Dr Jackson Armstrong is a historian of Scotland and England, principally of the later middle ages. A native of Toronto and a graduate of Queen's University at Kingston, Canada, he completed a MPhil (2002) and PhD (2008) at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. Dr Armstrong joined the School in September 2008. He is an Honorary Curatorial Fellow to University Museums, and has previously served as Undergraduate Programme Coordinator for History, Director of Postgraduate Research and Deputy Head of School.
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
Dr Jackson Armstrong has served as:
Deputy Head of School (2017-2020)
School Director of Postgraduate Research (2018-2020)
Undergraduate Programme Coordinator for History (January 2016 - July 2017)
- External Memberships
External Examiner (History), University of Dundee (2018-2021, 2021-2022)
Senior External Examiner, School of Humanities, University of Dundee (Mar-Aug 2020)
Discipline Catalyst and Panel member (History), Scottish Graduate School for Arts & Humanities (AHRC) (2018-2020)
Reviews Editor, Scottish Historical Review (2013-2018)
Chair, Aberdeen & North East Section, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (2015-2018)
Prizes and Awards
Royal Historical Society, Whitfield Prize 2021 (joint winner), for England's Northern Frontier: Conflict and Local Society in the Fifteenth-Century Scottish Marches (Cambridge, 2020).
Best Lecturer (2016-2017) in the Aberdeen University Students Association Student-Led Teaching Awards.
Dr Jackson Armstrong is primarily interested in Scotland and England in the period 1300-1600, and especially in the ligatures of local societies (including ideas of kinship), relations with ‘centres’ of political power, and frameworks of law and related aspects of government. He is particularly curious about regions typically considered to be ‘peripheral’. He leads the Aberdeen Burgh Records Project which investigates Aberdeen's late medieval civic archives, and much of his work to date has concerned the fifteenth-century Anglo-Scottish borderlands, and the themes of frontiers and conflict. His book, England's Northern Frontier (2020) was joint winner of the Whitfield Prize.
Dr Armstrong is co-founder of the Aberdeen Humanities Fund, created in 2012. This initiative is related to his enthusiasm for advancing use and understanding of historical collections within the academy across different disciplines, and among wider audiences.
He is additionally interested in life writing and in 2004 edited and published, as Seven Eggs Today, the diaries of a nineteenth-century Canadian woman. During his postgraduate research at the University of Cambridge he held a doctoral fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
I am currently accepting PhDs in History.
Please get in touch if you would like to discuss your research ideas further.
Dr Armstrong welcomes approaches from prospective postgraduate students. He is currently supervising five PhD students.
PhD theses supervised to completion (by year of viva):
2021 Dr Dan Cutts, “Layered kingship in early Anglo-Saxon England” (took over lead supervision in 2020 from D Dumville, with D Parsons as external second supervisor)
2020 Dr Deniz Cem Gülen, “Understanding Knýtlinga Saga” (second supervisor with M Gelting, S Brink, L Collinson, and R O’Connor)
2019 Dr Alexander Crawford, “Comites, curiales, and kings: the role of Earls in the Scottish Royal Court, 1153-1249” (co-supervised with A J Macdonald)
2018 Dr Mads Heilskov, “The commemoration of the lay elite in the late medieval Danish realm, c. 1340-1536 rituals, community and social order” (second supervisor with M Gelting)
2016 Dr Amy Hayes, “The late medieval Scottish Queen, c.1371-c.1513” (co-supervised with A J Macdonald)
Funding and Grants
Finance, Law and the Language of Governmental Practice in Late Medieval Towns: Aberdeen and Augsburg in Comparison (2020-2023) AHRC-DFG UK-German Collaborative Research Projects in the Arts and Humanities, £284,273 (AHRC 80% fEC amount), AHRC Principal Investigator. (DFG Principal Investigator Jörg Rogge.) For more information see the aberdeenregisters.org project website.
Chivas Brothers Research Fellowship (Aberdeen Burgh Records Project) (2019-2020), Academic PI. (RF William Hepburn.)
Playing in the Archives: Game Development with Aberdeen's Medieval Records (2019) AHRC Creative Economy Engagement Fellowship, £51,843 (80% fEC amount), Academic PI. (RF William Hepburn.)
Law in the Aberdeen Council Registers, 1398-1511: Concepts, Practices, Geographies (2016-2019) Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant £310,455. Principal Investigator. Housed within the Research Institute of Irish and Scottish Studies, this project investigates the first eight volumes of the Aberdeen council registers. For more information see the aberdeenregisters.org project website.
