ORE SUPERGEN HUB 2018-22: www.supergen-ore.net
CORPORATES: Cooperative Participatory Evaluation of Renewable Technologies on Ecosystem Services. See web site at http://corporates.moonfruit.com/ See highlights of the work presented at ICES Annual Science Conference on MSS/MarCRF Blog
ECOWATT2050: Summary Overview on MASTS website http://www.masts.ac.uk/research/ecowatt2050/
FLOWBEC: FLOw, Water column & Benthic ECcology 4D. NERC project on Environmental Impacts of Offshore Renewables http://noc.ac.uk/project/flowbec
CMarHab: Share the adventure of at-sea research on our NERC Critical Marine Habitat (CMARHAB) project on the James Cook http://cmarhab.blogspot.com/. See our work highlighted in the EU Projects magazine 'A pragmatic approach to defining marine habitat'.
I conduct multi-disciplinary research using my expertise in marine ecology, oceanography and fisheries sciences. My research identifies general rules in bio-physical oceanographic processes that lead to the creation of hotspots of predator-prey activity. Specifically, my research group defines biological and physical variables that provide the limited, patchy locations and conditions where trophic energy is transferred across trophic levels in marine food webs.
My research team using approaches ranging from the collection and use of fine scale (second by second) information throughout the water column from as well as the analysis of large scale (100s or km) long term data sets on spatial population dynamics. Both scales of information are used within simulation modelling methods which are agent based.
MSCA-RIBES: RIver flow regulation, fish BEhaviour and Status (EU 2020-23) https://www.msca-ribes.eu/ European Training Network (ETN) training 15 ESRs in the interdisciplinary field of Ecohydraulics to find innovative solutions for freshwater fish protection and river continuity restoration in anthropogenically (especially renewable extreaction) altered rivers.
ORE Supergen HUB: Offshore Renewable Energy
Co-Director (2018-22) Environmental Champion
SMEBA: Sustainable Marine Ecosystems and Offshore Energy: A Bayesian Modelling Approach. BEIS / HartleyAnderson (2019-2023)
PPCC: Modelling primary production in Scottish waters and the impact of large scale marine renewables and climate change. MASTS, MSS (2018-2022)
DEPTH: Determining the ecology and physics of tidal stream habitats. EMEC, SAMS/UHI, MSS (2017-2021)
INDI-POP: Individuals to populations: The potential effects of large tidal arrays on mobile marine populations (Open NERC CASE 2017-21)
VertIBase - Supporting evidence-based decision-making on marine vertebrate interactions with wave and tidal energy. NERC KE (2016-18) Aim: To synthesise, translate and embed the latest knowledge and understanding on marine vertebrate interactions with wave and tidal energy devices and developments to improve evidence-based decision-making, thus reducing risks to technology and site developers, investors, regulators and stakeholders.
Marine Growth Analysis on Decommissioning Offshore Installations: NERC Oil & Gas Decommissioning Innovation. (2016-17) This project is a scoping/proof of concept study and aims to use the method developed by the CoralNet project and applying it to survey footage from offshore platforms on the UKCS. The aim of the project is to train the software to identify the main marine growth species on UKCS platforms and to calculate their percentage cover.
CORPORATES: NERC Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) 2014-16 Cooperative Participatory Evaluation of Renewable Technologies on Ecosystem services with SAMS, MSS and JHI. See web site at www.corporatesproject.co.uk CENTRAL AIM: To exchange knowledge between the Marine Renewable Energy Industry (MREI), academic ecosystem service experts, and the planning and regulatory functions of Government co-developing a Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) decision-support system to better incorporate ES knowledge and values into business decisions. See highlights presented at ICES Annual Conference at MSS/MarCRF Blog
Knowledge Transfer Partnership with MeyGen www.meygen.com (2015-17)The KTP will apply the knowledge, techniques and expertise for environmental monitoring around tidal turbines to the MeyGen project. Data gathered will support achieving consent for future phases of the project. The key deliverable will be an environmental monitoring strategy comprising:• instrument selection based on FLOWBEC datasets and similar research• development of analysis software including target tracking algorithms and data interpretation• investigation of instrument translation i.e. whether ground truthing and algorithm development will allow the eventual use of a reduced cost instrument suite• development of a survey design and monitoring schedule.
EcoWATT 2050 EPSRC (2014-2017) Impacts of Very Large Scale Arrays and their Regulation
EcoWatt2050 seeks to provide the underpinning science for the strategic policy development and planning being undertaken by the regulatory authorities for marine renewable energy. The overarching objective is to determine ways in which marine spatial planning and policy can enable the maximum sustainable level of marine energy extraction, minimizing environmental impacts and ensuring that these meet the requirements of European law. It builds on an existing EPSRC project (TeraWatt), extending its outputs considerably to very large scale array deployments and mixes of technologies in order to determine the limits to energy extraction, and the criteria necessary to satisfy European and UK law.
FORSITE: Modelling FORaging STrategies in high energy Environments. OPEN CASE NERC PhD studentship with CASE partners Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
FLOWBEC NERC (2011-2014) FLOw, Water column & Benthic ECcology 4D
Consortium project with NOC Liverpool, U. Bath, U. Edinburgh, U. Plymouth, Queens U. Belfast, U. Aberdeen, U. Exeter and PML. Using developments in high resolution physical modelling and state of the art observation systems, we aim to identify the physical conditions influencing the behaviour of fish and their predators and also benthic communities by concurrently measuring hydrodynamics and biology at 3 different wet MRE test sites, EMEC, WaveHub and Strangford Narrows.
RESPONSE NERC (2011-2014) Understanding How Marine Renewable Device Operations Influences Fine Scale Habitat Use And Behaviour Of Marine Vertebrates
Consortium project with SMRU, SAMS, Loughborough U., U. Aberdeen, U. Edinburgh and Cranfield U. Do marine renewables pose a real risk to marine wildlife? This project is a multi-disciplinary, multi-taxa study focussing on causal links between renewables and changes in the fine-scale distribution and behaviour of marine vertebrates. This will allow us to identify and quantify actual risk of negative consequences and therefore remove one key layer of uncertainty in the scale of risk to the industry.
CMARHAB NERC (2008-2010): Critical Marine Habitat
Share the adventure of at-sea research on the James Cook see blog
NERC funded project lead by University of Aberdeen with Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories , MSS, CEFAS and JNCC as well the Marine Resource Assessment Group and the Cornish Fish Producers Organisation. The success of the Ecosystem Approach, the sustainable use of fishing areas and the delineation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) all require a fundamental understanding of the mechanistic links between oceanographic properties, fish, top predators and fisheries activities. This requires multi-disciplinary, multi-trophic research to define critical marine habitats where multiple species of predators (including fishermen) are most likely to forage for their prey. This project tests two hypotheses concerning the underlying mechanistic forcing that may be occurring in newly identified areas with disproportionately high abundances of top predators (seabirds, marine mammals and fishing activity) and high levels of sub-surface chlorophyll. To test these hypotheses we have used a unique survey framework which can provide the synoptic measurement of many components of the ecosystem.
- Dr. Paul Bell, NOC, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories
- Dr. Philippe Blondel, University of Bath
- Dr. Ian Davies, Marine Scotland Sciene (FRS Marine Lab Aberdeen)
- Prof Jonathan Side, Heriot-Watt University
- Prof. Jonathan Sharples, NOC, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories
- Prof. David Thompson, SMRU
- Dr. Ricardo Torres, PML
- Dr Vengatesan Venugopal, University of Edinburgh
- Dr. Tom Webb, University of Sheffield
- Prof. Ben Wilson, SAMS
- Prof. Judith Wolf, NOC, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories
- Dr. David Woolf, Heriot-Watt University
- Dr. Peter Wright, Marine Scotland Science (FRS Marine Lab Aberdeen)
- 2018-22 ORE SuperGen HUB: Offshore Renewable Energy SuperGen Hub. (EPSRC)
- 2019-23 SMEBA: Sustainable Marine Ecosystems and Offshore Energy: A Bayesian Modelling Approach. BEIS / HartleyAnderson
- 2018-22 PPCC: Modelling primary production in Scottish waters and the impact of large scale marine renewables and climate change. MASTS, MSS
- 2017-21 INDI-POP: Individuals to populations: The potential effects of large tidal arrays on mobile marine populations (Open NERC CASE)
- 2017-2021 DEPTH: Determining the ecology and physics of tidal stream habitats. EMEC, SAMS/UHI, MSS
- 2016-18 Environmental Studies of the MeyGen Tidal Turbine Array: HartleyAnderson Contract
- 2016-18 VertIBase NERC KE - Supporting evidence-based decision-making on marine vertebrate interactions with wave and tidal energy.
