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Postgraduate Geology and Geophysics 2021-2022

GL5011: GEOPHYSICS AND PETROPHYSICS

30 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

By the end of this course, the student should:

  • Understand the Petrophysical rock properties that affect fluid storage and movement (Porosity, Permeability, Saturation, Mineralogy).
  • Understand the primary wireline and LWD logging tools: Measurement, Fundamental physical principles, and applications.
  • Understand the theory of seismic signal description.
  • Appreciate the main processes involved in a typical seismic data-processing suite.
  • Understand the basic concepts of seismic stratigraphy and the interpretation of seismic data.

GL5013: PROFESSIONAL SKILLS INCORPORATING INTERNATIONAL FIELD TRIP

15 credits

Level 5

Full Year

By the end of this course, students will be aware of issues in relation to team work, particularly communication, diversity, and organisation. They will be able to communicate technical interpretation effectively by oral, written and electronic methods. They will utilise knowledge gained in the field and classroom to complete a number of industry-facing tasks through assessments based on real life scenarios utilising field-based data and concepts derived from lectures and field observations. These skills will be developed on two fieldtrips, one of which will focus on the exceptional geology exposed in Utah.

GL5019: CHARACTERISATION OF COMPLEX RESERVOIRS

30 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The course will give students the skills to interpret
petrophysically complex reservoirs from a variety of sedimentological and
lithological environments. Integration with geology will be emphasised along
with the advanced tools and techniques necessary to characterise these very
different reservoir types.  By the end of
this course, students will understand: how the sedimentary environment impacts
reservoir properties; how those properties may be evaluated; the logging tool
suites available to interpret complex reservoirs; key differences between
matrix and fracture based production systems; impact of clay type and
distribution on clastic reservoir quality; and the potential volumes available
from unconventional reservoirs.

GL5020: SPECIALIST FORMATION EVALUATION

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The aim of this course is to take students to the frontier of petrophysics as currently practised and to allow them to develop specialisms that will enhance their future careers. By the end of this course students will understand: the limits of what is currently achievable using petrophysical interpretation; and the role of specialist petrophysics in either seismic interpretation, drilling, production technology, or fracture detection.  They should also have an understanding of possible future trends in petrophysics and formation evaluation.

GL5023: REGIONAL EXPLORATION

30 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course aims to demonstrate the stages in a hydrocarbon exploration project from initial basin screening, through the identification of leads and prospects, to an economic assessment. The course includes components of structural geology, tectonics, organic geochemistry, and basin modelling. It is important to view these activities in an economic context; accordingly, the course aims to explain the role of the geologist in the business of exploration and appraisal of hydrocarbons. This aims to inform the student of important economic and logistical constraints which operate alongside geological details.

GL5033: FUNDAMENTALS OF PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The course covers aspects of geology, geophysics and prospect evaluation to illustrate how geologists deal with uncertainty and risk during the exploration process. It will look at the place of the geoscientist during the productive life of an oilfield. Another key aspect of this course will be the issue of communication between geoscientists and engineers. By the end of this course students should understand how geologists explore for oil and gas, and the main tools at their disposal; the role of the geophysicist; how to make prospect maps; petroleum volumetrics; subsurface fluid flow; and the creation of static reservoir models.

GL5034: GEOSCIENCE IN OIL EXPLORATION

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course aims to cover many important aspects of geology, geophysics and prospect evaluation whilst illustrating how geologists deal with uncertainty and risk during exploration stages. An understanding will be gained about how geologists go about exploring for oil and gas, and the main tools at their disposal. 

GL5035: DRILLING AND WELL ENGINEERING

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course aims to cover the main aspects of drilling and well engineering in the petroleum industry. This will include an in-depth look at drilling techniques and technologies. Another key aspect of this course will be the issue of communication between geoscientists and engineers.

GL5036: EARTH PHYSICS, STRUCTURE AND PROCESSES

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course aims to develops students' understanding of the fundamentals of Earth’s structure and geodynamic processes, introducing geological concepts to those from a more physics-based background, and fundamental physics to those from a geoscience background. By the end of this course students will be able to explain how Earth's structure and processes are governed by the underlying physics, and describe how the Earth deforms and the consequences of this on the surface of the Earth. This course will also develop students' coding skills and give them experience in reading scientific papers and in scientific writing.

