production

EG1008: PRINCIPLES OF ELECTRONICS

The aim of the course is to introduce basic concepts of electrical & electronics within a context of general engineering. The topics covered are kept at an elementary level with the aim of providing the foundational material for subsequent courses at levels 1 and 2. The course adopts the philosophy of application oriented teaching. During each topic the students will be provided with examples of day-to-day devices. Topics covered include dc circuit analysis, electronic amplifiers, digital circuits, optoelectronics, and ac theory.

15 credits
Level 1
First Sub Session

EG1010: CAD AND COMMUNICATION IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE

The course is designed to introduce the students to different methods of communication in the process of interchanging ideas and information. Oral presentation and writing of technical reports are introduced. The importing data from web-based and library-based sources will be integrated through information retrieval and investigative skills training. Professional ethics are covered on plagiarism, copyright and intellectual property. Engineering drawing skills and knowledge of relevant British and International Standards will be developed through intensive training in the use of computer aided design and modelling package, SolidWorks. Standard drawing formats including 3D depiction of stand alone parts and assemblies are covered.  

15 credits
Level 1
First Sub Session

EG1011: INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICS

This course is aimed at those students who want to build confidence and skills working in mathematics. This is applies to both those who need to build knowledge and those who simply wish to revise and strengthen their existing knowledge.

Mathematics is fundamental tool in Engineering. This course will help develop an understanding of the meaning of the abstract mathematics and this, in turn, helps to improve speed and accuracy working with mathematical notation. Topics covered are listed in the Course Description.

15 credits
Level 1
First Sub Session

EG1012: FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Engineering design depends on materials being shaped, finished and joined together. Design requirements define the performance required of the materials. What do engineers need to know about materials to choose and use them successfully? They need a perspective of the world of materials. They need understanding of material properties. They need methods and tools to select the right material for the job. This course will help you develop knowledge and skills required for the successful selection and use of engineering materials. 

15 credits
Level 1
First Sub Session

EG1501: ELECTRONICS DESIGN

This course provides an introduction to the design and analysis techniques used within electronic engineering, and to the major active components (diodes and transistors).  The course opens with a description of charges, the forces between charges and the concept of electric fields. The second part of the course deals with semiconductor devices, opening with fundamental properties of doped semiconductors.  

15 credits
Level 1
Second Sub Session

EG1504: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 1

The course presents fundamental mathematical ideas useful in the study of Engineering. A major focus of the course is on differential and integral calculus. Applications to Engineering problems involving rates of change and averaging processes are emphasized. Complex numbers are introduced and developed. The course provides the necessary mathematical background for other engineering courses in level 2.
15 credits
Level 1
Second Sub Session

EG1510: FUNDAMENTAL ENGINEERING MECHANICS

Engineering Mechanics is concerned with the state of rest or motion of objects subject to the action of forces.  The topic is divided into two parts:  STATICS which considers the equilibrium of objects which are either at rest or move at a constant velocity, and DYNAMICS which deals with the motion and associated forces of accelerating bodies.  The former is particularly applied to beams and truss structures. The latter includes a range of applications, such as car suspension systems, motion of a racing car, missiles, vibration isolation systems, and so on.

15 credits
Level 1
Second Sub Session

EG2004: FLUID MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS

The fluid mechanics section of the course begins with the material properties of fluids. This is followed by studying fluid statics and principles of fluid motion. Bernoulli’s equation is used to explain the relationship between pressure and velocity. The final fluids section introduces the students to incompressible flow in pipelines.

The thermodynamics section presents: the gas laws, including Van Der Waals’ equation; the first law of thermodynamics with work done, heat supply, and the definitions of internal energy and enthalpy. The second law is introduced including entropy through the Carnot cycle.

15 credits
Level 2
First Sub Session

EG2011: PROCESS ENGINEERING

A general engineering course that provides an insight into the two main conservation principles, mass and energy. Processes are usually described through block diagrams. This language, common to many disciplines in engineering, helps the engineering to look at their processes with an analytical view. Degree of freedom analysis is addressed, emphasising its importance to solve a set of linear equations that model fundamental balances of mass. Practical examples of Energy balances are displayed, bringing Thermodynamics to a practical level. Process control is also introduced, explaining basic control techniques and concepts, i.e sensors, feedback, control loops and PID controllers.

15 credits
Level 2
First Sub Session

EG2012: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 2

This course follows Engineering Mathematics 1 in introducing all the mathematical objects and techniques needed by engineers.  It  has three parts:

  • Matrices: definitions, operations, inverse and determinant; application to systems of linear equations.
  • Ordinary differential equations: 1st order (linear and separable), 2nd order with constant coefficients, forced osciallations and resonance.
  • Functions of two variables: partial derivatives and extrema, the chain rule, the heat equation and the wave equation.
15 credits
Level 2
First Sub Session

EG2501: DESIGN AND COMPUTING

The use of computing (MATLAB) as an aid to practical design and as computational analysis tool will be developed. The course covers engineering design process. Exercises will be undertaken to gain an appreciation of the development of existing designs. Material selection is included from a viewpoint of quality, impact on environment and sustainability. Practical aspects of the manufacturing process is covered through lectures and hands-on experience of workshop practice. Advanced use of SolidWorks and milling simulation software will be covered culminating in the production. Issues such as design protection, copyright and patents will be explained as part of this process.

15 credits
Level 2
Second Sub Session

EG2502: SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES

This course provides students with the opportunity to refresh and extend their knowledge to analyse the mechanical behaviour of engineering materials and structures. In particular, mechanical properties of materials, and 2D and 3D stresses and strains are examined, the effects of internal imperfections on the performance of materials under loading, brittle fracture, fatigue and non-destructive testing are discussed. The structural analysis of beams and columns, deflection and buckling, as well as design applications are also considered in the course.

15 credits
Level 2
Second Sub Session

EG2503: ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

This course provides students with an integrated development of methods for modelling, analysing and designing systems comprising electrical and mechanical components. In doing so it intends to emphasise to the students the similarity in behaviour between electrical and mechanical systems. The course aims to give an introduction to both electrical machines, circuit and systems, transformers, and similar mechanical systems like gearbox, vibrating system and principles of dynamics,  and thus provide the foundation material for several courses at level 3 .
15 credits
Level 2
Second Sub Session

EG2504: ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

Electronics systems are discussed from basic concepts of digital logic to highlights of embedded microcontrollers. The journey begins with the elementary building blocks of Boolean algebra (logic gates and flip-flops) that are used to design combinatorial/sequential logic circuits, e.g. implementing a simple calculator or a temperature control circuit. The design of complex system is addressed introducing embedded microcontrollers, discussing their core components (e.g. timers, memory) and required programming operations.

Hands-on lab sessions (and relative assignments) include software-based simulations and hardware implementation of systems that allow students to test and deepen their understanding of the subject.

15 credits
Level 2
Second Sub Session

EG3007: ENGINEERING ANALYSIS AND METHODS 1

Modern engineering analysis relies on a wide range of analytical mathematical methods and computational techniques in order to solve a wide range of problems. The aim of this course is to equip students with the necessary skills to quantitatively investigate engineering problems. Examples applying the methods taught to practical situations from across the full range of engineering disciplines will feature heavily in the course.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3015: STRESS ANALYSIS A

One of the roles of an engineer is to ensure that engineering components perform in service as intended and do not fracture or break into pieces.  However, we know that sometimes engineering components do fail in service.  Course examines how we determine the magnitude of stresses and level of deformation in engineering components and how these are used to appropriately select the material and dimensions for such component in order to avoid failure. Focus is on using stress analysis to design against failure, and therefore enable students to acquire some of the fundamental knowledge and skills required for engineering design.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3018: FLUID MECHANICS A

The course begins with the concept of dynamic similarity and the application of dimensional analysis to model-testing.  This is followed by sections on steady and unsteady flow in pressure conduits; rotodynamic fluid machines including cavitation and pump-pipeline matching; open channel flow, mainly focused on steady uniform and steady rapidly varied flows; and porous media flow with applications in civil, mechanical, chemical and petroleum engineering.

The laboratory exercises are designed to reinforce concepts covered in lectures and include experiments on the performance characteristics of hydraulic machines and measurements of the essential features of flow in an open channel.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3027: GEOTECHNICS 1A

 

Aimed principally at students interested in civil engineering. It aims to familiarise students with the fundamental concepts involved in soil mechanics and engineering geology. The first course in the civil engineering programme that includes the importance of soil mechanics and therefore foundations in the structural design. The main emphasis is understanding the main principles of soil mechanics through the introduction of laboratory tests commonly used to obtain the engineering properties of different types of soil such as sand and clay. Discussion of the consequences of some soil failures (such as in the case of Tower of Pisa) are also introduced.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3028: ENGINEERING MATERIALS

The course focuses, initially, on the major groups of solid materials – metals, ceramics, polymers, and provides an introduction to materials selection. Strengthening mechanisms in these systems and the relationship between microstructure and mechanical properties are highlighted. The main failure and degradation processes of materials in service, fracture, fatigue, creep and corrosion, are considered. The major welding and adhesive bonding processes are introduced, and structural integrity of welded joints is examined. Finally, the course gives a comprehensive introduction to composite materials and motivation for their use in current structural applications. Manufacturing of different types of composites is reviewed.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3029: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

The course aims to give a thorough treatment of the real PVT behaviour exhibited by multicomponent, multiphase systems by giving candidates the knowledge required to determine: a) the heat and/or work required to bring about a given change of state; b) the change of state resulting from a transfer of energy in the form of heat and/or work, or as a result of a chemical reaction. To build on the knowledge of process simulation gained in Level 2 and emphasize, in examples and laboratories, the importance of selecting an appropriate fluid package.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3030: HEAT, MASS & MOMENTUM TRANSFER

This course focuses on applied momentum, heat, and mass transport in relevant engineering systems. The analytical results of transport phenomena are demonstrated in simple systems before discussing more complex systems, such as multiphase flow, which require the use of semi-empirical correlations to solve.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3043: CONTROL SYSTEMS A

To aim of the course is to provide students with a basic understanding and concepts of control systems. The course starts by introducing basic concepts of feedback control systems using a number of practical examples. Mathematical modelling of physical systems and representing them in block diagrams with transfer functions are presented. Basic control system response characteristics (stability, transient response, steady state response) and analysis and design procedures are introduced using first and second order systems. Analysis of control systems using Routh-Hurwitz criterion, root locus, and Bode plot methods are considered.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3053: SIGNALS, SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING

How can the dynamic behaviour of a mechanical mass-spring-damper system be similar to an electrical resistance-capacitance-inductance circuit? Motivated by this question, this course introduces the signals – systems framework that helps in describing the dynamic behaviour of systems for a variety of inputs (signals).  Useful analysis tools both in the frequency- and the time-domain are also introduced. In the later part of the course, these concepts will be used to understand basic signal processing in the form of both analog and digital filter design.

15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3093: C/C++ PROGRAMMING

C programming is presented with an introduction to methods for the design of well-structured and maintainable computer programs.  The course begins by introducing the syntax and semantics of the C programming language.  This includes the use of structures and of pointers with a view to a later introduction to the C++ language.  Techniques for producing easily maintained and modifiable code are emphasised.  An introduction to elementary data structures (lists, stacks and queues) is included.  Practical activity includes the use of basic software development tools (debugging techniques, version control).  The course concludes with an introduction to the C++ programming language.
15 credits
Level 3
First Sub Session

EG3501: CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING

Starting from previously attained knowledge and understanding of equilibrium, kinetics, thermochemistry and material and energy balancing on reactive processes, the course sets about developing skills in the design and sizing of industrial chemical reactors.  Batch and continuous reactors of different types are covered with design equations being derived from fist principles for a variety of systems with different degrees of complexity.  The course focuses on homogeneous reactions, design for single and parallel reactions, reactor modelling for non-ideal flow, temperature and pressure effects and chemical reaction process safety.  Other elements of chemical reaction engineering are introduced.

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3502: SEPARATION PROCESSES 1

This course covers the fundamental concepts of equilibrium and rate-based analysis of separation processes, and gives examples of relevant separation processes. It introduces the concept and analysis of a unit operation as applied to separation processes and demonstrates the analysis of relevant separation processes by applying mass and energy balance methods.

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3503: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN

 

A series of team and individual design exercises are used to develop a transcendence of understanding and problem solving across the elements of core chemical engineering and general engineering covered thus far in the degree programme.  Designs may include gas processing, fluid storage and transport, heat transfer, separation unit operations etc.  The course is supported by industry in that some of the designs are developed in collaboration with industry and the course ends with a field trip to an industrial processing plant.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3504: PROCESS MODELLING

This course aims to develop students? ability in process simulation, broadly, in two areas: 1) the use of commercially available steady-state process simulation engines; 2) the development of process models and simulations from first principles using other applications such as Matlab, MathCad and Excel. In achieving these aims, the course will allow students to further develop their skillset in Process Thermodynamics, Process Analysis and Chemical Engineering Computer Applications.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3511: DYNAMICS 1

This course introduces the theory of dynamics and the vibration of single and multi-degree of freedom systems, and dynamics of rotating and reciprocating machinery.
15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3518: MECHANICS OF STRUCTURES

The major topic of this course is an introduction to modern methods of elastic structural analysis. In this topic, direct, energy and matrix methods are jointly used to solve, initially, problems of the deformation of simple beams. The theorem of virtual work is introduced in the context of beams and frameworks.

The rigid-plastic analysis of beams is then introduced along with the upper bound theorem and their importance to engineering design.

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3519: DESIGN OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

This course is an introduction to Structural Design using steel, concrete and composite steel/concrete.

The emphasis is on the design of individual components – the ‘Structural Elements’ – these being members in tension, compression, bending – in either steel or reinforced concrete – and in the bolted and welded connections between steel members.

Associated with this course is an extensive laboratory exercise testing reinforced and un-reinforced concrete to destruction.

It should be noted that students are also required to do the separate course EG3720, half of which consists of a 9 week Steel Design exercise.

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3521: ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

 

The course begins introducing thermodynamic properties and reviewing first and second laws. The material is then taken forward into application in a focused module on production of power from heat which includes: steam power plants; internal-combustion and gas-turbine engines. This is followed by a module on refrigeration and liquefaction. The course continues with a detailed discussion of the applications of thermodynamics to flow processes including: duct flow of compressible fluids in pipes and nozzles; turbines; compression processes. The course concludes with a module on psychrometry which includes: humidity data for air-water systems; humidification & dehumidification systems.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3522: DESIGN OF MECHANICAL ELEMENTS

Aimed at students interested in mechanical engineering and aims to equip students with the skills and knowledge required to take a design requirement/concept to a fully implemented product.  It will provide an overview of a multi-stage design methodology followed by procedures for the detailed design of various mechanical elements including gears, shaft and bearings.  These procedures will include design to resist fatigue failure and will be taught using an example product.  The course will include aspects of sustainability and choice of method for manufacture. Assessed through a series of group design exercises.
10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3538: STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS A

This course introduces the theory of dynamics and the vibration of single and multi-degree of freedom systems.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3557: ELECTRICAL POWER ENGINEERING A

The course studies the systems for the generation, transmission and use of electrical energy.  The per-unit notation system is introduced. Basic approaches in the three phase AC systems analysis are introduced.  Three-phase induction and synchronous machines are studied, and a simple equivalent circuit for the machine is derived and used to explore the operating limitations of each type of the machine.  Modern power conversion methods are discussed for conversion between AC and DC.  This discussion includes power electronic switches and the basic topology of rectifiers, DC-DC converters and inverters.  The advantages of switching conversion techniques over traditional circuits are highlighted.

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3560: DIGITAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

This course addresses the design of digital electronic systems using synthesis techniques.  The course commences with a discussion of design principles applicable to digital systems, including specification. Combinational logic, including minimisation, is studied. The course then turns to the use of VHDL for the simulation and synthesis of digital systems.  The design of combinational logic, including arithmetic, and then synchronous sequential systems is considered. Coverage is sufficient to enable students to design simple combinational and sequential circuits and to use a synthesis tool. 

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3576: COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING 1

A short course teaching fundamentals of digital communications engineering. The course focuses on remote control of equipment using a serial communication bus.  Starts with a description of the data received from a GPS device (to identify location and time), then studies the Digital Multiplex (DMX) control bus (a standard in the live entertainment industry) followed by Remote Device Management (RDM) and the Controller Area Network (CAN). Teaching and tutorials will be supported by demonstrations of actual equipment and by a corresponding set of practical laboratory exercises that each student must complete. Accessible to students of computer science and electrical/electronic engineering.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3579: ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING DESIGN

This course provides design, analysis and control of digital systems (hardware/Software) through practical implementation. This course involves three practical design projects. Each project relates with practical applications encounters in our daily life. In each project students learn how to combine available tools to produce the complete result. The theoretical aspects of the course are placed in an illustrative context through these design-and-build activities. The course begins with a discussion of different sensors commonly employed by the industry. These include sensors such as infrared, ultrasound, temperature sensors, and magnetic sensors to measure rotational speed. ​

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3595: DRILLING AND WELL ENGINEEERING

The process of drilling an oil and gas well will be outlined. We will look at the surface equipment, downhole technologies and associated safety issues. Drilling fluids, casing and cementing the well, directional drilling etc. will be investigated
15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3596: RESERVOIR ENGINEERING 1 - FUNDAMENTALS

This course presents an introduction to the theories that govern the flow of oil and gas through a reservoir rock. The mechanisms that drive the fluid flow through the reservoir and that control hydrocarbon production are described and discussed. Some ways of increasing hydrocarbon production are introduced. The course is intended for students on the honours petroleum engineering degree program and students will require a strong engineering, or physics background (to level 3) and a good grasp of engineering mathematics at level 3 (or equivalent).

15 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3597: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING DESIGN

This course provides experience of working in a team by carrying out a practical well engineering design.

The design will draw on theories and concepts from courses previously and/or currently being studied by the student. This course may be accompanied by lectures from practising engineers on professional aspects of petroleum engineering design and practice. Students will be encouraged to attend relevant local meetings of professional engineering societies and institutions.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3598: WELL TESTING

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of well fluid and reservoir testing and the implications for reservoir characterisation. The theory of reservoir pressure testing is introduced, testing methods examined and some of the standard analysis techniques are explored using both “hand calculations” and industry standard software.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3599: PROJECT AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT

To course aims to provide students with an awareness of purpose, principals, fundamental concepts and strategies of safety and project management.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG3720: CIVIL ENGINEERING DESIGN AND SURVEYING AND HYDROLOGY FIELD TRIP

This course consists of two quite separate halves.  The first is a 9 week Civil Engineering Design activity, which runs concurrently with the associated course EG3519 (Design of Structural Elements).   Generally there will be two half days of timetabled sessions in each of those 9 weeks.  The second half of the course is a one-week residential Field Surveying and Hydrology field trip, which usually takes place in the first week of the Easter break.  There will be a charge to students to cover the specific transport, food and accommodation costs associated with that field trip.

10 credits
Level 3
Second Sub Session

EG4011: ENGINEERING PROJECT ABROAD (BEng)

The course is designed to provide the student with the opportunity to carry out a project in an approved European institution by pursuing a substantial and realistic exercise in the practice of engineering at or near a professional level, and to further enhance the student's critical and communication skills.

60 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4013: MENG INDIVIDUAL PROJECT

To provide the student with the opportunity of pursuing a substantial and realistic research project in the practice of engineering at or near a professional level, and to further enhance the student's critical and communication skills. The project will usually be carried out at the University of Aberdeen but may be carried out at industry or other research location.

45 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4014: BENG INDIVIDUAL PROJECT

To provide the students with the opportunity of pursuing a substantial and realistic exercise in the practice of engineering at or near a professional level, and to further enhance the student's critical and communication skills. The project will be carried out over both half-sessions in the University of Aberdeen.

30 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4015: GEOMECHANICS

This course provides students with an understanding of advanced concepts of geomechanics and their application to safe, environmentally friendly and efficient drilling for, and production of, hydrocarbon fluids.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4016: BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the course is to provide students with an understanding of the industrial relevance of common biochemical processes and to allow them to model, analyse, and design such systems.

This course introduces the fundamentals of microbiology and biochemistry, the main cell constituents, DNA, RNA, enzymes, membranes. The kinetics of enzymatic reaction and of microbial growth is reviewed. The mass and heat transfer theory developed as part of other courses is applied to biochemical process. The design methodology for biochemical processes is described. Typical biochemical processes are described, including beer, whisky, penicillin, monoclonal antibody, wastewater treatment
10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4017: SENSING AND INSTRUMENTATION

The course introduces sensing and instrumentation for various engineering applications. Major part of the course will consider case studies of sensing and instrumentation for various engineering applications and is suitable for all engineering and non-engineering students to learn about sensing and instrumentation.
10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4018: PETROLEUM PRODUCTION ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

This course provides detailed understanding of the methodologies and relevant engineering science and technology for efficient and safe production of oil and gas.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4019: RESERVOIR ENGINEERING II: PERFORMANCE

This course provides students with understanding of analytical methods that can be used to assess different improved hydrocarbon recovery methods and identify the principal mechanisms controlling the performance of producing oil and gas reservoirs.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG402A: PROCESS SAFETY

To build on the introduction to safety provided in previous years and move towards developing a transcendence of knowledge regarding how the core process engineering fundamentals such as material and energy balancing, thermodynamics, heat transfer, mass transfer, fluid flow and reaction engineering underpin process safety from a systems perspective.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40FD: ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND DRIVES

This course examines the performance and control of electrical machines and drives. Transient performance of various electrical machines (induction, synchronous and DC) is discussed using two-axis-machine theory. Steady state performance is also considered. Simulation techniques are used as appropriate in studying both transient and steady state performance of the electrical machines and drives. Medium and high-performance AC drives are considered, including V/f and vector control drives. Modern AC machine control in rotating DQ co-ordinate frame is studied in some detail. DC machine drives (thyristor-controlled and transistor-controlled drives) are discussed and analysed.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40GA: COMPUTER AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Course studies the interplay between computer architecture and software design, with the aim to devise efficient systems for a broad range of applications. Processor architecture features (pipeline and cache) are discussed in parallel with the software techniques (for high-level programming or compilation) required to fully exploit the potential of modern hardware.

Hands-on activities include design and execution of small software projects. Alternative software implementations of a target algorithm are compared to understand differences in performance (e.g. execution speed) resulting from the different interactions with the hardware architecture. This allows students to test and deepen their understanding of the subject.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40HC: PROCESS CONTROL

This course focuses on the fundamental principles of control theory and the practice of automatic process control. The basic concepts involved in process control are then introduced, including the elements of control systems, feedback/forward control, block diagrams, and transfer functions. The mathematical techniques required for the analysis of process control are covered, focussing on Laplace Transform analysis. Development to more general situations is made through the study of second order systems and the application of compensation including PID control. The control theory developed is applied to a range of chemical engineering problems using simulation tools.
10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JE: GEOTECHNICS 2

It aims to equip students with the main concepts of foundation design where the concepts of pile foundations, retaining walls and slope stability are explored.  The course gives a student adequate tools to understand the design approaches associated with different types of soil.  Geotechnical standard code, Eurocode 7 is introduced and discussed.  In addition principles of ground water flow and the main problems related to its sustainable management are discussed.  This course aims for a student to reach an adequate level in soil mechanics and foundation engineering as the basis for the training of a professional civil or structural engineer.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JF: CIVIL ENGINEERING HYDRAULICS

The course begins with consideration of boundary layer development over a flat plate and curved surfaces, leading to boundary layer separation and forces on immersed bodies. This is followed by study of water wave theory with application to coastal and offshore engineering. These topics are also part of the EG40JJ Fluid Dynamics course. The second part of the course focuses on open channel flow and sediment transport, covering the St Venant equations, calculation of gradually varied flow profiles, fundamental aspects of sediment transport, and the calculation of bed load and suspended load transport.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JG: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL DESIGN

This course is a follow-on course to the Level 3 Course on Design of Structural Elements (EG3519) (and to some extent the Level 3 Civil Engineering Design (EG3720)).  It covers four main areas:

a)       Design of Industrial Buildings in Structural Steelwork

b)       Design of steel-framed multi-storey buildings

c)        Design of domestic buildings using masonry and timber

d)       Design of pre-stressed concrete

 

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JJ: FLUID DYNAMICS

The course begins with consideration of boundary layer development over a flat plate and curved surfaces, leading to boundary layer separation and forces on immersed bodies. This is followed by study of water wave theory with particular application to coastal and offshore engineering. These topics are also part of the EG40JF Civil Engineering Hydraulics course. The second part of the course concentrates on compressible flow. Using the fundamental conservation equations, the characteristics of converging-diverging nozzles and accelerating supersonic flows are examined. Plane and oblique shock waves, Prandtl-Meyer flow and Navier-Stokes equations are then introduced.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JK: THERMODYNAMICS 2

Heat transfer is perhaps the most useful aspect of thermodynamics with related problems being found in all branches of engineering. This course concentrates on conduction, radiation and convection. In each part there is a thorough coverage of the fundamentals as well as selected applications.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG40JM: DYNAMICS 2

The course is aimed principally at students interested in mechanical engineering.  It aims to equip students with the analytical and problem-solving skills required to calculate the vibration response of nonlinear systems and engineering components like rods, tensioned cables and beams.  The course includes a mixture of analytical and numerical methods (Matlab) for the solution of these problems.  It also includes an alternative method for generating equations of motions and an overview of instability in dynamic systems with the Tacoma Narrows Bridge used as an example.

10 credits
Level 4
First Sub Session

EG4513: INDIVIDUAL PROJECT ABROAD (MEng)

The course is designed to provide the student with the opportunity to carry out a project in an approved European institution by pursuing a substantial and realistic exercise in the practice of engineering at or near a professional level, and to further enhance the student's critical and communication skills.

60 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4526: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

Course extends the basic stiffness method of analysis developed in the pre-requisite courses. Fundamental principles of the stiffness method of analysis, with automatic assembly of the stiffness matrix for rigid jointed plane frames and space structures, are presented in some detail. Elastic instability of frames, and the design of continuous steel beams and portal frames using plastic methods will be undertaken. Analysis of flat plates and slabs using yield line theory, and an introduction to shells also covered. The course concludes with a brief outline of the finite element method of analysis, with computer-based applications forming an important practical component.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4527: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

This course will deal with various aspects related to water pollution, sources of water pollution and their impact on aqueous environment and public health, water quality and supply and treatment, wastewater treatment, sustainable land management of groundwater and solid waste, air pollution and control.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4529: NONLINEAR MECHANICS

This course provides students with the opportunity to familiarise themselves with the concept of nonlinearity and nonlinear behaviour of engineering systems, structures and materials. In particular, fundamental principles of analytical and computational methods used in nonlinear mechanics are examined, simple nonlinear engineering systems and nonlinear fluid flows (e.g., Newtonian and non−Newtonian flows for various Reynolds numbers) are modelled and analysed using Computational Fluid Dynamics package and Finite Elements software.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4530: SEPARATION PROCESSES 2

To add breadth to students' curriculum in the core area of separation processes. Familiarises students with particulate solids, their properties and characterisation. The motion of particles, including Stokes' Law and Darcy's Law, in fluids is covered in depth in order to facilitate analysis and design of separation process unit operations. Further aims are to provide students with a broad knowledge and understanding of physical separation processes such as filtration, sedimentation, centrifugation, settling. By the end students should have a knowledge and understanding of, an ability to analyse and an ability to design a wide variety of physical separation unit operations

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4531: FIELD DEVELOPMENT AND PETROLEUM ECONOMICS

This course provides a detailed overview of oil and gas field development from discovery to abandonment with particular focus on the decisions made prior to first production. The roles of uncertainties, economics considerations, safety and environmental impact on the design choices are explored.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4546: COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING 2

This is a course about the design and operation of computer networks. The course explores the history of the Ethernet local network standards and how this developed from a cable bus to a switched high-speed network. It also describes the operation of the network and transport layers, using examples from Internet Engineering to explain how a packet switched network can provide services that can be used by applications. The course is accessible to students of computer science and electronic engineering.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG4578: GROUP DESIGN PROJECT (BENG)

This course is a concentrated design and reporting exercise which requires application of project management and team liaison skills in addition to technical design ability. Specific exercises will include interdisciplinary aspects and will relate to design requirements arising from the professional activities of the School of Engineering or its industrial contacts. Written and oral presentations form part of the course.

15 credits
Level 4
Second Sub Session

EG501A: Conceptual Design of Jackets and Subsea Structures

The aim of this course is to introduce the student to the issues to be considered when conceiving the design of offshore jacket structures. Key concepts covered include strength and fatigue design, environmental loading, foundation design and fabrication and installation

 

This course is delivered by Distance Learning, where the students will access the teaching content via the web. The course tutor will be contactable on the on-line forum, as well as via email.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501B: Design of Stiffened Plates

This course provides an introduction to the behaviour of the thin-walled stiffened plate structures that are found in the Oil and Gas Industry.  The small deflection and large deflection theories (including elasto-plastic effects) are presented for a wide range of in-plane and out-of-plane load actions.  A key feature is to explain how these behaviours are represented in Design Codes of Practice.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501D: Fundamental Safety Engineering and Risk Management Concepts

The course serves as the entrance to the field of safety and reliability engineering with the introduction of the basic concepts and tools of safety and risk management. Legal frames related to engineering safety are also introduced.

 

Contents include: Fundamentals of safety engineering; natural and man-made hazards; safety measures; accident and failure statistics; fundamentals of risk management; risk assessment techniques; classical reliability theory; modelling of engineering systems as series and parallel systems; redundancy; fault trees and event trees; availability and maintainability; UK safety legislation, including the Health and Safety at Work Act and its historical, offshore and other regulations.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501E: Statistics and Probability for Safety, Reliability and Quality (Distance Learning)

The aim of this course is to get an understanding of applied probability and statistics. Students will be able to handle variables of a random nature, deal with parameters of different distributions and data of scattering nature.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501F: Offshore Oil and Gas Production Systems (Distance learning)

The course aims to equip students with the required knowledge of offshore oil and gas production systems in order to understand the application of safety and reliability principles in the oil and gas context. A holistic overview is provided on how an oil/gas field is found, developed, managed and decommissioned. The key technical elements on the handling, treatment and production of oil and gas are covered in order to appreciate the safety systems needed in the industry and to understand the role of workforce.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501G: Fire and Explosion Engineering (Distance learning)

Hydrocarbon fires and explosions produce extreme loading on engineering components. Structural steels lose their strength and stiffness well below the temperatures associated with hydrocarbon fires. Safety-critical elements must be designed to withstand both these temperatures and the blast overpressures that result from hydrocarbon explosions. Simple models are used to assess the loading that results from fires and explosions. Structural elements are analysed to illustrate the design procedures that are required to prevent escalation and to design against major accident scenarios.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501H: Electrical Systems for Renewable Energy

This course is to develop a broad understanding about the basic concepts in electrical engineering and power systems with emphasis on electrical systems used in conjunction with renewable power generation techniques.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501J: Renewable Energy 1 (Solar and Geothermal)

This course examines the solar and geothermal energy industries including resources, technologies, practical implementation, development, barriers, environmental and sustainable issues. Some case studies are investigated for solar and geothermal energy projects. Students will carry out a design project to enhance their intellectual ability and transferable skills.

 

0 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501K: Renewable Energy 2 (Biomass)

This course is to provide an understanding of the issues as well as the uses applications and conversion technologies of biomass and bioenergy.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501L: Reservoir Engineering

The course provides an understanding of the flow of hydrocarbon fluids through reservoir rocks and the interplay between the fluid and rock properties and reservoir performance.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501M: Enhanced Oil Recovery B

With growing demand on energy, there is increasing need to maximise the production of oil and gas, especially from depleting reservoirs. This course examines the methods and processes of enhanced recovery of oil and gas and provides students with the knowledge and understanding required to develop, acquire and safely integrate enhanced oil recovery technologies into field development plan and field operations.  

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG501N: Design of Connections (Distance Learning)

The purpose of this course is to explain the behaviour of steelwork connections and how this is translated into a wide range of design tools.

The fundamental concept is one of force paths, and how this applies to a wide range of different types of connections  is the key feature of this course.

The course is assessed by three coursework assignments.  Although the first two are standard designs, the third assignment is for a very non-standard detail which requires fundamental thinking about connection behaviour, and about the practical constraints that need to be accommodated.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5038: Project Management Essentials 1

Gives an overall picture of project management and introduces students to the main subject areas which make up this area of study. Emphasis is placed on practical skills, including writing and presentation. Students are given an overview of project management terms and definitions.  Introduction to project budgeting in the context of company finance is addressed and the area of risk management (including probability, risk attitudes and risk analysis methods) introduced. Introduction to the important area of safety management as well as an introduction to managing project teams. Topics are covered in greater depth at a later stage of the course.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5039: Organisations and People

This course introduces students to the problems of organisational life.  The organizing concept for this course is the re-framing situations  whereby students will learn to understand work / business situations through four lenses (organisational structure, organisational culture, power & politics, and HR).  

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5042: Managing Project Teams

This course builds on the re-framing approach to organisational life by considering whether a project manager should be a structural, symbolic, political or HR leader.  The main academic content surrounds theories of leadership, and that of groups and teams, and is designed for students to reflect on their leadership and leadership development.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5046: OPTICAL SYSTEMS AND SENSING

In recent years optical systems have become the centrepiece of many applications in science, engineering and commerce; ranging from optical communications to fibre sensors, holography to 3DTV, spectroscopy of materials to laser welding and cutting, and from precision measurement to laser surgery, to name but a few. The course offers students an overview of the concepts of modern optics, optical systems and sensing applications. A major part involves an introduction to lasers, their operation and incorporation into systems design. A case study approach is adopted to describe a range of sensing and system applications in industry, science and commerce.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5048: Project Management Essentials 1

Gives an overall picture of project management and introduces students to the main subject areas which make up this area of study. Emphasis is placed on practical skills, including writing and presentation. Students are given an overview of project management terms and definitions.  Introduction to project budgeting in the context of company finance is addressed and the area of risk management (including probability, risk attitudes and risk analysis methods) introduced. Introduction to the important area of safety management as well as an introduction to managing project teams. Topics are covered in greater depth at a later stage of the course
15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5049: Organisations and People

This course introduces students to the problems of organisational life.  The organizing concept for this course is the re-framing situations  whereby students will learn to understand work / business situations through four lenses (organisational structure, organisational culture, power & politics, and HR).  

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5052: Managing Project Teams

This course builds on the re-framing approach to organisational life by considering whether a project manager should be a structural, symbolic, political or HR leader.  The main academic content surrounds theories of leadership, and that of groups and teams, and is designed for students to reflect on their leadership and leadership development.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5054: Quality and Risk Management

This course comprises two elements, Quality Systems and Risk Management. In the Quality Systems element students are introduced to the principles behind modern quality systems, and business process management. Statutory standards are investigated and discussed e.g. ISO9000, EFQM. The roles of statistics and statistical control in both quality and risk are addressed. The risk management element discusses in detail various qualitative techniques commonly used in industry and investigates how quantitative methods can be put into practice. Its importance in the area of project management is discussed in a holistic way, with practical examples of how this works in industry.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5056: STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 2

The need for understanding dynamics in modern structural engineering arises from the fact that structures are often subjected to dynamic loads such as waves, wind, earthquake, blast and impacts. The structural engineer must therefore be able to understand and quantify dynamic loads and their effects. This course reviews the fundamentals of structural dynamics and explains more advanced concepts and methods (including analytical and numerical), as well as their applications to practical design and analysis problems. The theoretical concepts are illustrated by worked examples and numerous tutorial problems and assignments will enable students to gain confidence in their use.
15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5060: Statistics and Probability for Safety, Reliability and Quality

The aim of this course is to get an understanding of applied probability and statistics. Students will be able to handle variables of a random nature, deal with parameters of different distributions and data of scattering nature.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5064: Quality and Risk Management

This course comprises two elements, Quality Systems and Risk Management. In the Quality Systems element students are introduced to the principles behind modern quality systems, and business process management. Statutory standards are investigated and discussed e.g. ISO9000, EFQM. The roles of statistics and statistical control in both quality and risk are addressed. The risk management element discusses in detail various qualitative techniques commonly used in industry and investigates how quantitative methods can be put into practice. Its importance in the area of project management is discussed in a holistic way, with practical examples of how this works in industry.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5067: Project Management

The course provides an introduction to project management and is aimed at students who expect to be working in a project related environment or are considering a potential move into project management.

The course covers a number of key aspects of project management from the project managers perspective and so whilst it does cover areas such as planning and estimating it is NOT intended to prepare students for such roles.

Students are expected to apply their learning by completing a piece of group project work.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5071: Fire and Explosion Engineering

Hydrocarbon fires and explosions produce extreme loading on engineering components. Structural steels lose their strength and stiffness well below the temperatures associated with hydrocarbon fires. Safety-critical elements must be designed to withstand both these temperatures and the blast overpressures that result from hydrocarbon explosions. Simple models are used to assess the loading that results from fires and explosions. Structural elements are analysed to illustrate the design procedures that are required to prevent escalation and to design against major accident scenarios.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5072: Offshore Oil and Gas Production Systems

The course aims to equip students with the required knowledge of offshore oil and gas production systems in order to understand the application of safety and reliability principles in the oil and gas context. A holistic overview is provided on how an oil/gas field is found, developed, managed and decommissioned. The key technical elements on the handling, treatment and production of oil and gas are covered in order to appreciate the safety systems needed in the industry and to understand the role of workforce.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5073: Commercial & Contractual Issues

This module aims to introduce the students to the principle roles, functions and the legal obligations of managers.  We will discuss the differences between managing small and large organisations.  In addition, the course discusses the development and the management of the economy of geographical regions (Macro-economics). 

Emphasis will be placed on the leadership and management behaviours and qualities.  Throughout we will refer to topical cases to illustrate the good practices within organisations.

On completion the students should be able to critically analyse the strategy organisations, identify reasons for business failures and develop a business plan for a new venture.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5074: Commercial & Contractual Issues (Distance learning)

This module aims to introduce the students to the principle roles, functions and the legal obligations of managers.  We will discuss the differences between managing small and large organisations.  In addition, the course discusses the development and the management of the economy of geographical regions (Macro-economics). 

Emphasis will be placed on the leadership and management behaviours and qualities.  Throughout we will refer to topical cases to illustrate the good practices within organisations.

On completion the students should be able to critically analyse the strategy organisations, identify reasons for business failures and develop a business plan for a new venture.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5085: ADVANCED TOPICS FOR MEng STUDY

This course provides MEng students with the opportunity to undertake self study on a topic relevant to his/her degree programme.  The topic should allow the student to extend his/her knowledge of an area of engineering, which may have been discussed briefly within the degree programme.  Although topics are generally proposed by staff, there is the opportunity for a student to propose a topic of particular interest, provided it meets the learning outcomes of the course.  The course includes two six week long studies over the semester with feedback after both submissions.

30 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5090: MATHEMATICAL OPTIMISATION

The course looks at how typical engineering problems that cannot be described mathematically (or are difficult to do so) can be solved so that the optimal solution is found.  The course contains a range of examples to show how the techniques are applied to real world problems in the different engineering disciplines

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5095: SOLID MECHANICS AND MATERIALS MODELLING

This course provides MEng students with the opportunity to extend their abilities to analyse the mechanical behaviour of anisotropic and heterogeneous materials and structures by using fundamental equations of solid and fluid mechanics. In particular, non-linear and non-elastic constitutive equations are examined, and the solution of Navier's equation of elasticity and Navier-Stokes equation for Newtonian fluids using the FE method is discussed. The multi-scale design of direction-specific composite materials, joining techniques and the phenomenon of internal instability are also considered.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5096: Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics (Distance Learning)

This course is for students studying for MSc Oil & Gas Structural Engineering and can be taken by MSc Safety & Reliability Engineering for Oil & Gas students as an optional course .

This course deals with fatigue and fracture mechanics and its application to structural design and assessment. It encompasses theoretical background, but the emphasis will be on practical application.

This course is delivered by Distance Learning, where the students will access the teaching content via the web in 4 blocks at 3 week intervals. The course tutor will have scheduled times of delivery on the on-line forum. 

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5097: Blast and Fire Engineering

Hydrocarbon fires and explosions produce extreme loading on structures. The purpose of this course is to develop the ability to design structural components to operate effectively in fire and blast loading scenarios in order to promote safety.  Fundamental principles and concepts are covered to provide the essential physical understanding of a structure’s behaviour at high temperatures or under dynamic loading. Simple models are used to assess the loading that results from fires and explosions. Industrial standards and design guidelines are explained.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5098: Brown Field Structural Engineering

The course introduces concepts involved in offshore brownfield structural engineering, including case studies and design examples for small, medium and large projects, as well as an overview of  lifting guidance, structural integrity management and offshore survey information.

Emphasis will be placed on good detailing and clarity of presentation of design calculations.

