Professor Joachim Schaper

Professor Joachim Schaper
Diploma in Theology (Cambridge), PhD (Cambridge), Habilitation (Tübingen)

Established Chair of Hebrew & Semitic Languages

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Professor Joachim Schaper
Professor Joachim Schaper

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The University of Aberdeen School of Divinity, History and Philosophy King's College, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen. AB24 3UB

Biography

Joachim Schaper studied Theology, Philosophy and Assyriology at the University of Tübingen and Theology at the University of Cambridge. He earned his doctorate with a thesis on Eschatology in the Greek Psalter and proceeded to a Habilitation at Tübingen, devoting his Habilitationsschrift to the history of the priesthood in ancient Israel (Priester und Leviten im achämenidischen Juda). He was a Research Fellow at Clare College, University of Cambridge, taught as a Privatdozent in Old Testament at the University of Tübingen from 1999 to 2005 and was, in 2002, awarded a Heisenberg Fellowship by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. In 2005 he came to Aberdeen as a Reader in Old Testament, was appointed to a Personal Chair (Chair in Hebrew, Old Testament and Early Jewish Studies) in 2006, and translated to the Chair of Hebrew and Semitic Languages (established in 1673) in 2012. Professor Schaper is the President of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament (I.O.S.O.T.) for the years 2016-2019. He will be the President of the 23rd congress of the I.O.S.O.T., to be held at the University of Aberdeen in August 2019.

His main research interests include Deuteronomy, exilic and post-exilic prophecy, the Psalms, and the Wisdom of Solomon, a commentary on which he is currently preparing for the series Herders Theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. He takes great interest in the Septuagint.

Professor Schaper is a co-editor, with Dr James Carleton Paget, of the New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. I: From the Beginnings to 600, which was elected one of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Titles of 2013. He is a co-editor of the monograph series Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten und Neuen Testaments, founded by Hermann Gunkel and published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 

Central among his long-term projects are a commentary on the book of Leviticus for the International Critical Commentary series and a history of ancient Israel from the earliest times to the Bar Kokhba revolt.

In October 2013, Professor Schaper took over, together with his Aberdeen colleague Dr. Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer, from Professor Emeritus Hans Barstad as administrator of the Edinburgh Prophecy Network, now renamed as the Aberdeen Prophecy Network. The Network is dedicated to facilitating research into Hebrew prophecy, organises conferences on prophecy-related themes both at Aberdeen and other universities represented in the Network (e.g., Utrecht and Göttingen), and publishes monographs resulting from such conferences.

Joachim Schaper's most recent publication:

 ‘Gesprochene Sprache, Schrift und Ikonophobie im alten Israel, auf dem Hintergrund Griechenlands und Ugarits’, in: F. Kittler, P. Berz, J. Strauss and P. Weibel (eds.), Götter und Schriften rund ums Mittelmeer, München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag 2017, pp. 157-170.

Further Info

Books and Fascicles

Books

1. Eschatology in the Greek Psalter, Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck) 1995 (Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament II/76), 212 pp.

2. Priester und Leviten im achämenidischen Juda, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2000 (Forschungen zum Alten Testament 31), 352 pp.

3. ‘Wie der Hirsch lechzt nach frischem Wasser ...’: Studien zu Psalm 42/43 in Religionsgeschichte, Theologie und kirchlicher Praxis, Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag 2004 (Biblisch-theologische Studien 63), 127 pp.

4. Die Textualisierung der Religion (editor) (Forschungen zum Alten Testament 62), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.

5. The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. I (co-editor, with J. Carleton Paget): From the Beginnings to 600, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 979 pp. (A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, 2013; chosen by the American Library Association magazine CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries)

Fascicles

6. 2 Makkabees, in: A New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included under That Title, ed. A. Pietersma and B. G. Wright (eds.), New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 503-520.

7. ‘Exodos: Das zweite Buch Mose’ (translated by J. Roloff and E. Weber, in collaboration with J. Schaper; with an introduction by J. Schaper), in: Septuaginta Deutsch: Das griechische Alte Testament in deutscher Übersetzung, ed. W. Kraus and M. Karrer, Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2009, pp. 56-98.