GL5040: INTEGRATED SEDIMENTARY BASIN SYSTEMS

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The aim of this course is to develop skills in integrative earth science, pulling together modern research on sedimentary basin evolution and applying this to fieldwork in a sedimentary basin system.
Fieldwork is a compulsory part of this course. Fieldwork may involve crossing rough terrain, including steep gradients, rocky areas and along cliffs, and may take place during inclement weather. Any student with concerns about this, who feels adjustments or additional support may be required, should contact the University's Disability Adviser or the Department Disability Co-ordinator as early as possible.

GL5041: GEOSCIENCE RESEARCH SKILLS AND DATA ANALYSIS

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The aim of this course is to develop critical thinking, presentation and project design skills for research together with an enhancement of the necessary skills in numeracy, data manipulation and data interpretation. The course involves substantial workshop-based and student-led practical work designed to provide direct experience of these key components.

GL5043: GEOLOGICAL MODELS

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The aim of this course is to develop skills in applying geological models in scientific investigations, especially in the prediction of subsurface structure and properties, together with the validation of structural interpretations.
The course involves substantial workshop-based and student-led practical work designed to provide direct experience of these key components.

GL5044: APPLIED SEDIMENTOLOGY AND STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

30 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The course aims to develop practical geological skills applicable to the hydrocarbons industry, embracing the subdisciplines of tectonics and structural geology together within clastic and carbonate sedimentology, stratigraphy, and diagenesis; The main basin-forming processes with be introduced to provide context for the sedimentary geology. The basics of structural geology for trap definition and characterisation are developed and applied, deducing structural styles on seismic images and examples of how deformation influences reservoir behavior and trapping mechanisms. The course will show how structural, sedimentological and stratigraphic knowledge is crucial in both exploration and development activities, and is fundamental in making predictive models.  It will impart a practical knowledge of depositional environments which form hydrocarbon reservoirs, linking these together using the techniques of sequence stratigraphy as applied to siliciclastic and carbonate settings. The origin and effects of reservoir fluids and subsequent diagenesis will also be covered. 

GL5058: PETROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS TO GEOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

Students will learn how to determine geological processes through application of microscopic techniques. This will include transmitted light microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Cathodoluminescence and quantitative mineral analysis by Electron Microprobe. The students will work through a suite of geological materials based around themes determined by the underpinning geological processes. These themes will include: deformation processes, metamorphism, fluid-rock interaction, melt crystallisation, and sedimentary processes.

GL5059: NEAR SURFACE & ENVIRONMENTAL GEOPHYSICS

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This module focuses on the application of geophysical techniques for solving near surface environmental problems. It covers basic theory and practical aspects of modern data collection for near surface magnetic, gravity, resistivity, electro-magnetic (EM), ground penetrating radar (GPR) and seismic refraction, along with case study examples of application to the assessment and monitoring of a range of scientific and technical environmental problems including water resources, geotechnics, contaminated lands, civil engineering, mining, geothermal resources, archaeology. The module will be taught so that the students will be equipped to plan and undertake their own geophysical experiments focusing on a variety of near surface geophysical targets. The use of a variety of geophysical equipment in the field will form a significant component of this module.

GL5060: TIME SERIES ANALYSIS AND INVERSE THEORY

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This module is designed to give students a range of computational skills associated with time-series analysis and inverse theory. The module content will be delivered in the form of lectures, practicals and webinars.

 

Time series analysis and inverse theory is of paramount importance in exploration geophysics and computational sciences. The students will get familiar with signal processing and optimisation. This will open up multiple career paths in geoscience and STEM in general. 

