My research concerns issues of representation, access and the revival of cultural histories using museum collections as a focus. My fieldwork is primarily located in in Western Canada, with the Blackfoot Nations, and I have also worked with fur trade material culture in Scottish museums and family homes as part of the Material Histories project. Recently completed research projects include the AHRC-funded 'Narrative Objects: The Sakha Summer Festival and Cultural Revitalization', which involved working with Tatiana Argounova-Low (University of Aberdeen) and colleagues at the British Museum and National Museum of the Arts, Yakutsk, Sakha Republic (Yakutiia) to explore the meanings of a carved mammoth ivory model of yhyakh, the Sakha summer festival, and Our Ancestors Have Come to Visit: the Blackfoot Shirts Project, a collaboration between colleagues at the Pitt Rivers Museum and members of the Blackfoot nations of Siksika, Piikani, Kainai and the Blackfeet. My current research extends from the Leverhulme Trust-funded 'Blackfoot Collections in UK Museums' international network, which brought together Siksika, Piikani, Kainai and the Blackfeet colleagues with staff from the University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter to discuss access to Blackfoot belongings located outside of Blackfoot territory.
I have held curatorial and research positions in UK museums, including the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of Cambridge, the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford University, and Glasgow Museums. I am a Research Affiliate at the Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, a member of the Smithsonian Institution's Summer Institute in Museum Anthropology (SIMA) National Advisory Board, and in 2019 I was a Faculty Fellow on the SIMA programme in Washington DC where I was involved in teaching Museum Anthropology masterclasses to graduate students from a variety of US and overseas universities.
Memberships and Affiliations
- Internal Memberships
School of Social Science Director of Research, 2017-2022
MLitt in Museum Studies Programme Director, 2016 -
- External Memberships
External Examiner, MA Museum Studies, University College Cork, 2022-2024
REF2021 Sub-panel 22 Anthropology and Development Studies member
Future Leader Fellowships Peer Review College, 2018 to date
Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, peer reviewer, 2014 to date
British Council Newton Fund, peer reviewer, 2016-2021
AHRC Peer Review College, 2014 to 2020
External Assessor, MA in the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas, Sainsbury Research Unit, University of East Anglia, 2008-2012
My research addresses the ways in which artefacts, archival documents and images, can be used to think about colonialism and its legacies. This work explores cross-cultural readings of heritage materials, and seeks to develop culturally appropriate ways of researching, curating, archiving, accessing, and otherwise using museum and archival collections. Most of my fieldwork and museum-based research has taken place in Western Canada and Northern Montana with the Blackfoot nations of Siksika, Piikani, Kainai and the Blackfeet. I have also undertaken fieldwork in Subarctic Canada and Northern Scotland in connection with histories of Scots and Indigenous peoples in the fur trade.
I am currently accepting PhDs in Anthropology, Museum Studies.
Please get in touch if you would like to discuss your research ideas further.
Narrative Objects: The Sakha Summer Festival and Cultural Revitalization
This AHRC-funded project will investigate the ways in which historic artefacts are tools for contemplating the past, for remembering collective practices of ethnic identity, and for contributing to cultural revitalization processes, particularly in areas that have experienced political and ceremonial suppression. The regional focus is the Sakha Republic (Yakutiia), Russian Federation, and the centrepiece of the project is a unique mammoth ivory model of ysyakh, the summer festival of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which has been in the collection of project partner, the British Museum (BM), since 1867. During the Soviet era, many Sakha cultural expressions, including ysyakh, were suppressed. Since the 1990s, and the collapse of the Soviet Union, cultural revitalization and attempts to establish political autonomy have generated considerable interest in these expressions and in the intersection of their historic and contemporary forms. Accessing Sakha historic artefacts, now scattered in museums worldwide, is key to these processes. While considerable work has been done in North America to link museum collections with descendent communities, there is virtually no scholarship regarding such projects in Russia. This project will thus be a model for developing inter-cultural relations between museums in the Russian Federation and beyond, and will contribute to better understanding cultural movements in post-Soviet states more broadly.
Blackfoot Collections in UK Museums: Reviving Relationships Through Artefacts
Indigenous people continue to experience the effects of historical processes of colonialism, including loss of land, forced assimilation and subjugation of religious practices. The collection of artefacts was linked to these processes, but today heritage items are the focus of cultural revitalization efforts. This innovative network has brought together Blackfoot people from Canada and the US with UK museums in order to generate and exchange knowledge about Blackfoot artefacts. As few Blackfoot people have had the opportunity to research these historic collections, the network has enabled exploratory discussions about their future care and has developed a model for further culturally-engaged research.
