Man drawing flow chartBehavioural theories explain why people act as they do and indicate how behaviour might be changed.

The theories we use are based on strong evidence and allow us to describe the factors influencing behaviour, to predict and explain behaviour and ultimately, following experiment, to design interventions to change behaviour, and enhance health outcomes.

The theories we use are relevant to the behaviour of healthy people, members of the public, patients in healthcare settings, people with chronic health conditions, health professionals, and others involved in decisions and policy that affects healthcare.

We use a range of theories to explain behaviour and identify opportunities for behaviour change. These include, but are not limited to, Social Cognition Models, Self-regulation models, Stage theories, Dual-Processing theories, Cognitive theories, Theory of health outcomes, and work stress theories.


Sample publications:

  • Peters, G-JY, de Bruin, M. & Crutzen, R. (2015). 'Everything should be as simple as possible, but no simpler: towards a protocol for accumulating evidence regarding the active content of health behaviour change interventions'. Health Psychology Review, vol 9, no. 1, pp. 1-14.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2013.848409
  • Johnston, M. & Dixon, D. (2014) ‘Developing an integrated biomedical and behavioural theory of functioning and disability: adding models of behaviour to the ICF framework’. Health Psychology Review, vol 8, no. 4, 381-403.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2013.855592
  • Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Johnston, D., Elovainio, M., Hrisos, S., Steen, N., Stamp, E., Francis, JJ., Grimshaw, J.M., Hawthorne, G., Hunter, M. & Eccles, MP. (2014). ‘Environmental and individual correlates of distress: Testing Karasek's Demand-Control model in 99 primary care clinical environments’. British Journal of Health Psychology, vol 19, no. 2, pp. 292-310.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12073
  • Johnston, DW., Jones MC., McCann, SK. & McKee, L. (2013) ‘Stress in nurses: stress-related affect and its determinants examined over the nursing day’. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, vol 45, no. 3, pp. 348-356.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9458-2
  • Johnston, DW. & Johnston, M., (2013). ‘Useful theories should apply to individuals’. British Journal of Health Psychology, vol 18, issue 3, pp. 469-473.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12049
  • Eccles, M,P., Grimshaw, J,M., Maclennan, G., Bonetti, D., Glidewell, E., Pitts, N,B., Steen, N., Thomas, R., Walker, A. & Johnston, M. (2012). ‘Explaining clinical behaviours using multiple theoretical models’. Implementation Science, vol 7, no. 1 ARTICLE NO. 99.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-7-99
  • Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C, Parker, Lawton, R & Walker, A (2005) ‘Making psychological theory useful for implementing evidence based practice: a consensus approach’. Quality in Health Care, 14, 26-33.005.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1136/qshc.2004.011155