- 2016-17 Marine Growth Analysis on Decommissioning Offshore Installations. NERC
- 2015-17 Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP - TSB) with MeyGen
- 2015 NERC Marine Renewable Energy KE Internship for Benjamin Williamson.
- 2014-16 NERC Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) grant entitled Cooperative Participatory Evaluation of Renewable Technologies on Ecosystem services (CORPORATES) with SAMS, MSS and JHI.
- 2014-17 EcoWatt 2050 EPSRC Consortium of Universities of Heriot-Watt, Edinburgh, UHI, Strathclyde, Swansea, St Andrews, NERC and MSS
- 2014-15 Tansley Workshop: Planet Earth-Planet Ocean, Work of John Steele, joint with Tom Webb
- 2013-17 NERC CASE PhD Modelling Foraging Strategies in High Energy Environments (FORSITE) CASE partner is Marine Scotland Science.
- 2011-14 NERC Marine Renewables, Flow, Water Column and Benthic Ecology 4D (FLOWBEC). Consortium grant with NOC Liverpool, Uni. Bath, Uni. Edinburgh, Uni. Plymouth & PML, Uni. Exeter and Queens Uni. Belfast.
- 2011-14 NERC Marine Renewables, Understanding how Marine Renewable device operation influences habitat use and behaviour of Marine Vertebrates (RESPONSE). Consortium grant with SMRU, Uni. St Andrews, Uni. Loughborough, Uni. Edinburgh, Uni. Cranfield.
- 2008-14 Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) 'Potential Ecological Impact of a Small Scale Tidal Renewable Device on the Isle of May'.
- 2008-10 NERC Sustainable Marine Bio-Resources (SMB) Grant 'Do oceanographic characteristics and predator-prey behaviours define critical marine habitats?' (CMarHab).
- 2007-08 Scottish Executive & FRS Grant 'Impact of temperature on overwinter condition and reproductive potential of sandeel'
- 2005-06 SHEFC Knowledge Transfer Grant 'Sensitivity of ecosystems to tidal renewable energy extraction'
LEVEL 5 (MSc/MRes) www.abdn.ac.uk/study/courses/postgraduate/taught/fish/
Programme Coordinator MSc/MRes in Applied Marine and Fisheries Ecology (AMFE): Concepts and Practices for Ecosystem-based Managementfrom 2008-2014
Course Coordinator for 2 of following courses within MSc/MRes AMFE:
- ZO5012 Marine and Fisheries Ecology, Conservation and Management
- ZO5518 Marine Spatial Management
LEVEL 5 Post-Grad Lecturing in:
- Z05304 Population Ecology
- EV551 Spatial Information Analysis
LEVEL 2-4 Undergraduate Lecturing in:
- SBS Honours Essays and Projects
- BI25Z2 Ocean Biology
- Z03305 Animal Population Ecology
- Further Info
- Co-Director, Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) SuperGen Hub
- Forum Convenor of the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland (MASTS), Marine Renewable Energy Forum. Marine Renewable Energy Forum
- Member of the Ministrial DEFRA Science Advisory Panel to assist the work of selecting Marine Conservation Zones in England and Wales.
- University representative for the enhancement of collaborative research programmes with Marine Scotland.
- Scientific Advisory Committee of Scottish Natural Heritage
- Member of Marine Ecosystems Working Group, NERC.
- Mentoring Coordinator SBS 2016- Present
- Athena Swan SBS committee -2016-present
- Marine Research Collaboration Forum (MarCRF) Chairperson 2012-2016
- Member for Management Group of Environmental Food Security Theme 2012-2016
- Member of the Steering Group of the Energy Theme 2012-2016
- Senatus Academicus - Elected Member Sept 2013-2015
- Athena Swan College working group 2012-2014
Current Post-Docs / PhDs and MSc/MRes
Neda Trifonova EPSRC Supergen ORE (2019-2022) Bayesian Ecosytem Approaches to large-scale offshore renewables
Kate Gormley NERC KE Fellow (2016-20) Decommissioning challenges and environmental management.
Benjamin Williamson MeyGen Environmental Monitoring Development (HartleyAnderson 2016-18), KTP with MeyGen (2015-2017) and FLOWBEC: FLOw, Water column & Benthic ECology 4D NERC Sandpit Renewables (2011-2014)
Morgane DeClerck. Sustainable Marine Ecosystems and Offshore Energy: A Bayesian modelling approach. UoA, BEIS and HartleyAnderson 2019-23. John Hartley, Neda Trifonova, JNCC.