GL5061: SEISMOLOGY AND EARTH IMAGING

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

Modern seismology is wide-ranging and encompasses topics such as earthquake and tsunami hazard, the structure and dynamics of the Earth and other terrestrial planets, exploration for hydrocarbon and minerals, monitoring of micro-seismicity for a variety of purposes (carbon sequestration, induced fracturing and aftershock surveys) and even ocean circulation and weather variations. This course will teach the fundamentals of modern seismology, from exploration to the solid Earth, and will include a component on seismic imaging, which is the premier tool for illuminating Earth structure from small to large scales.




GL5064: SPECTROSCOPY, RADIATIVE TRANSFER AND RETRIEVAL

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

Spectroscopy, radiative transfer and retrieval methods are rapidly growing fields with extreme importance in atmospheric and planetary science. They are fundamental to study weather, climate, air quality on Earth, the evolution of greenhouse gases and biogeochemical cycles on Earth. They provide information about the physics and evolution of the atmospheres of the solar system planets and exoplanets at a larger scale. This course will provide the fundamental knowledge to a depth that will leave a student with the background to perform quantitative research on atmospheres. It spans across principles through applications, with sufficient background for students without prior experience in spectroscopy or radiative transfer.

GL5205: MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING: PRODUCTION, RISK MANAGEMENT AND PSYCHOLOGY

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course will provide an understanding of the management aspects of reservoir, facilities, pipeline and safety engineering in the hydrocarbon industry.  It will also give an understanding of approaches to risk management and psychology that will enhance management decision-making.

GL5206: THE NATURE OF GEOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL DATA

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course introduces students to the fundamental types of geographical, geological, offshore survey, and geophysical data used within the Oil and Gas and related industries, with special emphasis on those types of data where the spatial position is crucial to the significance of the measurements. Attention will be given to the common sources of data, acquisition and capture, storage, processing, quality control, and analysis, and representation through mapping and visualisation.

GL5307: PETROPHYSICS, CORE ANALYSIS AND FORMATION EVALUATION

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course looks at the tools available to analyse the lithology and fluid content of a reservoir and how petrophysicists work with other discipline to estimate e hydrocarbon volumes in the subsurface.  The course identifies the multiple data sources required for reservoir evaluation, emphasising integration of all available data, potential sources of error and uncertainty within the data.  It shows how to relate wireline data to core; gives a solid grounding in the acquisition and evaluation of routine (RCA) and special (SCAL) core analysis datasets; and teaches how to apply these principles to a fully computerised formation evaluation workflow



GL5310: PETROLEUM DATA GOVERNANCE

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

The course will provide an understanding of: data governance issues and how they impact on business workflows; data management organisation models and structures, data roles and responsibilities; legal issues relating to data governance, and a more detailed exploration of data protection law;  data policies, strategies, standards and procedures; the relation between data governance and data quality, security, entitlements and obligations; and data management maturity and impact.

GL5500: PORTFOLIO OPTIMISATION

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course covers some basic economics and then focuses on valuation of assets, how to deal with risk in making investment decisions, and the various systems by which petroleum revenue is taxed.

GL5511: PRODUCTION GEOLOGY

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course aims to deliver key skills and understanding in production geology, in the hydrocarbon industry;

• An appreciation of the role of the geologist during the development and production stages of a hydrocarbon field.

• Knowledge of the types of geological heterogeneity that might impact hydrocarbon production.

• The approaches employed in building qualitative and quantitative geological models of the subsurface, and the difficulties associated with doing this reliably.

• The basis from which to convey the expectations of the reservoir engineer, and procedures that will lead to improved reservoir performance evaluation.

GL5512: REGIONAL EXPLORATION

30 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course aims to demonstrate the stages in a hydrocarbon exploration project from initial basin screening, through the identification of leads and prospects, to an economic assessment. The course includes components of structural geology, tectonics, organic geochemistry, and basin modelling. It is important to view these activities in an economic context; accordingly, the course aims to explain the role of the geologist in the business of exploration and appraisal of hydrocarbons. This aims to inform the student of important economic and logistical constraints which operate alongside geological details.