This course is delivered by Distance Learning only for students studying for the MSc Oil & Gas Structural Engineering. Students will access the teaching content via MyAberdeen and the course tutor will answer queries and provide guidance through an on-line forum.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5099: UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS PROCESSING

The aim of the course is to give students a theoretical and practical understanding of the main technologies and unit operations involved in upstream oil and gas processing. The key aspects of process safety are also covered to provide the basis for developing safe and operable systems.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50F6: Subsea Control

This course introduces the key concepts and components that form the subsea control system. A subsea control engineer must be comfortable in dealing with a multitude of engineering concepts at the basic level. Subsequently, this course borrows from concepts in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, civil and structural engineering and hydraulics to name a few. The course tends to give a high-level systemic introduction of the various fundamental aspects necessary for a well-operating subsea control system.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50F8: Subsea Integrity

This course is for students studying MSc Subsea Engineering. The aim is to provide knowledge of materials engineering and selection, and failure and degradation issues in a subsea environment, including life cycle analysis; to provide knowledge for understanding and applying the relevant design standards and selection guidelines; and to provide a detailed understanding related to fault finding and integrity management. Fundamental studies are combined with industry applications.

 

·         Principles of materials selection

·         Materials and component qualification: design standards and testing/acceptance regimes

·         Degradation processes – corrosion, erosion, stress corrosion

·         Failure processes – fracture and fatigue

·         Inspection techniques

·         Integrity management procedures

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50F9: Subsea Production Systems

The subsea production systems course has been developed to give students a detailed understanding of the business decisions as well as the specialist hardware required to develop subsea oil and gas production systems in challenging environments.  

The course addresses the technical issues related to engineering, development, and production of oil and gas in subsea fields around the world.  A close linkage to the subsea industry is ensured through industry experts participating in the course delivery.   

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50G6: Subsea Control

This course introduces the key concepts and components that form the subsea control system. A subsea control engineer must be comfortable in dealing with a multitude of engineering concepts at the basic level. Subsequently, this course borrows from concepts in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, civil and structural engineering and hydraulics to name a few. The course tends to give a high-level systemic introduction of the various fundamental aspects necessary for a well-operating subsea control system.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50G8: Subsea Integrity

This course is for students studying MSc Subsea Engineering. The aim is to provide knowledge of materials engineering and selection, and failure and degradation issues in a subsea environment, including life cycle analysis; to provide knowledge for understanding and applying the relevant design standards and selection guidelines; and to provide a detailed understanding related to fault finding and integrity management. Fundamental studies are combined with industry applications.

 

·         Principles of materials selection

·         Materials and component qualification: design standards and testing/acceptance regimes

·         Degradation processes – corrosion, erosion, stress corrosion

·         Failure processes – fracture and fatigue

·         Inspection techniques

·         Integrity management procedures

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50G9: Subsea Production Systems

The subsea production systems course has been developed to give students a detailed understanding of the business decisions as well as the specialist hardware required to develop subsea oil and gas production systems in challenging environments.  

 

The course addresses the technical issues related to engineering, development, and production of oil and gas in subsea fields around the world.  A close linkage to the subsea industry is ensured through industry experts participating in the course delivery.   

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50HI: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY A

With growing demand on energy, there is increasing need to maximise the production of oil and gas, especially from depleting reservoirs. This course examines the methods and processes of enhanced recovery of oil and gas and provides students with the knowledge and understanding required to develop, acquire and safely integrate enhanced oil recovery technologies into field development plan and field operations.  

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50P4: Portfolio Project Management

The course is in two parts, Portfolio Management and Programme Management.

The course teaches the Portfolio Management Process providing students with the knowledge and tools to understand why project selection, strategically aligned to corporate objectives, with the optimum mix of risk v reward is vital for an organisation’s success.

It further teaches all areas of Programme Management which helps an organisation to provide a framework for the co-ordination, management and control of all projects and business as usual activities that deliver benefits or outcomes from change.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50P5: Portfolio Project Management

The course is in two parts, Portfolio Management and Programme Management.

The course teaches the Portfolio Management Process providing students with the knowledge and tools to understand why project selection, strategically aligned to corporate objectives, with the optimum mix of risk v reward is vital for an organisation’s success.

It further teaches all areas of Programme Management which helps an organisation to provide a framework for the co-ordination, management and control of all projects and business as usual activities that deliver benefits or outcomes from change.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG50S1: Fundamental Safety Engineering and Risk Management Concepts

The course serves as the entrance to the field of safety and reliability engineering with the introduction of the basic concepts and tools of safety and risk management. Legal frames related to engineering safety are also introduced.

Contents include: Fundamentals of safety engineering; natural and man-made hazards; safety measures; accident and failure statistics; fundamentals of risk management; risk assessment techniques; classical reliability theory; modelling of engineering systems as series and parallel systems; redundancy; fault trees and event trees; availability and maintainability; UK safety legislation, including the Health and Safety at Work Act and its historical, offshore and other regulations.

15 credits
Level 5
First Sub Session

EG5511: Advanced Methods for Risk and Reliability Assessment

The aim of this course is to understand and be able to carry out probabilistic modelling of uncertainty in engineering components and systems. Students will be able to obtain a good knowledge and understanding on random variables in probabilistic analysis and be able to carry out approximation and numerical schemes on components and systems.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551A: Re-assessment of Existing Structures by Structural Reliability Analysis

The need for structural reliability analysis in modern offshore engineering arises from the imperative to control and manage risk of failure. However, to be able to do so it is first necessary to measure and quantify the risk. This course provides a comprehensive introduction to structural reliability starting from the underlying principles of statistics and probability, through structural reliability concepts and methods, to practical applications to complex offshore structural systems. The theoretical concepts are amply illustrated by worked examples and numerous tutorial problems and assignments will enable students to gain confidence in their use.
15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551B: Design of Jacket Attachments

This course is designed for students to develop skills in the Structural Engineering of Jacket Attachments, with the key emphasis on structural clamps.

 

The course introduces the concepts involved in the design of Jacket Attachments, mainly structural clamps. It offers a range of design specifications, case studies and worked examples.  Emphasis is placed on good detailing and clarity of presentation of design calculations.  Design guidance is drawn from a wide range of bespoke industry practice, and serves to represent the range of approaches to the complex design of structural clamps.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551D: Advanced Methods for Risk and Reliability Assessment (Distance Learning)

The aim of this course is to understand and be able to carry out probabilistic modelling of uncertainty in engineering components and systems. Students will be able to obtain a good knowledge and understanding on random variables in probabilistic analysis and be able to carry out approximation and numerical schemes on components and systems.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551E: Applied Risk Analysis and Management (Distance Learning)

 

Risk assessment, the common tools used for (and the legal requirement associated with) risk assessment are covered. Students will have a thorough understanding on the components of good assessment and management of risks, and be familiar with the basic requirement for HAZID, HAZOP, SIL, QRA and the Safety Case.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551F: Human Factors (Distance learning)

This course provides an introduction into Human Factors Psychology.

 

Questions that will be answered include:

- How and why do people cause accidents and disasters?

- How do people recover from critical incidents and with that prevent disasters?

- As an employee, how can you influence safety performance in your everyday life in industry?

- What can you do as a Safety Leader to prevent accidents and promote safe behaviour?

 

The course is designed for Master Course students with a background in Engineering, Geology, Mathematics and other disciplines who are rather unfamiliar with social sciences.  
20 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551G: Process Safety and Reliability (Distance learning)

The aim of the course is to familiarise students with the Process Safety issues associated with oil and gas processing. A student having successfully completed the course will be comfortable with the terminology of hydrocarbon processing and alert to the hazards of such processing. They will also be comfortable with calculations on the subject, in particular in the areas of safety valves, high pressure-low pressure interface, loss of containment, corrosion and chemical reactions.
15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551H: Renewable Energy 3 (Wind, Marine and Hydro)

The course provides students with detailed knowledge of the physical principles, technologies and systems associated with renewable energy generation from wind, marine and hydro sources. The course also provides an understanding of the position of these sources of energy in the current and future global energy requirements and the technical challenges in meeting the future energy demand.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551J: Energy Conversion and storage

This course is to provide an understanding of the need to and the efficiency behind conversion of energy from one form to another and the need to store energy in distinct forms, while minimising energy losses.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551K: Renewable Energy Integration to Grid

This course is to gain an understanding of advanced technologies applied for integration of Electrical Energy generated from non-conventional Renewable Energy sources to the grid.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551L: Legislation, Planning and Economics