Northern Colonialism: Historical Connections, Contemporary Lives
This programme is co-directed by Dr. Alison Brown and Dr. Nancy Wachowich and builds upon existing expertise in Anthropology, Archaeology and History, with support from the Library, Special Collections and Museums, to foster path-breaking research on the processes and impact of colonialism in the Circumpolar North.The programme it is structured around three themes:
- Economies and Polities
- Cultural Transformations
By drawing on archival, museum and other material culture sources, and undertaking ethnographic and archaeological fieldwork, affiliated researchers are considering the intersection of colonialism and contemporary social issues in order to generate impacts within and beyond the academy.
Material Histories: Social Relationships between Scots and Aboriginal Peoples in the Canadian Fur Trade, c1870-1930
This project, funded by the AHRC, uses collections in Scottish museums to explore the inter-connected family relationships of Scots fur-traders and Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Beadwork bags, painted coats and other colourful items are the focus for archival research and oral history interviews in Scotland and Canada with descendents of fur-trader families. The research aims to show how artefacts from the past can be used to evoke knowledge and social memories of diaspora relationships, and how the stories told around them can create forms of history that extend beyond those in the written record so as to generate powerful resonances in the present.
'These shirts are our curriculum': artifacts, Blackfoot people and the retrieval of cultural knowledge
This AHRC-funded project brings together UK-based researchers with Blackfoot people in Alberta, Canada, and Montana, USA, to explore the cultural history and contemporary meanings of 5 Blackfoot men's shirts held in the collections of the Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford. Collected in 1841, the hide shirts are decorated with porcupine quillwork and beadwork; three, with human- and horse-hair fringes along the sleeves, are ritual garments. There are just two shirts of this age in Canadian museums, and Blackfoot people have had little access to them. However, some cultural knowledge relating to them has been retained, and elders wish to revive traditional practices associated with them. Blackfoot leaders have spoken of the shirts as important for youth and hope that learning about them will strengthen cultural identity. The project will make the shirts available to Blackfoot people and the wider public for the first time, and explore how historic artefacts can be used by indigenous communities to revive, share and transmit cultural knowledge, and how they serve to anchor social memory and in the construction of identity. Through the exhibition of these shirts at Glenbow and Galt Museums in Alberta, and through handling workshops for Blackfoot people, we hope to show how close examination of the shirts can allow for the retrieval, consolidation, and transmission of cultural knowledge embodied in such artefacts. In turn, we hope that the project will inform future museum practice.
Funding and Grants
2017 Canada-UK Foundation (£1000). Travel Award. Parfleche Bags in the University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology: A Case of Digital Access
2014 AHRC Research Grant (£556,442). Narrative Objects: The Sakha Summer Festival and Cultural Revitalization.
2014 Foundation for Canadian Studies in the UK. (£3080) for the Scarred/Sacred Water exhibition and film series. Outreach Grant.
2013 Leverhulme Trust (£50,731). Blackfoot Collections in UK Museums: Reviving Relations through Artefacts.
2013 Foundation for Canadian Studies in the UK (£615). Publication grant.
2013 Pasold Foundation (£600). Research Activity Grant.
2012 Carnegie Research Grant for the Universities of Scotland (£1700). Narrative Objects: The Siberian Summer Festival and Sakha Cultural Revitalization
2009 AHRC Research Grant (£183,431). Co-Investigator for “These shirts are our curriculum”: artifacts, Blackfoot people and the retrieval of cultural knowledge. PI: Dr. Laura Peers, Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford.
2009 Royal Society of Edinburgh Workshop Grant (£9000). To develop international workshop on repatriation and access to museum collections.
2007 British Academy Overseas Conference Grant (£400)
2004 British Academy Overseas Conference Grant (£598)
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Model of a Summer Camp: Object in FocusBritish Museum Press, London. 64 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
‘Model of a summer festival’: engagements with a narrative object in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russian FederationContributions to Conferences: Papers
Bright Sun Shining: A Siberian Summer FestivalNon-textual Forms: Exhibitions
Co-Authoring Relationships: Blackfoot Collections, UK Museums, and Collaborative PracticeCollaborative Anthropologies, vol. 9, no. 1/2, pp. 117-148Contributions to Journals: Articles
Visiting with the Ancestors: Blackfoot Shirts in Museum SpacesAthabasca University Press, Edmonton. 218 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Storied Landscapes: Enlivening Blackfoot collections in UK MuseumsJournal of Museum Ethnography, vol. 29, pp. 29-52Contributions to Journals: Articles
Review: War Paintings of the Tsuu T’ina Nation by Arni Brownstone.Museum Anthropology Review, vol. 10, no. 2Contributions to Journals: Reviews of Books, Films and Articles
Storied Landscapes: Enlivening Blackfoot collections in UK MuseumsContributions to Conferences: Papers
Narrative Objects: The Sakha Summer Festival and Cultural Revitalization: Work in progress presentationContributions to Conferences: Papers
Century Long Journey: the Ysyakh Model at the British MuseumNon-textual Forms: Exhibitions
Narrative Objects: The Sakha Summer Festival and Cultural RevitalizationMuseum Worlds, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 136-138Contributions to Journals: Articles
Scarred Sacred WaterNon-textual Forms: Exhibitions
Blackfoot Collections in UK Museums: Reviving Relationships through ArtefactsAmerican Indian WorkshopContributions to Conferences: Posters
First Nations, Museums, Narrations: Stories of the 1929 Franklin Motor Expedition to the Canadian PrairiesUniversity of British Columbia Press, Vancouver. 320 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
The Blackfoot Shirts Project: ‘Our Ancestors Have Come to Visit’The International Handbooks of Museum Studies. Coombes, A., Phillips, R. (eds.). Wiley-BlackwellChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Expeditions, Their Films and Histories: An IntroductionRecreating First Contact. Bell, J. A., Brown, A. K., Gordon, R. J. (eds.). Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, pp. 1-30, 30 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
“Beyond the end of steel”: Recasting the Franklin Motor Expedition to CanadaRecreating First Contact. Bell, J. A., Brown, A. K., Gordon, R. J. (eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. 129-146, 18 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Recreating First Contact: Expeditions, Anthropology and Popular CultureSmithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington, DC, USA. 261 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Christina Massan's Beadwork and the Recovery of a Fur Trade Family HistoryRecollecting. Carter, S., MacCormack, P. (eds.). Athabasca University Press, pp. 89-111, 23 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Kaahsinnooniksi Ao'toksisawooyawa - our ancestors have come to visit: reconnections with historic Blackfoot shirtsNon-textual Forms: Exhibitions
Kaahsinnooniksi Ao'tolsisawooyawa - our ancestors have come to visit: reconnections with historic Blackfoot shirtsOxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford. 18 pages.Other Contributions: Other Contributions
Mokisins, 'Cloaks' and 'a belt of a peculiar fabrik': Recovering the history of the Thomas Whyte collection of North American clothing, formerly in the Grierson Museum, ThornhillTransactions of the Dumfries and Galloway Natural History Society, vol. 83, pp. 131-149Contributions to Journals: Articles
'Just by bringing these photographs...': On the other meanings of anthropological imagesPhotography, Anthropology and History. Morton, C., Edwards, E. (eds.). Ashgate, pp. 265-280, 16 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Colonial Photographs and Post-Colonial Relationships: The Kainai-Oxford Photographic Histories ProjectFirst Nations, First Thoughts. May Timpson, A. (ed.). University of British Columbia Press, pp. 123-144, 22 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
“These shirts are our curriculum”: artefacts, Blackfoot people, and the retrieval of cultural knowledgeContributions to Conferences: Papers
Material Histories: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Marischal Museum, University of Aberdeen. April 26-27 2007University of Aberdeen Marischal Museum, Aberdeen. 99 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Material Histories: Scots and Aboriginal Peoples in the Canadian Fur TradeNon-textual Forms: Web Publications and Websites
Material Histories of the Fur TradeNon-textual Forms: Exhibitions
“Beyond the end of steel”: Recasting the Franklin Motor Expedition to CanadaContributions to Conferences: Papers
“Mokisins”, “cloaks” and “a belt of a peculiar fabrick”: recovering the history of the Thomas Whyte collection of northeastern North American clothingContributions to Conferences: Papers
‘Pictures Bring Us Messages’ / Sinaakssiiksi aohtsimaahpihkookiyaawa: Photographs and Histories from the Kainai NationUniversity of Toronto Press, Canada. 280 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
The Plains redisplay at the University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and AnthropologyJournal of Museum Ethnography, vol. 17, pp. 232-240Contributions to Journals: Articles
A social history of four beadwork bandsD.G. Malaher (ed) Papers of the Rupert’s Land Colloquium 2004, 'A social history of four beadwork bands', Winnipeg : The Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies, pp. 229-240, 11 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters
Museums and Source Communities: A Routledge ReaderRoutledge. 304 pagesBooks and Reports: Books
Artefacts as “alliances”: perspectives on first nations collections in museumsJournal of Museum Ethnography, vol. 13, pp. 79-89Contributions to Specialist Publications: Articles
Revealing histories: a cross-cultural reading of the Franklin Motor Expedition to CanadaA. Shelton (ed), Collectors: Expressions of Self and Other (London : Horniman Museum in association with the Museu Antropologia Coimbra, pp. 23-40, 17 pagesChapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters