Dr Tomas Bokedal

Dr Tomas Bokedal
BA, MDiv, MA (University of Gothenburg), ThD (Lund University); DipHE (Sahlgrenska Academy), DipHE (Chalmers University of Technology), PGCert (Gothenburg Psychotherapy Institute)

Honorary Lecturer

Dr Tomas Bokedal
Dr Tomas Bokedal

Contact Details

The University of Aberdeen The University of Aberdeen School of Divinity, History and Philosophy
King's College
University of Aberdeen
AB24 3UB
United Kingdom

Telephone: +44 (0)1224 272365


Dr. Tomas Bokedal holds a doctorate from Lund University, and was previously Lecturer at the Lutheran School of Theology in Gothenburg, Sweden. Educated in New Testament studies, theology and hermeneutics, Dr. Bokedal’s primary fields of research concern Christian origins and the relation of ‘Scripture and Theology.’ His approach to these topics involves research into the transmission of the gospel tradition, the technology of early Christian communication, the canon and canonical criticism, papyrology/codicology, textual and ritual theory, Pauline theology, early Christian confession, and patristic exegesis. Dr. Bokedal welcomes new PhD student applications from 1 Sept. 2018 onwards.




Bokedal, TJM, Fragments of Papias: A Literary and Theological Commentary. Apostolic Fathers Commentary Series, Cascade Books, Eugene, OR (forthcoming 2022).

Bokedal, T, Ruled Reading of Scripture: The Rule of Faith in Biblical Interpretation. Studies in Scripture and Biblical Theology, Lexham Press, Bellingham, WA (Forthcoming 2019).

Bokedal, T, The Epistle to the Romans. Transformative Word series, Lexham Press, Bellingham, WA (Forthcoming 2019).

Bokedal, TJM, Frihet och förtvivlan: Søren Kierkegaard om gudsförhållandet och självets helande. (Forthcoming 2019).

Bokedal, TJM 2018, Bibeln i funktion – om kanon, kyrka och tradition. Församlingsfakultetens skriftserie, no. 14, BV-Förlag & Församlingsförlaget, Gothenburg.

Bokedal, T 2014, The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon: A Study in Text, Ritual and Interpretation. Bloomsbury T&T Clark.

Bokedal, T 2010, Mitä ovat Apokryfikirjat?: Apokryfit ja Raamatun kaanon. translated by Johanna Hartikaininen, Mistä on kysymys?, Kustannus Oy Uusi Tie.

Bokedal, T 2005, The Scriptures and the LORD: Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon: A Study in Text, Ritual and Interpretation. Centre for Theology and Religious Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.


Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Bokedal, T 2017, Canon/Scripture. in T Thatcher, C Keith, RF Person Jr. & ER Stern (eds), The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media. 1 edn, Bloomsbury T&T Clark, pp. 46-48.

Bokedal, TJM, Nomina Sacra and their Significance. in ED MacGillivray, O Langworthy, NJ Barnes & J Carroll (eds), AncientThought.com: an interactive guide to ancient thought (Forthcoming 2018).

Bokedal, T. & J. D. Barry 2015, Christianity. in JD Barry (ed.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Lexham Press (Logos Bible Software), Bellingham, WA.

Bokedal, T 2015, Messiah, Critical Issues. in JD Barry (ed.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Lexham Press (Logos Bible Software), Bellingham, WA.

Bokedal, T 2015, Way, the. in JD Barry (ed.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Lexham Press (Logos Bible Software), Bellingham, WA.



Bokedal, TJM 2019, Early Biblical Artifacts: Traces of Human Toil and Holy Reverence. in D Johansson, T Johansson & R Kolb (eds), Simul: A Key Feature in Christian Theology. Refo500 Series, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Bokedal, TJM 2019, The Bible Canon and Its Significance. in WE Glenny & DR Lockett (eds), Canonical Sub-Collections: The Significance of Canon for Interpreting the Bible.

Bokedal, TJM 2019, Revelation: What Forms of Authority, and to Whom? in DJ Gouwens & A Edwards (eds), T&T Clark Companion to the Theology of Kierkegaard. Bloomsbury T&T Clark, London.

Bokedal, TJM 2018, The Emergence of the Scribal System of Nomina Sacra. in SE Porter, DI Yoon & CS Stevens (eds), Paratextual Features of New Testament Papyrology and Early Christian Manuscripts. Texts and Editions for New Testament Studies, Brill, Leiden (Forthcoming 2018).