This course is to provide an insight into the legislation, planning and the economics framework which shape UK, European and international energy provisions from conventional and renewable sources.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551N: RESERVOIR SIMULATION A

To provide an understanding of theoretical formulation, data sources and integration into simulator, and quantification of uncertainties necessary for transforming real reservoir engineering problems into manageable numerical simulation models.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551O: Reservoir Simulation B

The course provides an understanding of theoretical formulation, data sources and integration into simulator, and quantification of uncertainties necessary for transforming real reservoir engineering problems into manageable numerical simulation models.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551P: Well and Production Engineering

This course provides students with an understanding of the engineering science and principles that underpin the drilling of oil and gas well, production technologies, design methodologies, as well as associated safety and environmental considerations.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551Q: Well Test: Analysis and Design

This course provides students with an understanding of the fundamentals of well fluids and reservoir testing and the implications for reservoir characterisation and field development. The theory of reservoir pressure testing is introduced, testing methods examined and some of the standard analysis techniques are explored using both “hand calculations” and industry standard software.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551R: Field Development and Petroleum Economics B

This course provides a detailed overview of oil and gas field development from discovery to abandonment with particular focus on the decisions made prior to first production. The roles of uncertainties, economics considerations, safety and environmental impact on the design choices are explored.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG551S: Conceptual Design of Topside Modules (Distance Learning)

Offshore oil and gas structural Engineering course covering the conceptual design of topsides modules. Emphasis is placed on the variety of loading conditions, such as in-place analysis, load out, lift, and installation. Course covers manual calculations and drafting and offers worked examples.  Requires structural engineering background (e.g. truss analysis, member design) and the use of code checks.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5538: Project Planning and Control

This course is aimed at students who wish to develop a detailed understanding of project management and control practices.  Very practical in its focus and assessments, students are introduced to the core elements of project planning and control including the development of detailed project schedules and budgets, the effective planning of project resources, methods for reporting progress, and mechanisms for exerting project control.  This course is delivered as a part time distance learning option.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5539: Budgets and Financial Control

This course gives an introduction to basic accounting and finance concepts, with particular emphasis on their application to Project Management.

The course addresses three main sets of topics:

·         Financial accounting, financial reporting, and accounts interpretation

·         Management accounting, with particular emphasis on project accounting issues

·         Project appraisal, using discounted cash flows and related techniques

It also considers the relationships between these and the organisational and behavioural context in which they are relevant.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5541: Group Project

The students are required to undertake a significant research project in small groups on a topic which will be relevant to industry. Both campus and distance learning students are expected to submit a group report of approximately 20,000 words.

This module builds on the certificate phase and aims to enhance the students’ understanding and knowledge of the many disciplines that comprise project. 

Course is delivered as a part-time option for on-campus and distance learning.   The students are required to co-ordinate their effort and contributions from each member of their small team. 

Campus & Distance Learning – Written Project Report (100%). 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5542: Managing Project Teams

This course builds on the re-framing approach to organisational life by considering whether a project manager should be a structural, symbolic, political or HR leader.  The main academic content surrounds theories of leadership, and that of groups and teams, and is designed for students to reflect on their leadership and leadership development.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5548: Project Planning and Control

This course is aimed at students who wish to develop a detailed understanding of project management and control practices.  Very practical in its focus and assessments, students are introduced to the core elements of project planning and control including the development of detailed project schedules and budgets, the effective planning of project resources, methods for reporting progress, and mechanisms for exerting project control.  This course is delivered as a part time distance learning option.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5549: Budgets and Financial Control

This course gives an introduction to basic accounting and finance concepts, with particular emphasis on their application to Project Management.

The course addresses three main sets of topics:

·         Financial accounting, financial reporting, and accounts interpretation

·         Management accounting, with particular emphasis on project accounting issues

·         Project appraisal, using discounted cash flows and related techniques

It also considers the relationships between these and the organisational and behavioural context in which they are relevant.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5551: Group Project

The students are required to undertake a significant research project in small groups on a topic which will be relevant to industry. Both campus and distance learning students are expected to submit a group report of approximately 20,000 words.

This module builds on the certificate phase and aims to enhance the students’ understanding and knowledge of the many disciplines that comprise project. 

Course is delivered as a part-time option for on-campus and distance learning.   The students are required to co-ordinate their effort and contributions from each member of their small team. 


Campus & Distance Learning – Written Project Report (100%). 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5552: Managing Project Teams (Distance Learning)

This course builds on the re-framing approach to organisational life by considering whether a project manager should be a structural, symbolic, political or HR leader.  The main academic content surrounds theories of leadership, and that of groups and teams, and is designed for students to reflect on their leadership and leadership development.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5554: Individual Project in Project Management

The dissertation is an independent piece of work based on a topic of the students’ own choice, offering the student the opportunity of putting their acquired knowledge in to a practical application. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertations on a problem within their own organisations and demonstrate how the project management techniques that they have covered can be put in to practice. The dissertation should contain a degree of original work and demonstrate in-depth the skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MSc programme.

30 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5558: Applied Risk Analysis and Management

Risk assessment, the common tools used for (and the legal requirement associated with) risk assessment are covered. Students will have a thorough understanding on the components of good assessment and management of risks, and be familiar with the basic requirement for HAZID, HAZOP, SIL, QRA and the Safety Case.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5559: Structural Dynamics (Distance Learning)

Need for understanding structural dynamics in modern offshore engineering and beyond arises from the fact that structures are often subjected to dynamic loads such as waves, wind, earthquake, blast and impacts. The structural engineer must therefore be able to understand and quantify dynamic loads and their effects in design and analysis. This course explains structural dynamics starting from the underlying first principles, through more advanced concepts and methods (including analytical and numerical), to practical applications to offshore structures. Theoretical concepts are illustrated by worked examples and numerous tutorial problems and assignments will enable students to gain confidence in their use.
15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5560: Process Safety and Reliability

The aim of the course is to familiarise students with the Process Safety issues associated with oil and gas processing. A student having successfully completed the course will be comfortable with the terminology of hydrocarbon processing and alert to the hazards of such processing. They will also be comfortable with calculations on the subject, in particular in the areas of safety valves, high pressure-low pressure interface, loss of containment, corrosion and chemical reactions.
15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5561: Human Factors

This course provides an introduction into Human Factors Psychology.

 

Questions that will be answered include:

- How and why do people cause accidents and disasters?

- How do people recover from critical incidents and with that prevent disasters?

- As an employee, how can you influence safety performance in your everyday life in industry?

- What can you do as a Safety Leader to prevent accidents and promote safe behaviour?

 

The course is designed for Master Course students with a background in Engineering, Geology, Mathematics and other disciplines who are rather unfamiliar with social sciences.  
15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5562: Facilities Engineering

Smooth petroleum production requires an understanding of all technical disciplines in facility design and their deliverables as well as of specific new technologies. Competent facilities engineering is needed from concept selection to commissioning and maintenance.

Facilities engineering course focuses on equipment and systems from the well head to the delivery point of the oil and gas industry. This includes not only the processing of the oil and gas but the support systems which might include water treatment, power generation and pollution abatement. 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5565: MENG GROUP DESIGN

Real-life contemporary engineering projects and challenges invariably require inputs from, and collaboration amongst, multiple disciplines. Furthermore, legal and economic aspects, as well as safety, team work and project management must also be successfully navigated through. This course enables students to immerse themselves in a realistic, multidisciplinary, multifaceted and complex team design project that will draw on their previous specialist learning and also enable gaining and practicing new skills of direct relevance to their professional career.
30 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5572: Project Management Essentials 2

This module is constructed around the project stage gate process which it covers in some depth. It begins with a discussion of project management and what constitutes project success. It then goes on to explore aspects of the project lifecycle including the importance of good framing, Option identification and selection, project execution and finally operation and review.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5573: Project Management Essentials 2 (Distance Learning)

This module is constructed around the project stage gate process which it covers in some depth. It begins with a discussion of project management and what constitutes project success. It then goes on to explore aspects of the project lifecycle including the importance of good framing, Option identification and selection, project execution and finally operation and review.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5575: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT III: BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5595: Petrochemical Structural Engineering

In the oil and gas industry, Petrochemical Engineering is the term used for onshore-based facilities, as opposed to offshore developments.  Students following this course will therefore develop skills in the design of petrochemical structures, including their foundations.

 

Concepts involved in the design of petrochemical structures are introduced, alongside a range of design specifications, case studies and worked examples. In addition to gaining practice in structural steelwork design, the novelty of this course is the inclusion of basic foundation design. Emphasis is placed on good detailing and clarity of presentation of design calculations. 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5596: Finite Element Methods (Distance Learning)

The background to the finite element method and its use in the Oil and Gas Industry is explained in this course. As well as the modelling of linear static and dynamic problems, the modelling of material and geometric non-linearity is an important aspect of the course. Coursework assignments will be based on the student edition of ABAQUS which is supplied with the Course Textbook which students are required to purchase.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5597: ADVANCED CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The general aim of the course is to expose chemical engineering students to areas of cutting edge of research in the discipline so they have skills in the topics likely to challenge chemical engineers in the period 2010-2020.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5598: APPLIED NUMERICAL METHODS

Wave equations describe transient phenomena commonly encountered in all areas of engineering. This course covers: (i) elastic waves, such as response of offshore structures to wind or wave loading, earthquakes; (ii) acoustic waves such as water hammer in pipelines, micro-pressure waves in railway tunnels; (iii) electromagnetic waves, such as signals in transmission lines, transient states in DC cables. These phenomena in real world engineering applications are simulated using several numerical methods. Students develop their own simulation codes using Matlab or any other programming language, and run a series of simulations for the problem of their choice.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55F1: Subsea Construction, Inspection and Maintenance

Course provides a detailed understanding of the techniques used for installation, inspection, and maintenance of subsea systems, including seabed hardware, pipelines and risers, and the implications of such techniques for the design of subsea components and systems.

The module will provide detailed knowledge on various techniques and trends in the installation, inspection and maintenance of subsea equipment, especially pipeline and riser systems and principal components.  It will provide engineers with a sufficiently broad awareness of techniques used throughout offshore operations to give an appreciation and understanding of system limitations and appropriate applications for different subsea environments

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55F2: Pipelines and Soil Mechanics

Offshore production of oil and gas requires transportation of the oil and gas from where it is produced to shipping vessels, storage tanks or refinery.  The transportation is done using pipelines which are installed on the seabed. This course examines the engineering and scientific concepts that underpin the selection of the material and size of such pipelines as well as safe installation and operation. The environmental impact and the role played by the seabed profile are also discussed. Contribution from industry-based practicing engineers is used to inform students of current practices and technologies in subsea pipelines.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55F6: Risers Systems and Hydrodynamics

The course provides students with detailed knowledge of risers systems design considerations, in particular looking at novel design considerations such as riser bundling, and the design implications of deep water fields in terms of additional hydrodynamic loading. Typical riser systems including flexible, steel catenary, hybrid and top tensioned riser systems are considered and special attention is paid to vessel response characterisation including response amplitude operators and second order response. 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55F8: Flow Assurance

There are many challenges during transport of oil and gas through pipelines. These challenges require a real grasp of the fundamentals in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, phase changes, deposition and/or obstruction, erosion and new technologies to ensure a reliable and cost effective provision of oil and gas. Deep water production, heavy oils, high water production, severe slugging, hydrates, sour gases, asphaltenes and waxes make this task even harder. This course will provide a detailed explanation of the topics, a well-balanced set of tutorials with real examples, invited lectures from experienced engineers and flow assurance specific software training.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55G1: Subsea Construction, Inspection and Maintenance

Course provides a detailed understanding of the techniques used for installation, inspection, and maintenance of subsea systems, including seabed hardware, pipelines and risers, and the implications of such techniques for the design of subsea components and systems.

The module will provide detailed knowledge on various techniques and trends in the installation, inspection and maintenance of subsea equipment, especially pipeline and riser systems and principal components.  It will provide engineers with a sufficiently broad awareness of techniques used throughout offshore operations to give an appreciation and understanding of system limitations and appropriate applications for different subsea environments

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55G2: Pipelines and Soil Mechanics

Offshore production of oil and gas requires transportation of the oil and gas from where it is produced to shipping vessels, storage tanks or refinery.  The transportation is done using pipelines which are installed on the seabed. This course examines the engineering and scientific concepts that underpin the selection of the material and size of such pipelines as well as safe installation and operation. The environmental impact and the role played by the seabed profile are also discussed. Contribution from industry-based practicing engineers is used to inform students of current practices and technologies in subsea pipelines.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55G6: Risers Systems and Hydrodynamics

The course provides students with detailed knowledge of risers systems design considerations, in particular looking at novel design considerations such as riser bundling, and the design implications of deep water fields in terms of additional hydrodynamic loading. Typical riser systems including flexible, steel catenary, hybrid and top tensioned riser systems are considered and special attention is paid to vessel response characterisation including response amplitude operators and second order response. 

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55G8: Flow Assurance

There are many challenges during transport of oil and gas through pipelines. These challenges require a real grasp of the fundamentals in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, phase changes, deposition and/or obstruction, erosion and new technologies to ensure a reliable and cost effective provision of oil and gas. Deep water production, heavy oils, high water production, severe slugging, hydrates, sour gases, asphaltenes and waxes make this task even harder. This course will provide a detailed explanation of the topics, a well-balanced set of tutorials with real examples, invited lectures from experienced engineers and flow assurance specific software training.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55P4: Portfolio Project Management

The course is in two parts, Portfolio Management and Programme Management.

The course teaches the Portfolio Management Process providing students with the knowledge and tools to understand why project selection, strategically aligned to corporate objectives, with the optimum mix of risk v reward is vital for an organisation’s success.

It further teaches all areas of Programme Management which helps an organisation to provide a framework for the co-ordination, management and control of all projects and business as usual activities that deliver benefits or outcomes from change.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG55P5: Portfolio Programme Management (Distance Learning)

The course is in two parts, Portfolio Management and Programme Management.

The course teaches the Portfolio Management Process providing students with the knowledge and tools to understand why project selection, strategically aligned to corporate objectives, with the optimum mix of risk v reward is vital for an organisation’s success.

It further teaches all areas of Programme Management which helps an organisation to provide a framework for the co-ordination, management and control of all projects and business as usual activities that deliver benefits or outcomes from change.

15 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5903: Individual Project in Project Management

The dissertation is an independent piece of work based on a topic of the students’ own choice, offering the student the opportunity of putting their acquired knowledge in to a practical application. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertations on a problem within their own organisations and demonstrate how the project management techniques that they have covered can be put in to practice. The dissertation should contain a degree of original work and demonstrate in-depth the skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MSc programme.

30 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5906: Safety Engineering Individual Project

This course is for students studying MSc Safety & Reliability Engineering for Oil and Gas. Students may have opportunity to carry out the project as part of an industrial placement. The dissertation is an independent piece of work based on a topic of students’ own choice. The students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting the Safety industry, and to demonstrate how the fundamentals they have learned during the taught programme can be put into practice. The dissertation should contain a degree of original work and demonstrate in-depth the skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MSc programme.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5908: Individual Project

The dissertation is an independent piece of work based on a topic of the student’s own choice. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting or a study related to the Energy industry. They should demonstrate how the knowledge they have learned during the taught programme can be put into practice to provide solutions towards addressing the problems. The dissertation should contain a degree of original work and demonstrate in-depth the skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MSc programme. 

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5909: Individual Project

This course enables students to write a dissertation on a topic of the student’s choice relevant to renewable energy.
60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5910: Safety Engineering Individual Project (Distance Learning)

This course is for students studying MSc Safety & Reliability Engineering for Oil and Gas. Students may have opportunity to carry out the project as part of an industrial placement. The dissertation is an independent piece of work based on a topic of students’ own choice. The students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting the Safety industry, and to demonstrate how the fundamentals they have learned during the taught programme can be put into practice. The dissertation should contain a degree of original work and demonstrate in-depth the skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MSc programme.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG5911: Individual Project in Petroleum Engineering

This course offers the student the opportunity to put acquired technical knowledge and skills into practical application through independent and individual project work.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG59E9: Subsea Engineering Individual Project

 

This course enables students to write a dissertation based on a subsea related topic of the student’s own choice. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting the Subsea industry.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG59F9: Subsea Engineering Individual Project

This course enables students to write a dissertation based on a subsea related topic of the student’s own choice. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting the Subsea industry.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

EG59G9: Subsea Engineering Individual Project

This course enables students to write a dissertation based on a subsea related topic of the student’s own choice. Students are encouraged to focus their dissertation on a problem confronting the Subsea industry.

60 credits
Level 5
Second Sub Session

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