Speaker: Paul Standish (Education, UCL)
Title: Something animal? Wittgenstein, language, and instinct
Abstract: Thinking about the world necessarily involves notions of causation. Norman Malcolm has argued that such notions are embedded in instinctive reactions and that it is from such natural behaviour that language emerges. This insight is a powerful and important antidote to mentalistic pictures of human life and action. Malcolm’s account is, however, open to criticism in terms of its over-emphasis on such natural reactions as the basis for understanding human beings and the development of language. Attention to the profound differences between the signs that animals use and human language reveals the need to understand human being not from the bottom up but from the top down. The human relation to language emerges as more troubled than Malcolm seems to imply. Yet this disturbance in the human condition is shown to be the very basis for culture and education. The idea of the world itself, as ordinarily understood, depends upon this more complex picture. The paper concludes by taking these ideas forward in relation to recent work by Danièle Moyal-Sharrock and, more briefly, to jointly authored research by Cameron Boult and Duncan Pritchard.
- New Kings NK15