A Text Analytic Approach To Rural And Urban Legal Histories (TALH)(2014)
RCUK Digital Economy Hub £54,206. Co-Investigator (PI Adam Wyner).
This 6-month partnership grant between the University of Aberdeen and the Aberdeen City and Aberdeenshire Archives developed a text analytic tool that specifically relates to the language, content, and structure of the Aberdeen council registers transcript generated through the 2013-2014 RIISS pilot (see below). Link to the dot.rural website.
Connecting and Projecting Aberdeen's Burgh Records (2013-2014)
RIISS £17,456. Joint Principal Investigator (PI Jackson Armstrong and Andrew Mackillop)
This was the pilot grant for the Aberdeen Burgh Records Project. The technical core of the project was to produce the Aberdeen Burgh Records Database, making a transcription of a sample of council register volume 13 searchable and connected to images of the register manuscript.
Dr Armstrong was also co-investigator on the AHRC-funded Bennachie Landscapes Project, and related awards:
Sharing All Our Stories Scotland (2013-2014)
AHRC £66,384. Co-Investigator (PI Elizabeth Curtis)
This grant focused on public engagement with community groups in Scotland carrying out heritage research.
Bennachie Landscapes: Investigating Communities Past and Present at the Colony Site (2013-2014)
AHRC £79,739. Co-Investigator (PI Jeff Oliver)
This development grant expanded the 2012 Bennachie project (below). It was a collaborative effort between the Bailies of Bennachie and the University of Aberdeen to explore the history of the nineteenth-century farming community known as the Bennachie Colony.
Sustainable Community Heritage in Scotland's North East: Bennachie and Beyond (2012)
AHRC £25,000. Co-Investigator (PI Gordon Noble)
This was an interdisciplinary community-centred research project on the past, present and future of one of north-east Scotland's most significant cultural and physical landmarks: the hill of Bennachie and its environs. The project facilitated public engagement with the region's landscape heritage and provides training and development opportunities for community research. Bennachie Landscapes Project website
Participates in or teaches the following modules:
Level 1 Making History
Level 1 Renaissances and Reformations, c.1450–c.1750
Level 2 Kingship, Clearances & Conflict: Debates in Scottish History
Level 2 Power and Piety: Medieval Europe, 1100–1500
Level 2 The Pilgrim City: Medieval Christianity 500–1500
Level 3 Thinking History
Level 3/4 Late Medieval England: Politics and Society, 1272–1509
Level 3/4 Stewart Scotland, 1406–1603
Level 4 History in Practice
Level 4/5 Peacemaking and Bloodfeud in Scotland, c.1390–1513
Level 5 Approaching Archives
Level 5 Approaches to Research: Archives and Sources
Level 5 Scotland: A Millennium of History
Dr Armstrong received the award for Best Lecturer (2016-2017) in the Aberdeen University Students Association Student-Led Teaching Awards.
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Exploring Co-production in Community Heritage Research: Reflections from the Bennachie Landscapes ProjectJournal of Community Archaeology & HeritageContributions to Journals: Articles
Northern England and Southern Scotland in the Central Middle Ages. Edited by Keith J. Stringer and Angus J. L. Winchester.Scottish Historical Review, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 155-157Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Using Concepts in Medieval History: Perspectives on Britain and Ireland, 1100–1500Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. 290 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Cultures of Law in Urban Northern Europe: Scotland and its Neighbours c. 1350 – c. 1650Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 304 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Introduction: Investigating cultures of law in urban northern EuropeCultures of Law in Urban Northern Europe. Armstrong, J. W., Frankot, E. (eds.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 1-19, 19 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
Podcast:: Before and after Bishop Elphinstone: Creativity and learning in medieval and renaissance AberdeenNon-textual Forms: Digital or Visual Products
‘Malice’ and Motivation for Hostility in the Burgh Courts of Late Medieval AberdeenCultures of Law in Urban Northern Europe. Armstrong, J. W., Frankot, E. (eds.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 17 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
England's Northern Frontier: Conflict and Local Society in the Fifteenth-Century Scottish MarchesCambridge University Press, Cambridge. 411 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
The Roll of the Burgh Courts of Aberdeen, August-October 1317Miscellany VIII. Godfrey, A. M. (ed.). Stair Society, pp. 57-93, 37 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Cultures of ConflictThe Routledge Companion to Cultural History in the Western World. Arcangeli, A., Rogge, J., Salmi, H. (eds.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 33-48, 16 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
Aberdeen Registers Online: 1398-1511Non-textual Forms: Data Sets and Databases
Arbitration in late medieval Scotland: ‘Bon accord’ in urban and rural contextsJournal of Irish and Scottish Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 50-67Contributions to Journals: Articles
