Professor Jan Skakle

Professor Jan Skakle
BSc, MSc, PhD(Aberd). FRSE, CPhys, FInstP, FRSC, FHEA

Personal Chair

Overview
Professor Jan Skakle
Professor Jan Skakle

Contact Details

Email
Address
The University of Aberdeen Room O41, Meston Building
Meston Walk, University of Aberdeen
Aberdeen AB24 3UE
 

Biography

I hold a Personal Chair in Physics.  From 2006-2008 I was Head of Physics, and from 2012-2018 I was Head of the School of Natural and Computing Sciences (Chemistry, Computing Science, Mathematics and Physics). 

My first degree was a BSc (Hons) in Physics, during which I also took first year Computing Science and two years of Mathematics.  My honours project was on geomagnetism in rocks, with Dr Joe Edwards, during which I spent a lot of time on the floor fixing the instrument.  This rather unexpectedly inspired me into research!  I had originally intended to work as an airframe engineer at British Aerospace, but ended up turning down a job there and spent some time collecting my thoughts.

I was fortunate to embark on a Masters by Research with Professor Tony West as the solid state was my main area of interest.  I'd not done any chemistry as an undergraduate so it was a steep learning curve, but the Masters was on the crystallography of some complex lithium and potassium oxides and I got valuable experience working with our Research Officer, Dr R. Alan Howie.  As well as single-crystal work, I also used Rietveld refinement using powder data, including both X-ray and neutron diffraction.  I was very grateful at that time for all the Fortran I'd learned as an undergrad.

That behind me, I wandered further into the solid state working on a PhD in the 123-superconductors, specifically the La-Ba-Ca-Cu-O system which turned out to be far more extensive than previously realised, and notable trends were observed with double substitutions.  During this time I learned many new skills from the others in the group, especially in phase diagrams and ac impedance spectroscopy (Prof Derek Sinclair, Prof John Irvine, Dr Finlay Morrison, Dr Glenn Mather, Prof Xiping Jing, Dr Susana Garcia-Martin, Dr Caroline Kirk and Prof Iain Gibson to name but a few).

My first year as a post-doc followed this up, then I diversified into a project on lithium batteries, sponsored by the GS Battery Company in Japan.  I spent a little time there too, learning some of the skills used in the battery factory itself, having a short research stay in Osaka and giving some lectures around Japan.

Given this background, gaining a joint physics/chemistry position as a Lecturer was ideal for me, and with the Physics department at Aberdeen just reopened, I joined an enthusiastic, dedicated and forward-thinking team which gave me a solid base for the future.

Wind forward to today: you can find out more specifics about my research, teaching and other roles through the tabs. 

Research

Research Interests

Solid-State & Materials

With a background in both physics and solid state chemistry, overall I may be described as a materials scientist, with emphasis on synthesis and characterisation of novel (ceramic) materials.

My research may be divided into 3 broad areas:

  1. Novel oxide materials with interesting electrical and magnetic properties
  2. Synthesis and characterisation of biomaterials/bioceramics
  3. Crystallography of novel materials 

Our research is directed towards understanding the relationship between the composition, properties and structure of these and other materials. The knowledge of structures in relation to their properties can elucidate conduction and substitution mechanisms and help towards the improvement and optimisation of materials. Structures are studied using powder diffraction, both X-ray (utilising in-house facilities) and neutron diffraction facilities at ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and ILL, Grenoble.

(1) (Novel Oxides) is concerned mainly with the synthesis and characterisation of A-M-O oxides, where A=La,Ca,Ba,Sr, M=first row transition metals. The discovery of high temperature superconductivity in 1986 has reopened a wide interest in such complex perovkites containing first row transition metals. The electrical and magnetic properties of these systems are highly varied; properties range from metallic to insulating, from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic, and from cationic to anionic conductivity. More recent examples include the recent discovery of high lithium ion conductivity in the system Li-RE-Ti-O, giant magnetoresistance in doped La-Mn-O materials and oxide ion conductivity in La-Sr-Ga-Mg-O compounds. These systems contain a wealth of materials with properties ranging from ionic/electronic conductivity, superconductivity, giant magneto-resistance etc.

The strategy for the synthetic work is to study new phase diagrams, identify new materials and to use chemical doping to alter existing materials. The materials are characterised using X-ray diffraction, ac impedance spectroscopy, electron diffraction, FTIR, esr, thermal analysis, neutron diffraction etc. In this I collaborate with other chemists in the department, particularly Dr. Abbie Mclaughlin – we  recently had an EPSRC project funded and also an EastCHEM (ScotCHEM) PhD studentship in collaboration with Professor John Irvine. In addition research is being funded by EPSRC with the National Nuclear Labs (PhD studentship). We have also had three MChem students on placement to ICMCB (CNRS) Bordeaux working with Drs Olivier Toulemonde, Etienne Gaudin and Prof J-C Grenier. The methodology employed in this part of my research, in which I have the longest track record, informs area (2).

