Professor in Sustainable Nutrition and Health
Jennie is a Professor in Sustainable Nutrition and Health. Her research is interdisciplinary and about the impact of dietary habits on climate change and land use, with implications for food and nutrition security. This includes understanding eating behaviours in particular how to move people to eating healthy and sustainable diets, especially in the UK. She led the Livewell project funded by the WWF, the first to model sustainable diets that were both nutritionally adequate and had lower impact on climate change. She leads a multi-disciplinary research team in Aberdeen and is the nutrition lead on several large interdisciplinary international research projects, including DEVIL (delivering food security on limited land https://deliveringfoodsecurity.org/) and AFRICAP (Agriculture and food-system resilience: increasing capacity and advising policy https://africap.info/). The research is based in the UK and internationally. In 2015 Jennie won the Principal’s Prize for Public Engagement with Research in Biomedical Sciences Awarded by the University of Aberdeen and Wellcome Trust.
Jennie graduated from the University of Surrey with a BSc (Hons) in Nutrition and Food Science, during which she spent a year working at one of the CSIRO research laboratories in Melbourne, Australia. After graduating she worked as a research assistant at the Institute of Food Research (Norwich) and the University of Dundee (Psychology dept) researching eating behaviours. In 1997 she completed her PhD at the University of Leeds (Psychology dept) on the characteristics of high and low fat consumers. She spent 18 months working for the International Obesity Task Force, based at the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen. In 1999 she moved to the University of Aberdeen Medical School to run a project studying the long-term health effects of professional diving. In 2006 she joined the Public Health Nutrition Research groups at the Rowett Institute at the University of Aberdeen, where she now works.
Food and nutrition security (climate change, land use, trade).
Dietary behaviours, habits and food choices.
Key research projects:
1. Dietary behaviours and habits in the context of shifting to sustainable diets with complex social systems (agent-based modelling).
2. DEVIL - Delivering Food Security on Limited Land (Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI project).
3. AFRICAP - Agriculture and Food-Systems resilience: increasing capacity and advising policy (GCRF funded).
4. Sustainable and Healthy diets in India (SAHDI) Wellcome Trust.
5. Sustainable and Healthy Food Systems (SHEFS), UK, India, South Africa Wellcome Trust
University of Leeds, UK.
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK.
Kings College London, UK.
International collaboration, including USA, Australia, Brazil, India, Switzerland, South Africa, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania.
James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, UK
GCRF (2018-2023) AFRICAP - Agricultural and Food-system Resilience: Increasing Capacity and Advising Policy. University Leeds, University of Aberdeen, Chatahm House, FANRPAN, Met Office
Scottish Government (Rural and Environment Research Analysis Directorate) (2017-21) Programme of research on sustainable diets.
Wellcome Trust (2017-2019) Sustainable and Healthy Food Systems (SHEFS). London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Aberdeen.
Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI International Collaborative Research Funding (2015-2019). DEVIL (Delivering Food Security on Limited Land), International multidisciplinary partnership (8 countries). Led by University of Aberdeen.
Wellcome Trust (2014-16) Sustainable and healthy diets in India. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Aberdeen.
Food Standards Agency Scotland (2012-13) Estimate of the greenhouse gas emissions of the Eatwell week. Aberdeen University.
WWF-UK (2010) Livewell project: A balance of healthy and sustainable food choices. University of Aberdeen.
Food Standards Agency Scotland (2010-2011). Survey of diet, influences on food choices and eating practices among children in Scotland in 2010. University of Aberdeen
Food Standards Agency Scotland (2007-2008) Secondary Analysis of the Survey of Sugar Intake among Children in Scotland. University of Aberdeen.
Scottish Government (Rural and Environment Research Analysis Directorate) (2009-12) Environmental Determinants of Public Health in Scotland (EDPHiS) Obesity case study. Unversity of Aberdeen, University of Glasgow.
Health and Safety Executive (2003) Identification of factors affecting quality of life in divers and offshore workers. University of Aberdeen.
Health and Safety Executive (2002) Attitudes to safety culture among divers and offshore work. University of Aberdeen.
MSc Human Nutrition & Metabolism (University of Aberdeen)
Sixth Century Course on World Food (University of Aberdeen)
MSc Food Security (University of Edinburgh)
MSc Human Nutrition (University of Glasgow)
BSc Nutrition (specialist short course at University of Malta)
- Further Info
International Union of Nutritional Sciences Task Force on Sustainable Diets (2018- present)
FAO/WHO International Consultation Group on Sustainable and Healthy Diets (2018-present)
BBSRC Global Food Security Science Advisory Group, UK (2017-present)
Scientific Committee for International Sustainable Food Systems and Diets (Daniel et Nina Carasso Foundation, France) (2012-2017)
Lucy Sam (2016-present) Investigation of domestic food practices and routines, and their determinants.
Charlotte Hall (2014-present) Environmental consequences of delivering food security.
Renaud Heckle (2014-2019) Constraints and opportunities to integrate beekeeping into mixed farming in Sub-Saharan countries.
Henri de Ruiter (2013- 2017) Implications of meeting a healthy diet for sustainable land use.
Liam McMorrow (2012-2018) An economic analysis of food choice and its associations with health inequalities.
Tania Griffin (2007-2011) SNAK: educational intervention to improve the knowledge of non-milk extrinsic sugars and energy balance among children aged 11-12 years.
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- Horgan, GW, Scalco, A, Craig, T, Whybrow, S & Macdiarmid, J 2019, 'Social, temporal and situational influences on meat consumption in the UK population' Appetite, vol. 138, pp. 1-9. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.03.007
- Reynolds, CJ, Horgan, GW, Whybrow, S & Macdiarmid, JI 2019, 'Healthy and sustainable diets that meet greenhouse gas emission reduction targets and are affordable for different income groups in the UK' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1503-1517. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003774
- Hall, C, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB, Smith, P, Hubbard, SF & Dawson, TP 2019, 'The relationship between forest cover and diet quality: a case study of rural southern Malawi' Food Security, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 635-650. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00923-0
- Sam, L, Craig, T, Macdiarmid, J & Horgan, G 2019, 'Association between hours worked in paid employment and diet quality, frequency of eating out and having takeaways in the UK' Public Health Nutrition.
- Vetter, SH, Sapkota, TB, Hillier, J, Stirling, CM, Macdiarmid, JI, Aleksandrowicz, L, Green, R, Joy, EJM, Dangour, AD & Smith, P 2019, 'Corrigendum to “Greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural food production to supply Indian diets: Implications for climate change mitigation” [Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 237 (2017) 234–241](S0167880916306065)(10.1016/j.agee.2016.12.024)' Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 272, pp. 83-85. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.11.012
- Cerroni, S, Watson, V, Kalentakis, D & Macdiarmid, JI 2019, 'Value-elicitation and value-formation properties of discrete choice experiment and experimental auctions' European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 3-27. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jby014
- Macdiarmid, JI & Whybrow, S 2019, 'Nutrition from a climate change perspective' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118002896
- Green, RF, Joy, EJM, Harris, F, Agrawal, S, Aleksandrowicz, L, Hillier, J, Macdiarmid, JI, Milner, J, Vetter, SH, Smith, P, Haines, A & Dangour, AD 2018, 'Greenhouse gas emissions and water footprints of typical dietary patterns in India' Science of the Total Environment, vol. 643, pp. 1411-1418. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.258
- Whybrow, S & Macdiarmid, JI 2018, 'Attitudes towards, and purchasing of, Scottish beef and beef products in Scotland: A short communication' Meat Science, vol. 145, pp. 150-153. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.06.026
- Asvatourian, V, Craig, T, Horgan, GW, Kyle, J & Macdiarmid, JI 2018, 'Relationship between pro-environmental attitudes and behaviour and dietary intake patterns' Sustainable Production and Consumption, vol. 16, pp. 216-226. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2018.08.009
- De Ruiter, HR, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB & Smith, P 2018, 'Moving beyond calories and protein: Micronutrient assessment of UK diets and land use' Global Environmental Change, vol. 52, pp. 108-116. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.06.007
- Duthie, SJ, Duthie, GG, Russell, WR, Kyle, JAM, Macdiarmid, JI, Rungapamestry, V, Stephen, S, Megias-Baeza, C, Kaniewska, JJ, Shaw, L, Milne, L, Bremner, D, Ross, K, Morrice, P, Pirie, LP, Horgan, G & Bestwick, CS 2018, 'Effect of increasing fruit and vegetable intake by dietary intervention on nutritional biomarkers and attitudes to dietary change: a randomised trial' European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1855-1872. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1469-0
- Heckle, R, Smith, P, Macdiarmid, J, Campbell, E & Abbott, P 2018, 'Beekeeping adoption: A case study of three smallholder farming communities in Baringo County, Kenya' Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 1-11.
- Whybrow, S, Craig, LCA & Macdiarmid, JI 2018, 'Dietary patterns of households in Scotland: Differences by level of deprivation and associations with dietary goals' Nutrition and Health, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 29-35. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0260106017745389
- Whybrow, S, Hollis, JL & Macdiarmid, JI 2018, 'Social deprivation is associated with poorer adherence to healthy eating dietary goals: analysis of household food purchases' Journal of Public Health, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 8-15. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx007
- Macdiarmid, J, Clark, H, Whybrow, S, De Ruiter, H & McNeill, G 2018, 'Assessing national nutrition security: The UK reliance on imports to meet population energy and nutrient recommendations' PloS ONE, vol. 13, no. 2, 0192649. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192649
- Joy, EJM, Green, R, Agrawal, S, Aleksandrowicz, L, Bowen, L, Kinra, S, Macdiarmid, JI, Haines, A & Dangour, AD 2017, 'Dietary patterns and non-communicable disease risk in Indian adults: secondary analysis of Indian Migration Study data' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1963-1972. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017000416
- Mc Morrow, L, Ludbrook, A, Macdiarmid, JI & Olajide, D 2017, 'Perceived barriers towards healthy eating and their association with fruit and vegetable consumption' Journal of Public Health, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 330-338. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw038
- Whybrow, S, Horgan, GW & Macdiarmid, JI 2017, 'Buying less and wasting less food. Changes in household food energy purchases, energy intakes and energy density between 2007 and 2012 with and without adjustment for food waste' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 1248-1256. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980016003256
- McNeill, G, Masson, LF, Macdiarmid, JI, Craig, LCA, Wills, WJ & Bromley, C 2017, 'Socio-economic differences in diet, physical activity and leisure-time screen use among Scottish children in 2006 and 2010: are we closing the gap? ' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 951-958. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980016002949
- De Ruiter, HR, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB, Kastner, T, Lynd, LR & Smith, P 2017, 'Total global agricultural land footprint associated with UK food supply 1986–2011' Global Environmental Change, vol. 43, pp. 72-81. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.01.007
- Vetter, SH, Sapkota, TB, Hillier, J, Stirling, CM, Macdiarmid, JI, Aleksandrowicz, L, Green, R, Joy, EJM, Dangour, AD & Smith, P 2017, 'Greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural food production to supply Indian diets: Implications for climate change mitigation' Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, vol. 237, pp. 234-241. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.12.024
- Hall, C, Dawson, TP, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB & Smith, P 2017, 'The impact of population growth and climate change on food security in Africa: looking ahead to 2050' International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 124-135. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2017.1293929
- De Ruiter, HR, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, R & Smith, P 2016, Exploring a ‘Healthy Foodshed’: Land Use Associated with the UK Fruit and Vegetables Supply. in J Niewöhner, A Bruns, P Hostert, T Krueger, JØ Nielsen, H Haberl, C Lauk, J Lutz & D Müller (eds), Land Use Competition: Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives. vol. 6, Human-Environment Interactions, Springer International Publishing, pp. 247-261. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33628-2_15
- Horgan, GW, Perrin, A, Whybrow, S & Macdiarmid, JI 2016, 'Achieving dietary recommendations and reducing greenhouse gas emissions: modelling diets to minimise the change from current intakes' The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 13, 46, pp. 1-11. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0370-1
- Whybrow, S, Macdiarmid, JI, Craig, LCA, Clark, H & McNeill, G 2016, 'Using food intake records to estimate compliance with the Eatwell plate dietary guidelines' Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 262-268. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12334
- Macdiarmid, JI, Lang, T & Haines, A 2016, 'Down with food waste' British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.), vol. 352, i1380, pp. 1-2. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i1380
- de Ruiter, H, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB, Kastner, T & Smith, P 2016, 'Global cropland and greenhouse gas impacts of UK food supply are increasingly located overseas' Journal of the Royal Society Interface, vol. 13, no. 114, 20151001, pp. 1-10. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2015.1001
- Macdiarmid, JI, Douglas, F & Campbell, J 2016, 'Eating like there's no tomorrow: public awareness of the environmental impact of food and reluctance to eating less meat as part of a sustainable diet' Appetite, vol. 96, pp. 487-493. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.10.011
- Macdiarmid, JI, Mills, WJ, Masson, LF, Craig, LCA, Bromley, C & McNeill, G 2015, 'Food and drink purchasing habits out of school at lunchtime: a national survey of secondary school pupils in Scotland' The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 12, 98. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0259-4
- Griffin, TL, Jackson, DM, McNeill, G, Aucott, LS & Macdiarmid, JI 2015, 'A Brief Educational Intervention Increases Knowledge of the Sugar Content of Foods and Drinks but Does Not Decrease Intakes in Scottish Children Aged 10-12 Years' Journal of nutrition education and behavior, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 367-373. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2015.03.009
- Gill, M, Feliciano, D, Macdiarmid, J & Smith, P 2015, 'The environmental impact of nutrition transition in three case study countries' Food Security, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 493-504. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0453-x
- Tanaka, T, Macdiarmid, JI, Horgan, G & Haggarty, P 2015, 'Global agricultural, food and energy price spikes: Impacts on low income households in the United Kingdom and policy options' International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 246-264. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.15739/IJAPR.036
- de Ruiter, HR, Macdiarmid, JI, Matthews, RB & Smith, P 2015, 'Assessing land requirements associated with UK food consumption: implications for food security and environmental sustainability' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 74, no. OCE1, pp. E119. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665115001342
- Whybrow, S, Macdiarmid, JI & McNeill, G 2015, 'Impact of disaggregation of composite foods on estimates of Eatwell plate proportions in the diets of adults in Scotland' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 74, no. OCE3, pp. E188. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665115002141
- Naruseviciute, G, Whybrow, S, Macdiarmid, JI & McNeill, G 2015, 'Is “home cooked” healthier and cheaper than ready meals?' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 74, no. OCE1, pp. E90. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665115001056
- Masson, LF, Craig, LCA, Macdiarmid, JI & McNeill, G 2015, 'Updates to nutrient composition databases can influence observed changes in nutrient intakes: results from national surveys of diet among children in Scotland in 2006 and 2010' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 74, no. OCE3, pp. E203-E203. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665115002293
- Macdiarmid, JI 2014, 'Seasonality and dietary requirements: will eating seasonal food contribute to health and environmental sustainability?' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 368-375. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665113003753
- Macdiarmid, JI, Loe, J, Kyle, J & McNeill, G 2013, '"It was an education in portion size": Experience of eating a healthy diet and barriers to long term dietary change' Appetite, vol. 71, pp. 411-419. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2013.09.012
- Ingram, JSI, Wright, HL, Foster, L, Aldred, T, Barling, D, Benton, TG, Berryman, PM, Bestwick, CS, Bows-Larkin, A, Brocklehurst, TF, Buttriss, J, Casey, J, Collins, H, Crossley, DS, Dolan, CS, Dowler, E, Edwards, R, Finney, KJ, Fitzpatrick, JL, Fowler, M, Garrett, DA, Godfrey, JE, Godley, A, Griffiths, W, Houlston, EJ, Kaiser, MJ, Kennard, R, Knox, JW, Kuyk, A, Linter, BR, Macdiarmid, JI, Martindale, W, Mathers, JC, McGonigle, DF, Mead, A, Millar, SJ, Miller, A, Murray, C, Norton, IT, Parry, S, Pollicino, M, Quested, TE, Tassou, S, Terry, LA, Tiffin, R, van de Graaf, P, Vorley, W, Westby, A & Sutherland, WJ 2013, 'Priority research questions for the UK food system' Food Security, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 617-636. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0294-4
- Macdiarmid, J, Kyle, J, Horgan, G & McNeill, G 2013, 'When is a Healthy Diet Not a Sustainable Diet?' Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 63, no. Suppl. 1, PO1475, pp. 973. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000354245
- Horgan, G, Macdiarmid, J, Kyle, J, Perrin, A & Mc Neill, G 2013, 'Which Nutrients Limit Changes to More Sustainable Diets?' Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 63, no. Suppl. 1, P01344, pp. 909-909. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000354245
- Macdiarmid, JI, Kyle, J, Horgan, GW & McNeill, G 2013, 'Defining "sustainable" and "healthy" diets in an era of great environmental concern and increased prevalence of chronic diseases Reply' The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 1152-1153. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.058305
- Macdiarmid, JI, Kyle, J, Horgan, GW & McNeill, G 2013, 'Reply to I Hawkins and J Sabaté' The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 1152-1153. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.058305
- Bestwick, CS, Douglas, FCG, Allan, JL, Macdiarmid, J, Ludbrook, A & Carlisle, S 2013, 'A perspective on the strategic approach to the complexity and challenges of behaviour change in relation to dietary health' Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 50-56. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nbu.12007
- Ross, JAS, Macdiarmid, JI, Rostron, CL, Watt, SJ & Crawford, JR 2013, 'Psychological and physical correlates of musculoskeletal symptoms in male professional divers and offshore workers' Extreme Physiology & Medicine, vol. 2, 5. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-7648-2-5
- Macdiarmid, JI 2013, 'Is a healthy diet an environmentally sustainable diet?' Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 13-20. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665112002893
- Macdiarmid, J, Kyle, J, Horgan, GW, Loe, J, Fyfe, C, Johnstone, A & McNeill, G 2013, 'Sustainable diets for the future: can we contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by eating a healthy diet? (vol 96, pg 632, 2012): Erratum' The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 449. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.055673
- Ross, JAS, Macdiarmid, JI, Semple, S, Watt, SJ, Moir, G & Henderson, G 2013, 'Cognitive symptoms and welding fume exposure' Annals of Occupational Hygiene, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 26-33. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/mes042
- Wills, W, Macdiarmid, JI, Masson, LF, Bromley, C, Craig, LCA & McNeill, G 2013, 'Children’s Food and Drink Purchasing Behaviour “Beyond the School Gate”: The Development of a Survey Module' ISRN Nutrition, vol. 2013, 501450. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.5402/2013/501450