Introduction: Scottish urban archives and histories: Context and a legal historical perspectiveJournal of Irish and Scottish Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-9Contributions to Journals: Articles
Introduction: Communities, Courts and Scottish TownsUrban History, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 358-364Contributions to Journals: Articles
Bringing Archives and Archaeology Together: community research at the Bennachie ColonyScottish Archives, vol. 21, pp. 18-29Contributions to Journals: Articles
Centre, Periphery, Locality, Province: England and its far North in the Fifteenth CenturyThe Plantagenet Empire. Crooks, P., Green, D., Ormrod, W. M. (eds.). Shaun Tyas, pp. 248-272, 25 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
The Bennachie Colony: A Nineteenth-Century Informal Community in Northeast ScotlandInternational Journal of Historical Archaeology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 341-377Contributions to Journals: Articles
Concepts of Kinship in Lancastrian WestmorlandPolitical Society in Later Medieval England. Thompson, B., Watts, J. (eds.). Boydell Press, pp. 146-165, 20 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
Review of A Military History of Scotland. Edited by Edward M. Spiers, Jeremy Crang, and Matthew Strickland.Scottish Historical Review, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 312-314Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Text Analysis of Aberdeen Burgh Records 1530-1531Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities (LaTeCH). Association for Computational Linguists pp. 95-99, 5 pages.Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings
The Aberdeen Burgh Records DatabaseNon-textual Forms: Data Sets and Databases
Discovering the ArchivesSociety and Ecology in the History of North-East Scotland. Shepherd, C. (ed.). The Bailies of Bennachie pp. 25-29, 5 pages.Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Other Contributions
The Justice Ayre in the Border Sheriffdoms, 1493–1498Scottish Historical Review, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 1-37Contributions to Journals: Articles
Review of 'Border Liberties and Loyalties: North-East England, c.1200–c.1400' by M.L. Holford and K.J. StringerScottish Historical Review, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 168-170Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Travels in Canada: Journals of Rev. Patrick Bell LLD (1799–1869) kept during his visit to Canada, 1833-37, MS 2137The Library and Archive Collections of the University of Aberdeen. Beavan, I., Davidson, P., Stevenson, J. (eds.). Manchester: Manchester University Press pp. 318-319, 2 pages.Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Other Contributions
Review of Anna Groundwater, The Scottish Middle March, 1573–1625. Power, Kinship, Allegiance.Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 244-247Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Review of Southall, H., et al., (2010) A Vision of Britain Through TimeReviews in History, 934Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
The law of succession: origins and background of the law of succession to arms and dignities in ScotlandJohn Donald, Edinburgh, UK. 293 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
The "fyre of ire kyndild" in the fifteenth-century Scottish marchesVengeance in the middle ages. Throop, S. A., Hyams, P. R. (eds.). Ashgate, pp. 51-84, 34 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
The Development of the Office of Arms in England, c. 1413–1485The Herald in Late Medieval Europe. Stevenson, K. (ed.). Boydell Press, pp. 9-28, 20 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
Local Society and the Defence of the English Frontier in Fifteenth-Century Scotland: The War Measures of 1482Florilegium, vol. 25 , pp. 127-149Contributions to Journals: Articles
Review of McAndrew, B.A. (2006) Scotland's Historic Heraldry.Coat of Arms: An Heraldic Quarterly Magazine, vol. 4, no. 215, pp. 84-87Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Review of J. Harrop (ed.) (2005) Extent of the Lordship of Longdendale 1360 (Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 140)Archives, vol. 32, no. 116, pp. 68-70Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Review of Malden, J. & E. (eds.) (2006) The Dunvegan Armorial (Heraldry Society of Scotland)Coat of Arms: An Heraldic Quarterly Magazine, vol. 3:1, no. 213, pp. 83-85Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Violence and Peacemaking in the English Marches Towards Scotland, c. 1425–1440The Fifteenth Century. Vol. VI. Clark, L. (ed.). Boydell Press, pp. 53-71, 18 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)
Heralds in The New DNB: Part 1Contributions to Specialist Publications: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Review of Meikle, M. M., (2004) A British Frontier? Lairds and Gentlemen in the Eastern Borders, 1540–1603.Royal Stuart Review, pp. 8-10Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Seven Eggs Today: The Diaries of Mary Armstrong, 1859 and 1869Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 248 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Review of Ritchie, P. (2002) Mary of Guise in Scotland, 1548–1560: a political career.Royal Stuart Review, pp. 3-5Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles