Dr Justin Williams

Dr Justin Williams
MBBS, MSc, MRCPsych, MD (Hons)

Senior Clinical Lecturer

Dr Justin Williams
Dr Justin Williams

Contact Details

work +44 (0)1224 438395
The University of Aberdeen Room 5.26
Institute of Medical Sciences,
AB25 2ZD


After graduating from Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in Medicine in 1988, I worked in the UK and Australia, before taking some time out to study behavioural ecology. I have always been interested in the evolutionary processes that shaped the human mind, and my research career commenced collaborating with Andrew Whiten in St Andrews, who pioneered the study of social learning in non-human primates.  Our first joint publication was a paper (now widely cited) linking imitation and ‘theory of mind’ problems in autism to impaired ‘mirror neuron’ functioning. In 2000, I was appointed to my current post as a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist in Aberdeen, with my time divided between research and clinical practice. The latter involves trying to help young people with the most severe and intractable mental health problems (particularly autism) from across the region. 

Lay summary of research interests

I am interested in finding better ways to understand the mental health problems which affect young people, especially those that stem from problems with development of the brain, such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Developmental Coordination Disorder (previously often known as dyspraxia). In particular, my research is concerned with measuring different sorts of behaviour, especially imitation, coordination abilities and emotional expressions, and sometimes using brain scanning technology, to better help understand what can go wrong in important aspects of development such as empathy and emotional communication. I am also interested in whether there are influences on the developing brain that occur during pregnancy that may subsequently result in mental health problems.  


Research Interests

Autism; imitation, social learning, action, emotional communication and development.