The Old Testament has been taught at the University of Aberdeen since its inception in the fifteenth century. In 1673, a professorial Chair of Hebrew and Semitic Languages was founded in order to provide a permanent, solid basis for the study of the Old Testament and neighbouring fields with the requisite philological and historical rigour.

The Chair was held by such eminent scholars as A. R. S. Kennedy, A. C. Kennedy, John Gray and William Johnstone. The present incumbent is Professor Joachim Schaper. He and his colleagues, Dr Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer and Dr Samantha Newington, teach across a wide range of Old Testament/Hebrew Bible and related ancient Near Eastern topics. A special feature of Old Testament studies at the University of Aberdeen is the attention that is given, both in research and teaching, to the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, and related writings.

Research supervision in the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible is offered in the following areas: