Professor Derek Johnston
My primary research interests are stress, including occupational stress, fatigue, psychological and behaviour aspects of cardiavascular diease, and understanding and increasing activity in various groups. The methods I use include ambulatory physiological measurement, real time diary studies (ecological momentary assessment) and n-of-1 methods. My research is illustrated by these selected papers. A fuller list can befound under Publications.
Johnston, DW, Beedie, A, & Jones, MC (2006) Using computerised ambulatory diaries for the assessment of job characteristics and work-related stress in nurses Work & Stress, 20, 163-172.
Allan , J., Johnston, D.W., Johnston, M., & Mant, D. (2007). Depression and perceived behavioural control are independent predictors of future activity and fitness after coronary. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63, 501-508.
Powell R, Johnston M, Johnston DW. (2007). Assessing walking limitations in stroke survivors: Are self-reports and proxy-reports interchangeable? Rehabilitation Psychology, 52, 177-18
Johnston D.W., Tuomisto M.T., & Patching, G.R. (2008) The Relationship between Cardiac Reactivity in the Laboratory and in Real Life. Health Psychology. 27, 34-42
Molloy, G.J., Johnston, D.W., Johnston, M., Gao, C., Witham M. D., Struthers, A.D., , & McMurdo M.E.T. (2008) Using the Demand-Control Model of job strain to predict Caregiver Burden and Caregiver Satisfaction in the informal caregivers of heart failure patients. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 401-417.
Powell R, Johnston M & Johnston DW. (2008). The effects of negative affectivity on self-reported activity limitations in stroke patients: Testing the Symptom Perception, Disability and Psychosomatic Hypotheses. Psychology and Health, 23, 195-206
Powell, R., Allan J., Johnston, D.W., Gao, G., Johnston, M., Kenardy, J., Pollard, B., & Rowley, D. (2009) Activity and affect: Repeated within participant assessment of people after joint replacement surgery. Rehabilitation Psychology, 54, 83-90.
McMurdo, M.E.T, Sugden, J, Argo, I., Boyle P., Johnston, D.W., Sniehotta F.F., DonnanP.T (2010). Do pedometers increase physical activity in sedentary older women? A randomised controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatric Society,58, 2099-2106.
Zanstra, Y. J., Johnston, D. W., Rasbash, J. (2010) Appraisal predicts hemodynamic reactivity in a naturalistic stressor. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77, 35-42.
Zanstra, Y. J., Johnston, D. W. (2011) Cardiovascular reactivity in real life settings: measurement, mechanisms and meaning. Biological Psychology, 86, 98-105
Quinn, F., Johnston, M., Dixon, D., Johnston, D.W., Pollard, B., & Rowley, D.I. (2012) Testing the integration of model of ICF and behavioral models of disability in orthopedic patients:Replication and extension. Rehabilitation Psychology, 57, 167-177
Johnston, D.W., Jones M.C., McCann, C.K., McKee, L. (2013) Stress in nurses: stress-related affect and its determinants examined over the nursing day. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 45, 348-356.
Johnston, D.W., & Johnston, M. (2013). Useful theories should apply to individuals. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 469-473.
Quinn, F., Johnston, M., Johnston, D.W. (2013) Testing an integrated behavioural and biomedical model of disability in N-of-1 studies with chronic pain. Psychology & Health, 28, 1391-1406.
Johnston, D.W., Bell, C., Jones, M., Farquharson, B., Allan, J., Schofield, P., Ricketts, I., Johnston, M, (2016). Stressors, appraisal of stressors, experienced stress and cardiac response: a real-time, real-life investigation of work stress in nurses. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50, 187-187.
Johnston, D.W. (2016). Ecological Momentary Assessment. In “Assessment in Health Psychology” Edited by Y. Benyamini, M. Johnston, & V. Karademas. Hogrefe Publishing GmbH. Pp 241-251
Steele, F., Clarke, P., Leckie, G., Allan, J., & Johnston, D.W. (2017). Multilevel structural equation models for longitudinal data where predictors are measured more frequently than outcomes: an application to the effects of stress on the cognitive function of nurses. J. R. Statist. Soc. A , 180, Part 1, pp. 263–283.
Suzanne McDonald, S., Quinn, F., Vieira, R., O’Brien, N., White, M., Johnston, D.W., & Sniehotta, F.F., (2017): The state of the art and future opportunities forusing longitudinal n-of-1 methods in health behaviour research: a systematic literature overview,Health Psychology Review, DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2017.1316672
Johnston, D.W., Allan, J.L., Powell, D.J.H., Jones, M.C., Farquharson, B., Bell, C., & Johnston, M. (2018). Why does work cause fatigue? A real-time investigation of fatigue, and determinants of fatigue in nurses working 12-hour shifts. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. Online
Jones, M.C., Smith, K., Herber, O., White, W., Steele, F., & Johnston, D.W. (2018). Intention, beliefs and mood assessed using electronic diaries predicts attendance at cardiac rehabilitation: An observational study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 88, 143-152
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Describing, predicting and explaining adherence to Total Skin Self-Examination (TSSE) in people with melanoma: a 12 month longitudinalBMJ OpenContributions to Journals: Articles
Changing healthcare professionals' non-reflective processes to improve the quality of careSocial Science and Medicine, vol. 298, 114840Contributions to Journals: Articles
Achieving Integrated Self-Directed Cancer Aftercare (ASICA) for melanoma: How a digital intervention to support total skin self-examination was used by people treated for cutaneous melanomaBMC Cancer, vol. 21, 1217Contributions to Journals: Articles
Development of an online tool for linking behavior change techniques and mechanisms of action based on triangulation of findings from literature synthesis and expert consensusTranslational Behavioral Medicine, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1049-1065Contributions to Journals: Articles
How can we better prepare new doctors for the tasks and challenges of ward rounds?: An observational study of junior doctors’ experiencesMedical Teacher, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 1294-1301Contributions to Journals: Articles
Analysing N-of-1 observational data in health psychology and behavioural medicine: A 10-step SPSS tutorial for beginnersHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 32-54Contributions to Journals: Articles
Are processes in acceptance & commitment therapy (Act) related to chronic pain outcomes within individuals over time? : an exploratory study using n-of-1 designsJournal for Person-Oriented Research, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 123-136Contributions to Journals: Articles
How many calories do nurses burn at work? A real-time study of nurses’ energy expenditureJournal of Research in Nursing, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 488-197Contributions to Journals: Articles
Why does work cause fatigue? A real-time investigation of fatigue, and determinants of fatigue in nurses working 12 hour shiftsAnnals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 551-562Contributions to Journals: Articles
Clinical decisions and time since rest break: An analysis of decision fatigue in nursesHealth Psychology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 318-324Contributions to Journals: Articles