Professor Beth Lord

Professor Beth Lord
Professor Beth Lord

Professor Beth Lord

Personal Chair


50-52 College Bounds, room CB505

Mailing address:

University of Aberdeen

School of Divinity, History, Philosophy, and Art History

50-52 College Bounds


AB24 3UB

Divinity, History, Philosophy & Art History


I obtained my PhD from the University of Warwick in 2004. From 2004 to 2012 I worked in the Philosophy Department at the University of Dundee. I joined the University of Aberdeen in January 2013.

I teach and research the history of philosophy (modern and early modern) and recent continental philosophy. At Aberdeen I have taught courses on Descartes, Hume, Kant, history of political philosophy, history of ethics, and aesthetics. My research interests are mainly in early modern and modern metaphysics and political philosophy, especially Spinoza, Kant, German Idealism, and Deleuze. I am currently working on a book on Spinoza and Equality.

I am the author of Kant and Spinozism: Transcendental Idealism and Immanence from Jacobi to Deleuze and Spinoza's Ethics: an Edinburgh Philosophical Guide.

I am the editor of Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio and Spinoza Beyond Philosophy, and co-editor of the Bloomsbury Companion to Continental Philosophy.


Memberships and Affiliations

Internal Memberships
External Memberships

Philosophy sub-panel member and interdisciplinary adviser for REF 2021

Member of the executive board of the Society for European Philosophy

Member of the management committee of the British Society for the History of Philosophy

Member of the executive committee of the Royal Institute of Philosophy

Latest Publications

View My Publications


Research Overview

I work primarily on the history of philosophy, particularly Spinoza and Kant, and its relationship to recent continental philosophy.

I am currently working on a book on Spinoza and Equality. In the book I deny that Spinoza is an egalitarian in the standard sense of holding persons to be moral equals. I argue that Spinoza relies on a largely unacknowledged yet distinctive and historically grounded concept of equality: equality as a state of being. The book explores the significance of this concept for Spinoza's metaphysics and political philosophy, and suggests that it is only through this concept that we can understand the specific sense in which Spinoza is an egalitarian.

The book is partly based on research undertaken in the AHRC project Equalities of Wellbeing in Philosophy and Architecture for which I was Principal Investigator (2013-16). The project focused on the connection between Spinoza's concept of equality and architectural theory, drawing on a shared notion of proportion. Our aim was to investigate this distinctive way of thinking about equality, and to consider how it can affect the wellbeing of individuals and communities through the built environment. An edited book based on the project, Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio, was published by Edinburgh University Press (2018).

I am director of the Spinoza Research Network, an interdisciplinary group of over 200 Spinoza researchers worldwide. I also do occasional interdisciplinary research on philosophy and museums.


I currently supervise PhD students working on Spinoza, Kant, political philosophy, Enlightenment thought, contemporary continental philosophy, and Deleuze. I am happy to hear from prospective PhD and MLitt students who are interested in working on topics in my areas of expertise, including interdisciplinary projects.

Funding and Grants

2013-16: AHRC Standard Research Grant for Equalities of Wellbeing in Philosophy and Architecture

2012-13: Research Fellowship with the Centre for Arts and Humanities Research at the Natural History Museum, London

2008-10: AHRC Networks Grant for the Spinoza Research Network


Page 1 of 6 Results 1 to 10 of 51

  • Outside of human nature: Spinoza on affective difference

    Lord, B.
    InCircolo: Rivista di filosofia e culture, vol. 10, pp. 421-432
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Spinoza's Political Psychology: The Taming of Fortune and Fear: Book Review

    Lord, B.
    The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 211-214
    Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
  • We are nature: Spinoza helps diagnose the bad ideas and sad passions that preclude us from a finer relationship with the natural world

    Lord, B.
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Spinoza and 'no platforming': Enlightenment thinker would have seen it as motivated by ambition rather than fear

    Lord, B., Douglas, A.
    The Conversation
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Spinoza and architectural thinking

    Lord, B.
    Intellectual History Review, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 489-504
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Editorial

    Beaney, M., Cohen, A., Lord, B.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 445
    Contributions to Journals: Editorials
  • Our feelings are not our own

    Lord, B.
    The Philosopher, vol. 107, pp. 24-27
    Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
  • Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio

    Lord, B. (ed.)
    Edinburgh University Press
    Books and Reports: Books
  • Ratio as the basis of Spinoza's concept of equality

    Lord, B.
    Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio. Lord, B. (ed.). Edinburgh University Press
    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
  • Spinoza on thinking substance and the non-substantial mind

    Lord, B.
    Philosophy of Mind in the Early Modern and Modern Ages. Copenhaver, R. (ed.). Routledge, 21 pages
    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Show 10 | 25 | 50 | 100 results per page


Books and Reports

Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings

Contributions to Journals

Contributions to Specialist Publications

Non-textual Forms