GL5517: INTEGRATING PETROPHYSICS & SEISMIC DATA FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERISATION

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

The key objective of this course is to understand how petrophysical data (core and log), can be used to calibrate and predict the seismic response of hydrocarbon reservoirs. This can be used throughout field life from reducing exploration risk at the early stages to better quantifying the differences seen in time lapse seismic for reservoir management and field development. Students will learn the nature of reservoir models and the petrophysical and other inputs used to construct them, including permeability predictors, upscaling and saturation height functions. The principles of uncertainty management will be described and applied to the petrophysical parameters.

GL5518: RESERVOIR SURVEILLANCE AND OPERATIONAL PETROPHYSICS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

Reservoir surveillance provides an understanding of well and reservoir performance to enable efficient management of production. The course gives an overview of the role of petrophysics in the long-term monitoring of reservoirs, including use of legacy data in understanding evolution of reservoir performance. This links to the day-to-day reality of petrophysical operations, which provide many of the inputs to predict reservoir performance and to determine the value of assets. A clear understanding of modelling objectives, methods to be used and uncertainties, across all of the subsurface disciplines is necessary to ensure that reservoir properties are effectively represented.

GL5524: RESEARCH SKILLS, PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND FIELD STUDY

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

The aim of this course is to provide a structured method for researching various forms of materials and sources with a critical approach for evaluation and appraisal.  This course will allow the development of the necessary research skills required to undertake the independent project.  Other skills developed include CV preparation, interview practice and group working techniques. 

GL5525: COMMERCIAL LAW AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course introduces financial laws attached to petroleum exploration and exploitation with respect to the UK, alongside an introduction to international law and regulatory frameworks.

GL5534: FUNDAMENTALS OF PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

The course covers aspects of geology, geophysics and prospect evaluation to illustrate how geologists deal with uncertainty and risk during the exploration process. It will look at the place of the geoscientist during the productive life of an oilfield. Another key aspect of this course will be the issue of communication between geoscientists and engineers. By the end of this course students should understand how geologists explore for oil and gas, and the main tools at their disposal; the role of the geophysicist; how to make prospect maps; petroleum volumetrics; subsurface fluid flow; and the creation of static reservoir models.

GL5538: BOREHOLE GEOPHYSICS AND 4D RESERVOIR MONITORING

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

Borehole Geophysics provides critically important information about the subsurface through well logging and core analysis. This course will cover the fundamentals of Petrophysics and its use in the analysis of cores and geophysical well logs for reservoir characterisation and hydrocarbon assessment.

GL5542: SERVICE AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT FOR PETROLEUM DATA MANAGERS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course covers basic areas of service operations management and project management applied to the context of managing petroleum data. It examines service design, service quality and improvement processes, capacity management in service operations, and service projects. It also covers the main areas of project management (scope, quality, cost, time, and risk) and standard planning techniques with particular emphasis on the importance of quality, scope and risk within data management projects.

GL5544: PETROLEUM DATA QUALITY MANAGEMENT

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

The course will provide an understanding of: the value of data quality, the importance of data quality management and the consequences of poor data quality management. It will cover common data quality issues, and inherent uncertainty in data values, and demonstrate the need for data quality standards, business rules, policies and procedures, and how these are used to lead compliance activities. It will also show the relation between data governance and data quality. 

GL5545: SEISMIC REFLECTION ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This module will cover on the most important essentials of reflection seismics: from basic to advanced information on how seismic data are acquired and processed to generate images of the subsurface. Practical exercises involving processing of seismic reflection data will form a significant part of the curriculum with the aim of familiarising students with key industry software packages.

GL5546: APPLIED, INDUSTRY AND RESEARCH GEOPHYSICS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This module will take students to the boundaries of applied geophysics. The course content is drawn from recent high-impact academic research, advanced industry geophysics case studies, dedicated applied geophysics training and PhD research skills. It provides skills that open up career paths to graduates both within and outside the resource industries. The balance between topics may shift from year to year in response to changing patterns of research and changing employer demand.

GL5561: EARTH AND PLANETARY SURFACE AND INTERNAL PROCESSES

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

Data sets derived from remote sensing, meteorites and samples retrieved from the Lunar surface will be integrated to inform understanding of geological processes that play within and upon the surface of terrestrial planets. This course will develop essential geologically based reasoning skills through diverse data sets, building upon and contributing to the students’ wider understanding of Planetary Sciences.

