Prof Chadwick is a Biomedical Engineer with research interests in biomechanics, modelling and simulation of human movement, and rehabilitation engineering. After gaining a first-class degree in Mechanical Engineering at Nottingham University, he went on to complete a PhD in Bioengineering at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow.
Following international post-doctoral positions at the Technical University of Delft in the Netherlands, and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, he returned to the UK in 2008. He was a Lecturer in Biomechanics at the University of Aberystwyth until 2012, and Lecturer / Senior Lecturer in Biomedical Engineering at Keele University until 2019.
Prof Chadwick joined the School of Engineering at Aberdeen as Reader in Bioengineering in October 2019, and became Director of Research for the School and Professor of Bioengineering in 2022.
MSc in Biomedical Engineering
As well as an active researcher in the field of rehabilitation engineering, biomechanics and human movement, I am the Programme Coordinator for the MSc in Biomedical Engineering, an interdisciplinary degree in which you'll learn to apply engineering techniques to solve important clinical problems.
- PhD Bioengineering1999 - Strathclyde University
- BEng Mechanical Engineering1993 - University of Nottingham
- PGC Teaching in Higher Education2012 - Aberystwyth University
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
- External Memberships
Prof Chadwick has a number of roles external to the University:
- Member of the Engineering for Healthcare Thematic Leadership Group for the Scottish Research Partnership in Engineering.
- Member of the Institute for Physics and Engineering in Medicine Course Accreditation Committee, overseeing accreditation of medical engineering courses alongside the Engineering Council.
- Member of the National Scientific Committee for the Inspire Foundation.
- Member of The International Society of Biomechanics (Executive Council Member 2013-17, Chair of the International Shoulder Group 2011-14).
- Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College, reviewer for other grant awarding bodies and journals in Biomedical Engineering.
Coupled, closed-system fluidic actuators for use in wearable rehabilitation devicesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
Use and evaluation of assistive technologies for upper limb function in tetraplegia.Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 809-820Contributions to Journals: Articles
Healthcare applications of single camera markerless motion capture: a scoping reviewPeerJ, vol. 10, e13517Contributions to Journals: Articles
Automated Ultrasound Video EnhancementChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
A new method of contrast enhancement of musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging based on fuzzy inference techniqueBiomedical Physics and Engineering Express, vol. 7, no. 5, 055003Contributions to Journals: Articles
The goal of my research is to apply engineering principles to facilitate restoration of function in people with activity-limiting movement disorders of the upper limb arising from neuromuscular conditions, orthopaedic problems and limb difference. The restoration of function can allow the resumption of independent living, the maintenance of health through exercise and the reduction of pain and discomfort.
My areas of expertise are in shoulder biomechanics, modelling and simulation of movement, human movement analysis, Functional Electrical Stimulation and advanced prosthetic devices.
I am currently accepting PhDs in Engineering.
Please get in touch if you would like to discuss your research ideas further.
- Biomedical Engineering
- Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Rehabilitation Studies
- Mathematical Modelling
One of my main areas of research currently is the development of real-time models for the simulation of arm and hand function. A musculoskeletal model that can simulate the dynamics of the human arm in real time allows the creation of a realistic 'virtual arm'. This can be used as a replacement for the real arm in the development and testing of advanced neural prosthesis systems, or as a controller for a myoelectric prosthesis. This also allows rapid development and extensive testing of complex devices whilst reducing the burden on human participants.
Alongside bioengineering and the development of assistive technologies, I am interested in understanding more about the normal and pathological function of the upper limb musculoskeletal system, in particular the shoulder. As such, part of my work also attempts to apply the modelling and simulation tools that we develop to understanding more about shoulder function and stability, both in terms of the glenohumeral joint and control of the scapula.
Finally, I am working with clinical colleagues at a specialist orthopaedic hospital on a project to improve the understanding of foot deformity in children with cerebral palsy. It is hoped that better understanding through advanced measurement and modelling will lead to better treatments to address pain and mobility issues.
Personalised Approach to Restoration of Arm Function in People with High-Level Tetraplegia
The goal of this EPSRC-funded research is to create technology that improves the independence of people living with spinal cord injury. Specifically, we are using personalised models of the biomechanics of people's upper limbs to optimise FES interventions. FES stands for Functional Electrical Stimulation and involves generating muscle contraction in otherwise paralysed muscles. Appropriate stimulation of the muscles, coordinated by an external controller, can be used to achieve arm function.
Funding and Grants
- 2021 – 24 Private Physiotherapy Educational Foundation, Shoulder instability in children: understanding muscle activity and movement pattern differences, Co-I, £30k.
- 2021 – 23 Action Medical Research, Exploration of the role of subtalar joint morphology in the development of foot deformity in cerebral palsy, Co-I, £148k.
- 2018 – 22 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Personalised approach to restoration of arm function in people with high-level tetraplegia, PI, £387k.
- 2017 – 18 Institute for Physics and Engineering in Medicine, Intelligent FES for restoring arm movement in people with tetraplegia, PI, £10k.
- 2016 – 19 Orthopaedic Institute, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Biomechanical modelling of toe walking gait to inform the prescription of ankle foot orthoses in children with cerebral palsy (AFOs), Co-Investigator, £44k.
- 2015–20 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Intracortical control of FES-restored arm and hand function in people with SCI, subcontract with Case Western Reserve University, £38k.
- 2015–18 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Enabling Technologies for Sensory Feedback in Next-Generation Assistive Devices, Co-Investigator, collaboration with Newcastle (lead), Leeds, Essex, Southampton and Imperial College, £1.44m.
- 2014–17 Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Image-based estimation of musculoskeletal parameters for patient-specific modelling, PhD studentship, £53k.
- 2014–16 Guy Hilton Asthma Trust, Validation of Structured Light Plethysmography in Acute Viral Bronchiolitis, Principal Investigator, collaboration with University Hospitals of North Midlands, £30k.
- 2013–15 Pneumacare Ltd, Validation of Structured Light Plethysmography: Pre/Post Bronchodilation Challenge, Principal Investigator, collaboration with University Hospitals of North Midlands, £29k.
- 2012–15 National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIH subcontract via Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago), Software development for musculoskeletal simulations, £31k.
- 2013–14 Keele University MRC Centenary Funding (Bridging the Gaps), Continuous control of advanced myoelectric prostheses, PI, £6.5k.
- 2006–8 Telemedicine & Advanced Technology Research Center, Prosthetic arm control device for amputees, Research Co-investigator.
- 2005–8 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Controller development for upper limb movement, Research Co-investigator.
- 2005–8 National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH), Restoration of Hand and Arm Function by Functional Electrical Stimulation, Research Coinvestigator.
- Postgraduate, 3 semester, September start
Prof Chadwick’s teaching focuses mainly on biomechanics, healthcare technologies, medical devices and other areas related to biomedical engineering.
- Fundamentals of Engineering in Medicine
- Rehabilitation Engineering and Biomechanics
- Research Methods for Bioengineers
- Introduction to Engineering for Life Scientists
- Human Factors Engineering
- Fearsome Engines
Non-course Teaching Responsibilities
Individual project supervision at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
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Tidal breathing parameters measured using structured light plethysmography in healthy children and those with asthma before and after bronchodilatorPhysiological reports, vol. 5, no. 5, e13168Contributions to Journals: Articles
Musculoskeletal modelling simulation with optimisation to predict the morphological parameters of the calf muscleGait Posture, vol. 57, pp. 87-88Contributions to Journals: Articles
Using Convolutional Neural Network for edge detection in musculoskeletal ultrasound imagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
Feasibility of using combined EMG and kinematic signals for prosthesis control: A simulation study using a virtual reality environmentJournal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, vol. 29, pp. 21-27Contributions to Journals: Articles
B108 ADVANCES IN PEDIATRIC LUNG FUNCTION TESTING: Structured Light Plethysmography (slp) Can Quantify Abnormal Breathing In Children Aged 2-12 Admitted With Acute AsthmaContributions to Conferences: Posters
ADDITIONAL NOTICE.(THE LATE) THOMAS GRAY (PRESENTATION OF A BUST, MAY 28, 1872).Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
Real-Time Simulation of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle and Arm DynamicsIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 1947-1956Contributions to Journals: Articles
Glenohumeral stability during a hand-positioning task in previously injured shouldersMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 251-256Contributions to Journals: Articles
Shoulder biomechanics and the success of translational researchMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 205-210Contributions to Journals: Editorials
Clinical applications of musculoskeletal modelling for the shoulder and upper limbMedical & biological engineering & computing, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 953-963Contributions to Journals: Articles