine Ecology and Ecosystems
BI39Z1 Marine Ecology Florida field course
ZO4542 Marine Benthic Ecology
BI4517, BI4017 SBS Honours Essay
BI4016 SBS Honours Project
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Chronic environmental perturbation influences microbial community assembly patternsEnvironmental Science & Technology, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 2300-2311Contributions to Journals: Articles
Living benthic foraminiferal assemblages of a transect in the Rockall Trough (NE Atlantic)Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 171, 103509Contributions to Journals: Articles
No strong evidence of priming effects on the degradation of terrestrial plant detritus in estuarine sedimentsFrontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, 327Contributions to Journals: Articles
On the Effects of Acid Pre-treatment on the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of Lightly- and Heavily-calcified Marine InvertebratesOcean Science Journal, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 257-270Contributions to Journals: Articles
Pressure and temperature effects on deep‐sea hydrocarbon‐degrading microbial communities in subarctic sedimentsMicrobiologyOpen, vol. 8, no. 6, e00768Contributions to Journals: Articles
Characterisation of microbial communities of drill cuttings piles from offshore oil and gas installationsMarine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 142, pp. 169-177Contributions to Journals: Articles
Effects of Superdispersant-25 on the sorption dynamics of naphthalene and phenanthrene in marine sedimentsJournal of Soils and Sediments, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1576-1586Contributions to Journals: Articles
The effect of chemical dispersant concentration on hydrocarbon mobility through permeable North-East Scotland sandsEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 214, pp. 72-81Contributions to Journals: Articles
Unravelling the versatile feeding and metabolic strategies of the cold-water ecosystem engineer Spongosorites coralliophaga (Stephens, 1915)Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 141, pp. 71-82Contributions to Journals: Articles
Advective pore-water transport of hydrocarbons in North East Scotland coastal sandsEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research , vol. 25, no. 28, pp. 28445-28459Contributions to Journals: Articles
Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in deep-water subarctic sediments (Faroe-Shetland Channel)Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 1040-1053Contributions to Journals: Articles
Effect of spatial origin and hydrocarbon composition on bacterial consortia community structure and hydrocarbon biodegradation ratesFEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. fiy127-fiy127Contributions to Journals: Articles
Bacterial Community Response in Deep Faroe-Shetland Channel Sediments Following Hydrocarbon Entrainment With and Without Dispersant AdditionFrontiers in Marine Science: Deep-Sea Environments and Ecology, vol. 5, pp. 1-17Contributions to Journals: Articles
Current status of deepwater oil spill modelling in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, Northeast Atlantic, and future challengesMarine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 127, pp. 484-504Contributions to Journals: Review articles
Short-term processing of ice algal- and phytoplankton-derived carbon by Arctic benthic communities revealed through isotope labelling experimentsMarine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 600, pp. 21-39Contributions to Journals: Articles
Benthic macroinfaunal community structure, resource utilisation and trophic relationships in two Canadian Arctic Archipelago polynyasPloS ONE, vol. 12, no. 8, e0183034Contributions to Journals: Articles
Ice algae vs. phytoplankton: resource utilization by Arctic deep sea macroinfauna revealed through isotope labelling experimentsMarine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 572, pp. 1-18Contributions to Journals: Articles
The Variable Influence of Dispersant on Degradation of Oil Hydrocarbons in Subarctic Deep-Sea Sediments at Low Temperatures (0-5°C)Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 2253Contributions to Journals: Articles
A System for Retrieval and Incubation of Benthic Sediment Cores at In Situ Ambient Pressure and Under Controlled or Manipulated Environmental ConditionsJournal of atmospheric and oceanic technology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 983-1000Contributions to Journals: Articles
Organic matter remineralization in marine sediments: A Pan-Arctic synthesisGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 190-213Contributions to Journals: Articles
Coral cities of the deep: Species–habitat associations on the Mingulay Reef ComplexOcean Challenge, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 17-19Contributions to Journals: Articles
Environmental Impacts of the Deep-Water Oil and Gas Industry: A Review to Guide Management StrategiesFrontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 4, pp. 1-26Contributions to Journals: Articles
Patterns of carbon processing at the seafloor: the role of faunal and microbial communities in moderating carbon flowsBiogeosciences, vol. 13, no. 15, pp. 4343-4357Contributions to Journals: Articles
The effect of flow speed and food size on the capture efficiency and feeding behaviour of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusaJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 481, pp. 34-40Contributions to Journals: Articles
Statistical Modeling of Variability in Sediment-Water Nutrient and Oxygen FluxesFrontiers in Earth Science, vol. 4, pp. 1-17Contributions to Journals: Articles