Rosslyn Watret. Fish Spas: The importance of turbulence on stress levels of fish in dynamic environments. Quadrat 2019-23. Louise Kregting, QUB (PI),
Arianna Zampollo. Modelling primary production in Scottish waters and the impact of climate change and renewable devices. MarCRF 2018-22. R. O'Hara Murray, Marine Scotland Science, J. Tweddle MMO Resarch Fellow, T. Cornulier, UoA.
James Slingsby. Behavioural changes of top predators related to tidal-stream energy extraction – using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to measure animal distribution. Bryden Centre 2018-22. Benjamin Williamson, ERI/UHI (PI), Louise Kergting, QUB.
James Chapman. Individuals to populations: The potential effects of large tidal arrays on mobile marine populations (INDI-POP). Open NERC CASE 2017-21. MeyGen (C. Donovan), Marine Scotland Science (I. Davies), St Andrews (J. Illian), ERI (B. Williamson)
Ana Couto. Determining the ecology and physics of tidal-stream habitats (DEPTH) MASTS/EMEC 2017-21 EMEC (C. Long, M. Finn), SAMS (B. Wilson & D. Risch), Marine Scotland Science (I. Davies), ERI (B. Williamson)
Emma John How environmental variability will drive macroecological patterns of biodiversity across marine and terrestrial ecosystems. 2015-2019 with Tom Webb at Sheffield University.
Past Post-Docs/PhDs and MSc/MRes
- Dr. Dinara Sadykova EPSRC Ecowatt 2050 (2015-2017) now (University of Belfast)
- Dr. Jacqui Tweddle Previously: Marine Spatial Planning MarCRF (2013-2016) now: MMO 1st NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellow (2016-2019)
- Dr. Clare B. Embling NERC CMarHab - now (University of Plymouth)
- Dr. Phil Boulcott (Marine Scotland, Aberdeen)
- Dr. Bruce McAdam (University of Stirling)
- Dr. James Oprwood (Marine Scotland, Pitlochry)
Past PhD Students
- Andronikos Kafas Strategic approaches to marine planning to meet ecosystem objectives. MarCRF 2013-17 Ian Davies (MSS)
- Joshua Lawrence Studies of cetaceans and their prey, combining passive and active acoustics 2014-2018 MASTS Paul Fernandes
- Alison MacDonald Reconciling marine protection and offshore renewable energy production in Scottish seas. Energy Theme 2013-17 Anne-Michelle Slater (CASS , Head of Law School)
- Laura Williamson Spatio-temporal Variation in Harbour Porpoise Distribution and Activity. MSS/MASTS 2014-2018
- Katie Brigden Predicting Recruitment variability in toothfish around South Georgia South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute (SAERI) 2014-18
- Shaun Fraser Turbulence, Trophic Interactions and Sustainable Energy Extraction. EFS Theme 2013-17 Vlad Nikora (COPS). (Fisheries Scientist, North Atlantic College Sheltand )
- Marianna Chimienti Modelling Foraging Strategies in High Energy Environments (FORSITE) Competitive NERC CASE 2013-17 (Post-Doc ARRHUS University, Denmark)
- David Stirling Do MPAs have a wider environmental benefit for vulnerable benthic species? MSS-MASTS 2013-2016 (Marine Scotland Science)
- Cecilia Pinto MSS/MASTS 2011-2014 (Post-Doc IFREMER)
- James Waggitt NERC CASE 2011-2014 (OpenHydro Ltd) (Post-Doc in NERC Marine Ecosystems Research Programme (MERP)
- E. Philpott, NERC, May 2010-2014 (Full time mother)
- J. VanderKooij, (part-time) Jan 2007-2012 ( CEFAS )
- R. Langton (Marine Scotland Science, MSS) Oct 2009-2013 (JNCC)
- I. Katora (Marie Currie) Oct 2006 - Nov 2009 (Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada)
- J. Brown (South Georgia) Jan 2008-Dec2010 (Falkland Island Fisheries Department)
- James (Jim) Elliot 2004-05 (British Antarctic Survey, BAS)
- David Vale 2005-06 (HartleyAnderdson)
- Sarah Dolman 2006-07 (Whales and Dolphin Conservation Society, WDCS)
- Emma Hazard 2007-08 (English Nature)
- Tamsin Smith 2008-10
- Rebecca Lowe 2009-10 (JNCC)
- Marie Taylor 2009-10 (Teacher)
- Chelsea Bradbury 2010-11 (The Crown Estate)
- Samatha Cox 2010-11 (PhD Plymouth University)
- Andronikos Kafas 2011-12 (PhD/ Marine Renewable Energy Scientist MSS)
- Marianna Chimienti 2011-12 (PhD University of Aberdeen)
- Zoe Allcock 2011-12 (PhD St Andrews/JNCC)
- Stephanie Hogg 2011-12
- Alexa Piggott 2012-13 (RA at Oregon State University)
- Yi Mei Tan 2012-13 (Environmental Scientist, DHI, Denmark)
- Godwin Otogo 2012-13 (RA at University of Calabar)
- Anja Huff 2012-13
- Laura Williamson 2013-14 (PhD at University of Aberdeen)
- Chris Griffths 2013-14 (PhD University of Sheffield)
- Alejandro Navarro 2014-15 (PhD Deakin University, Australia)
- Lauren Mattingley 2014-15 (Salmon & Trout Conservation UK)
- Paul Dess 2014-15 (PhD SAMS)
- Stanley Mastrantonis 2015-16 ()
- Mark Hamilton 2015-16 (NAFC Marine Centre)
- Pia Ricca 2015-16 (PhD)
- Mailys Billet 2015-16 (Marine Scotland Science)
- Brittany Visona 2015-16 (Vancouver Aquarium)
- James Chapman 2016-17 (PhD at Unversity of Aberdeen)
- Kieran Tulbure 2016-17 (PhD at Harriot Watt)
- Alexa Rosenberger 2017-18
- Simone Prentice 2018-19
- Naomi Bentley 2018-19
- Christina Mowat 2018-19
- Aoife Walsh 2018-19
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- Sadykova, D, Scott, BE, Dominicis, MD, Wakelin, SL, Wolf, J & Sadykov, A 2020, 'Ecological costs of climate change on marine predator-prey population distributions by 2050', Ecology and Evolution, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1069-1086. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5973
- Slater, A-M, Irvine, KN, Byg, AA, Davies, IM, Kafas, A, Kenter, J, Macdonald, A, O'Hara Murray, R, Potts, T, Tweddle, JF, Wright, K & Scott, BE 2020, 'Integrating stakeholder knowledge through modular cooperative participatory processes for marine spatial planning outcomes (CORPORATES)', Ecosystem Services, vol. 44, 101126. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2020.101126
- Steele, JH, Brink, KH & Scott, BE 2019, 'Comparison of marine and terrestrial ecosystems: suggestions of an evolutionary perspective influenced by environmental variation', ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 50-59. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy149
- Williamson, B, Fraser, S, Williamson, L, Nikora, V & Scott, B 2019, 'Predictable changes in fish school characteristics due to a tidal turbine support structure', Renewable Energy, vol. 141, pp. 1092-1102. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.04.065
- Gormley, K, McLellan, F, McCabe, C, Hinton, C, Ferris, J, Kline, DI & Scott, B 2018, 'Automated Image Analysis of Offshore Infrastructure Marine Biofouling', Journal of Marine Science and Engineering , vol. 6, no. 1, 2. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6010002
- Kafas, A, Donohue, P, Davies, I & Scott, BE 2018, Displacement of existing activities. in KL Yates & CJA Bradshaw (eds), Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning., 6, Earthscan Oceans, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. <> [Online] DOI: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781317356424/chapters/10.4324%2F9781315666877-7
- Fraser, S, Williamson, BJ, Nikora, V & Scott, BE 2018, 'Fish distributions in a tidal channel indicate the behavioural impact of a marine renewable energy installation', Energy Reports, vol. 4, pp. 65-69. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2018.01.008
- Stirling, DA, Boulcott, P, Bidault, M, Gharbi, K, Scott, BE & Wright, PJ 2018, 'Identifying the larva of the fan mussel, Atrina fragilis (Pennant, 1777) (Pinnidae)', Journal of Molluscan Studies, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 247-258. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyy015
- Waggitt, JJ, Dunn, HK, Evans, PGH, Hiddink, JG, Holmes, LJ, Keen, E, Murcott, BD, Piano, M, Robins, PE, Scott, BE, Whitmore, J & Veneruso, G 2018, 'Regional-scale patterns in harbour porpoise occupancy of tidal stream environments', ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 701-710. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsx164
- Tweddle, JF, Gubbins, M & Scott, BE 2018, 'Should phytoplankton be a key consideration for marine management?', Marine Policy, vol. 97, pp. 1-9. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.08.026