GL5564: SUSTAINABLE DEEP SPACE EXPLORATION AND PLANETARY PROTECTION

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course provides practical training on some of the most challenging issues of space exploration. In this course, the student will overview the present and future challenges of space exploration, including in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), sample return missions and planetary protection (PP).

GL5705: PETROPHYSICS, CORE ANALYSIS AND FORMATION EVALUATION

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course looks at the tools available to analyse the lithology and fluid content of a reservoir and how petrophysicists work with other discipline to estimate e hydrocarbon volumes in the subsurface.  The course identifies the multiple data sources required for reservoir evaluation, emphasising integration of all available data, potential sources of error and uncertainty within the data.  It shows how to relate wireline data to core; gives a solid grounding in the acquisition and evaluation of routine (RCA) and special (SCAL) core analysis datasets; and teaches how to apply these principles to a fully computerised formation evaluation workflow



GL5708: SERVICE AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT FOR PETROLEUM DATA MANAGERS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This course covers basic areas of service operations management and project management applied to the context of managing petroleum data. It examines service design, service quality and improvement processes, capacity management in service operations, and service projects. It also covers the main areas of project management (scope, quality, cost, time, and risk) and standard planning techniques with particular emphasis on the importance of quality, scope and risk within data management projects.

GL5709: MACHINE LEARNING IN GEOPHYSICS

15 credits

Level 5

Second Sub Session

This module is designed to give students a range of skills associated with data-driven approaches and machine learning. Machine learning has revolutionised numerous scientific fields and it has begun to change the paradigm in geosciences by providing real-time solutions to non-trivial and computationally intense problems. Throughout the module the students will become familiar with the basic concepts and tools of machine learning. This will open up multiple career paths in geoscience and STEM in general.

GL5907: PROJECTS IN INTEGRATED PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE

60 credits

Level 5

Third Sub Session

In the final project you are expected to undertake and complete a study of a problem applicable to the petroleum industry. The project is an extended, independent, self-directed, piece of practical work integrating and reinforcing the material taught on the course, and giving a detailed insight into the demands of, and ways of working in the hydrocarbon industry. The project forms the major part of the IPG’s employability strategy.

GL5910: PROJECT IN GEOPHYSICS

60 credits

Level 5

Third Sub Session

This course provides the student an opportunity to design and execute the workflow of the data treatment (including in exceptional cases the possible of acquisition), processing, analysis and modelling, and interpretation of a geophysical dataset in the context of Earth structure or processes and/or exploration goals relevant to resource industries. The project is an extended, independent, self-directed, piece of practical work integrating and reinforcing the material taught on the course, and giving a detailed insight into the demands of, and ways of working in academia or industry.




GL5911: INDIVIDUAL PROJECT IN PETROLEUM DATA MANAGEMENT

60 credits

Level 5

Third Sub Session

This project is an extended, independent, self-directed, piece of practical work integrating and reinforcing the material taught on the rest of the Petroleum Data Management MSc programme, and giving a detailed insight into the demands of, and ways of carrying out, data management in the oil and gas industry. Under guidance, the student will be responsible for the project design and execution.

GL5923: PROJECT IN OIL & GAS ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT

60 credits

Level 5

Third Sub Session

The project is an extended, independent, self-directed, piece of practical work integrating and reinforcing the material taught on the course, and giving a detailed insight into the demands of, and ways of working in the oil and gas industry.

KE5003: PETROPHYSICS, CORE ANALYSIS & FORMATION EVALUATION

15 credits

Level 5

First Sub Session

This course looks at the tools available to analyse the lithology and fluid content of a reservoir and how petrophysicists work with other discipline to estimate the hydrocarbon volumes in the subsurface.  The course identifies the multiple data sources required for reservoir evaluation, emphasising integration of all available data, potential sources of error and uncertainty within the data.  It shows how to relate wireline data to core; gives a solid grounding in the acquisition and evaluation of routine (RCA) and special (SCAL) core analysis datasets; and teaches how to apply these principles to a fully computerised formation evaluation workflow.

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