Illustration from James Byres's Hypogaei, or sepulchral caverns of Tarquinia the capital of Etruria, 1842

Byres's great work on the Etruscans was published posthumously, more than half a century after he had made his first studies of Etruscan antiquity. This plate illustrates the operation of eighteenth-century archaeology: the guide with a torch leading the virtuosi into the subterranean tomb-chamber.

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