Professor Ursula Witte
Chair in Zoology
Benthic ecosystem functioning, anthropogenic impacts and climate change
The Witte group investigates the functioning of benthic marine ecosystems and benthic-pelagic coupling from the deep ocean floor to the intertidal, with a current focus on consequences of both anthropogenic activities and climate change.
This often includes the development of new research technologies, and one focus of ongoing work is the development of a pressurised coring, incubation and cultivation system for the study of biogeochemical processes and piezophile microorganisms from the deep seafloor under varying environmental conditions (pH, T, O2 etc).
Sea ice is a unique feature of polar marine ecosystems and the fact that small temperature differences can have large effects on the extent and thickness of this sea ice makes polar marine ecosystems particularly sensitive to climate change. The group’s work on climate change impacts on benthic ecosystem functioning is therefore centred in both the Arctic and the Antarctic peninsula where change is particularly rapid.
In many cases, stable isotope tracing experiments, often carried out in situ at the deep-sea floor, help us track the pathway of organic matter, in particular C and N, through the benthic community and thus understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of biological and geochemical transformations of matter in benthic and benthopelagic foodwebs.
But we also work closer to home: Aberdeen is often referred to as the ‘oil capital of Europe’, and with hydrocarbon extraction now occurring down to 1100 m in the Faroe Shetland Channel, a need arises to understand the consequences of accidental releases in Scottish deep water environments in order to improve monitoring and optimize response measures after a spill. Several ongoing projects therefore investigate the rates and pathways of hydrocarbon degradation in Scottish Waters, as well as the microorganisms involved.
Funding and Grants
Transformation of Antarctic Benthic Food Webs on the Larsen Ice Shelf following Loss of Sea-Ice Cover (TABOSI). 2019-2021. Polarstern Nebennutzerantrag. PI Witte.
Benthic biodiversity under Antarctic ice-shelves - baseline assessment of the seabed exposed by the 2017 calving of the Larsen-C Ice Shelf. NERC urgency application; 2018-19, CoI, PI Linse.
Continuous observation of deep-sea benthic community structure and benthic-pelagic coupling throughout the polar night and summer ice melt. NERC Arctic office. PI Witte 2017-2018
Using the intrinsic recovery capabilities of deep-sea and polar ecosystems to reduce the impact of accidental oil release. NERC Oil and Gas DTP. PI Witte, 2014-2018
Increasing oil spill preparedness for Scottish deep waters - the role of sediments in a deep water oil spill. MarCRF. PI Witte with A. Gallego and J. Anderson. 2014-2018
Fate and flow of oil carbon in the marine food web – towards efficient monitoring of oil contamination. NERC CASE PhD studenthsip 2014- 2018. PI Witte
The natural capacity for oil degradation of marine environments. NERC PI Witte with J. Anderson and E. Gontikaki. £98,871, 2013-2015.
ArcDeep: Deep-sea ecosystem functioning in a changing climate: consequences of changing sea-ice cover for Arctic benthic ecosystems . NERC standard grant proposal; PI Witte, with F. Kuepper. £508,490, Appr. 2013 – 2017
MAC-EXP: A pressurised coring, experimentation and cultivation system for deep-sea sedimentary ecosystems. NERC Technology-led standard grant.2012-2014. Lead: Witte (Aberdeen), with Parkes, (Cardiff). Awarded. £552000. 2013- 2017.
PharmaSea: Planet Ocean – Streamlining the Marine Biodiscovery Pipeline. EC FP7-KBBE-2012-6(PI: M Jaspers. Total volume 10 Mio €. Aberdeen: € 725000. 2012- 2017
"The role of micronutrients in deep-sea carbon cycling". The Leverhulme Trust, 2007 -2010
Bacterial Diversity and Carbon Turnover at the Abyssal Seafloor –proposal to apply 454-based tag sequencing technology to deep-sea sediments. Keck foundation – 2008/ 2009.
"Rates and pathways of carbon cycling at the abyssal sea floor: a long-term, in situ experimental study". NERC, 2007-2010
HERMIONE –– Hotspot Ecosystem Research at Continental Margins; April 2009- September 2012.
Carnegie Trust – Development of Scottish resources for seafloor biogeochemical process studies. August 2008 – July 2010. £29800
"Nutrient regeneration in North Sea coastal sediments". FRF, 2006-2009
"Carbon turnover and trophic relationships in theabyssal Pacific", NERC-LSMSF, 2007/08
COBO - Towards a Coastal Ocan Benthic Observatory (EC) 2004 - 2007
SX1015 The Oceans and Society in a changing environment. 6th century course. Course coordinator and coordiantor theme 1.
BI 1006 BUGS (Biology for Undergraduates) tutor Marine Biology
BI25Z4 Ocean Biology
ZO3306 Marine Ecology and Ecosystems
BI39Z1 Marine Ecology Florida field course
ZO4542 Marine Benthic Ecology
BI4517, BI4017 SBS Honours Essay
BI4016 SBS Honours Project
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Coral cities of the deep: Species–habitat associations on the Mingulay Reef ComplexOcean Challenge, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 17-19Contributions to Journals: Articles
Environmental Impacts of the Deep-Water Oil and Gas Industry: A Review to Guide Management StrategiesFrontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 4, pp. 1-26Contributions to Journals: Articles
Patterns of carbon processing at the seafloor: the role of faunal and microbial communities in moderating carbon flowsBiogeosciences, vol. 13, no. 15, pp. 4343-4357Contributions to Journals: Articles
The effect of flow speed and food size on the capture efficiency and feeding behaviour of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusaJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 481, pp. 34-40Contributions to Journals: Articles
Statistical Modeling of Variability in Sediment-Water Nutrient and Oxygen FluxesFrontiers in Earth Science, vol. 4, pp. 1-17Contributions to Journals: Articles
Biodiversity of Spongosorites coralliophaga (Stephens, 1915) on coral rubble at two contrasting cold-water coral reef settingsCoral Reefs, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 193-208Contributions to Journals: Articles
Carbon and Nitrogen Uptake of Calcareous Benthic Foraminifera along a Depth-Related Oxygen Gradient in the OMZ of the Arabian SeaFrontiers in Microbiology, vol. 7, pp. 1-12Contributions to Journals: Articles
The trophic structure of Spongosorites coralliophaga-coral rubble communities at two northeast Atlantic cold water coral reefsMarine Biology Research, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 932-947Contributions to Journals: Articles
Occurrence of Priming in the Degradation of Lignocellulose in Marine SedimentsPloS ONE, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1-13Contributions to Journals: Articles
How Can We Identify and Communicate the Ecological Value of Deep-Sea Ecosystem Services?PloS ONE, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1-11Contributions to Journals: Articles