Professor Simon Parson

Professor Simon Parson
Professor Simon Parson

Professor Simon Parson


Regius Chair of Anatomy


Anatomy Rm 324 Suttie Centre Foresterhill University of Aberdeen Aberdeen AB24 3HF


BSc Zoology, University of Durham, 1987 

PhD Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh, 1990

Lecturer in Anatomy, University of Leeds, 1995

Senior Lecturer in Anatomy, University of Edinburgh, 2006

Professor of Anatomy, University of Aberdeen, 2013

Regius Chair of Anatomy, 2018

Memberships and Affiliations

Internal Memberships

All aspects relating to Home Office legislation of anatomical teaching and research

College Teaching and Learning Committee

Division of Medical and Dental Education Executive Committee

Year 1-3 Medical Executive Committees

Medicine Curriculum Steering Group

External Memberships

Elected Councillor, Anatomical Society: 2010-2016

Meetings Officer, Anatomical Society: 2011- 2016

IFAA Programme Secretary: 2018 -


Research Overview

Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Systemic involvement in neurodegeneration, espciall the cardiovascular system

Effects of Hypoxia and ischanemia on the nervous system

Current Research

Spinal muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a childhood form of Motor Neurone Disease. It is caused by a defect in a gene which 1:35 of us carry. When two carriers come together there is a 1:4 chance of producing an affected child. SMA is the second most common genetic cause of infant death, affecting between 1:6-10,000 live births Worldwide. The most severely affected children will never sit unaided and will die before their second birthday. The disease is characterised by a loss of motor neurones and resultant muscle weakness and inability to carry out co-ordinated motor tasks including breathing. The genetic defect is well-characterised and attempts to replace or reduce the severe depletion of the key Survival of Motor Neurone (SMN) protein are ongoing. However, even when protein levels in motor neurones are increased and improvements in motor parameters are reported, survival is not increased. 

There is an increasing appreciation that this is not a classical motor neurone disease, but rather a systemic disease in which motor neurones are either most vulnerable or that defects in them are most clinically relevant. 

Our research has pionered significant pre and early symptomatic defects in the cardiovascular system, where the heart, blood vessels and circulating cells are all defective in SMA. We are now particulary interested to determine how this impacts on SMA disease development and progression. This is particularly relevant in the new post-Nusinersen/ Spinraza treatment landscape, as this soleley targets neuronal defects.

We are currenty exploring the extent to which the non-neuronal pathologies described in animal models are also seen in human post-mortem material and are using cellular models to determine the vulnerabilities of SMA cells to hypoxic environments. These will help us to understand and develop novel combinatorial therapies to treat the entirity of SMA pathology in patients. 


Professor Tom Gillingwater: University of Edinburgh

Dr Tom Wishart: Roslin Institute Edinburgh

Dr Lyndsay Murray: University of Edinburgh

Dr's Francesco Muntoni and Haiyan Zhou: UCL, London

Prof Rashmi Kothary: University of Ottawa, Canada

Prof Charlotte Sumner: John Hopkins University, USA

Funding and Grants

SMA Europe 

Anatomical Society 

Tenovus Scotland


Teaching Responsibilities

All aspects of Anatomy teaching to Medical and Science students


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  • Dysregulation of ubiquitin homeostasis and β-catenin signaling promote spinal muscular atrophy

    Wishart, T. M., Mutsaers, C. A., Riessland, M., Reimer, M. M., Hunter, G., Hannam, M. L., Eaton, S. L., Fuller, H. R., Roche, S. L., Somers, E., Morse, R., Young, P. J., Lamont, D. J., Hammerschmidt, M., Joshi, A., Hohenstein, P., Morris, G. E., Parson, S. H., Skehel, P. A., Becker, T., Robinson, I. M., Becker, C. G., Wirth, B., Gillingwater, T. H.
    The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 1821-1834
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The singular qualities of motor neurones in health and disease

    Parson, S. H.
    Journal of Anatomy, vol. 224, no. 1, pp. 1-2
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Increasing SMN levels using the histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA ameliorates defects in skeletal muscle microvasculature in a mouse model of severe spinal muscular atrophy

    Somers, E., Riessland, M., Schreml, J., Wirth, B., Gillingwater, T. H., Parson, S. H.
    Neuroscience Letters, vol. 544, pp. 100-104
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Severe SMA mice show organ impairment that cannot be rescued by therapy with the HDACi JNJ-26481585

    Schreml, J., Riessland, M., Paterno, M., Garbes, L., Roßbach, K., Ackermann, B., Krämer, J., Somers, E., Parson, S. H., Heller, R., Berkessel, A., Sterner-Kock, A., Wirth, B.
    EJHG : European journal of human genetics : the official journal of the European Society of Human Genetics. , vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 643-652
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Morphological characteristics of motor neurons do not determine their relative susceptibility to degeneration in a mouse model of severe spinal muscular atrophy

    Thomson, S. R., Nahon, J. E., Mutsaers, C. A., Thomson, D., Hamilton, G., Parson, S. H., Gillingwater, T. H.
    PloS ONE, vol. 7, no. 12, e52605
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Density, calibre and ramification of muscle capillaries are altered in a mouse model of severe spinal muscular atrophy

    Somers, E., Stencel, Z., Wishart, T. M., Gillingwater, T. H., Parson, S. H.
    Neuromuscular Disorders, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 435-442
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Development of a supported self-directed learning approach for anatomy education

    Findlater, G. S., Kristmundsdottir, F., Parson, S. H., Gillingwater, T. H.
    Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 114-121
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • Reversible molecular pathology of skeletal muscle in spinal muscular atrophy

    Mutsaers, C. A., Wishart, T. M., Lamont, D. J., Riessland, M., Schreml, J., Comley, L. H., Murray, L. M., Parson, S. H., Lochmueller, H., Wirth, B., Talbot, K., Gillingwater, T. H.
    Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 4334-4344
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • ApoE isoform-specific regulation of regeneration in the peripheral nervous system

    Comley, L. H., Fuller, H. R., Wishart, T. M., Mutsaers, C. A., Thomson, D., Wright, A. K., Ribchester, R. R., Morris, G. E., Parson, S. H., Horsburgh, K., Gillingwater, T. H.
    Human Molecular Genetics, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2406-2421
    Contributions to Journals: Articles
  • The response of neuromuscular junctions to injury is developmentally regulated

    Murray, L. M., Comley, L. H., Gillingwater, T. H., Parson, S. H.
    The FASEB Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1306-1313
    Contributions to Journals: Articles


Contributions to Conferences

Contributions to Journals