CRediT – Contributor Roles Taxonomy

Open Research

The University of Aberdeen is committed to open research, ensuring there are no barriers to sharing knowledge.

CRediT – Contributor Roles Taxonomy

What is CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy)

CRediT is a high-level taxonomy, including 14 roles, that can be used to describe each contributor’s specific contribution to a scientific scholarly output.

Since its inception in 2012 CRediT has become increasingly popular and is now used by many academic publishers including Elsevier, Wiley and Springer. It has also been implemented by funders such as Wellcome in their Open Research publishing platform. Work is ongoing by CRediT to consider how the taxonomy can be further developed to support contributions in Humanities and Social Science disciplines.

The Benefits

Using CRediT will improve visibility and recognition of the different contributions of researchers, particularly in multi-authored works – across all aspects of the research being reported (including data curation, statistical analysis, etc.). Improved transparency around contributions to academic research increases the potential for collaboration, improves decision making around awarding of grants and aids assessment of research in line with the principles of DORA, of which the University is a signatory.

CRediT is also supported in ORCID which provides a unique id for individual researchers, helping maintain trustworthy and transparent links to their own research outputs.

How  to implement CRediT

Just begin allocating the terms appropriately to your contributors within research outputs. Advocate that your colleagues, institution and any publications you’re submitting to acknowledge and adopt the taxonomy.

The 14 CRediT Roles


Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.

Data Curation

Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later re-use.

Formal Analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
Funding acquisition Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
Investigation Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
Methodology Development or design of methodology; creation of models.
Project administration Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
Resources Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
Software Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.
Supervision Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
Validation Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
Visualization Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
Writing – original draft Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
Writing – review & editing Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.


For more information please contact the Open Research Team.