Boylan, A-M, Locock, L, Thompson, R,Staniszewka, S. ‘About sixty percent I want to do it’. Health researchers’ attitudes to, and experiences of, patient and public involvement (PPI) : a qualitative interview study. Health Expect 2019.

Bruhn, H, Treweek, S, Duncan, A, Shearer, K, Cameron, S, Campbell, K, Innes, K, McRae, D,Cotton, S. Estimating Site Performance (ESP): can trial managers predict recruitment success at trial sites? Trials 2019;20(1):192.

Cooper, K, Breeman, S, Scott, N, Scotland, G, Clark, J, Hawe, J, Hawthorn, R, Phillips, K, MacLennan, G, Wileman, S, McCormack, K, Hernandez, R, Norrie , J, Bhattacharya, S,HEALTH Study Group. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus endometrial ablation for women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HEALTH): a parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 2019.

Crocker, JC, Pratt-Boyden, K, Hislop, J, Rees, S, Locock, L, Olszowski, S, Chant, A, Treweek, S, Cook, JA, Woolfall, K, Farrar, N, Bostock, J,Bulbulia, R. Patient and public involvement (PPI) in UK surgical trials: a survey and focus groups with stakeholders to identify practices, views, and experiences.Trials 2019;20(119).

Farquharson, B, Abhyankar, P, Smith, K, Dombrowski, S, Treweek, S, Dougall, N, Williams, B,Johnston, M. Reducing delay in patients with acute coronary syndrome and other time-critical conditions: a systematic review to identify the behaviour change techniques associated with effective interventions. Openheart 2019;6:e000975.

Grey, A, Bolland, M, Gamble, GD,Avenell, A. Quality of reports of investigations of research integrity by academic institutions. Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019;4(3).

Hagen, S, McClurg, D, Bugge, C, Hay-Smith, EJC, Dean, SG, Elders, A, Glazener, C, Abdel-Fattah, M, Agur, WI, Booth, J, Guerrero, K, Norrie , J, Kilonzo, M, McPherson, G, McDonald, A, Stratton, S, Sergenson, N, Grant, A,Wilson, L. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of basic versus biofeedback-mediated intensive pelvic floor muscle training for female stress or mixed urinary incontinence: protocol for the OPAL randomised trial. BMJ Open 2019;9(2):e024153.

Locock, L,Boaz, A. Drawing straight lines along blurred boundaries. Qualitative research, patient and public involvement in medical research, coproduction and co-design. Evidence and Policy 2019.

Locock, L, Kirkpatrick, S, Brading, L, Sturmey, G, Cornwell, J, Churchill, N,Robert, G Involving service users in the qualitative analysis of patient narratives to support healthcare quality improvement. Research Involvement and Engagement 2019;5(1).

Skea, Z, Newlands, R,Gillies, K. Exploring non-retention in clinical trials: A meta-ethnographic synthesis of studies reporting participant reasons for drop out. BMJ Open 2019;9(6).

Tickle, M, Ricketts, DNJ, Duncan, A, O'Malley, L, Donaldson, PM, Clarkson, JE, Black, M, Boyers, D, Donaldson, M, Floate, R, Forrest, M, Fraser, A, Glenny, A, Goulao, B, McDonald, A, Ramsay, C, Ross, C, Walsh, T, Worthington, H, Young, L, Bonetti, D, Gouick, J, Mitchell, FE, Macpherson, LE, Lin, YL, Pretty, A,Birch, S. Protocol for a Randomised controlled trial to Evaluate the effectiveness and cost benefit of prescribing high dose FLuoride toothpaste in preventing and treating dEntal Caries in high-risk older adulTs (reflect trial). BMC Oral Health 2019;19:88.



Aceves-Martins, M, Cruickshank, M, Fraser, C,Brazzelli, M. Child food insecurity in the UK: a rapid review. Public Health Res 2018;6(13).

Alonso-Coello, P, Oxman, AD, Moberg, J, Brignardello-Petersen, R, Akl, EA, Davoli, M, Treweek, S, Mustafa, RA, Vandvik, PO, Meerpohl, J, Guyatt, GH, Schunemann, HJ,el, GWG. [GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: a systematic and transparent approach to making well informed healthcare choices. 2: Clinical practice guidelines]. Gac Sanit 2018;32(2):167.e1-67.e10.

Alonso-Coello, P, Schunemann, HJ, Moberg, J, Brignardello-Petersen, R, Akl, EA, Davoli, M, Treweek, S, Mustafa, RA, Rada, G, Rosenbaum, S, Morelli, A, Guyatt, GH, Oxman, AD,el, GWG. [GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: a systematic and transparent approach to making well informed healthcare choices. 1: Introduction]. Gac Sanit 2018;32(2):166.e1-66.e10.

Anderson, AS, Craigie, AM, Gallant, S, McAdam, C, Macaskill, EJ, Mutrie, N, Neilson, AR, O'Carroll, RE, Rauchhaus, P, Sattar, N, Stead, M,Treweek, S. Randomised controlled trial to assess the impact of a lifestyle intervention (ActWELL) in women invited to NHS breast screening. BMJ Open 2018;8(11):e024136.

Baldie, DJ, Guthrie, B, Entwistle, V,Kroll, T. Exploring the impact and use of patients' feedback about their care experiences in general practice settings-a realist synthesis. Fam Pract 2018;35(1):13-21.

Band, M, Sumukadas, D, Struthers, A, Avenell, A, Donnan, P, Kemp, PR, Smith, KT, Hume, C, Hapca, A,Witham, M. Leucine and ACE inhibitors as therapies for sarcopenia (LACE): protocol for a two by two factorial randomised placebo controlled trial. Trials 2018;19:6.


Barwise-Munro, R, Morgan, H,Turner, S. Physician and Parental Decision-Making Prior to Acute Medical Paediatric Admission. Healthcare 2018;6(3):17.

Bolland, M, Avenell, A, Gamble, GD, Buranyi, S,Grey, A. A randomised investigation of journal responses to academic and journalist enquiry about possible scientific misconduct. BMC Res Notes 2018;11:521.

Bolland, M, Avenell, A,Grey, A. Assessment of research waste part 1: an exemplar from examining study design, surrogate and clinical endpoints in studies of calcium intake and vitamin D supplementation. BMC Med Res Methodol 2018;18:103.

Bolland, M, Grey, A,Avenell, A. Assessment of research waste part 2: wrong study populations - an exemplar of baseline vitamin D status of participants in trials of vitamin D supplementation. BMC Med Res Methodol 2018;18:101.

Boylan, A, Locock, L,Machin, L. From waste product to blood, brains and narratives: developing a pluralist sociology of contributions to health research. Sociol Health Illn 2018:|https://doi.org/10.1111/467-9566.12715

Clarkson, JE, Pitts, NB, Bonetti, D, Boyers, D, Braid, H, Elford, R, Fee, PA, Floate, R, Goulao, B, Humphris, G, Needleman, I, Norrie, JDT, Ord, F, van der Pol, M, Ramsay, CR, Ricketts, DNJ, Worthington, HV, Young, L,Collaboration, IT. INTERVAL (investigation of NICE technologies for enabling risk-variable-adjusted-length) dental recalls trial: a multicentre randomised controlled trial investigating the best dental recall interval for optimum, cost-effective maintenance of oral health in dentate adults attending dental primary care. BMC Oral Health 2018;18(1):135.

Constable, L, Cotterill, N, Cooper, D, Glazener, C, Drake, MJ, Forrest, M, Harding, C, Kilonzo, M, MacLennan, G, McCormack, K, McDonald, A, Mundy, A, Norrie, J, Pickard, R, Ramsay, C, Smith, R, Wileman, S,Abrams, P. Male synthetic sling versus artificial urinary sphincter trial for men with urodynamic stress incontinence after prostate surgery (MASTER): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2018;19:131.


Cook, J, Campbell, M, Gillies, K, Skea, Z  'Surgeons' and methodologists' perceptions of utilising an expertise-based randomised controlled trial design. Trials 2018;19:478.