Bokedal, T 2012, Notes on the Nomina Sacra and Biblical Interpretation. in H Assel, S Beyerle & C Böttrich (eds), Beyond Biblical Theologies. vol. 295, WUNT, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, pp. 263-295.

Bokedal, T 2010, Scripture in the second century. in M Pahl & MF Bird (eds), The sacred text: artefact, interpretation and doctrinal formulation. Gorgias Precis Portfolios, Gorgias Press, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 43-61.

Bokedal, T 2006, Guds namn: Bibelns hjärta. in P Heikkinen (ed.), Julhälsningar till församlingarna i Göteborgs stift. Lutherstiftelsen, Gothenburg, Sweden, pp. 127-138.

Bokedal, T 2003, Bibelläsning i fornkyrkan: några reflexioner . in T Johansson & R Imberg (eds), Nåd och sanning: Församlingsfakulteten 10 år. Församlingsförlaget, Gothenburg, pp. 59-72.

Bokedal, T 2000, I korsets tecken: korssymboliken i den tidiga kyrkan. in E Lundberg (ed.), Julhälsningar till församlingarna i Göteborgs stift. Lutherstiftelsen, Gothenburg, pp. 17-26.



Bokedal, TJM 2017, 'Skrift och kanon i luthersk/protestantisk resp. romersk-katolsk tradition' Begrunda, no. 1, pp. 4-16.

Funke, D & Bokedal, TJM 2016, '"They Shall Not Inherit the Kingdom of God”— Is the Bible’s Language of Judgment and Sin too Condemnatory to Patiently Deal with Human Sins?' Testamentum Imperium, vol 5, pp. 1-20.

Bokedal, T 2015, 'The Early Rule-of-Faith Pattern as Emergent Biblical Theology' Theofilos, vol 7, no. 1 (Suppl.), pp. 57-75.

Bokedal, T 2015, 'Var ligger auktoriteten?: Om kanon, kyrka och tradition' Begrunda, no. 1, pp. 10-18.

Bokedal, T 2015, 'Felfri Skrift?: Tankar kring textoriginal, textvarianter och variationer mellan texterna' Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke, vol 42, no. 2, pp. 152-167.

Bokedal, T 2013, 'The Rule of Faith: Tracing Its Origins' Journal of Theological Interpretation, vol 7, no. 2, pp. 233-255.

Bokedal, T 2013, 'Canon Formation and Interpretation – Problems and Possibilities' CTTS Journal, no. 4, pp. 9-75.

Bokedal, T 2012, 'Jesustillbedjan i den första kyrkan – nyckel till kristologin' Begrunda, no. 2, pp. 24-30.

Bokedal, T 2010, 'Kanon och apokryfer: om Bibelns gränser' Begrunda, vol 2010, no. 2, pp. 21-27.

Bokedal, T 2008, 'Släkttavlan i Matteus - bara tråkig?' Hälsning, no. 5, pp. 4-5.

Bokedal, T 2006, '"Raamatun salaiset kirjat" I' Uusi Tie, no. 13.

Bokedal, T 2006, '"Raamatun salaiset kirjat" II' Uusi Tie, no. 17.

Bokedal, T 2006, 'Bibeln – Helig Skrift?: Om kanonprocessen och Skrifterna som bär kyrkan' Begrunda, no. 2, pp. 9-16.


Book/Film/Article review

Bokedal, T 2017, 'Handbuch der Bibelhermeneutiken: Von Origenes bis zur Gegenwart. By Oda Wischmeyer, et al., eds. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 39, no. 5, pp. 122-123. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X17709161

Bokedal, TJM 2017, 'Jesus the God-Man: The Unity and Diversity of the Gospel Portrayals. By Darrell L. Bock with Benjamin I. Simpson. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2016' Expository Times, vol 128, no. 6, pp. 303-304. DOI: 10.1177/0014524616684712a

Bokedal, TJM 2017, 'Kierkegaard's Concept of Faith. By Merold Westphal. Kierkegaard as a Christian Thinker. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014' European Journal of Theology, vol 26, no. 1, pp. 80-82.