8. ‘Exodos/Exodus/Das zweite Buch Mose’, in M. Karrer and W. Kraus (eds.): Septuaginta Deutsch: Erläuterungen und Kommentare zum griechischen Alten Testament, vol. 1: Genesis bis Makkabäer, Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2011, pp. 258-324.

Books in preparation:

9. A monograph on the rise of monotheism in ancient Judah.

10. Das Buch Weisheit, under contract with Herders Theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament, Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder.

11. History of Ancient Israel, under contract with Westminster John Knox Press.

12. Leviticus (International Critical Commentary), under contract with T&T Clark.

Research articles

1. ‘Eine neue Interpretation der Kudurru-Symbole’ (with U. Koch, S. Fischer, M. Wegelin), in: Archive for History of Exact Sciences 41 (1990), pp. 93-114.

2. ‘Psalm 47 und sein “Sitz im Leben”’, in: Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft  106 (1994), pp. 262-275.

3. ‘The Unicorn in the Messianic Imagery of the Greek Bible’, in: Journal of Theological  (New Series) 45 (1994), pp. 117-136.

4. ‘Der Septuaginta-Psalter als Dokument jüdischer Eschatologie’, in: M. Hengel and A. M. Schwemer (eds.), Die Septuaginta zwischen Judentum und Christentum, Tübingen 1994 (Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 72), pp. 38-61.

5. ‘The Jerusalem Temple as an Instrument of the Achaemenid Fiscal Administration’, in: Vetus Testamentum 45 (1995), pp. 528-539.

6. ‘Die religionsgeschichtlichen Wurzeln des frühisraelitischen Stämmebundes’, in: Vetus Testamentum 46 (1996), pp. 361-375.

7. ‘The Temple Treasury Committee in the Times of Nehemiah and Ezra’, in: Vetus Testamentum 47 (1997), pp. 200-206.

8. ‘The Origin and Purpose of the Fifth Column of the Hexapla’, in: A. Salvesen (ed.), Origen’s Hexapla and Fragments. Papers presented at the Rich Seminar on the Hexapla, Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 25th [July] - 3rd August 1994, Tübingen 1998 (TSAJ 58), pp. 3-15.

9. ‘Der Septuaginta-Psalter: Interpretation, Aktualisierung und liturgische Verwendung der biblischen Psalmen im hellenistischen Judentum’, in: E. Zenger (ed.), Der Psalter in Judentum und Christentum, Freiburg a.o.: Herder 1998 (Herders Biblische Studien 18), pp. 165-183.

10. ‘The Rabbinic Canon and the Old Testament Canon of the Early Church: A Social-Historical View’, in: A. van der Kooij and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Canonization and Decanonization. Papers Presented to the International Conference of the Leiden Institute for the Study of Religions (LISOR), Held at Leiden 9-10 January 1997, Leiden a.o.: Brill 1998 (Studies in the History of Religions [Numen Book Series] 82), pp. 93- 106.

11. ‘Hebrew and its Study in the Persian Period’, in: W. Horbury (ed.), Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda, Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark 1999, pp. 15-26.

12. ‘The Pharisees’, in: W.D. Davies et. al. (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism, vol. III, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1999, pp. 402-427.

13. ‘Schriftauslegung und Schriftwerdung im alten Israel: Eine vergleichende Exegese von Ex 20,24-26 und Dtn 12,13-19’, in: Zeitschrift für altorientalische und biblische Rechtsgeschichte 5 (1999), pp. 111-132.

14. ‘Die Renaissance der Mythologie im hellenistischen Judentum und der Septuaginta-Psalter’, in: E. Zenger (ed.), Der Septuaginta-Psalter: Sprachliche und theologische Aspekte, Freiburg im Breisgau a.o.: Herder 2001 (Herders Biblische Studien 32), pp. 171-183.

15. ‘Numismatik, Epigraphik, alttestamentliche Exegese und die Frage nach der politischen Verfassung des achämenidischen Juda’, in: Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 118 (2002), pp. 150-168.

16. ‘Priestly Purity and Social Order in Persian Period Judah’, Biblische Notizen 118 (2003), pp. 51-57.

17. ‘Die Pharisäer als hellenistischer Religionsverein’, in: C. Stumpf and H. Zaborowski (eds.), Church as Politeia: The Political Self-Understanding of Christianity. Proceedings of a Becket Institute Conference at the University of Oxford, 28 September-1 October 2000, Berlin and New York: de Gruyter 2004, pp. 13-28.