Cook, JA, MacLennan, GS, Palmer, T, Lois, N,Emsley, R. Instrumental variable methods for a binary outcome were used to informatively address noncompliance in a randomized trial in surgery. J Clin Epidemiol 2018;96:126-32.


Cook, JA, Julious, SA, Sones, W, Hampson, LV, Hewitt, C, Berlin, JA, Ashby, D, Emsley, R, Fergusson, DA, Walters, SJ, Wilson, ECF, MacLennan, G, Stallard, N, Rothwell, JC, Bland, M, Brown, L, Ramsay, CR, Cook, A, Armstrong, D, Altman, D,Vale, LD. DELTA 2 guidance on choosing the target difference and undertaking and reporting the sample size calculation for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2018;19(1):606.

Cooper, K, McCormack, K, Breeman, S, Wood, J, Scott, N, Clark, J, Philip, K, Hyde, A, McDonald, A, Forrest, M, Wileman, S, Scotland, G, Norrie , J,Bhattacharya, S. HEALTH: laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy versus second generation endometrial ablation for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2018;19:63.


Dakin, H, Gray, A, MacLennan, G, Morris, R,Murray, D. Partial factorial trials: comparing methods for statistical analysis and economic evaluation. Trials 2018;19(1):442.

Dixon, S, Ali, F, El-Hindi, L, Kelly, B, Locock, L, Otoo-Oyortey, N, Penny, S, Plugge, E,Hinton, L. Female genital mutilation in the UK- where are we, where do we go next?  Involving communities in setting the research agenda. BMC Res Involve Engagem 2018;4:29.

Duley, L, Gillman, A, Duggan, M, Belson, S, Knos, J, McDonald, A, Rawcliffe, C, Simon, J, Sprosen, T, Watson, J,Wood, W. What are the main inefficiencies in trial conduct: a survey of UKCRC registered clinical trials units in the UK. Trials 2018;19:15.


Duncan, E, Cassie, H, Pooley, J, Elouafkaoui, P, Prior, M, Gibb, E, Ramsay, C,Young, L. Areas for improvement in community optometry: flashes and floaters take priority. Journal Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics 2018;38:411-21.


El Feky, A, Gillies, K, Gardner, H, Fraser, C,Treweek, S. A protocol for a systematic review of non-randomised evaluations of strategies to increase participant retention to randomised controlled trials. Syst Rev 2018;7:30.


Emerson, P, Dodds, N, Green, DR,Jansen, JO. Geographical access to critical care services in Scotland. The Journal of the Intensive Care Society 2018;19(1):6-14.


Entwistle, VA, Cribb, A,Owens, J. Why health and social care support for people with long-term conditions should be oriented towards enabling them to live well. Health Care Anal 2018;26(1):48-65

Entwistle, V, Cribb, A, Watt, I, Skea, Z, Owens, J, Morgan, HM,Christmas, S. “The more you know, the more you realise it is really challenging to do”: Tensions and uncertainties in person-centred support for people with long-term conditions. Patient Educ Couns 2018;101(8):1460-67.


Finch, TL, Girling, M, May, CR, Mair, FS, Murray, E, Treweek, S, McColl, E, Steen, IN, Cook, C, Vernazza, CR, Mackintosh, N, Sharma, S, Barbery, G, Steele, J,Rapley, T. Improving the normalization of complex interventions: part 2 - validation of the NoMAD instrument for assessing implementation work based on normalization process theory (NPT). BMC Med Res Methodol 2018;18(1):135.


Gillies, K, Bower, P, Elliott, J, MacLennan, G, Newlands, R, Ogden, M, Treweek, S, Wells, M, Witham, M, Young, B,Francis, J. Systematic Techniques to Enhance rEtention in Randomised controlled trials: the STEER study protocol. Trials 2018;19:197.


Gillies, K, Duthie, A,Campbell, MK. Patient reported measure of informed consent for clinical trials: a systematic review. PLoS One 2018;13(6): e0199775.


Goldstein, CE, Weijer, C, Brehaut, J, Campbell, MK, Fergusson, D, Grimshaw, J, Hemming, K, Horn, AR, Taljaard, M. Accommodating Quality and Service Improvement Research Within Existing Ethical Principles. Trials 2018;19(1):334.

Goulao, B, MacLennan, G,Ramsay, C. The split-plot design was useful for evaluating complex, multilevel interventions, but there is need for improvement in its design and report. J Clin Epidemiol 2018;96:120-25.

Goulao, B, Stewart, F, Ford, JA, MacLennan, G,Avenell, A. Cancer and vitamin D supplementation: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 2018;107(4):652-63


Healy, P, Galvin, S, Treweek, S, Whiting, C, Maeso, B, Bray, C, Brocklehurst, P, Clarke, M, Douiri, A, Gamble, C, Gardner, H, Mitchell, D, Stewart, D, Jordan, J, O'Donnell, M, Clarke, M, Pavitt, S, Woodford, G, Blatch Jones, A, Smith, V, Devane, D. Identifying trial recruitment uncertainties using a James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership – the PRioRiTy (Prioritising Recruitment in Randomised Trials) study. Trials 2018;19:147.


Hemming, K, Taljaard, M, McKenzie, JE, Hooper, R, Copas, A, Thompson, JA, Dixon-Woods, M, Aldcroft, A, Doussau, A, Grayling, M, Kristunas, C, Goldstein, CE, Campbell, MK, Girling, A, Eldridge, S, Campbell, MJ, Lilford, RJ, Weijer, C, Forbes, AB,Grimshaw, JM. Reporting of stepped wedge cluster randomised trials: Extension of the CONSORT 2010 statement with explanation and elaboration. BMJ 2018;363:k1614.


Hinton, L, Locock, L, Long, A,Knight, M. What can make things better for parents when babies need abdominal surgery in their first year of life? A qualitative interview study in the United Kingdom. BMJ Open 2018;8(6):e020921.


Hirst, A, Philippou, Y, McCulloch, P, Blazeby, JM, Campbell, B, Campbell, MK, Feinberg, J, Rovers, M, Blencowe, N, Pennell, C, Quinn, T, Rogers, W, Cook, J, Kolias, A, Agha, R, Dahm, P,Sedrakyan, A. No surgical innovation without evaluation: Evolution and further development of the IDEAL Framework and Recommendations. Ann Surg 2018;269(2):211-20.


Inch, J, Avenell, A, Aucott, L,Watson, MC. A mixed-methods evaluation of community pharmacy referral to a commercial weight loss provider. Public Health Nutr 2018;21(12):2311-9.


Innes, K, Cotton, S, Campbell, MK, Elliot, J,Gillies, K. Relative importance of informational items in participant information leaflets for trials: a Q-methodology approach. BMJ Open 2018;8(9):09 April 2018.

Kearney, A, Harman, NL, Rosala-Hallas, A, Beecher, C, Blazeby, JM, Bower, P, Clarke, M, Cragg, W, Dune, S, Gardner, H, Healy, P, Maguire, L, Mills, N, Rooshenas, L, Rowlands, C, Treweek, S, Vellinga, A, Williamson, PR,Gamble, C. Development of an online resource for recruitment research in clinical trials to organise and map current literature. Clin Trials 2018:.

Kilonzo, M, Brown, S, Bruhn, H, Cook, J, Hudson, J, Norrie , J, Watson, A,Wood, J. Cost Effectiveness of Stapled Haemorrhoidopexy and Traditional Excisional Surgery for the Treatment of Haemorrhoidal Disease. PharmacoEconomics Open 2018;2(3):271-80.

King, A, Fernie, G, Azuara-Blanco, A, Burr, J, Garaway-Heath, D, Sparrow, J, Vale, L, Hudson, J, MacLennan, G, McDonald, A, Barton, K,Norrie , J. Treatment of Advanced Glaucoma Study: a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing primary medical treatment with primary trabeculectomy for people with newly diagnosed advanced glaucoma—study protocol. Br J Ophthalmol 2018: 102(7);922-8.