Bokedal, TJM 2017, 'Bibelläsaren som förändrade världen. Om Martin Luther som bibelteolog – bibelöversättare – bibelutgivare. By Rune Imberg. Församlingsfakultetens småskrifter, 5. Göteborg: Församlingsfakulteten i Göteborg, 2017)' Hälsning, no. 4, pp. 10-10.

Bokedal, T 2016, 'Early Christian and Jewish Narrative: The Role of Religion in Shaping Narrative Forms. Edited by Ilaria Ramelli & Judith Perkins. WUNT 348. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 38, no. 5, pp. 8-8. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X16648853

Bokedal, T 2016, 'Taufe und Mahlgemeinschaft: Studien zur Vorgeschichte der altkirchlichen Taufeucharistie. By Hans-Ulrich Weidemann. WUNT 338. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 38, no. 5, pp. 122-123. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X16648896

Bokedal, T 2016, 'The Oxford Handbook of Christology. Edited by Francesca Aran Murphy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 38, no. 5, pp. 22-23. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X16648854

Bokedal, T 2015, 'Michael J. Kruger, The Question of Canon: Challenging the Status Quo in the New Testament Debate' Theology, vol 118, no. 1, pp. 65-66. DOI: 10.1177/0040571X14551928y

Bokedal, TJM 2015, 'The Holy Spirit: In Biblical Teaching, through the Centuries, and Today. By Anthony C. Thiselton' European Journal of Theology, vol 24, no. 2, pp. 197-199.

Bokedal, T 2014, 'God's Saving Grace: A Pauline Theology. By Frank J. Matera. Grand Rapids, MI and Cambridge, UK: Eerdmans, 2012.' Journal of Theological Studies, vol 65, no. 1, pp. 232-236. DOI: 10.1093/jts/flt188

Bokedal, T 2013, 'Replik på N. T. Wright och Gary R. Habermas nytestamentliga perspektiv' Theofilos, vol 6, no. 2, pp. 80-85.

Bokedal, T 2012, 'Canon and Canonicity: The Formation and Use of Scripture. Edited by Einar Thomassen. Pp. 232. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2010' Journal of Theological Studies, vol 63, no. 2, pp. 692-697. DOI: 10.1093/jts/fls132

Bokedal, T 2012, 'Svensk-skotsk avhandling om Jesus och Gud i Markusevangeliet: Daniel Johansson, Jesus and God in the Gospel of Mark: Unity and Distinction. Diss. University of Edinburgh, 2011. pp. viii + 251' Hälsning, no. 4, pp. 4, 9.

Bokedal, T 2011, 'Bridging the Gap: Ritual and Ritual Texts in the Bible. By Gerald A. Klingbeil. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007. Pp. xiv + 304. And: The New Testament in Its Ritual World. By Richard E. DeMaris. New York: Routledge, 2008. Pp. x + 143.' Biblical Interpretation, vol 19, no. 4-5, pp. 511-516. DOI: 10.1163/156851510X541530

Bokedal, T 2011, 'Canon and Non-Canon: Update of the Debate: Lee Martin McDonald, Forgotten Scriptures: The Selection and Rejection of Early Religious Writings (Louisville: WJK Press, 2009. pp. 313' Expository Times, vol 122, no. 8, pp. 409-410. DOI: 10.1177/00145246111220080807

Bokedal, T 2011, 'Theologically Reflected Worship: Ben Witherington III, We Have Seen His Glory: A Vision of Kingdom Worship (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 2010. pp. 176' Expository Times, vol 122, no. 11, pp. 568. DOI: 10.1177/00145246111220110113

Bokedal, T 2009, 'Bart D. Ehrman, Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. Harper Collins, 2006. pp. 256' Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, vol 74, pp. 216-218.

Bokedal, T 2009, 'Frances Shaw, Discernment of Revelation in the Gospel of Matthew. Religions and Discourse 30; Bern: Peter Lang, 2007. pp. 370' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 31, no. 5, pp. 51. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X09106554

Bokedal, T 2009, 'John M G Barclay & Simon Gathercole, eds., Divine and Human Agency in Paul and his Cultural Environment. T & T Clark Continuum, 2008. pp 208' Expository Times, vol 121, no. 2, pp. 92-93. DOI: 10.1177/00145246091210021302

Bokedal, T 2009, 'Robert C. Tannehill, The Shape of the Gospel: New Testament Essays. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2007. pp. xv + 237' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 31, no. 5, pp. 24-25. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X09106551

Bokedal, T 2009, 'Systematisk teologi: en introduktion, red. Martinson/Sigurdson/Svenungsson, Verbum, 2007. pp. 288' Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, vol 85, no. 2, pp. 94-95.

Bokedal, T 2009, 'Ulrich Wilckens, Theologie des Neuen Testaments. II. Die Theologie des Neuen Testaments als Grundlage kirchlicher Lehre, II.1 Das Fundament. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener, 2007. pp. xv + 327' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 31, no. 5, pp. 26-27. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X09106551

Bokedal, T 2009, 'William P. Brown, ed., Engaging Biblical Authority: Perspectives on the Bible as Scripture. Louisville: WJK, 2007. pp. xvi + 158' Journal for the Study of the New Testament, vol 31, no. 5, pp. 157-158. DOI: 10.1177/0142064X09106572

Bokedal, T 2008, 'Canon and Interpretation, Volume 7. Edited by Craig G. Bartholomew, Scott Hahn, Robin Parry, Christopher Seitz, and Al Wolters. Pp. xvi + 445. (The Scripture and Hermeneutics Series) Milton Keynes and Waynesboro, GA: Paternoster, 2006' Journal of Theological Studies, vol 60, no. 1, pp. 257-261. DOI: 10.1093/jts/fln136

Bokedal, T 2007, 'Lee Martin McDonald, The Biblical Canon: Its Origin, Transmission, and Authority, 3rd rev. ed., Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2005. pp. 546' Meddelanden från Collegium Patristicum Lundense, vol 22, pp. 82-83.

Bokedal, T 2000, 'Frances M. Young, Biblical Exegesis and the Formation of Christian Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University. pp. xiv + 325' Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, vol 76, no. 3, pp. 153-154.


Research Interests

  • Pre-Pauline christology
  • Use of the Old Testament in the Synoptic Gospels
  • Jesus' baptism and early Christian baptism
  • Orality and literacy, and the transmission of the gospel tradition
  • Various aspects of New Testament canonisation
  • Scripture in the second century
  • The hermeneutics of H.-G. Gadamer and New Testament interpretation

Current Research

  • The emergence of the scribal system of nomina sacra
  • The Rule of Faith in biblical interpretation
  • A commentary on the fragments of Papias of Hierapolis
  • The New Testament homologia and early Christian confession
  • The notion of justification in the Book of Romans
  • Various aspects of New Testament canonisation
  • The concept of revelation in Søren Kierkegaard
  • Søren Kierkegaard on the God-relationship and the healing of the self

Teaching Responsibilities

Supervision, Teaching and External Responsibilities

Dr. Bokedal is currently supervising, or has recently supervised, Ph.D. projects on royal messiah and eschatological prophet – textual interaction between the Lukan canticles and the Nazareth sermon (Luke 1-2; 4:16-30), the historical Jesus and the last supper, redeemer Christology in Paul (Romans and Galatians), the origin of the longer ending of the Gospel of Mark, the formation of the Pauline corpus, content and form of the apostolic kerygma, the use of the Old Testament in the canticles of Luke's Gospel, the role of the miracle stories and charismatic activities in Matthew's Gospel, divorce and remarriage in Matthew 5:31-32 and 19:3-10, Pentecostal exegesis and Gadamerian hermeneutics, psychodynamic approaches to 1 Corinthians, original sin in the Augustinian tradition, and prayer in the four Gospels (published with Brill). At present he supervises eleven part- and full-time Ph.D. students. Dr. Bokedal has previously organized the postgraduate New Testament seminar, and (with Dr. Donald Wood) the Divinity and Religious Studies hermeneutics seminar.

Previous teaching and/or course co-ordination (*) involve the following courses:

  • Exploring the New Testament (DR 1073)
  • Jesus in History and Culture* (DR 252E)
  • Reading New Testament Greek 1* (DR 2055)
  • Honours Dissertation* (DR4544)
  • Paul's Letter to the Romans* (DR 4043, DR 552X)
  • The Emergence of Christology* (DR 503F)
  • New Testament Theology* (DR 552F)
  • Dissertation Colloquium and Research Skills* (DR 502H)
  • Dissertation* (DR 552G)
  • Jesus of Nazareth: Life, Message, Teaching* (DR 1026)
  • Rise of Christianity (DR 1028)
  • Jesus and the Gospels* (DR 1040)
  • Global Issues/Global Religions (SX 1017)
  • The Classical Tradition: Key Works for European Civilisation (HC 1524)
  • Earliest Portraits of Jesus* (DR 1527)
  • Religions of the World: The Near East (DR 1550)
  • Greek Language 2* (DR1538)
  • Paul of Tarsus (English Texts, DR 2522)
  • Paul of Tarsus (Greek Texts, DR 2523)
  • Earliest Portraits of Jesus* (DR 2559)
  • New Testament Theology* (DR 351N)
  • Junior Honours Special Subject* (DR351P)
  • New Testament Texts: Epistles (English Texts, DR 3075)
  • The Origins of Christology* (DR 4090)
  • The Synoptic Gospels and the Jesus Tradition* (DR502X)
  • Method in Theology (DR 5062)

External and internal examining:

  • External Examiner (BA Theology, BD Theology, GradDip Theology), Union School of Theology, University of Chester, 2014-
  • External Examiner (Biblical Studies), Oak Hill College, Middlesex University, 2010-2014
  • Examination of the following PhD theses: (with Dr. Michael F. Bird) Joel Kennedy, The Recapitulation of Israel: Use of Israel's History in Matthew 1:1-4:11 (Aberdeen, 2007; WUNT 2/257; Mohr Siebeck: Tübingen, 2008), (with Prof. Samuel Byrskog) Alan Macgregor, Listening for Meaning: Towards the Development of Aural Approaches to Exegesis in Mark (Aberdeen, 2010), (with Prof. Darrell L. Bock) Jonathan Kienzler, The Holy Spirit's Relationship with Judgment in Luke-Acts (Aberdeen, 2011; JPTS 44, Deo Publishing, 2015), (with Prof. N. T. Wright) Mark D. Owens, 'Behold, I Make All Things New': An Intertextual Analysis of New Creation in Galatians, 2 Corinthians, and Ephesians (Aberdeen, 2012; Wipf & Stock, 2015), (with Prof. Sonu Shamdasani), Nathalie Pilard, On the importance and the variety of forms of intuition in the early work of Carl Gustav Jung: 1875-1921 (Aberdeen, 2013; Karnac Books, 2015), (with Prof. Sarah Pearce) Reuben Y. T. Lee, Diaspora Judaeans and Proselytes in Early Roman Palestine: A Study of Ethnic, Social, and Cultural Boundaries (Aberdeen, 2013), (with Dr. Mark T. Finney) Chun Ho Bernard Leung, Economic Stratification of First-Century Urban Non-Élite: A Study of Roman Society and the Earliest Pauline Communities (Aberdeen, 2013), (with Dr. Matthew Novenson) Hongsuk Um, Observation of Celestial Phenomena in the Gospel of Matthew (Edinburgh, 2014), (with Prof. Jostein Ådna) Jung Jin Kim, 'Declare among the Nations': An Examination of the Biblical Motif of Verbal Declaration by God's People (Aberdeen, 2015), (with Prof. Dr. Christoph Stenschke) Rev. James T. Hughes, Ecclesial Solidarity in the Pauline Corpus (Aberdeen, 2015), (with Prof. Mogens Müller) Joseph M. Lear JR, What Shall We Do? Eschatology and Ethics in Luke-Acts (Aberdeen, 2015), (with Dr. Alistair I. Wilson) Eduard Borysov, Paul's Soteriology: Participation in the Triune God (Aberdeen, 2016), (with Dr. Sean Adams) Joshua O. Carroll, Philo and Paul: Experiencing Divine Wisdom (Aberdeen, 2016), (with Dr. Andrew B. Torrance) Armen Oganessian, Søren Kierkegaard and the English-Speaking World: An Analysis of Walter Lowrie's Interpretation of Kierkegaard (Aberdeen, 2017), (with Prof. Steve Walton) David A. Smith, The Epistles for All Christians (St. Mary's University, Twickenham, London, 2017), (with Prof. Paul Foster) Markus Nikkanen, Participation in Christ: Paul and Pre-Pauline Eucharistic Tradition (Aberdeen, 2018).


  • Advisory editor of the peer-reviewed Scandinavian journal Theofilos

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