Folio 38v Translation and Transcription
||Folio 38v Translation
In this respect, it is well said: 'When his young ones cry unto God ...' (Job, 38:41). For they know that they can do nothing through their own virtue alone, and however much they hunger with pious voices for the riches of their souls, they hunger with pious voices, they long for these things to be brought about by him, however, who brings about all things inwardly. For they understand with true faith that 'neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth but God that giveth it increase' (1 Corinthians, 3:7-8).
It is said: 'They wander for lack of meat' (Job, 38:41). 'Wandering' here signifies nothing else but the vows of preachers moved by passion. While they travel about to receive their young into the bosom of the Church, inflamed with great ardour, they apply their yearning zeal to gather in now some, now others. In fact, the very heat of their intention is itself a kind of wandering. It also represents the way in which they travel to a variety of places where life is different, when they hurry here and there, eager of mind, to help souls in innumerable ways in different places.
This statement in Job can be explained in another way: that the raven signifies certain prelates, or dignitaries of the Church, black from the soot of their sins. They not only get food for themselves but also get it dressed, with the result that they live more luxuriously than others.
The raven's young, in this interpretation, represent the prelates' disciples. 'The young', it is said, 'cry unto God'. The disciples, however, grumble that their masters eat too well. They leave the cloister and wander off in search of an abundance of food.
There are other, bigger ravens; these are the prelates eminent in power and rank who, gathering their congregation in Church, urge it in their sermons to fast, while they themselves eat flesh on fast-days, thus scandalising and offending ordinary people. This puts doubts in the people's mind and they wonder if the prelates who advocated fasting really believe that it is worthwhile.
This is enough about the raven for the moment, until someone else says something more significant about it.
Of the cock
The cock, gallus, gets its name from the act of castration. For alone among other birds its testicles are removed, and the ancients called castrated men galli. As from the lion