Last modified: 31 Jul 2023 11:19
The course introduces the student to the anatomy and physiology relevant to dental technology.
|Second Sub Session
|20 credits (10 ECTS credits)
This course explains the theoretical component of anatomy, physiology which relates to the manufacture of dental devices. Students are provided with the theory of dental procedures in periodontology, including the aetiology, treatment and management of the disease. Dental anatomy which impinges on the design and construction of dental devices is taught. Students will demonstrate this knowledge in the laboratory setting in the technological work they provide for their patients.
The content below is according to the Government Skills for Health National Occupational Standards for Dental Technology.
Relevant anatomy and physiology of the mouth sufficient to allow for identification of anatomical features on the cast and for its further analysis. Analysis of the facial skeleton including the Zygomatic, Maxillary, Palatine, nasal, Lacrimal, Vomer and inferior conchae and the development and structure of the palate.
Skeletal anatomy, physiology of the head and neck and tooth morphology. Structure and morphology of deciduous and permanent teeth and supporting structures.
Structure and function of the salivary glands.
Structure of the oral tissues related to the design and manufacture of custom made dental devices.
The structure, function and movement of the oro-facial musculature including the tongue and temporomandibular joint. Major muscles of facial expression including the orbicularis ores, Modiolus, Buccinator, Zygomaticus, Incisive labii superioris, incisivus labii superioris, labii inferioris, Depressor, Caninus, Levator anguli oris, Depressor anguli oris, Risorius
Disorders and diseases affecting the oral cavity.
Destructive processes: tooth caries, Trauma, Attrition, Abrasion, erosion, Gingivitis, Periodontal disease.
Dental therapies of caries removal, Dietary advice and Oral hygiene.
The nature and function of hard and soft tissues and the possible effects of impression taking.
Aetiology and classifications of malocclusions.
The effect of skeletal form and ridge relationships upon the function, design and manufacture of complete and partial removable prostheses.
Tooth morphology and the form of the natural anterior and posterior teeth. Aesthetics and phonetics. The design limitations of large anterior undercuts and pre-existing dental conditions.
The physiological and pathological changes associated with ageing processes and trauma related to the oral environment.
The importance of retention of the periodontal ligament and the changes in proprioception due to loss of periodontal ligament.
Dental laboratory records including the use of tooth notation and dental charting systems – Zsigmondy – Palmer and FDI – (Federation Dentale International)
Information on contact teaching time is available from the course guide.
|Describe the principles of preventive care and the impact of dental appliances.
|Identify tooth structure and morphology and classification of occlusal relationships. Categorise into tooth notation / charting systems.
|Describe the range of dental, oral and facial anatomy, aetiology and physiology influencing dental appliance manufacture