Dr Amudha Poobalan

Dr Amudha Poobalan
MBBS, MSc Public Health, PhD, FHEA

Lecturer (Scholarship)

Overview
Dr Amudha Poobalan
Dr Amudha Poobalan

Contact Details

Telephone
work +44 (0)1224 437866
Fax
fax +44 (0) 1224 437857
Email
Address
The University of Aberdeen Postgraduate Education Group; Institute of Applied Health Sciences; School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, Room 1:078, Polwarth Building; Foresterhill; Aberdeen AB25 2ZD
Tel: +44(0)1224 437866
Affiliated to Public Health Nutrition Group, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health
https://www.abdn.ac.uk/rowett/research/lifecourse-and-population-nutrition-850.php

 

Masters in Public Health, University of Aberdeen www.abdn.ac.uk/mph

The RAND Corporation: http://www.rand.org/pubs/authors/p/poobalan_amudha_s.html

Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Amudha_Poobalan

Christian Medical College, Vellore South India  http://www.cmch-vellore.edu/

Manipal University, Karnataka, South India https://manipal.edu/doph.html

Biography

Amudha Poobalan graduated in Medicine (MBBS) from Christian Medical College, Vellore in South India in 1991 (http://www.cmch-vellore.edu/) and worked as a Leprosy clinician for four years in India. After moving to the UK, she obtained a Masters degree in Health Services and Public Health Research (2000) from the University of Aberdeen (http://www.abdn.ac.uk/) and worked on a HTA commissioned Systematic Review on Obesity. She pursued her interest in Obesity research with a PhD at the University of Aberdeen (2011) exploring obesity related lifestyle behaviours among young adults, who are transitioning from adolescence to adulthood, using a mixed method study design. Her research has expanded to include maternal obesity, infertility among obese women and ‘Double burden’ of over and under nutrition in transition countries. She collaborates with Australia, India, Nigeria and Nepal on obesity research and has several collaborative publications.

Amudha is passionate about teaching and is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. She co-ordinates the Masters in Public Health and MSc in Nursing programmes and several courses. She contributes to teaching on many courses within the Institute of Applied Health Sciences. She is keen on Research led Teaching to energise students to be the best in the discipline and use robust research methodologies. She is committed to student support for postgraduate international students.  

Research

Research Interests

  • Obesity in Young Adults: Young adults (15-25 years of age) who are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, often experience many critical life course changes making them vulnerable to unhealthy lifestyle and consequently weight gain. They develop and establish many lifestyle patterns (positive and negative) which often persist into later life. Amudha's research is on understanding their lifestyle behaviours, including their perceptions, intentions and challenges to develop innovative and targeted interventions
  • Double burden of over and under nutrition in transition countries: Transition countries such as India, Nigeria and Nepal are undergoing massive economic and demographic shifts leading to double burden of over and undernutrition and in turn increasing the disparity between the rich and the poor communities. Understanding the drivers of change in this complex setting is investigated
  • Maternal obesity and Obesity related Infertility: While maternal obesity is increasing leading to several complications in mother and the child, obesity also leads to Infertility. Countries that are culturally rooted in procreation after marriage and those that perceive overweight as a status symbol, encounter the contradictions of dealing with obesity.  

Current Research

  • Transferring capability and knowledge to measure second-hand smoke concentrations in homes as a first step to developing smoke-free homes intervention programmes in India and Malaysia

  • A feasibility study of operational health system intervention in rural India: This study will develop educational curriculum to train Health Aids as Diabetes Health Workers (DHW). Following this, a community based diabetes management programme using ‘Patient navigator system’ and ‘Decision making tool’ will be piloted with the help of the trained diabetes workers.

Pedogogical research

  • Support structures for student transitions: This study's focus is to understand the factors that support student success and satisfaction.  Our focus is the role of formal support structures, or mechanisms, in meeting student needs and helping them manage academic and social transitions. This study will undertake group interviews to gain more understanding of how students use the various mechanisms available to them for support, and, second, their views of how these formal mechanisms help them engage academically and socially with their peers and the wider learning community.
  • Impact of Lecture recording: This systematic review  will collate all the published evidence on  the impact of lecture recording on attendance and academic performance

 Previous research

  • UKIERI (http://www.ukieri.org/) funded study that looked at increase in obesity levels in rural India over a period of 30 years and assessed the differences in prevalence of obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in rural, urban poor and urban affluent populations.
  •  Knowledge and attitudes towards maternal obesity in Nigeria: Exploration among health workers and Pregnant mothers
  • Feasibility of the use of Nunu, a fermented milk product for complementary feeding in Northern Ghana

     

Collaborations

I collaborate with researchers nationally and globally to take my research interests forward; I work with 

  • Bournemouth University (Prof Edwin van Teijlingen) 
  • University of West of Scotland (Prof Julien Baker)
  • Christian Medical College in Vellore, South India (Prof Rita Isaac)
  • Manipal University, Karnataka, South India (Dr Sanjay Patanshetty)
  • Sydney School of Public Health (Prof Kate Stienbeck, Prof Loise Baur and Prof Tim Gill)
  • Tufts University, USA (Prof Chrsitina Economos)
  • University of Benin (Prof Friday Okonofua) 

Research Grants

June –Sept 2017. Summer studentship (£1500). Lecture recording and its impact on lecture attendance and academic performance: A systematic review. Poobalan A (PI), Comber D, Nordman E

April 2017- July 2018. Learning and Teaching Enhancement Programme award. (£940) Student transitions: the role of student support structures. Cleland J (PI), Poobalan A, Barrow J, Foster K

June-July 2017. GCRF-IPPF award. (£15,534) Transferring capability and knowledge to measure second-hand smoke concentrations in homes as a first step to developing smoke-free homes intervention programmes in India and Malaysia. Semple S (PI), Poobalan A, Pattanshetty S, Abidin E. 

May 2017 Santander Mobility award (£1000). For travelling to Porto, Portugal to deliver a invited symposium on Young adult obesity at ECO 2017 and develop collaborations with Porto University. Poobalan A (PI)

April –May 2017. WHO consultancy (£13,000). Systematic review contributing to developing guidelines on Diagnosis, Treatment and prevention of Leprosy. Poobalan A (PI)  

Jan-March 2017. BBSRC GCRF- Impact Acceleration award (IAA). (£ 14,309) Introduction of health technologies to monitor dietary intake in relation to metabolic health in India. De Roos B (PI), Poobalan A, Kyle J, Pattanshetty S, Isaac R.

2016-2018 Friends of Vellore charity and NHS Endowment fund (£24,000). Community based Diabetes management in rural communities using ‘Patient navigator system’ and ‘Decision making tool’ – A feasibility study of operational health system intervention.Philip S (PI), Poobalan A, Abraham P, Mammen J,  Thomas N, Isaac R 

2013 Interdisciplinary Principal’s fund (£1400). To run a seminar for young people (18-25 year olds). Poobalan A (PI) and Aucott L

2013 NHS Grampian (£3900). To run a seminar for young people (18-25 year olds).Aucott L (PI)  and Poobalan A 

2013-2015 British Council: UK India Education Research Initiative (£46,500). Vellore Aberdeen Nutrition Exchange (VANE) project. Double burden of obesity and under nutrition in South Indian populations. Poobalan A (PI), McNeill G, John S, Isaac R

2007-2008 NHS Grampian (£116,720). Grampian Lifestyle survey. Prof WCS Smith (PI), van Teijlingen E, Aucott L, Douglas F, Poobalan A

2006 NHS Health Scotland (£59,872). Sex and Relationship Education – Review of Reviews of Programmes and Supporting Materials. van Teijlingen E (PI), Tucker J, Philip K, Poobalan A, Spratt J, Imamura M, Astin M 

Teaching

Teaching Responsibilities

Programme Co-ordinator

  • Master in Public Health (MPH)
  • MSc in Advanced Nursing

Course Co-ordinator

  • Systematic Reviewing (PU5526)
  • Public Health Research Projects (PU5910 and PU5530)
  • Year 1 SSC MBChB (ME2511)

Contribution to courses

Lectures:

  • Public Health (PU5520) - PH and non- communicable disease (public health challenges in obesity management)
  • Global Health (PU5505)  - Health policy and strategies
  • Nutrition and Health (PU5020) and Global Health (PU5505) -  Double burden of malnutrition
  • Systematic Reviewing (PU5526) and Evidence Based Health (PU5523) - Overview of systematic reviewing
  • Foundations of Human Nutrition (PU5015) -  Literature searching
  • Nutrition and Health (PU5020) – Evidence based practice
  • Research Methods for Health Professionals (NU5015) – Mixed methods research design
  • Using Evidence in Practice (NU5513) - Evidence based practice in Nursing
  • MSc in Clinical Education - Mixed methods study design


Tutorials/Seminars:

  • MBChB Year1 SSC – ME2511 - Myth busters
  • MBChB Year3 SSC – ME33GH - Global Health and Humanities
  • MBChB Year4 SSC – ME3805 - Clinical Effectiveness
  • Biomedical Sciences Year 3- SM3002  - Frontiers of Biomedical Sciences

Conducting Workshops: Conduct workshops and seminars on

  • Systematic Reviewing -  a four day workshop on Evidence Based Medicine in Nepal funded by DFID
  • Qualitative Research Methods - conducted a two day Qualitative Research Methods workshop in India funded by UKIERI

Student supervision
Postgraduate supervision completed
:

  • 46 Taught Masters research projects
  •  1 MRes student project

Undergraduate supervision completed:

  • 2 BSc Health Sciences project
  • 1 Biomedical Sciences research projects
  • 1 Medical elective project

PhD supervision:

  • Onubi, Joy Ojochenemi 2012 -2015. Maternal obesity in Nigeria: an exploratory study - funded by Commonwealth Scholarship Scheme (1st supervisor) - Completed
  • Daari, Kareem 2012-2016. Effects of probiotics on child growth in Ghana. (1st  supervisor)- funded by GET fund
Further Info

External Responsibilities

External Examiner for the MPH programme at the Univeristy of Glasgow (Sep 2017-Aug 2020)

I have membership with Professional bodies:

  • The Society for Social Medicine
  • Association for the Study of Obesity
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

I am also a member of Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP) working group for ‘Adolescence and Young Adulthood’ under the subtheme “Protecting young people in Transition”. 

Member of College Ethics Review  Board (CERB)

Personal Tutor for 7 Undergraduate students

Member of Aberdeen Forum for Youth

I am a peer reviewer for various journals: Obesity Reviews, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, International Journal of Obesity, Saudi Medical Journal and CDC: Preventing chronic diseases and Preventive Medicine.

Peer reviewer for NIHR

Admin Responsibilities

  • I have adminstrative responsibility for the Master in Public Health (MPH) within the Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen.
Publications

Publications 

Currently viewing:

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Contributions to Journals

Articles

  • Poobalan, A. & Aucott, L. (2016). 'Obesity among young adults in developing countries: a systematic overview'. Current Obesity Reports, vol 5, no. 1, pp. 2-13.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s13679-016-0187-x
    [Online] AURA: Obesity_among_Young_Adults.pdf
  • Fielding, S., Poobalan, A., Prescott, GJ., Marais, D. & Aucott, L. (2015). 'Views of medical students: what, when and how do they want statistics taught?'. Scottish Medical Journal, vol 60, no. 4, pp. 164-169.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1177/0036933015608329
    [Online] AURA: Fielding_SMJ_May2015_v3clean.docx
  • Sokhom, B., Okpo, E., Tonna, I. & Poobalan, A. (2015). 'Does quality of care differ when HIV patients are treated by non-specialist and specialist HIV healthcare providers in developed countries? A Systematic narrative review'. World Journal of AIDS, vol 5, no. 3, pp. 161-174.
    [Online] DOI: 10.4236/wja.2015.53019
    [Online] AURA: WJA_2015082814544810.pdf
  • Onubi, OJ., Poobalan, AS., Dineen, B., Marais, D. & McNeill, G. (2015). 'Effects of probiotics on child growth: a systematic review'. The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol 34, 8.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1186/s41043-015-0010-4
    [Online] AURA: s41043_015_0010_4.pdf
  • Poobalan, AS., Aucott, LS., Clarke, A. & Smith, WCS. (2014). 'Diet behaviour among young people in transition to adulthood (18–25 year olds): a mixed method study'. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, vol 2, no. 1, pp. 909-928.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/21642850.2014.931232
    [Online] AURA: 21642850_2E2014_2E931232.pdf
  • Gill, S., Gemmel, A., Colleran, R., Zanuri, NB., O’Brian, H. & Poobalan, A. (2014). 'Does Metformin combined with Clomiphene Citrate improve fertility related outcomes in Clomiphene resistant women with PCOS: a systematic review'. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, vol 19, no. 2, pp. 81-88.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.mefs.2014.04.002
    [Online] AURA: 1_s2.0_S1110569014000326_main.pdf
  • Aucott, LS., Poobalan, AS., McCallum, M. & Smith, W. (2014). 'Mental well-being related to lifestyle and risky behaviours in 18-25 year olds: Evidence from Northeast Scotland'. International journal of Public Health Research, vol 4, no. 1, pp. 431-440.
  • Poobalan, AS., Aucott, LS., Clarke, A. & Smith, WCS. (2012). 'Physical activity attitudes, intentions and behaviour among 18-25 year olds: a mixed method study'. BMC Public Health, vol 12, 640.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-640
    [Online] AURA: Physical_activity_attitudes.pdf
  • Gillett, M., Royle, P., Snaith, A., Scotland, G., Poobalan, A., Imamura, M., Black, C., Boroujerdi, M., Jick, S., Wyness, L., McNamee, P., Brennan, A. & Waugh, N. (2012). 'Non-pharmacological interventions to reduce the risk of diabetes in people with impaired glucose regulation: a systematic review and economic evaluation'. Health Technology Assessment, vol 16, no. 33, pp. 1-235.
    [Online] DOI: 10.3310/hta16330
    [Online] AURA: FullReport_hta16330.pdf
  • Simkhada, P., Poobalan, A., Simkhada, PP., Raja, A. & Aucott, L. (2011). 'Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal'. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, vol 23, no. 4, pp. 507-517.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1177/1010539509348662
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