18. ‘Re-reading the Law – Inner-biblical Exegeses of Divine Oracles in Ezechiel 44 and Isaiah 56’, in: B. M. Levinson and E. Otto (eds.), Recht und Ethik im Alten Testament, Münster: LIT-Verlag 2004 (Altes Testament und Moderne 13), pp. 125-144.

19. ‘A Theology of Writing: Deuteronomy, the Oral and the Written, and God as Scribe’, in: M. Aguilar and L. Lawrence (eds.), Anthropology and Biblical Studies: Avenues of Research, Leiden: Deo Publishing 2004, pp. 97-119.

20. ‘The Levitical Priests in the Book of Malachi and their Opponents’, in: L. L. Grabbe and A. Ogden Bellis (eds.), The Priests in the Prophets: The Portrayal of Priests, Prophets and Other Religious Specialists in the Latter Prophets, London and New York: T & T Clark International 2004, pp. 177-188.

21. ‘Exilic and Post-Exilic Prophecy and the Orality/Literacy Problem’, in: Vetus Testamentum 55 (2005), pp. 324-342.

22. ‘The Death of the Prophet: The Transition from the Spoken to the Written Word of God in the Book of Ezekiel’, in: M. H. Floyd and R. L. Haak (eds.), Prophets, Prophecy, and Prophetic Texts in Second Temple Judaism (Library of Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament Studies 427), London and New York: T & T Clark/Continuum, 2006, pp. 63-79.

23. ‘Auf der Suche nach dem alten Israel? Text, Artefakt und “Geschichte Israels” in der alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft vor dem Hintergrund der Methodendiskussion in den Historischen Kulturwissenschaften’, in: ZAW 118 (2006), pp. 1-21 and 181-196.

24. ‘Messianism in the Septuagint of Isaiah and Messianic Intertextuality in the Greek Bible’, in: M. A. Knibb (ed.), The Septuagint and Messianism Colloquium Biblicum Lovaniense LIII, July 27-29, 2004 (BETL 195), Leuven: Peeters, 2006, pp. 371-380.

25. ‘Geld und Kult im Deuteronomium’, in: Jahrbuch für Biblische Theologie 2006, pp. 45-54.

26. ‘Tora als Text im Deuteronomium’, in: L. Morenz and S. Schorch (eds.), Was ist ein Text? Alttestamentliche, ägyptologische und altorientalistische Perspektiven (BZAW 362), Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2007.

27. ‘The Written Word Engraved in Stone: The Interrelationship of the Oral and the Written and the Culture of Memory in Deuteronomy and Joshua’, in: S. C. Barton, L. T. Stuckenbruck and B. G. Wold (eds.), Memory in the Bible and Antiquity (WUNT/I), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007, pp. 9-23.

28. ‘The “Publication” of Legal Texts in Ancient Judah’, in: G. Knoppers and B. M. Levinson, B. (eds.), Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding Its Promulgation and Acceptance, Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 2007, pp. 225-236.

29. ‘Schatzhaus, Bank und Prägeanstalt: Frühe Geldwirtschaft am Jerusalemer Tempel’, in: Welt und Umwelt der Bibel 47 (2008), pp. 28-33.

30. ‘Einleitung’, in: J. Schaper (ed.), Die Textualisierung der Religion (Forschungen zum Alten Testament 62), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009, pp. 3-8.

31. ‘“Scriptural turn” und Monotheismus’, in: J. Schaper (ed.), Die Textualisierung der Religion (Forschungen zum Alten Testament 62), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009, pp. 275-291.

32. ‘On Writing and Reciting in Jeremiah 36’, in: H. M. Barstad and R. G. Kratz (eds.), Prophecy in the Book of Jeremiah (BZAW 388), Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009, pp. 137–147.

33. ‘“Dann sollst du anheben und sagen vor dem Herrn, deinem Gott …”: Heil, Geschichte und Gedächtnis im Deuteronomium’, in: J. Frey, S. Krauter and H. Lichtenberger (eds.), Heil und Geschichte: Die Geschichtsbezogenheit des Heils und das Problem der Heilsgeschichte in der biblischen Tradition und in der theologischen Deutung (WUNT 248), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009, pp. 63-73.

34. ‘The Messiah in the Garden: John 19.38-41, (Royal) Gardens, and Messianic Concepts’, in: M. Bockmuehl and Guy. G. Stroumsa (eds.), Paradise in Antiquity: Jewish and Christian Views, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 17-27.

35. ‘God and the Gods: Pagan Deities and Religious Concepts in the Greek Isaiah’, in: K. J. Dell, G. Davies and Y. V. Koh (eds.), Genesis, Isaiah and Psalms: A Festschrift to Honour Professor John Emerton for his Eightieth Birthday (VTS 135), Leiden: Brill, 2010, pp. 135-152.

36. ‘Torah and Identity in the Persian Period’, in: G. Knoppers and O. Lipshits (eds.), Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Age: Negotiating Identity in an International Context, Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2011, pp. 27-38.

37. ‘“... wie es eigentlich gewesen”: Historical “Facts” and the Reconstruction of the History of “Ancient Israel”’, in: J. K. Aitken, K. J. Dell, B. A. Mastin (eds.), On Stone and Scroll: Essays in Honour of Graham Ivor Davies (BZAW 420), Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011, pp. 153-167.

38. ‘Historical Criticism, “Theological Exegesis”, and Theology Amongst the Humanities’, in: C. C. Britain and F. A. Murphy (eds.), Theology, University, Humanities: Initium Sapientiae Timor Domini, Eugene (Oregon): Wipf and Stock, 2011, pp. 75-90.

39. ‘The Biesenthal Library’, in: P. R. K. A. Davidson, J. B. Stevenson, I. M. Beavan (eds.), The Library and Archive Collections of the University of Aberdeen, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011.

40. ‘The Question of a “Biblical Theology” and the Growing Tension between “Biblical Theology” and a “History of the Religion of Israel” from Johann Philipp Gabler to Rudolf Smend, Sen.’, in: M. Saebo, P. Machinist and J. L. Ska (eds.), Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: The History of Its Interpretation, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012, pp. 625-650.

41. ‘Preface’ (with J. Carleton Paget), in: J. Schaper and J. Carleton Paget (eds.), The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. I: From the Beginnings to the Sixth Century C.E., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, pp. xii-xv.

42. ‘The literary history of the Hebrew Bible’, in: J. Schaper and J. Carleton Paget (eds.), The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. I: From the Beginnings to 600, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, pp. 105-144.

43. ‘Prophecy in Israel and Assyria: Are we Comparing Apples and Pears? The Materiality of Writing and the Avoidance of Parallelomania’, in: H. M. Barstad and R. P. Gordon (eds.), ‘Thus Speaks Ishtar of Arbela’: Prophecy in Israel, Assyria and Egypt in the Neo-Assyrian Period, Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 2013, pp. 225-238.

44. ‘Das Theologumenon des “Eifers” Gottes in alttestamentlichen Texten, sein Zusammenhang mit dem Bilderverbot und seine Wirkung auf das frühe Judentum’, in: H. Lichtenberger (Hg.), Martin Hengels “Zeloten”: Ihre Bedeutung im Licht von fünfzig Jahren Forschungsgeschichte, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2013, pp. 1-19.

45. ‘Νόμος and Νόμοι in the Wisdom of Solomon’, in: B. U. Schipper und D. A. Teeter (Hgg.), Wisdom and Torah: The Reception of ‘Torah’ in the Wisdom Literature of the Second Temple Period (SJSJ 163), Leiden und Boston: Brill 2013, pp. 293-306.

46. ‘Divine Images, Iconophobia and Monotheism in Isaiah 40–66’, in: L.-S. Tiemeyer und H. Barstad (Hgg.), Continuity and Discontinuity: Chronological and Thematic Development in Isaiah 40-66 (FRLANT 255), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2014, pp. 145-158.

47. ‘The Concept of the Translator(s) in the Contemporary Study of the Septuagint’, in: K. De Troyer, T. M. Law und M. Liljeström (Hgg.), In the Footsteps of Sherlock Holmes: Studies in the Biblical Text in Honour of Anneli Aejmelaeus (Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology 72), Leuven: Peeters 2014, pp. 31-46.

48. ‘Problems and Prospects of a “History of the Religion of Israel”’, in: M. Saebo, P. Machinist und J. L. Ska (Hgg.), Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: The History of Its Interpretation, Bd. III/2, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2014, pp. 622-641.

49. ‘The Septuagint Psalter’, in: W. P. Brown (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of the Psalms, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014, pp. 173-184.

50. ‘Metaphern im Septuaginta-Psalter’, in: M. Witte und S. Behnke (Hgg.), Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook 2014/2015, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014, pp. 203-214.

51. ‘LXX Isaiah’ (with A. T. Ngunga), in: J. K. Aitken (ed.), Companion to the Septuagint, London und New York: T & T Clark 2015, pp. 456-468

52. ‘Hebrew Culture at the “Interface between the Written and the Oral”’, in: B. B. Schmidt (ed.), Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production in the Southern Levant: Contextualizing the Creation of Sacred Writing in Ancient Israel and Judah (SBL Ancient Israel and Its Literature), Atlanta, Ga.: SBL 2015, pp. 323-340.

53. ‘Anthropologie des Schreibens als Theologie des Schreibens: Ein medienarchäologischer Gang durch das Buch Exodus’, in: F.-E. Focken and M. Ott (eds.), Metatexte: Erzählungen von schrifttragenden Artefakten in der alttestamentlichen und mittelalterlichen Literatur  (Materiale Textkulturen 15), Berlin a.o.: de Gruyter 2016, pp. 281-296.

54. ‘Exodus – die LXX-Fassung und ihre Rezeption in der deuterokanonischen und frühjüdischen Literatur’, in: J. Gärtner and B. Schmitz (eds.), Die Rezeption des Exodusmotivs in deuterokanonischer und frühjüdischer Literatur (DCLS 32), Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter 2016, pp. 17-32.

Forthcoming:

55. ‘“Real Abstraction” and the Origins of Intellectual Abstraction in Ancient Mesopotamia: Ancient Economic History as a Key to the Understanding and Evaluation of Marx’s Labour Theory of Value’, in a volume commemorating Peter Damerow, edited by M. Schemmel, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, 2017.

56. ‘Gesprochene Sprache, Schrift und Ikonophobie im alten Israel, auf dem Hintergrund Griechenlands und Ugarits’, in: P. Berz, G. Scharbert, J. Strauss and P. Weibel (eds.), Götter und Schriften rund ums Mittelmeer, München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag 2017.

Articles in encyclopaedias

1. ‘Aaron I. Im AT’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. I, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 1998, cols. 2-3.

2. ‘Gotteskindschaft’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. III, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2000, cols. 1219-20.

3. ‘Hohepriester’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. III, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2000, cols. 1835-6.

4. ‘Lebensbaum. I. Im Alten Testament’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. V, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2002, cols. 149-150.

5. ‘Rahlfs, Alfred’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. VII, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2004, col. 22.

6. ‘Sozialgeschichte. II. Sozialgeschichte des Judentums. 1. Hebräische Bibel’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart4, vol. VII, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2004, cols. 1481-1482.

7. ‘Apocalypticism’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, pp. 24-5.

8. ‘Aquila’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 29.

9. ‘Day of Judgement’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 121.

10. ‘Demon/Devil’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 124.

11. ‘Temple’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 419.

12. ‘Testaments’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 421.

13. ‘Testimonia’, in: E. Kessler and N. Wenborn (eds.), Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005, p. 421.

14. ‘Tempel’ (with M. Tilly), in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 581-586.

15. ‘Altar’ (with M. Tilly), in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 7-8.

16. ‘Kultgeräte’, in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 320-322.

17. ‘Priester / Leviten’ (with M. Tilly), in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 443-447.

18. ‘Abgaben, religiöse’ (with M. Tilly), in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 1-4.

19. ‘Opfer’ (with M. Tilly and C. Janssen), in: F. Crüsemann, K. Hungar, C. Janssen, R. Kessler and Luise Schottroff (eds.), Sozialgeschichtliches Wörterbuch zur Bibel, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2009, pp. 428-433.

20. ‘Levites’, in: J. J. Collins and D. C. Harlow (eds.), The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010, pp. 885-7.

21. ‘Covenant’, in: K. von Stuckrad and R. Segal (eds.), Vocabulary for the Study of Religion, Leiden: Brill, 2015.

Forthcoming:

22. ‘apotinō’, in: E. Bons and J. Joosten (eds.), Historical and Theological Lexicon of the Septuagint, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.

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