Kwakkenbos, L, Juszczak, E, Hemkens, LG, Sampson, M, Frobert, O, Relton, C, Gale, C, Zwarenstein, M, Langan, SM, Moher, D, Boutron, I, Ravaud, P, Campbell, MK, Mc Cord, KA, van Staa, TP, Thabane, L, Uher, R, Verkooijen, HM, Benchimol, EI, Erlinge, D, Sauve, M, Torgerson, D,Thombs, BD. Protocol for the development of a CONSORT extension for RCTs using cohorts and routinely collected health data. Res Integr Peer Rev 2018;3:9.


McClinton, S, Cameron, S, Starr, K, Thomas, R, MacLennan, G, McDonald, A, Lam, T, N'Dow, J, Kilonzo, M, Pickard, R, Anson, K, Keeley, F, Burgess, N, Clark, CT, MacLennan, S, Norrie, J,Group, TS. TISU: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, as first treatment option, compared with direct progression to ureteroscopic treatment, for ureteric stones: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2018;19(1):286.


McClurg, D, Harris, F, Goodman, K, Doran, S, Hagen, S, Treweek, S, Norton, C, Coggrave, M, Norrie, J, Rauchhaus, P, Donnan, P, Emmanuel, A, Manoukian, S,Mason, H. Abdominal massage plus advice, compared with advice only, for neurogenic bowel dysfunction in MS: a RCT. Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England) 2018;22(58):1-134.


McCord, K, Salman, R, Treweek, S, Gardner, H, Strech, D, Whitely, S, Ioannidis, J,Hemkens, L. Routinely collected data for randomized trials: promises, barriers, and implications. Trials 2018;19:29.


McLennan, AK, Shimonovich, M, Ulijaszek, SJ,Wilson, M. The problem with relying on dietary surveys: sociocultural correctives to theories of dietary change in the Pacific islands. Ann Hum Biol 2018;45(3):272-84.

Miles, L, Elbourne, D, Farmer, A, Gulliford, M, Locock, L, McCambridge, J, Sutton, S,French, D. Bias due to MEasurement Reactions In Trials to improve health (MERIT): Protocol for research to develop MRC guidance. Trials 2018;19(1):653.

Morrison, AP, Pyle, M, Gumley, A, Schwannauer, M, Turkington, D, MacLennan, G, Norrie, J, Hudson, J, Bowe, SE, French, P, Byrne, R, Syrett, S, Dudley, R, McLeod, HJ, Griffiths, H, Barnes, TRE, Davies, L, Kingdon, D,group, Ft. Cognitive behavioural therapy in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia (FOCUS): an assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet. Psychiatry 2018;5(8):633-43.

Newlands, RS, Power, A, Young, L,Watson, M. Quality improvement of community pharmacy services: a prioritisation exercise. Int J Pharm Pract 2018;26(1):39-48.

Norman, J, Norrie , J, Maclennan, G, Cooper, D, Whyte, S, Cunningham-Burghley, S, Smith, JBE, Shennan, A, Robson, SC, Thornton, S, Kilby, M, Marlow, N, Stock, S, Bennett, PR,Denton, J. Open randomised trial of the (Arabin) pessary to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancy with health economics and acceptability: STOPPIT-2-a study protocol. BMJ Open 2018;8(12):e026430.

Norman, JE, Marlow, N, Messow, CM, Shennan, A, Bennett, PR, Thornton, S, Robson, SC, McConnachie, A, Petrou, S, Sebire, NJ, Lavender, T, Whyte, S,Norrie, J. Does progesterone prophylaxis to prevent preterm labour improve outcome? A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial (OPPTIMUM). Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England) 2018;22(35):1-304.

Okkersen, K, Jimenez-Moreno, C, Wenninger, S, Daidj, F, Glennon, J, Cumming, S, Littleford, R, Monckton, D, Lochmuller, H, Catt, M, Faber, C, Hapca, A, Donnan., P, Gorman, G, Bassez, G, Schoser, B, Knoop, H, Treweek, S, van Engelen, B,OPTIMISTIC Consortium. Cognitive behavioural therapy with optional graded exercise therapy in patients with severe fatigue with myotonic dystrophy type 1: a multicentre, single-blind, randomised trial. Lancet Neurol 2018:17(8);671-80


Parker, A, Knapp, P, Treweek, S, Madhurasinghe, V, Littleford, R, Gallant, S, Sullivan, F, Schembri, S, Rick, J, Graffy, J, Collier, DJ, Eldridge, S, Kennedy, A,Bower, P. The effect of optimised patient information materials on recruitment in a lung cancer screening trial: an embedded randomised recruitment trial. Trials 2018;19:503.


Pickles, K, Carter, SM, Rychetnik, L, McCaffery, K,Entwistle, VA. Primary goals, information-giving and men's understanding: a qualitative study of Australian and UK doctors' varied communication about PSA screening. BMJ Open 2018;8(1):e018009.

Pickles, K, Eassey, D, Reddel, H, Locock, L, Kirkpatrick, S,Smith, L. This illness diminishes me. What it does is like theft: A qualitative meta-synthesis of people's experiences of living with asthma. Health Expect 2018;21(1):23-40.

Ramsay, C, Clarkson, JE, Duncan, A, Lamont, T, Heasman, L, Boyers, D, Goulao, B, Bonetti, D, Bruce, R, Gouick, J, Heasman, L, McDonald, A, McLaren-Neil, F, Mitchell, FE, Norrie , J, van der Pol, M, Steele, JG, Sharp, A, Watt, G, Worthington, HV,Young, L. Improving the Quality of Dentistry (IQuaD): A cluster factorial randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and cost benefit of oral hygiene advice and/or periodontal instrumentation to routine care for the prevention and management of periodontal disease in dentate adults attending dental primary care. Health Technol Assess 2018;22:38.


Rapley, T, Girling, M, Mair, FS, Murray, E, Treweek, S, McColl, E, Steen, IN, May, CR,Finch, TL. Improving the normalization of complex interventions: part 1 - development of the NoMAD instrument for assessing implementation work based on normalization process theory (NPT). BMC Med Res Methodol 2018;18(1):133.


Scotland, G, Cruickshank, M, Jacobsen, E, Cooper, D, Fraser, C, Shimonovich, M, Marks, A,Brazzelli, M. Multiple frequency bioimpedance devices for fluid management in people with chronic kidney disease having dialysis: A systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2018;22(1).


Sones, W, Julious, SA, Rothwell, JC, Ramsay, CR, Hampson, LV, Emsley, R, Walters, SJ, Hewitt, C, Bland, M, Fergusson, DA, Berlin, JA, Altman, D, Vale, LD,Cook, JA. Choosing the target difference and undertaking and reporting the sample size calculation for a randomised controlled trial - the development of the DELTA2 guidance. Trials [Electronic Resource] 2018;19(1):542.


Stepney, M, Kirkpatrick, S, Locock, L, Prinjha, S,Ryan, S. A licence to drive? Neurological illness, loss and disruption. Sociol Health Illn 2018;40(7):1186-99.


Stevens, R, Evans, J, Oke, J, Smart, B, Hobbs, R, Holloway, E, Judd, M, Locock, L, McLellan, J,Perera, R. Kidney age, not kidney disease. CMAJ 2018;190(13):E389-E93.


Taljaard, M, Weijer, C, Grimshaw, JM, Ali, A, Brehaut, JC, Campbell, MK, Carroll, K, Edwards, S, Eldridge, S, Forrest, CB, Giraudeau, B, Goldstein, CE, Graham, ID, Hemming, K, Hey, SP, Horn, AR, Jairath, V, Klassen, TP, London, AJ, Marlin, S, Marshall, JC, McIntyre, L, McKenzie, JE, Nicholls, SG, Alison Paprica, P, Zwarenstein, M,Fergusson, DA. Developing a framework for the ethical design and conduct of pragmatic trials in healthcare: a mixed methods research protocol. Trials [Electronic Resource] 2018;19(1):525.

Treweek, S,Littleford, R. Trial management– building the evidence base for decision-making. Trials 2018;19:11.

Treweek, S, Bevan, S, Bower, P, Campbell, M, Christie, J, Clarke, M, Collet, C, Cotton, S, Devane, D, Feky, A, Flemyng, E, Galvin, S, Gardner, H, Gillies, K, Jansen, JO, Littleford, R, Parker, P, Ramsay, R, Restrup, L, Sullivan, F, Torgerson, D, Tremain, L, Westmore, M,Williamson, P. Trial Forge Guidance 1: What is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)? Trial 2018;19:139.


