Dr David Toke
Dr David Toke

Dr David Toke

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About

Room F56, Edward Wright Building, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, King's College Regents Walk, Aberdeen AB24 3FX. Office Telephone +44 (0)1224272558

Biography

David Toke was a late starter in academia. Previously he has worked in journalism and school teaching. He studied for a PhD at the Department of Political Science and International Studies (POLSIS). He then became Research Fellow and then Senior Lecturer in the Departments of Sociology and POLSIS  

He has had over 50 papers published in refereed journals in different disciplines, and has published five single-authored monograph books. His latest book, with Routledge, (with other co-authors) is entitled 'Nuclear Power in Stagnation: A Cultural Approach to Failed Expansion'. Countries studied include USA, UK, France, China, South Korea and Russia. He has had over 2400 citations according to 'ResearchGate'. He has engaged in a number of research programmes funded by the ESRC, the EU, the Leverhulme Trust and the British Academy. Currently he is involved in a programme funded by Scottish Universities Insight concerned with community participation in net zero energy transition in the North East of Scotland.

He has also published two widely read public interest books on energy policy. He has written numerous influential reports for different NGOs. His work, including a report published by the World Future Council, proved to be a prime early influence (in 2007-2008) leading to the adoption of a system of feed-in tariffs for smaller renewable energy projects in the UK.  He also has produced reports published by Friends of the Earth, The Green Parties of England and Wales and Scotland and written a number of articles for newspapers and magazines ranging from The Guardian to Energy Economist. 

His 'green energy blog' has been highly regarded since 2010. Most recently he has led the formation and campaigns associated with 100percentrenewableuk, see https://100percentrenewableuk.org/. 

Qualifications

  • PhD Political Science 
    2001 - University of Birmingham 

    The thesis was entitled 'The Politics of Sustainable Energy'

Internal Memberships

He is the Programme Manager of the MSc in Energy Politics and Law. He is also Director for Post Graduate Research for the School of Social Science.

Research

Research Overview

  • Energy Policy, various aspects of renewable energy and energy efficiency policy, nuclear power  and particularly onshore and offshore wind power focusing on planning issues and financial support mechanisms
  • Environmental policy, focusing on decision making and governance issues, including ecological modernisation theory
  • Particular theories of governance including policy network theory, usage of discourse, rational choice and interest group theory
  • Food and countryside issues, especially foxhunting and The Countryside Alliance

Current Research

He is currently researching and writing about:

a) The politics of advocacy for and narratives for solar power. This involves a comparison between the USA (especially the southern USA) and the UK. This is being done in collaboration with academics at Oregon State University.

b) 'Low carbon politics' in a range of countries and how cultruasl politics affects deployment of different technologies (forthcoming book with Routledge).

d) The possibilities for China helping to meet the Paris targets on climate abatement, and the relationship of ecological modernisation theory to the case of China and carbon abatement (forthcoming book with Routledge).

c) Follow-up from the ESRC funded project 'Delivering Renewable Energy Under Devolution' - featuring a paper on the impact of the case study on federalist theory

d) Renewable energy policies in different countries, including a study of the emergence of renewable energy policies in South Africa

e) Research into factors associated with success in organising community renewable energy schemes. Dr Toke organised a conference to that effect hosted by the School of Social Science in November 2013. A report of this conference was posted at http://blogs.scotland.gov.uk/coastal-monitoring/2013/12/19/community-renewable-energy-schemes-in-scotland/

 

Collaborations

there were His most recent collaborations are:

a) He worked with academics form various universities to produce a Special Issue of the journal 'Environmental Politics' on the subject of the interaction of climate change and energy security. He has co-edited this Special Issue with Sevasti-Eleni Vezirgiannidou of the University of Birmingham. The Special Issue appeared in the July edition of 'Environmental Politics', and includes two papers where he is an author. See http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/fenp20/22/4#.UuzoktGPO1s

 

b) As mentioned earlier (see biography), he has also been collaborating with academics from Cardiff University, Queens University Belfast and Robert Gordon University on the ESRC funded project 'Delivering Renewable Energy Under Devolution' (DREUD). He is the lead author of the first output published in a journal, in the Political Quarterly. This is about renewable energy and the Scottish independence debate. See http://realfeed-intariffs.blogspot.co.uk/2013/02/scottish-renewable-energy-targets-may.html This paper received considerable press attention. However, after this significant developments occurred in the UK energy policies, especially decisions taken by the UK Government concerning Electricity Market Reform, and this prompted a re-think of these conclusions. This re-think can be seen at http://issuu.com/therobertgordonuniversity/docs/the_dreud_report_2013

 c) As mentioned above he is collaborating with political scientists from Oregon State Univeristy in the USA to research the politics of advocacy of solar power.

Funding and Grants

  • Delivering Renewable Energy Under Devolution (co-investigator in project funded by ESRC  which began in January 2011 and which finished at the end of January 2013)
  • SEANERGY 2020- investigating and disseminating best practice in marine spatial planning for offshore renewables (partner in 2 year ALTENER project funded by the EU which started in May 2010)
  • Offshore wind power planning issues (funded by ASSC small grant from University of Bimringham - 2009)
  • EU Renewable Directive (funded privately by commission from World Future Council- 2007-2008)
  • Feed in Tariffs and UK energy strategy (funded privately by commission form World Future Council - 2007)
  • The use of combined heat and power as a means of integrating high levels of fluctuating renewable energy sources into the electricity grid (funded through DESIRE EU FP6 programme, 2005-2007)
  • The Politics of the Countryside Alliance (funded through ESRC, 2005)
  • The Politics of Food and Farming (funded through Leverhulme Trust, 2004)
  • Accounting for the Outcome of  Windfarm Planning Applications (funded through ESRC, 2002-2005)
  • A comparison of GM food policies in EU and US (funded through British Academy, 2003)
  • The Politics of GM Food (funded through ESRC, 2001-2002)
Teaching

Teaching Responsibilities

Dr Toke's major teaching responsibilities include:

He is Programme Manager for the MSc in Energy Politics and Law. He teaches the courses 'Energy Politics' and 'International Energy Security' which form part of this Programme and also core elements of the MSc Programme 'Strategic Studies and Energy Security'. He also supervises projects which students do for this programme. You can hear and see more about the Energy Politics and Law Programme at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJRrZfTbJT8&feature=youtu.be

An event called the 'Future of Energy Conference' was held to promote the MSC Programme on 28th March 2018. Some of the recordings and also recordings of the presentations can be seen at: https://www.abdn.ac.uk/energy/events/the-future-of-energy-222.php

A further event was held on the subject of 'Powering Oil and Gas with Marine Renewables' on September 18th 2019/. Further details can be seen at https://www.abdn.ac.uk/events/conferences/-powering-offshore-oil-and-gas-with-marine-renewables-1084.php

David Toke convenes and teaches the final year undergraduate course 'Energy and Climate Politics'.

He is also principal PhD supervisor for a) Wei See Chan who is researching into environmental issues in Malaysia and how they interact with governance b) Han Zhang who is researching environmental politics in China and c) Robert Cummins who is studying the environmental and transitions implications surrounding biorefining industrial techniques. This is funded under a Leverhulme Scholarship led by Chemical Engineering.

Publications

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  • When safety is relative: Ecological Modernisation theory and the nuclear safety regulatory regimes of France, the United Kingdom and United States

    Toke, D.
    Energy Research & Social Science, vol. 86, 102447
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • In a rush to replace Russian gas, the EU has damaged its own climate change strategy

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Nuclear Power in Stagnation: A Cultural Approach to Failed Expansion

    Toke, D., Chun-Fung Chen, G., Froggatt, A., Connolly, R.
    Routledge, Abingdon. 188 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Now that UK nuclear power plans are in tatters, it’s vital to double down on wind and solar

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Low Carbon Politics: A Cultural Approach Focusing on Low Carbon Electricity

    Toke, D.
    Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon. 173 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • The unholy alliance that explains why renewable energy is trouncing nuclear

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Community renewables in the UK - a clash of cultures?

    Harnmeijer, J., Toke, D., Slee, B.
    International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 99-120
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Sub-national government and pathways to sustainable energy

    Cowell, R., Ellis, G., Sherry-Brennan, F., Strachan, P. A., Toke, D.
    Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1139-1155
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • China’s role in reducing carbon emissions: The stabilisation of energy consumption and the deployment of renewable energy

    Toke, D.
    Taylor and Francis. 168 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Energy transitions, sub-national government and regime flexibility: how has devolution in the United Kingdom affected renewable energy development?

    Cowell, R., Ellis, G., Sherry-Brennan, F., Strachan, P. A., Toke, D.
    Energy Research & Social Science, vol. 23, pp. 169-181
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Rescaling the Governance of Renewable Energy: Lessons from the UK Devolution Experience

    Cowell, R., Ellis, G., Sherry-Brennan, F., Strachan, P. A., Toke, D.
    Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 480-502
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Electricity Market Reform: So what's new?

    Toke, D., Baker, K.
    Policy & Politics, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 445-461
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Policy Consultation and Political Styles: Renewable energy consultations in the UK and Denmark

    Toke, D., Ørsted Nielsen, H.
    British Politics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 454-474
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Renewable Energy Auctions and Tenders: How good are they?

    Toke, D.
    International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, vol. 8, pp. 43-56
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • If the Hinkley C nuclear deal looks astonishing, that’s because it is

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • The only way to meet green energy targets is to hand some power back to Scotland

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Promoting community renewable energy in a corporate energy world

    Strachan, P. A., Cowell, R., Ellis, G., Sherry-Brennan, F., Toke, D.
    Sustainable Development, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 96-109
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Europe’s electricity regime: Restoration or thorough transition

    Verbruggen, A., Di Nucci, R., Fischedick, M., Haas, R., Hvelplund, F., Lauber, V., Lorenzonis, A., Mez, L., Nilsson, L. J., Del Rio Gonzalez, P., Schleich, J., Toke, D.
    International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, vol. 5, pp. 57-68
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Scotland benefits by paying for its energy, not UK’s mistakes

    Toke, D.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Climate change and the nuclear securitisation of UK energy policy

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 553-570
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The relationship between climate change and energy security: key issues and conclusions

    Toke, D., Vezirgiannidou, S.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 537-552
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Planning, energy and devolution in the UK

    Ellis, G., Cowell, R., Sherry-Brennan, F., Strachan, P., Toke, D.
    Town Planning Review, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 397-409
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Scotland, Renewable Energy and the Independence Debate: Will Head or Heart Rule the Roost?

    Toke, D., Fionnguala Sherry-Brennan, F., Cowell, R., Ellis, G., Strachan, P.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 84, no. 1-3, pp. 61-70
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The Politics of a Multi-level Citizenship: French Republicanism, Roma Mobility and the EU

    Parker, O., Toke, D.
    Global Society, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 360-378
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • UK Electricity Market Reform - revolution or much ado about nothing?

    Toke, D.
    Energy Policy, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 7609-7611
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Ecological Modernisation and Renewable Energy

    Toke, D.
    Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. 202 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • The UK offshore wind power programme: A sea-change in UK energy policy?

    Toke, D.
    Energy Policy, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 526-534
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Ecological modernisation, social movements and renewable energy

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 60-77
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Politics by heuristics: Policy networks with a focus on actor resources, as illustrated by the case of renewable energy policy under New Labour

    Toke, D.
    Public Administration, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 764-781
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Exploring the landscape of wind farm developments: local area characteristics and planning process outcomes in rural England

    Van Der Horst, D., Toke, D.
    Land Use Policy, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 214-221
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Foxhunting and the Conservatives

    Toke, D.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 205-212
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Ecological modernisation as bureaucracy: organic food and its certification in the UK and India

    Toke, D., Raghavan, S.
    International Journal of Green Economics, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 313-326
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Policy Networks and the Distinction between Insider and Outsider Groups: The Case of the Countryside Alliance

    Marsh, D., Toke, D., Belfrage, C., Tepe, D., McGough, S.
    Public Administration, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 621-638
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • EU renewable energy support policy: faith or facts?

    Jacobsson, S., Bergek, A., Finon, D., Lauber, V., Mitchell, C., Toke, D., Verbruggen, A.
    Energy Policy, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 2143-2146
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Trading schemes, risks, and costs: the cases of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and the Renewables Obligation

    Toke, D.
    Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 938-953
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The EU Renewables Directive - What is the fuss about trading?

    Toke, D.
    Energy Policy, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 3001-3008
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Wind power deployment outcomes: How can we account for the differences?

    Toke, D., Breukers, S., Wolsink, M.
    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1129–1147
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Do liberalised electricity markets help or hinder CHP and district heating? The case of the UK

    Toke, D., Fragaki, K.
    Energy Policy, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1448-1456
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Comparing Market-Based Renewable Energy Regimes: The Cases of the UK and Japan

    Toke, D., Oshima, K.
    International Journal of Green Energy, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 409-425
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Anglo-Saxon and German approaches to neo-liberalism and environmental policy: the case of financing renewable energy

    Toke, D., Lauber, V.
    Geoforum, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 677-687
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Risk, genetically modified food and the US/EU divide

    Toke, D.
    International Journal of Green Economics, vol. 1, no. 3/4, pp. 407-418
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Demand reduction in the UK - with a focus on the non-domestic sector

    Toke, D., Taylor, S.
    Energy Policy, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 2131-2140
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Renewable financial support systems and cost-effectiveness

    Toke, D.
    Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 280-287
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Crossing the great divide - Using multi-method analysis to understand opposition to windfarms

    Toke, D., Haggett, C.
    Public Administration, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 103-120
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Wind Power and Ecological Modernisation

    Toke, D., Strachan, P.
    European Environment, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 155-166
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Are green electricity certificates the way forward for renewable energy? An evaluation of the UK’s Renewables Obligation in the context of international comparisons

    Toke, D.
    Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 361-375
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Community Wind Power in Europe and in the UK

    Toke, D.
    Wind Engineering, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 301-308
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Einspeisetarife und Quoten-/Zertifikatssyteme: Erwartungen Der Europaischen Kommission und Erfahrungen aus dem Vergleich Zwischen Grossbritannien und Deutschland

    Toke, D., Lauber, V.
    Zeitschrift für Neues Energierecht , vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 132-139
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Explaining wind power planning outcomes, some findings from a study in England and Wales

    Toke, D.
    Energy Policy, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1527-1539
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Farmers Stage a Comeback: But Have the Greens Sold Out?

    Toke, D., McGough, S.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 505-515
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Will the Government Catch the Wind?

    Toke, D.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 48-56
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • A Comparative Study of the Politics of GM Foods and

    Toke, D.
    Political Studies, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 179-186
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The Politics of GM Food

    Toke, D.
    Routledge, London. 230 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Wind power in the UK: how planning conditions and financial arrangements affect outcomes

    Toke, D.
    International Journal of Sustainable Energy, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 207-216
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Policy Networks and the GM Crops Issue: Assessing the Utility of the dialectical model of policy networks

    Toke, D., Marsh, D.
    Public Administration, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 229-251
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Ecological Modernisation and GM Food

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 145-163
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Wind Power in UK and Denmark. Can rational choice theory help explain differences

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 83
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Ecological Modernisation – A Reformist review

    Toke, D.
    New Political Economy, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 279-291
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • GM Food: Relative Calm before the Storm?

    Toke, D.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 67-75
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • GM crops: Science, Policy and Environmentalists

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 115-120
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • A Fresh Start for UK Wind Power?

    Toke, D., Elliott, D.
    International Journal of Ambient Energy, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 67-76
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Green Politics and Neo-Liberalism

    Toke, D.
    Macmillan Publishers, Houndmills, Basingstoke. 213 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Green Radicalism – sideshow or new alternative?

    Toke, D.
    Political Quarterly, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 443-450
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Policy Network Creation - The case of energy efficiency

    Toke, D.
    Public Administration, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 835-851
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Epistemic Communities and Environmental Groups

    Toke, D.
    Politics, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 97-102
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The Politics of Green Energy

    Toke, D.
    Environmental Politics, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 166-173
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Power and Environmental Pressure Groups

    Toke, D.
    Talking Politics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 107-115
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The Low Cost Planet: Energy and Environmental Problems, Solutions and Cost

    Toke, D.
    Pluto Press, London. 216 pages
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Green Energy: Non-nuclear Response to the Greenhouse Effect

    Toke, D.
    Greenprint/Merlin Press. 136 pages
    Books and Reports: Books

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