Bob is a Emeritus Professor with the Health Economics Research Unit at the University of Aberdeen. He joined HERU as Director in December 2001, a post he held until September 2012. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and between 2007 and 2015 was a Commissioner on the Low Pay Commission, which sets the UK minimum wage. He has held visiting positions at several universities in the USA, Europe and Australia and has acted as consultant and adviser to the Police Federation, HM Treasury, the European Commission and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Bob coordinated the EC Framework 7 research project MUNROS – Health Care Reform: The iMpact on practice, oUtcomes and costs of New roles for health pROfeSsionals and conducted research into potentially preventable hospitalisation in conjunction with researchers in Aberdeen and the University of Western Sydney in Australia.