(2) (Biomaterials) has been initiated more recently and has two strands at present:

  • application of diffraction methods to biomaterials problems;
  • synthesis and analysis of bioceramics (apatite-based materials).

The first strand has involved use of our EPSRC-funded high temperature X-ray diffraction facility to analyse ceramic materials at temperatures up to 1200ºC. I am also working on methods to use this information to establish chemical composition. I have also developed, with staff in Biomedical Physics, new applications for the department's single crystal diffractometer. This has allowed measurement of orientational effects in natural materials and polymers. Finally, Prof. Richard Aspden (Medical Sciences/Orthopaedics) and I conducted the first ever neutron diffraction experiments on human cancellous bone, working at both ISIS (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory) and ILL, Grenoble. As a result we were invited to write a highlight article for the ILL annual reports. We have also been awarded a PhD studentship through the SUPA INSPIRE programme

The second strand, informed by (1), involves the synthesis and characterisation of bioceramics, particularly doping materials with the aim of improving their properties. This work is in collaboration with Prof. Iain Gibson (Medical Sciences/Chemistry) and has led to a number of patents with others are in preparation, and a spin-out company (Sirakoss Ltd.)

Some of our earlier work was supported by Apatech, Ltd (London) who funded four PhDs and an MSc studentship, supported our CTA MSc studentships and also three MChem placements.

The crystal structure of hydroxyapatite

We have recently had VC investment from Epidarex into a spin-out company, Sirakoss Ltd., following two stages of Scottish Enterprise “Proof of Concept” project funding (“Proof of Concept” project).

We also received ~£400K funding from BBSRC for a confocal Raman microscope for the study of biomaterials (both natural and synthetic) and for an associated PDRA, with two studentships funded by the two Colleges.

(3) (Crystallography) is intrically connected with (1) and (2) above. However, in parallel to this I have a side hobby! Here we are mainly concerned with crystal structure solution of organic and organometallics, often involving network analysis, i.e. identification of characteristic bonding schemes in molecular solids. The motivation for this is 2-fold:

(a) to establish whether there is a seriously likelihood of successful crystal structure prediction in the future, and to provide data which may aid in this process;

(b) to inform the other parts of my research.

A thorough grounding and awareness of current trends in fundamental crystallography is essential so as to use and develop diffraction techniques in other areas. This work has been carried out in collaboration with Dr. J. Wardell (Rio de Janeiro) and involved the team of Dr. Chris Glidewell (St. Andrews), Dr. John Low (Dundee) and myself. But, caveat emptor, please note I am not an organic, or organometallic, chemist!

Current Research

structure-property correlations in solid materials with current projects in the following areas:

  • Novel ionic conductors, mixed conductors
  • Bioceramics: development and characterisation
  • Bone: understanding collagen/bone interactions
  • Development and processing materials for waste management.

Research Grants

Currently held: 

  • EPSRC CASE PhD studentship, PI with the NNL  ~110K
  • NRP Energy Studentship, with A. C. Mclaughlin (PI)
  • SUPA INSPIRE studentship, PI with R. M. Aspden ~£99K

Also Spin-out Company - Sirakoss

Teaching

Teaching Responsibilities

I teach & coordinate or co-coordinate on the following physics courses:

  • PX3016 (Solid State)  (T&C)
  • PX2512 (Cosmology, Astronomy and Modern Physics)  (T) 
  • PX4013/11 (Projects) (T&CoC)

Teach on following chemistry/materials courses:

  • CM1022 (Elements of Chemistry, "guest" lecture)
  • CM3037 (Solid State Chemistry) (T)

Teach and/or coordinate on the following Sixth Century Courses:

  • SX1017 (Global Issues, Global Religions) (T)
  • SX1516 (Mankind in the Universe)  (T&C)

 

Further Info

External Responsibilities

Currently:

  • Chair of the Royal Society of Chemistry Solid State Group (2018 - present) 
  • Member of EPSRC College (2003 - present)
  • Member of IoP CPhys Panel (2004 - present)
  • Refereeing for over 20 Journals in solid state, inorganic, physical chemistry, biomaterials and crystallography.   
  • Member of the 'Campaign for Science and Engineering' (CaSE)

Admin Responsibilities

 

  • Roles associated with Head of School including College committees and appointment panels 
  • College Equality and Diversity Champion (2014-present) and Athena SWAN co-lead (NCS)
  • Elected Member of Senate (April 2003 - 2011)  Ex-officio member since 2012.
  • Elected Senate Assessor to Court (October 2011-2015)  Member of Governance and Nominations Committee (2014 - 2015), Operating Board (2015)
  • Senior Adviser of Studies (2010-2014) Adviser of Studies (1999 – 2013), International Adviser of Studies (2004 – 2011), Erasmus Adviser (2007-2012)
  • University Working Party for Assessing Teaching Quality (2011)
  • AUCU committee member (2002-2012), JNCC team (2004-2009), Caseworker (2004-2011), Treasurer (2010-2012).

Pronouns

Pronouns are she/her

Why am I telling you this?

1)  I have a gender neutral name, indeed a male name in some countries

2) As a Chair in Physics, unconscious bias can lead to assumptions!

3) For those from other countries where my name doesn't flag gender

4) For inclusion reasons, to flag the issue of gendered assumptions.  

Publications

Publications 

Currently viewing:

Page 1 of 3 Results 1 to 100 of 284

  • Nowick, DA, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2020, 'Faster synthesis of A-type carbonated hydroxyapatite powders prepared by high-temperature reaction', Advanced Powder Technology. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2020.06.022
  • Fop, S, Mccombie, KS, Wildman, E, Skakle, JMS, Irvine, JTS, Connor, PA, Savaniu, C, Ritter, C & McLaughlin, AC 2020, 'High oxide ion and proton conductivity in a disordered hexagonal perovskite', Nature materials, vol. 19, pp. 752-757. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0629-4
  • Fop, S, McCombie, KS, Wildman, EJ, Skakle, JMS & Mclaughlin, AC 2019, 'Hexagonal perovskite derivatives: a new direction in the design of oxide ion conducting materials', Chemical Communications, vol. 55, no. 15, pp. 2127-2137. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8cc09534e
  • Nowicki, DA, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2018, 'Nano-Scale Hydroxyapatite Compositions for the Utilization of CO2 Recovered Using Post-Combustion Carbon Capture', Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 5367-5377. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C7TA09334A
  • McCombie, KS, Wildman, EJ, Fop, S, Smith, RI, Skakle, JMS & McLaughlin, AC 2018, 'The Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of the Oxide Ion Conductor Ba3WNbO8.5', Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 5290-5295. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C7TA08989A
  • McCombie, KS, Wildman, EJ, Ritter, C, Smith, RI, Skakle, JMS & Mclaughlin, AC 2018, 'The Relationship between the Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of Oxide Ion Conducting Ba3W1.2Nb0.8O8.6', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 19, pp. 11942-11947. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01366
  • Kirk, CA, Morrison, FD, Skakle, J, Sinclair, DC & Irvine, JTS 2018, 'Themed issue on advances in solid state chemistry and its applications', Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 5241-5242. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ta90062k
  • Fop, S, Wildman, EJ, Irvine, JTS, Connor, PA, Skakle, JMS, Ritter, C & McLaughlin, AC 2017, 'Investigation of the Relationship between the Structure and Conductivity of the Novel Oxide Ionic Conductor Ba3MoNbO8.5', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 4146-4152. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01298
  • Baddeley, TC, Gomes, LR, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS, Turner, AB, Wardell, JL & Watson, GJR 2017, 'Structural studies of (E)-2-(benzylidene)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-one derivatives: crystal structures and Hirshfeld surface analysis', Zeitschrift fur kristallographie-Crystalline materials, vol. 232, no. 4, pp. 317-333. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zkri-2016-2020
  • Wildman, EJ, McLaughlin, AC, MacDonald, JF, Hanna, JV & Skakle, JMS 2017, 'The Crystal Structure of Ba3Nb2O8 Revisited: A Neutron Diffraction and Solid-State NMR Study', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 2653-2661. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02792
  • Fop, S, Wildman, EJ, Skakle, JMS, Ritter, C & McLaughlin, AC 2017, 'The Electrical and Structural Characterization of Ba3Mo1-xNb1+xO8.5-x/2: The relationship between mixed coordination, polyhedral distortion and the ionic conductivity of Ba3MoNbO8.5', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 56, no. 17, pp. 10505-10512. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01488
  • Fop, S, Skakle, J, McLaughlin, A, Connor, PA, Irvine, JTS, Smith, RI & Wildman, EJ 2016, 'Oxide Ion Conductivity in the Hexagonal Perovskite Derivative Ba3MoNbO8.5', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 138, no. 51, pp. 16764-16769. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b10730
  • Duncan, J, Hayakawa, S, Osaka, A, MacDonald, JF, Hanna, JV, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2014, 'Furthering the understanding of silicate-substitution in a-tricalcium phosphate: An X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance study', Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 1443-1450. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2013.11.014
  • Duncan, J, MacDonald, JF, Hanna, JV, Shirosaki, Y, Hayakawa, S, Osaka, A, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2014, 'The role of the chemical composition of monetite on the synthesis and properties of α-tricalcium phosphate', Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 34, pp. 123-129. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2013.08.038
  • Harden, FJ, Gibson, IR & Skakle, JMS 2013, Simplification of the synthesis method for silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite: A raman spectroscopy study. in K Ishikawa & Y Iwamoto (eds), Proceedings of the 24th annual meeting of the International Society for Ceramics in Medicine (Bioceramics 24). 1 edn, vol. 529-530, Key Engineering Materials, no. 1, vol. 529-530, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 94-99, 24th Symposium and Annual Meeting of International Society for Ceramics in Medicine, ISCM 2012, Fukuoka, Japan, 21/10/12. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.529-530.94
  • Wildman, EJ, Skakle, JMS, Emery, N & Mclaughlin, AC 2012, 'Colossal magnetoresistance in Mn2+ oxypnictides NdMnAsO1-xFx', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 134, no. 21, pp. 8766-8769. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ja302328t
  • Gibson, IR, Skakle, J, Annaz, B & Conway, J Dec. 29 2011, Bone Graft System, Patent No. WO2011GB00939, IPC No. A61L27/46.
  • Skakle, J, Wardell, SMSV, Wardell, JL & Tiekink, ERT 2011, 'Structural study of mefloquinium salts with three isomeric n-nitrobenzoates (n=2, 3, and 4)', Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 226, no. 1, pp. 68-77. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2011.1280
  • Gibson, IR & Skakle, J Jan. 27 2011, Synthesis of Bioceramic Compositions, Patent No. US20110021338, IPC No. A61L27/12. <> [Online] DOI: http://appft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PG01&s1=skakle.IN.&OS=IN/skakle&RS=IN/skakle
  • Emery, N, Wildman, EJ, Skakle, JMS, McLaughlin, A, Smith, RI & Fitch, AN 2011, 'Variable temperature study of the crystal and magnetic structures of the giant magnetoresistant materials LMnAsO (L=La, Nd)', Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics , vol. 83, no. 14, 144429. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.144429
  • Skakle, J, Tiekink, ERT, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2010, '1-[2-(Carboxymethoxy)phenyl]-N-(4-chlorophenyl)methanimine oxide', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 66, pp. o45-o46. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S160053680905137X
  • Gibson, IR, Skakle, J, Smith, N & Buckland, T Dec. 23 2010, Biomedical materials, Patent No. US20100322867, IPC No. A61K49/06. <> [Online] DOI: http://appft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=2&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PG01&s1=skakle.IN.&OS=IN/skakle&RS=IN/skakle
  • Emery, N, Wildman, EJ, Skakle, JMS, Giriat, G, Smith, RI & McLaughlin, A 2010, 'Giant magnetoresistance in oxypnictides (La,Nd)OMnAs', Chemical Communications, vol. 46, no. 36, pp. 6777-6779. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c0cc01380c
  • Garden, SJ, Skakle, JMS, Tiekink, ERT & Wardell, JL 2010, 'Methyl 1-{4-[(S)-2-(methoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-1, 4-dien-1-yl}pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 66, no. 8. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536810027947
  • Gibson, IR & Skakle, J Jul. 08 2010, Silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite, Patent No. US20100173009, IPC No. A61L27/12. <> [Online] DOI: http://appft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=4&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PG01&s1=skakle.IN.&OS=IN/skakle&RS=IN/skakle
  • Tiekink, ERT, Wardell, JL, Fernandes, C, Horn, A & Skakle, J 2010, 'mu-Acetato-bis(mu-2-{[(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)(2-pyridylmethyl)amino]methyl}phenolato)dinickel(II) chloride', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 66, pp. m566-,567. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S160053681001442X
  • Baddeley, TC, Franca, LDS, Howie, RA, de Lima, GM, Skakle, J, de Souza, JD, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2009, '2-Hydroxyacetophenone arylhydrazones. Supramolecular arrangements based on C–H · · · O(H), CH · · · O(NO), N–H · · · O(H), N–H · · · O(NO), C–H · · · π or π · · · π interactions', Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 224, no. 4, pp. 213-224. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2009.1121
  • Goodyear, SR, Gibson, IR, Skakle, J, Wells, RPK & Aspden, RM 2009, 'A comparison of cortical and trabecular bone from C57 Black 6 mice using Raman spectroscopy', Bone, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 899-907. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2009.01.008
  • Skakle, J, Tiekink, ERT, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2009, 'Bis[1-(isopropylideneamino)guanidinium]bis(3-nitrobenzoate) monohydrate', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. o3221-o3222. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536809048612
  • de Lima, GM, Milne, BF, Pereira, RP, Rocco, AM, Skakle, JMS, Travis, AJ, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2009, 'Experimental and ab initio structural study of estertin compounds, X3SnCH2CH2CO2Me Crystal structures of Cl13SnCH2CH2CO2Me at 120 K and Br3SnCH2CH2CO2Me at 120 and 291 K: Crystal structures of Cl13SnCH2CH2CO2Me at 120 K and Br3SnCH2CH2CO2Me at 120 and 291 K', Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 921, no. 1-3, pp. 244-250. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2008.12.064
  • Duncan, J, Stephen, JA, Redpath, TW, Gibson, IR & Skakle, JMS 2008, Improved MRI contrast in hydroxyapatite by chemical substitution. in 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008. vol. 2, 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, WBC 2008, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 28/05/08.
  • Hadden, DJ, Skakle, J & Gibson, IR 2008, Optimisation of the aqueous precipitation synthesis of silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite. in G Daculsi & P Layrolle (eds), Bioceramics. 1-2 edn, vol. 20, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 361-363, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 55-58, 20th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine , Nantes, France, 24/10/07.
  • Hadden, DJ, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2008, 'Optimisation of the aqueous precipitation synthesis of silicatesubstituted hydroxyapatite', Key Engineering Materials, vol. 361-363 I, pp. 55-58.
  • Stephen, JA, Annaz, B, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2008, Osteoblast cell growth on novel yttrium-silicate co-substituted hydroxyapatites. in 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008. vol. 2, 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, WBC 2008, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 28/05/08.
  • Massie, I, Skakle, J & Gibson, IR 2008, Synthesis and phase stability of silicate-substituted alpha-tricalcium phosphate. in G Daculsi & P Layrolle (eds), Bioceramics: Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine. 1-2 edn, vol. 20, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 361-363, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 67-70, 20th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine , Nantes, France, 24/10/07.
  • Whyte, JM, Hadden, DJ, Gibson, IR & Skakle, J 2008, Synthesis and stability of potassium/carbonate co-substituted hydroxyapatites. in G Daculsi & P Layrolle (eds), Bioceramics. 1-2 edn, vol. 20, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 361-363, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 207-210, 20th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine , Nantes, France, 24/10/07. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.361-363.207
  • Hadden, DJ, Skakle, JMS & Gibson, IR 2008, Synthesis of a silicate and carbonate co-substituted hydroxyapatite. in 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008. vol. 2, 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, WBC 2008, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 28/05/08.
  • Baddeley, TC, Harrison, WTA, Howie, RA, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2007, 'Co-crystallised alpha- and beta-Anomers of 2,3,4,6-Tetra-acetyl-D-glucopyranose, in which the alpha- and beta-Anomers are Randomly Distributed in the Hydrogen-bonded Chains of Molecules', Journal of Chemical Crystallography, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 853-858. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10870-007-9259-9
  • Stephen, JA, Pace, C, Skakle, J & Gibson, IR 2007, Comparison of Carbonate Hydroxyapatite with and without Sodium Co-Substitution. in G Daculsi & P Layrolle (eds), Bioceramics. 1-2 edn, vol. 19, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 330-332, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 19-22, 19th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine , Chengdu, China, 10/10/06. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.330-332.19
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, J, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2007, 'Cyclic and acyclic products from the reactions between methyl 3-oxobutanoate and arylhydrazines', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 63. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270107029447
  • Fernandes, C, Horn, A, Howie, RA, Schripsema, J, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2007, 'Formation of 2,4,5-triaryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazoles, (1), from aryl aldehydes. Crystal structures of cis-(1 : aryl=pyridin-2-yl), {trans-[(1 : aryl=pyridin-2-yl)H](+)[OAc](-)center dot 3H(2)O}, {cis-[1 : aryl=thien-2-yl]center dot 0.5H(2)O} and trans-(1 : aryl=thien-2-yl)', Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 837, no. 1-3, pp. 274-283. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2006.11.010
  • Stephen, JA, Skakle, J & Gibson, IR 2007, Synthesis of Novel High Silicate-Substituted Hydroxyapatite by Co-Substitution Mechanisms. in X Zhang, X Li, H Fan & X Liu (eds), Bioceramics. 1-2 edn, vol. 19, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 330-332, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 87-90, 19th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine , Chengdu, China, 10/10/06. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.330-332.87
  • Browne, MP, Hukins, DWL, Skakle, JMS, Knight, CH, Hendry, KAK, Wilde, CJ & Galbraith, H 2007, 'X-ray diffraction patterns and anatomical properties of claw tissues of beef and dairy cattle', Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 145, no. 6, pp. 623-633. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859607007265
  • Low, JN, Skakle, JNS, Wardell, JL & Glidewell, C 2006, '(E,E)-1-(3-iodophenyl)-4-(3-nitrophenyl)2,3-diazabuta-1,3-diene', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. o1399-o1401. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806008701
  • Boechat, N, Lages, A, Kover, WB, Wardell, SMSV & Skakle, JMS 2006, '1-(4-nitro-benzoyl)thiosemicarbazide monohydrate: a three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded framework structure', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. O2563-O2565. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806019301
  • Skakle, J, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, '1-(Isopropylideneamino)guanidinium 2-nitrobenzoate: formation of corrugated sheets from R-2(2)(8) and R-6(4)(16) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62, pp. O476-O477. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270106020580
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, '2-(3-Nitrophenylaminocarbonyl)benzoic acid: hydrogen-bonded sheets of R (22) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, no. 62, pp. O5-O7.
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, '2-(3-nitrophenylaminocarbonyl)-benzoic acid: hydrogen-bonded sheets of R-4(4)(22) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105033512
  • Boechat, N, Ferreira, SB, Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, SMSV 2006, '2-Amino-5-trifluoromethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole and a redetermination of 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole, both at 120 K: chains of edge-fused R (8) and R (10) rings, and sheets of R (8) and R (20) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, no. 62, pp. O42-O44.
  • Boechat, N, Ferreira, SB, Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, SMSV 2006, '2-Amino-5-trifluoromethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole and a redetermination of 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole, both at 120 K: chains of edge-fused R-2(2)(8) and R-4(4)(10) rings, and sheets of R-2(2)(8) and R-6(6)(20) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105040126
  • Garden, SJ, Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS & Glidewell, C 2006, '2-Iodo-4-nitro-N(trifluoracetyl)aniline: sheets built from iodo-nitro and nitro-nitro interactions', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 9, pp. o3762-o3764. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806029072
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2006, '3-(3-Nitrophenylaminocarbonyl)-propionic acid: hydrogen-bonded sheets of alternating R-2(2)(8) and R-6(6)(36) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105040229
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS & Glidewell, C 2006, '3-(3-Nitrophenylaminocarbonyl)propionic acid: hydrogen-bonded sheets of alternating R (8) and R (36) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, no. 62, pp. O45-O46.
  • Costa, MS, Boechat, N, Ferreira, VF, Wardell, SMSV & Skakle, JMS 2006, '4-Difluoromethyl-1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. o2048-o2050. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806013924
  • Costa, MS, Boechat, N, Ferreira, VF, Wardell, SMSV & Skakle, JMS 2006, '4-difluoromethyl-1-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. o1925-o1927. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806013286
  • Low, JN, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, JL & Glidewell, C 2006, '4-iodo-N,N-bis(2-nitrophenylsulfonyl)-aniline: a three-dimensional framework structure built from six independent C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. o423-o425. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270106019408
  • Skakle, JMS, Garden, SJ, Wardell, JL & Glidewell, C 2006, 'N-(2-Hydroxy-3-iodo-5-nitrobenzylidene)-3-nitroaniline: confirmational isomers linked into complex sheets by five C—H...O hydrogen bonds and a two-centre iodo-nitro interaction', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62, pp. O441-O443. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270106020373
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, J & Wardell, JL 2006, 'A hydrogen-bonded chain of edge-fused rings in 5-nitroisatin', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 10, pp. o4572-o4574. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806037627
  • Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Bis(1,2,3,5-tetramethyl-4-nitropyrazolium) dihydronium tris(4-methyl-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonate) forms C(8) chains through O-H center dot center dot center dot O bonding via the dihydronium cation', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. o1402-o1404. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806008749
  • Skakle, JMS, Gojdka, B & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Cocrystallized 1,2-dibromo-4,5-dimethyl-3-nitrobenzene and 1,2-dibromo-4,5,6-trimethyl-3-nitrobenzene', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, no. 62, pp. O1001-O1002. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806003631
  • de Oliveira, CD, Romeiro, GA, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, 'Ethyl 5-bromo-9-ethoxy-2-oxo-2H-pyrano-[2,3-g]quinoline-8-carboxylate', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. O1492-O1493. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806007148
  • de Oliveira, CD, Romeiro, GA, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, 'Ethyl 5-chloro-9-ethoxy-2-oxo-2H-pyrano-[2,3-g]quinoline-8-carboxylate', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62, pp. o1494-o1495. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S160053680600715X
  • Skakle, JMS, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, 'Formation of ladders R44(8) and R66(12) rings in 8-hydroxyquinolinium chloride monohydrate: comparisons with the supramolecular arrangements in related salts', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, no. O312.
  • Skakle, J, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, 'Formation of ladders from R-4(4)(8) and R-6(6)(12) rings in 8-hydroxyquinolinium chloride monohydrate: comparisons with the supramolecular arrangements in related salts', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C62, no. 6, pp. o312-o314 . [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270106013473
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Hydrogen-bonded chains in 1-[3-(4-nitrobenzylideneamino)propyl]-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-hexahydropyrimidine methanol solvate', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. E62, pp. O3844-O3846. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536806031229
  • Wardell, JL, Low, JN, Skakle, J & Glidewell, C 2006, 'Isomeric N-(iodophenyl) nitrobenzamides form different three-dimensional framework structures', Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 931-943. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108768106029053
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Isomers and polymorphs of (E,E)-1,4-bis(nitro-phenyl)-2,3-diaza-1,3-butadienes', Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, vol. 62, pp. 666-675. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S010876810601439X
  • Versiane, O, Felcman, J, de Miranda, JL, Howie, RA, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Potassium cis-[(R)-aspartato(2-)][(S)-aspartato(2-)]cobaltate(III)3.5-hydrate at 120 K', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, no. 62, pp. M52-M55.
  • Versiane, O, Felcman, J, de Miranda, JL, Howie, RA, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Potassium cis-[(R)-aspartato(2-)][(S)-aspartato(2-)]-cobaltate(III) 3.5-hydrate at 120 K', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 62. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S160053680503998X
  • Marshall, C, Ward, MF & Skakle, JMS 2006, 'Steric variations between the synthesis of a stable chiral C-2-symmetric diimidazolidinylidene and an electron-rich tetraazafulvalene', Synthesis, vol. 6, pp. 1040-1044. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-926361
  • Allan, GM, Howie, RA, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2006, 'Structural relationships in the homologous series of alkyltriphenylstannane compounds of formula Ph3Sn(CH2)n-1CH3, with n even and in the range 4-14 and 18', Polyhedron, vol. 25, pp. 695-701. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2005.07.024
  • Cerchiaro, G, Da Costa Ferreira, AM, Teixeira, AB, Magalhaes, HM, Cunha, AC, Ferreira, VF, Santos, LS, Eberlin, MN, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, SMSV & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Synthesis and crystal structure of 2,4-dihydro-4-[(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)imino]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-one and its copper (II) complex', Polyhedron, vol. 25, pp. 2055-2064. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2006.01.002
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Three-dimensional supramolecular structures in (E,E)-N,N/-bis(4-nitrobenzylidene)butane-1,4-diamine and (E,E)-N,N/-bis(4-nitrobenzylidene)hexane-1,6-diamine', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, no. 62, pp. O1-O4.
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2006, 'Three-dimensional supramolecular structures in (E,E)-N,N-bis(4-nitro-benzylidene)butane-1,4-diamine and (E,E)-N,N'-bis(4-nitrobenzylidene)hexane-1,6-diamine', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 62. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105035766
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '(1R,2R)-N,N'-Bis(4-nitrophenylmethylene)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. E61, pp. o1699-o1701. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536805014248
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '(1RS,2RS)-N,N '-Bis(4-nitrophenylmethylene)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine: complex sheets built from C-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-H center dot center dot center dot pi(arene) hydrogen bonds', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 9, pp. o551-o554. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105024443
  • Baddeley, TC, Howie, RA, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '1,2,3,4-Tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid monohydrate at 120 K and anhydrous 1,2,3,4-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranose at 292 K', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. o711-o714. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105034979
  • Boechat, N, Maciel, LC, Pinto, AC, Wardell, SMSV, Skakle, JMS & Howie, RA 2005, '2-(2-Acetylamino-5-chlorophenyl)-2,2-difluoroethanoic acid and 2-(2-acetylamino-5-methylphenyl)-2,2-difluoroethanoic acid, and 2-(2-acetylaminophenyl)-2,2-difluoro-N-phenylacetamide and 2-(2-acetylaminophenyl)-N-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide: examples of variation in molecular packing and hydrogen-bonding motif induced by substituent change', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. o270-o275. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105007547
  • Garden, SJ, Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '2-lodo-6-methoxy-4-nitroaniline: tripartite ribbons built from N-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds and iodo-nitro interactions are pi-stacked into sheets', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, no. 3, pp. o145-o149. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105000661
  • Garden, SJ, Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '2-lodo-N-(4-nitrophenyl)benzamide forms hydrogen-bonded sheets of R44 (24) rings', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o450-o451. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105017312
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '3-Iodoanilinium 2-carboxy-6-nitrobenzoate: a three-dimensional framework build from O-H...O and N-H...O hydrogen bonds and a two centre iodo-nitro interaction', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 2005, pp. o246-o248. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105006013
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2005, '4-Nitrophenyl 2-iodobenzoate: sheets built from C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds and two-centre iodo-nitro interactions', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. E61, pp. o3334-o3336. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536805029272
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, '4-Nitrophenyl phenyl ether: sheets built from C-H...O and C-H...p(arene) hydrogen bonds', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. o185-o187. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105002076
  • da Silva, ET, Ribiero, RS, Lima, ELS, Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2005, '5(1-Hydroxyethylidene)-1,3-dimethylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione and four amino derivatives', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270104028859
  • da Silva, ET, Ribiero, RS, Lima, ELS, Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS & Glidewell, C 2005, '5-(1-Hydroxyethylidene)-1,3-dimethylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione and four amino derivatives', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o15-o20.
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS & Glidewell, C 2005, 'A hydrogen-bonded chain of rings in (E)-3-(4-nitrophenylaminocarbonyl)prop-2-enoic acid', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 61, pp. O3849-O3851. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S160053680503374X
  • Skakle, JMS 2005, 'Applications of X-ray Powder Diffraction in Materials Chemistry', The Chemical Record, vol. 5, pp. 252-262. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20050
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Chains of edge-fused hydrogen-bonded R33(12) rings in N-phenyl-4-nitrophthalimide', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o209-o210. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105004245
  • Skakle, JMS, Low, JN, Wardell, JL & Glidewell, C 2005, 'Concomitant polymorphism and a temperature-dependent phase change in (E)-[1-( 4-methoxy-phenyl)3-phenyl-2-propenylideneamino] oxyacetic acid', Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, vol. B61, pp. 321-328. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108768105007421
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2005, 'Contrasting three-dimensional framework structures in the isomeric pair 2-iodo-N-(2-nitrophenyl)benzamide and N-(2-iodophenyl)-2-nitrobenzamide', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. O634-O638. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105030180
  • Versiane, O, Felcman, J, de Miranda, JL, Howie, RA & Skakle, JMS 2005, 'Diaquabis(L-serinato) copper( II) 0.1-hydrate at 120 K', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. 61. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536805035221
  • Milne, BR, Pereira, RP, Rocco, AM, Skakle, JMS, Travis, AJ, Wardell, JL & Wardell, SMSV 2005, 'Experimental and ab-initio structural study of the ketotin compounds, X3SnCR2CH2COMe. Crystal structures of X3SnCMe2CH2COMe (X = Cl and I)', Applied Organometallic Chemistry, vol. 19, pp. 363-371. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/aoc.852
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, J & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Glyoxal 4-nitrophenylhydrazone: triple helices linked into a three-dimensional channel structure', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61, no. 8, pp. o493-o495. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105020834
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Hydrogen bonding in C-substituted nitroanilines:simple C (8) chains in 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-nitroaniline', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o336-o338. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105010085
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS, Low, JN & Glidewell, C 2005, 'Hydrogen-bonded sheets in (E)-2-nitrobenzaidehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone and a hydrogen-bonded framework structure in (E)-4-nitrobenzaldehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. 61. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270104028483
  • Wardell, JL, Skakle, JMS & Glidewell, C 2005, 'Hydrogen-bonded sheets in (E)-2-nitrobenzaldehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone and a hydrogen-bonded framework structure in (E)-4-nitrobenzaldehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o10-o14.
  • Dias, AG, Skakle, JMS, Gibson, IR, Lopes, MA & Santos, JD 2005, 'In situ thermal and structural characterization of bioactive clacium phosphate glass ceramics containing TiO2 and MgO oxides: High temperature - XRD studies', Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 351, pp. 810-817. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2005.01.060
  • Glidewell, C, Skakle, JMS, Wardell, SMSV & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Isomeric N-(iodophenyl)nitrophthalimides: interplay of C-H...O hydrogen bonds, iodo...nitro and iodo...carbonyl interactions, and aromatic p...p stacking', Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, vol. B61, pp. 227-237. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108768105004234
  • Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Sheets of p-stacked centrosymmetric molecules in N,N/-bis(3-nitrobenzylidene)octane-1,8-diamine', Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, vol. E61, pp. o3551-o3553. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536805031065
  • Ferguson, G, Glidewell, C, Low, JN, Skakle, JMS & Wardell, JL 2005, 'Solvent-dependent polymorphism in isomeric N-(nitrobenzylidene)iodoanilines', Acta Crystallographica Section C, Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C61, pp. o445-o449. [Online] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270105016239
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