Virgilli, G, Michelessi, M, Cook, J, Boachie, C, Burr, J, Banister, K, Garaway-Heath, D, Bourne, R, Asorey, A, Ramsay, C, Azuara-Blanco, A. Diagnostic accuracy of Optical Coherence Tomography for diagnosing glaucoma: secondary analyses of the GATE study. Br J Ophthalmol 2018:102(5);604-10.


Watson, MC,Skea, Z. "Jugglers and tightrope walkers”: The challenge of delivering quality community pharmacy services. PLoS One 2018;13(7):e0200610.



Published Ahead of Print


Eassey, D, Reddel, H, Foster, J, Kirkpatrick, S, Locock, L,Smith, L. "I’ve said I wish I was dead, you’d be better off without me”: A systematic review of people’s experiences of living with severe asthma. J Asthma 2018:https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2018.1452034


Keenan, KF, Finnie, RM, Simpson, WG, McKee, L, Dean, J,Miedzybrodzka, Z. Parents’ views of genetic testing and treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia in children: a qualitative study. Journal of Community Genetics 2018. 10.1007/s12687-018-0373-5


Abdel-Fattah, M, MacLennan, G, Kilonzo, M, Assasa, P, McCormack, K, Davidson, T, McDonald, A, n'Dow, J, Wardle, J,Norrie , J. The SIMS trial: adjustable anchored single-incision mini-slings versus standard tension-free midurethral slings in the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. A study protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open 2017;7(8):e015111.


Atkins, J, Francis, J, Islam, R, O'Connor, D, Patey, A, Ivers, N, Foy, R, Duncan, EM, Colquhoun, H, Grimshaw, J, Lawton, R,Michie, S. A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems. Implementation Science 2017;12:77.


Bandholm, T, Christensen, R, Thorborg, K, Treweek, S,Henriksen, M. Preparing for what the reporting checklists will not tell you: the PREPARE Trial guide for planning clinical research to avoid research waste. Br J Sports Med 2017;51(20):1494-501.


Best, D, Avenell, A,Bhattacharya, S. How effective are weight-loss interventions for improving fertility in women and men who are overweight or obese? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence. Hum Reprod Update 2017;23(6):681-705.


Best, D, Avenell, A, Bhattacharya, S,Stadler, G. New debate: is it time for infertility weight-loss programmes to be couple-based? Hum Reprod 2017:32(12):2359-2365.


Bolland, M,Avenell, A. Do vitamin D supplements help prevent respiratory tract infections? BMJ 2017;356:j456 doi: 10.1136/bmj.j456.


Brown, RH. 'Social Values and the Corruption Argument Against Financial Incentives for Healthy Behaviour’ J Med Ethics 2017;43(3): 140-44.


Burton, C, Entwistle, V, Elliot, A, Krucien, N, Porteous, T,Ryan, M. The value of different aspects of person-centred care: a series of discrete choice experiments in people with long-term conditions. BMJOpen 2017;7(4):e015689.


Campbell, MK. Do doctors have a duty to take part in pragmatic randomised trials? BMJ 2017;357.j2817.


Carr, A, Cooper, CD, Campbell, M, Rees, J, Moser, J, Beard, D, Fitzpatrick, R, Gray, A, Dawson, J, Murphy, J, Bruhn, H, Cooper, D,Ramsay, C. Effectiveness of open and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (UKUFF): a randomized controlled trial. J Bone Joint Surg 2017;99-B(1):107-15.


Carstairs, SA, Marais, D, Craig, L, Kiezebrink, K. Factors influencing mothers' decisions on whether to provide seafood during early years’ feeding: A qualitative study. Appetite 2017;108(1):277-87.


Denison, FC, Norrie , J, Lawton, K, Norman, JE, Scotland, G, McPherson, G, McDonald, A, Forrest, M, Hudson, J, Peace, M, Clarksson, C, Brook-Smith, S, Morrow, S, Hallowell, N, Hodges, L,Carruthers, KF. A pragmatic group sequential placebo controlled randomised trial to determine the effectiveness of glyceryl  trinitrate for retained placenta (GOT-IT): a study protocol. BMJ Open 2017;7(9):e017134.


Entwistle , V, Cribb, A,Owens, J. Why health and social care support should be oriented  towards enabling people to live well with long-term conditions. Health Care Anal 2017:26:48-65.


Farquharson, B, Johnston, M, Smith, K, Williams, B, Treweek, S, Dombrowski, SU, Dougall, N, Abhyankar, P,Grindle, M. Reducing patient delay in Acute Coronary Syndrome (RAPiD): research protocol for a web-based randomized controlled trial examining the effect of a behaviour change intervention. J Adv Nurs 2017;73(5):1220-34.


Forbes, G, Loudon , K, Treweek, S, Taylor, SJ,Eldridge, S. Understanding the applicability of results from primary care trials: lessons learned from applying PRECIS-2. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;90:119-26


Gillies, K, Bower, P, Elliot, J, MacLennan, G, Newlands, R, Ogden, M, Treweek, S, Wells, M, Witham, D, Young, B,Francis, J. Systematic Techniques to Enhance Retention in Randomised Controlled Trials: The STEER Study Protocol. Trials 2017;19:197.


Glazener, C, Breeman, S, Elders, A, Hemming, C, Cooper, K, Freeman, RF, Smith, A, Reid, F, Hagen, S, Montgomery, I, Kilonzo, M, Boyers, D, McDonald, A, McPherson, G, MacLennan, G,Norrie, J. Mesh, graft or standard repair for women having primary anterior or posterior 1 prolapse surgery? Two randomised controlled trials (the PROSPECT Study). Lancet 2017;389(10067):381-92.


Goulao, B, Maclennan, G,Ramsay, C. The split-plot design was useful for evaluating complex, multi-level interventions but there is need for improvement in its design and report. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;96(4):120-125..


Grey, A, Avenell, A, Dalbeth, N, Stewart, F,Bolland, M. Reporting of conflicts of interest in oral presentations at medical conferences: a delegate-based prospective observational study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e017019. .


Guthrie, B, Thompson, A, Dumbreck, S, Flynn, A, Alderson, P, Nairn, M, Treweek, S,Payne, K. Better guidelines for better care: accounting for multimorbidity in clinical guidelines – structured examination of exemplar guidelines and health economic modelling Health Services Delivery & Research 2017;5(16)


Hultcrantz, M, Rind, D, Akl, A, Treweek, S, Mustafa, R, Iorio, A, Alper, B, Meerpohl, J, Murad, H, Ansari, M, Katikreddi, V, Ostlund, P,Transeus, S. The GRADE Working Group clarifies the construct of certainty of evidence. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;87:4-13.


Hutchison, K, Rogers, W,Entwistle, VA. Addressing deficits and injustices: the potential epistemic contributions of patients to research. Health Care Anal 2017;25(4):386-403.


Javanbakht, M, Azuara-Blanco, A, Burr, J, Ramsay, C, Cooper, D, Cochran, C, Norrie , J, Scotland, G.  Early lens extraction with intraocular lens implantation for the treatment of primary angle closure glaucoma: an economic evaluation based on data from the EAGLE trial. BMJOpen 2017;7(1):e013254.


Kennedy, A, Torgerson, D, Campbell, MK,Grant, A. Subversion of allocation concealment in a randomised controlled trial: a historical case study. Trials 2017;18:204.


Kilonzo, M, Brown, S, Bruhn, H, Cook, J, Hudson, J, Watson, A, Wood, J. Cost Effectiveness of Stapled Haemorrhoidopexy and Traditional Excisional Surgery for the Treatment of Haemorrhoidal Disease. PharmacoEconomics Open 2017(25 August 2017).


Laidsaar-Powell, R, Butow, PN, Charles, C, Gafu, A, Entwistle, V, Epstein, R. The TRIO Framework: Conceptual insights into family caregiver involvement and influence throughout cancer treatment decision-making. Patient Educ Couns 2017:100(11):2035-46.


Lefebvre, C, Glanville, J, Beale, S, Boachie, C, Duffy, S, Fraser, C, Harbour, J, McCool, R,Smith, L. Assessment of methodological search filter performance to improve efficiency of evidence information retrieval: systematic reviews and qualitative study. Health Technol Assess 2017;21:69.


Lenguerrand, E, Winter, C, Innes, K, Maclennan, G, Siassakos, D, Lynch, P, Cameron, AE, Crofts, A, McDonald, A, McCormack, K, Forrest, M, Norrie , J, Bhattacharya, S,Draycott, T. THISTLE: Trial of Hands-on Interprofessional Simulation Training for Local Emergencies: a research protocol for a stepped-wedge clustered randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017;17:294.


Loudon , K, Zwarenstein, M, Sullivan, F, Donnan, P, Gagyor, I, Hobbelen, H, Alhabe, F, Krishnan, JA,Treweek, S. The PRECIS - 2 tool has good inter - rater reliability and reasonable discriminant validity.  J Clin Epidemiol 2017;88:113-21.


Ma, C,Avenell, A. Effects of weight loss interventions for adults who are obese on mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2017;359:j4849 doi: 10.1136/bmj.j4849.


MacLennan, S, Williamson, PR, Bekema, HJ, Campbell, M, Ramsay, C, N'Dow, J, Vale, L, Dahm, P, Mottet, N, Lam, T,COMPACTORS Study Group. A core outcome set for localised prostate cancer effectiveness trials. BJU Int 2017;120(5B):E64-E79.


McCleary, N, Francis, JJ, Campbell, MK, Ramsay, CR, Eccles, M, Treweek, S,Allan, J. "Better" clinical decisions do not necessarily require more time to make. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;82:173-4.


McClurg, D, Goodman, K, Hagen, S, Harris, F, Treweek, S, Emmanual, A, Norton, C, Coggrave, M, Doran, S, Norrie , J, Donnan, P, Mason, H,Manoukian, S. Abdominal massage for neurogenic bowel dysfunction in people with multiple sclerosis (AMBER — Abdominal Massage for Bowel Dysfunction Effectiveness Research): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2017;18:150.


Morgan, HM, Entwistle , V, Cribb, A, Christmas, S, Owens, J, Skea, Z,Watt, IS. We need to talk about purpose: a critical interpretive synthesis of health and social care professionals’ approaches to self-management support for people with long-term conditions. Health Expect 2017:20(2): 243-59.

Newlands, RS, Power, A, Young, L,Watson, MC. Quality improvement of community pharmacy services: A national prioritisation exercise. Int J Pharm Pract 2017:26(1);39-48.


Owens, J, Entwistle , V, Cribb, A, Skea, Z, Christmas, S, Morgan, HM,Watt, I. “Was that a success or not a success?”: a qualitative study of health professionals’ perspectives on support for people with long-term conditions. BMC Fam Pract



Pickles, D,Entwistle, V. Primary goals, information-giving and men’s understanding: a qualitative study of Australian and UK doctors’ varied communication about PSA screening. BMJ Open 2017;8:e018009.


Polus, P, Pieper, D, Burns, J, Fretheim, A, Ramsay, C, Higgins, J, Mathes, T, Pfadenhauer, LM,Rehfuess, EA. Heterogeneity in application, design, and analysis characteristics was found for controlled before-after and interrupted time series studies included in Cochrane reviews. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;91:56-59.


Power, B, Kiezebrink, K, Allan, J,Campbell, M. Understanding perceived determinants of nurses’ eating and physical activity behaviour: a theory-informed qualitative interview study BMC Obesity 2017;4:18.


Rashid, MS, Cooper, C, Cook, J, Cooper, D, Dakin, SG, Snelling, S,Carr, AJ. Increasing age and tear size reduce rotator cuff repair healing rate at 1 year. Acta Orthop 2017;2017(88):6.


Robertson, C, Avenell, A, Stewart, F, Archibald, D, Douglas, F, Hoddinott, P, van Teijlingen, E,Boyers, D. Clinical effectiveness of weight loss and weight maintenance interventions for men: a systematic review of men-only randomised controlled trials (The ROMEO project). American Journal of Men's Health 2017;11(4):1096-1123


Rogers, W, Craig, W,Entwistle, V. Ethical issues raised by thyroid cancer overdiagnosis: a matter for public health?  Bioethics 2017;31(8):590-98.


Scotland, G,Bryan, S. Why do health economists promote technology adoption rather than the search for efficiency? A proposal for a change in our approach to economic evaluation in health care. Med Decis Making 2017;37(2):139-47.


Shalhoub, J, Norrie , J, Baker, C, Bradbury, CW, Dhillkn, K, Everington, T, Gohel, MS, Hamady, Z, Heatley, F, Hudson, J, Hunt, BJ, Stephens, A, Warwick, D,Davies, AN. Graduated Compression Stockings as an Adjunct to Low Dose Low Molecular Weight Heparin in Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in Surgery: A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2017;53(6):880-85.


Skea, Z, Treweek, S,K, G. “It’s trying to manage the work”: A qualitative evaluation of recruitment processes within a UK multi-centre trial. BMJ Open 2017;7(8): e016475.


Sullivan, FM, Farmer, E, Mair, FS, Treweek, S, Kendrick, D, Jackson, C, Robertson, C, Briggs, A, McCowan, C, Bedford, L,Young, B. Detection in blood of autoantibodies to tumour antigens as a case-finding method in lung cancer using the EarlyCDT®-Lung Test (ECLS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Cancer 2017;17:187.


Sylvester, R, Canfield, SJ, Lam, T, Marconi, L, MacLennan, S, Yuan, Y, MacLennan, G, Norrie , J, Omar, MI, Bruins, HM, Hernandez, V, Plass, K, Poppel, HV,n'Dow, J. Conflict of Evidence: Resolving Discrepancies When Findings from Randomized Controlled Trials and Meta-analyses Disagree. Eur Urol 2017;71(5):811-19.


Tan, A, Goodman, K, Walker, A, Hudson, J, MacLennan, GS, Selby, PL, Fraser, WD, Ralston, SH. Long term randomised trial of Intensive versus Symptomatic Management in Paget’s Disease of Bone: The PRISM-EZ study. J Bone Miner Res 2017;32(6):1165-1173


Tully, S, Wells, A, Pyle, M, Hudson, J, Gumley, A, Kingdon, D, Schwannauer, M,Trukington, T. Measuring common responses to psychosis: Assessing the psychometric properties of a new measure. Schizophr Res 2017;181:131-36.


van de Glind, I, Bunn, C, Gray, C, Hunt, K, Andersen, E, Jelsma, J, Morgan, HM, Pereira, O,Roberts, G. The intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: a mixed method protocol for evaluation. Trials 2017;18:356.


Watson, AJ, Cook, J, Hudson, J, Kilonzo, M, Wood, J, Bruhn, H, Brown, S, Buckley, B, Curran, F, Jayne, D, Loudon, M, Rajagopal, R, McDonald, A,Norrie, J. A pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing stapled haemorrhoidopexy with traditional excisional surgery for haemorrhoidal disease: the eTHoS study. Health Technol Assess 2017;21(70):70.


Wells, M, Aitchison, PE, Harris, F, Ozakinci, G, Radley, A, Bauld, L, Entwistle, V, Munro, A, Haw, S, Culbard, W,Williams, B. Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in a cancer context: A qualitative study of patient, family and professional views. BMC Cancer 2017;17:348.


Wieland, L, Berman, B, Altman, D, Barth, J, Bouter, L, D'Adamo, C, Linde, K, Moher, D, Mullins, CD, Treweek, S, Tunis, S, van der Windt, D, Zwarenstein, M,Witt, C. Rating of Included Trials on the Efficacy-Effectiveness Spectrum (RITES): development of a new tool for systematic reviews. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;85:95-104


Zwarenstein, M, Treweek, S,Loudon, K. PRECIS-2 helps researchers design more applicable RCTs while CONSORT Extension for Pragmatic Trials helps knowledge users decide whether to apply them. J Clin Epidemiol 2017;84:27-29.



Alonso-Cuello, P, Schunemann, HJ, Moberg, J, Brignardello-Petersen, R, Akl, A, Davoli, M, Treweek, S, Mustafa, MS, Rada, G, Rosenbaum, P, Morelli, A,Oxman, A. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: a systematic and transparent approach to making well informed healthcare choices. 1: Introduction. BMJ 2016;353:i2016.


Alonso-Cuello, P, Oxman, A, Moberg, J, Brignardello-Petersen, R, Akl, A, Davoli, M, Treweek, S, Mustafa, MS, Vandik, O, Meerpohl, J, Guyatt, G,Schunemann, HJ. GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: a systematic and transparent approach to making well informed healthcare choices. 2: Clinical practice guidelines. BMJ 2016;353:i2089.


Aucott, L, Philip, S, Avenell, A, Sattar, N,Wild, S. Patterns of weight change after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in Scotland and their relationship with glycaemic control, mortality and cardiovascular outcomes: a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010836.


Azuara-Blanco, A, Banister, K, Boachie, C, McMeekin, P, Gray, J, Burr, J, Bourne, R, Garway-Heath, D, Batterbury, M, Hernandez, R, McPherson, G, Ramsay, C, R.,Cook, JA. Automated imaging technologies for the diagnosis of glaucoma: a comparative diagnostic study for the evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy, performance as triage tests and cost-effectiveness (GATE study). Health Technol Assess 2016;20:8.


Azuara-Blanco, A, Burr, J, Ramsay, CR, Cooper, D, Foster, P, Friedman, D, Scotland, G, Javanbakht, M, Cochran, C,Norrie, J. The effectiveness of early lens extraction for the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma: a randomized controlled trial (EAGLE) Lancet 2016;388:1389-97


Banister, K, Boachie, C, Bourne, R, Cook, JA, Burr, J, Ramsay, C, R., Garway-Heath, D, Gray, J, McKeekin, P, Hernandez, R,Azuara-Blanco, A. Can automated imaging with HRT for disc and GDx-ECC and Spectralis OCT for retinal nerve fiber layer analysis aid glaucoma detection? Ophthalmology 2016;123(5):930-8.


Black, M, Gillies, K, Entwistle, V,Bhattacharya, S. Vaginal birth after caesarean section: why is uptake so low? Insights from a meta-ethnographic synthesis of women’s accounts of their birth choices. BMJ Open 2016;6(1):e008881.


Bolland, M, Avenell, A, Gamble, GD,Grey, A. Systematic review and statistical analysis of the integrity of 33 randomized controlled trials. Neurology 2016;87(23):2391-402.


Bolland, M, Avenell, A,Grey, A. Should adults take vitamin D supplements to prevent disease? BMJ 2016;355:i6201


Brown, RCH, Rogers, W, Entwistle, V,Bhattacharya, S. Reframing the Debate Around State Responses to Subfertility. Public Health Ethics 2016:9(3):290-300


Carstairs, SA, Kiezebrink, K, Marais, D,Craig, LCA. Seafood inclusion in commercial main meal early years food products. Maternal and Child Nutrition 2016;12(4):860-868


Carstairs, SA, Marais, D, Craig, L, Bora, O,Kiezebrink, K. A comparison of commercial prepared infant feeding meals to home-cooked recipes. Arch Dis Child



Cook, JA, Beard, D, Cook, JR,Maclennan, GS. The curious case of an internal pilot in a multicentre randomised trial-time for a rethink?  Pilot Feasibility Studies 2016;13(2):73.


Cotton, S, Maclennan, G, Brittenden, J, Prior, M,Francis, J. Behavioural recovery after treatment for varicose veins. Br J Surg 2016;103(4):374-81.


Crossland, N, Thomson , G, Morgan, HM, Maclennan, G, Campbell, M, Dykes, F,Hoddinott, P. Breast pumps as an incentive for breastfeeding: a mixed methods study of acceptability. Matern Child Nutr 2016:12(4):726-739.


Cruickshank, M, Henderson, L, Maclennan, G, Fraser, C, Campbell, M, Blackwood, B, Gordon, A,Brazzelli, M. Alpha-2 agonists for sedation of mechanically ventilated adults in intensive care units: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess 2016;20(25).


Deveraux, G, Steele, S, Griffiths, K, Devlin, E, Fraser-Pitt, D, Cotton, S, Norrie , J, Chrystyn, H,O'Neil, D. An Open-Label Investigation of the Pharmacokinetics and Tolerability of Oral Cysteamine in Adults with Cystic Fibrosis. Clin Drug Investig 2016;36(8):605-12.


Elouafkaoui, P, Young, L, Newlands, R, Duncan, EM, Elders, A, Clarkson, JE,Ramsay, CR. An audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing in general dental practice: The RAPiD cluster randomised controlled trial. PLoS Med 2016;13(8):e1002115. doi:10.1371/journal. pmed.15.


Fearns, N, Kelly, J, Callaghan, M, Graham, K, Loudon , K, Harbour, R, Santesso, N, McFarlane, E, Thornton, J,Treweek, S. What do patients and the public know about clinical practice guidelines and what do they want from them?  A qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res 2016;16:74.


Fielding, S, Ogbuagu, A, Sivasubramaniam, S, Maclennan, G,Ramsay, C.  Reporting and dealing with missing quality of life data in RCTs: has the picture changed in the last decade?. . Qual Life Res 2016;25(12):2977-83.


Fingleton, N, Watson, MC, Duncan, EM,Matheson, C. Non-prescription medicine misuse, abuse and dependence: a cross-sectional survey of the UK general population. Journal of Public Health 2016:38(4):722-30


Frich, JC, Rae, D, Roxburgh, C, Miedzybrodzka, Z, Edmondson, M, Pope, EJ, Goodman, L,Haddad, MS. Health care delivery practices in Huntington’s Disease specialty clinics: An international survey. Journal of Huntington's Disease 2016;5:207-13.


Gardner, H, Fraser, C, MacLennan, G, Treweek, S. A protocol for a systematic review of non-randomised evaluations of strategies to improve participant recruitment to randomised controlled trials. Systematic Reviews 2016;5:131.


Glazener, C, Constable, L, Hemming, C, Breeman, S, Elders, A, Cooper, K, Freeman, RF, Smith, A, Hagen, S, McDonald, A, McPherson, G, Montgomery, I, Kilonzo, M, Boyers, D, Goulao, B, Norrie, J. Two parallel, pragmatic, UK multicentre, randomised controlled trials comparing surgical options for upper compartment (vault or uterine) pelvic organ prolapse (the VUE Study): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial Trials 2016;17:441.


Glazener, C, Breeman, S, Elders, A, Hemming, C, Cooper, K, Freeman, R, Smith, A, Hagen, S, Montgomery, I, Kilonzo, M, Boyer, M, McDonald, A, McPherson, G, Maclennan, G,Norrie , J. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of surgical options for the management of anterior and/or posterior vaginal wall prolapse: two randomised controlled trials within a comprehensive cohort study - results from the PROSPECT Study. Health Technol Assess 2016;20(95).


Glazener, C, Breeman, S, Elders, A, Hemming, C, Cooper, K, Freeman, RF, Smith, A, Reid, F, Hagen, S, Montgomery, I, Kilonzo, M, Boyers, D, McDonald, A, McPherson, G, MacLennan, G,Norrie, J. Mesh, graft or standard repair for women having primary anterior or posterior 1 prolapse surgery? Two randomised controlled trials (the PROSPECT Study). Lancet 2016;389(10067):381-92.


Guthrie, B, Kavanagh, K, Robertson, C, Barnett, K, Treweek, S, Petrie, DJ, Ritchie, L,Bennie, M. Data feedback and behavioural change intervention to improve primary care prescribing safety (EFIPPS): multicentre, three arm, cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2016;354:i4079.


Hernandez, R, Burr, J, Vale, L, Azuara-Blanco, A, Cook, JA, Banister, K, Tuulonen, A, Ryan, M,Surveillance of Ocular Hypertension Study Group. Monitoring ocular hypertension, how much and how often? A cost-effectiveness perspective. Br J Ophthalmol 2016:100(9):1263-8.


Hubbard, G, O'Carroll, R, Munro, J, Mutrie, N, Haw, S, Mason, H,Treweek, S. The feasibility and acceptability of trial procedures for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of a structured physical activity intervention for people diagnosed with colorectal cancer: findings from a pilot trial of cardiac rehabilitation versus usual care (no rehabilitation) with an embedded qualitative study

Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2016;2:51.


Ismail, R, Azuara-Blanco, A,Ramsay, C.  Consensus on Outcome Measures for Glaucoma Effectiveness Trials: Results From a Delphi and Nominal Group Technique Approaches. J Glaucoma 2016;25(6):539-46.


Lau, R, Stevenson, F, Ong, BN, Dziedzic, K, Treweek, S, Eldridge, S, Everitt, H, Kennedy, A, Quereshi, S, Rogers, A, Peacock, R,Murray, E. Achieving Change in Primary Care - Causes of the Evidence to Practice Gap: Systematic Reviews of Reviews. Implementation Science 2016;11:40.


Madurasinghe, VW, Eldridge, S, MRC START Group,[Shuan Trweek]. Guidelines for reporting embedded recruitment trials. Trials 2016;17(27).


MacArthur C, Wilson D, Herbison P, Lancashire RJ, Hagen S, Toozs-Hobson P, Dean N, Glazener CM. Urinary incontinence persisting after childbirth: extent, delivery history and effects in a 12 year longitudinal cohort study. BJOG 2016;123(6):1022-9.


Malloy-Weir, L, Charles, CA, Gafni, A,Entwistle, VA. A Review of Health Literacy:   Definitions, interpretations, and implications for policy initiatives

J Public Health Policy 2016;37(3):334-52.


Morgan, HM, Thomson, G, Crossland, N, Dykes, F,Hoddinott, P. Combining PPI with qualitative research to engage 'harder-to-reach' populations: service user groups as co-applicants on a platform study for a trial. BMC Research Involvement and Engagement 2016;2:7.


Morgan, HM. “Pushed” self-tracking using digital technologies for chronic health condition management: a critical interpretive synthesis. Digital Health 2016:DOI: 10.1177/2055207616678498, Nov 2016.


Murphy, J, Gray, A, Cooper, C, Cooper, D, Ramsay, C,Carr, A. Costs, quality of life and cost-effectiveness of open and arthroscopic repair for rotator cuff tears: economic evaluation alongside the UKUFF trial. Bone and Joint Journal 2016;98-B(12):1648-55.


Murray, J, Williams, B, Hoskins, G, Skar, S, McGhee, J, Treweek, S, Sniehotta, F, Sheikh, A, Brown, G, Hagen, S, Cameron, L, Jones, C,Gauld, D. A theory-informed approach to developing visually mediated interventions to change behaviour using an asthma and physical activity intervention exemplar. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2016;2:46.


 Newlands, R, Duncan, E, Prior, M, Elouafkaoui, P, Elders, A, Young, L, Clarkson, JE,Ramsay, C. Barriers and facilitators of evidence based management of patients with bacterial infections among general dental practitioners: a theory informed interview study    Implementation Science 2016;11:11.


Pickles, K, Carter, S, Rychetnick, L, McCaffery, K,Entwistle , V. General Practitioners' Experiences of, and Responses to, Uncertainty in Prostate Cancer Screening: Insights from a Qualitative Study. PLoS One 2016:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153299


Pickles, K, Carter, S, Rychetnick, L,Entwistle, V. Doctors’ perspectives on PSA testing illuminate key differences in prostate cancer screening rates between Australia and the United Kingdom: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2016;6:e011932.


Pyle, M, Norrie , J, Schwannauer, M, Kingdon, D, Gumley, A, Turkington, D, Byrne, E, Syrett, S, MacLennan, G, Dudley, R, McLeod, H,Griffiths, H. Design and protocol for the Focusing on Clozapine Unresponsive Symptoms (FOCUS) trial: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry 2016;16:289.


Santesso, N, Carrasco-Labra, A, Langendam, M, Mustafa, MS, Heus, P, Lasserson, T, Opiyo, N, Kunnamo, I, Sinclair, D, Garner, P, Treweek, S, Tovey, D, Tugwell, P, Brozek, JL, Guyatt, G,Schunemann, HJ. Improving GRADE Evidence Tables part 3: detailed guidance for explanatory footnotes supports creating and understanding GRADE certainty in the evidence judgements. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2016;74(6):28-39.


Santesso, N, Morgano, G, Jack, S, Haynes, R, Hill, S, Treweek, S,Schunemann, HJ. Dissemination of clinical practice guidelines: A content analysis of patient versions. Med Decis Making 2016;36(8):672-702.


Simmonds, R, Evans, J, Feder, G, Blakeman, T, Lasserson, D, Murray, E, Locock, L,Horwood, J. Understanding tensions and identifying clinician agreement on improvements to early-stage chronic kidney disease monitoring in primary care: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2016;6(3):e010337.


Sterne, J, Hernan, M, Reeves, B, Savovic, J, Berkman, N, Viswanath, AK, Henry, DA, Altman, D, Ansari, M, Boutron, I, Carpenter, JR, Chan, AW, Churchill, R, Deeks, J, Juni, P, Loke, YK, Pigott, TD, Ramsay, CR, Regidor, D, Rothstein, HR, Sandhu, L, Santaguida, PL, Schunemann, HJ, Shea, B, Shrier, I, Tugwell, P, Turner, L, Valentine, JC, Waddington, H, Waters, E, Wells, GA, Whiting, P,Higgins, J. ROBINS-I: a tool for assessing risk of bias in non-randomized studies of interventions. Br Med J 2016;355:i4919


Stewart, F, Avenell, A. Behavioural Interventions for Severe Obesity Before and/or After Bariatric Surgery: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obes Surg 2016;26(6):1203-14.


Templeton, A, Young, L, Bish, A, Grich, W, Cassie, H, Treweek, S, Bonetti, D, Stirling, D, MacPherson, L, McCann, S, Clarkson, JE,Ramsay, C, R. Patient-, organization-, and system-level barriers and facilitators to preventive oral health care: a convergent mixed-methods study in primary dental care. Implementation Science 2016;11(5).


Treweek, S, Francis, JJ, Bonetti, D, Barnet, K, Eccles, MP, Jines, C, Pitts, N, I.W., R, Sullivan, F, Weal, M,Maclennan, G. A primary care Web-based Intervention Modeling Experiment replicated behavior changes seen in earlier paper-based experiment. J Clin Epidemiol 2016;80:116-22.


van Nassau, F, van der Ploeg, HP, Abrahamsen, F, Andersen, E, Anderson, AS, Bosmans, JE, Bunn, C, Chalmers, M, Clissmann, C, Gill, JM, Gray, CM, Hunt, K, Jelsma, JG, La Guardia, JG, Lemyre, PN, Loudon, DW, Macaulay, L, Maxwell, DJ, McConnachie, A, Martin, A, Mourselas, N, Mutrie, N, Nijhuis-van der Sanden, R, O'Brien, K, Pereira, HV, Philpott, M, Roberts, GC, Rooksby, J, Rost, M, Roynesdal, O, Sattar, N, Silva, MN, Sorensen, M, Teixeira, PJ, Treweek, S, van Achterberg, T, van de Glind, I, van Mechelen, W,Wyke, S. Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT): a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs. BMC Public Health 2016;16:598.


Watson, A, Hudson, J, Wood, J, Kilonzo, M, Brown, S, McDonald, A, Norrie , J, Bruhn, H,Cook, JA. Comparison of stapled haemorrhoidopexy with traditional excisional surgery for haemorrhoidal disease (eTHoS): a pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2016;388(10058):2375-2385.


Webster, F, Weijer, C, Todd, L, Grimshaw, J, Marshall, AP, Cook, D, MacLennan, G, Cutherbertson, B,Francis, J. The ethics of future trials: qualitative analysis of physicians' decision-making. Trials 2016;17:12.


Wilson, B, Islam, R, Francis, J, Grimshaw, J, Permaul, J, Allanson, J,Ramsay, C. Supporting genetics in primary care: investigating how theory can inform professional education. Eur J Hum Genet 2016:24(11);1541-1546



Abrams, P,Shearer, K. The MASTER trial: artificial urinary sphincter versus male sling. Trends in Urology & Men's Health 2015;6(2):37-38.


Archibald, D, Douglas, F, Hoddinott, P, van Teijlingen, E, Stewart, F, Robertson, C, Boyers, D, Avenell, A. A Qualitative Evidence Synthesis on the Management of Male Obesity. BMJ Open 2015;5(10):e008372


Birks Y, Entwistle VA, Harrison R, Bosanquet K, Watt IS, Iedema R. Challenges to being open about unanticipated events in healthcare: ambiguity, uncertainty and tension. J Health Serv Res Policy 2015;20(S1):54-60.


Blencowe, N, Brown, JM, Cook, JA, Metcalfe, C, Morton, DG, Nicholl, J, Sharples, LD, Treweek, S,Blazeby, JM. Interventions in randomised controlled trials in surgery: issues to consider during trial design. Trials 2015;16:392.


Boyers, D, Avenell, A, Stewart, F, Robertson, C, Archibald, D, Douglas, F, Hoddinott, P, van Teijlingen, E. A systematic review of the cost-effectiveness of non-surgical obesity interventions in men. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice 2015;9:310-27.


Brazzelli M, Cruickshank M, Kilonzo M, Ahmed I, Stewart F, McNamee P, Elders A, Fraser C, Avenell A, Ramsay C. Systematic review of the clinical and cost effectiveness of cholecystectomy versus observation/conservative management for uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones or cholecystitis. Surg Endosc 2015;29(3):637-647.


Brazzelli, M, Cruickshank, M, Tassie, E, McNamee, P, Robertson, C, Elders, A, Fraser, C, Hernandez, R, Lawrie, D,Ramsay, C, R. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum for the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture: systematic review and economic evaluation Health Technol Assess 2015;19(90).


Breeman S, Cotton S, Fielding S, Jones GT. Normative data for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Qual Life Res 2015;24(2):391-398.


Brittenden J, Cotton S, Elders A, Tassie E, Scotland G, Ramsay CR, Norrie J, Burr J, Francis JJ, Wileman S, Campbell B, Bachoo P, Chetter I, Gough M, Earnshaw J, Lees T, Scott J, Baker SA, MacLennan GS, Prior M, Bolsover D, Campbell M. Clinical and cost-effectiveness of foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation and surgery for varicose veins: results from the CLASS trial. Health Technol Assess 2015;19:27.


Carr, AJ, Cooper, CD, Campbell, MK, Rees, JL, Moser, J, Beard, DJ, Fitzpatrick, R, Gray, A, Dawson, J, Murphy, J, Bruhn, H, Cooper, D,Ramsay, C. The clinical and cost-effectiveness of arthroscopic versus open surgical repair for tears of the rotator cuff (UKUFF trial). Health Technol Assess 2015;19:80.


Carter, S, Entwistle, VA, Little, M. Relational conceptions of paternalism: a way to rebut nanny state accusations and evaluate public heath interventions. Public Health 2015;129:1021-29.


Cook, JA, Elders, A, Boachie, C, Bassigna, T, Fraser, C, Altman, D,Boutron, I. A systematic review of the use of an expertise-based randomised controlled trial design Trials 2015;16:241.


Crossland N, Thomson G, Morgan H, Dombrowski S, Hoddinott P. Incentives for breastfeeding and for smoking cessation in pregnancy: An exploration of types and meanings. Soc Sci Med 2015;128:10-17.


Deveraux, G, Cotton, S, Barnes, P, Briggs, A, Burns, G, Chaudhuri, R, Chrystyn, H, Davies, L, DeSoyza, A, Fielding, S, Gompertz, S, McCormack, K, McPherson, G, Morice, A, Norrie , J, Sullivan, A, Wilson, A,Price, D. Use of low-dose oral theophylline as an adjunct to inhaled corticosteroids in preventing exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2015;16:267.


Dumbreck S, Flynn A, Nairn M, Wilson M, Treweek S, Mercer SW, Alderson P, Thompson A, Payne K, Guthrie B. Drug-disease and drug-drug interactions: systematic examination of recommendations in 12 UK national clinical guidelines. BMJ 2015;350:h949.


Forrest Keenan K, McKee L, Miedzybrodzka Z. Help or hindrance: young people's experiences of predictive testing for Huntington's disease. Clin Genet 2015;87(6):563-9.


Gillies, K, Entwistle, VA, Treweek, S, Fraser, C, Williamson, P,Campbell, MK. EvaLuation of Interventions for informed Consent for randomIsed controlled Trials (ELICIT): protocol for a systematic review of the literature and identification of a core outcome set using a Delphi survey. Trials 2015;16(484).


Hoddinott, P, Thomson, G, Morgan, HM, Crossland, N, MacLennan, G, Dykes, F, Stewart, F, Bauld, L,Campbell, MK. Perspectives on financial incentives to health service providers for increasing breastfeeding and smoking quit rates during pregnancy: a mixed methods study BMJ Open 2015;5(11):e008492.


Hubbard, G, Campbell, A, Davies, Z, Munro, J, Ireland, V, Leaslie, S, Watston, A,Treweek, S. Experiences of recruiting to a pilot trial of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with bowel cancer (CRIB) with an embedded process evaluation: lessons learned to umproved recruitment. Pilot & Feasibility Studies 2015;1:15.


Jansen, JO, Morrison, JJ, Wang, H, He, S, Lawrenson, R, Hutchison, JD,Campbell, MK. Access to specialist care: Optimizing the geographic configuration of trauma systems. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 2015;79(5):756-65.


Kazimierczak KA, Skea ZC. 'I've used the word cancer but it's actually good news': discursive performativity of cancer and the identity of urological cancer services. Sociology of Health & Illness 2015;37(3):340-354.


Kristiansen A, Brandt L, Alonso-Cuello P, Agoritsas T, Conboy A, Elbarbary M, Ferwana M, Medani W, Rigau D, Rosenbaum S, Spencer AF, Treweek S, Guyatt G, Vandvik PO. Development of a Novel, Multilayered Presentation Format for Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest 2015;147(3):754-763.


Lau, R, Stevenson, F, Ong, BN, Dziedzic, K, Treweek, S, Eldridge, S, Everitt, H, Kennedy, A, Qureshi, AM, Rogers, A, Peacock, R, Murray, E. Achieving change in primary care—effectiveness of strategies for improving implementation of complex interventions: systematic review of reviews. BMJ Open 2015;5:e009993.


Liira, H, Saarelma, O, Callaghan, M, Harbour, R, Jousimaa, J, Loudon, K, McFarlane, E,Treweek, S. Patients, health information and guidelines: a focus group study. Scand J Prim Health Care 2015;33(3):212-19.


Loudon, K, Treweek, S, Sullivan, P, Thorpe, K,Zwarenstein, M. The PRECIS-2 tool: Designing trials that are fit for purpose. BMJ 2015;350:h2147.


Malloy-Weir L, Charles C, Gafni A, Entwistle VA. Empirical relationships between health literacy and treatment decision-making: a scoping review of the literature.  Patient Educ Couns 2015;98(3):296-309.


Martin, G, Ozieranski, P, McKee, L, Charles, K, Minion, J, Willars, J,Dixon-Woods, M. Walkarounds in practice: Corrupting or enhancing a quality improvement intervention'. Joint Commission Journal on Quality & Patient Safety 2015;40(7):303-10.


Martin, GP, McKee, L,Dixon-Woods, M. Beyond metrics? Utilizing ‘soft intelligence’ for healthcare quality and safety. Social Science & Medicine. 2015;142:19-26.


McNamara, HC, Woor, R, Chalmers, J, Marlow, N, Norrie , J, Maclennan, G, McPherson, G, Boachie, C,Norman, JE. STOPPIT Baby Follow-Up Study: The effect of Prophylactic Progesterone in Twin Pregnancy on Childhood Outcome. PLoS One 2015;10(4):e0122341.


Moran VH, Morgan HM, Rothnie K, MacLennan G, Stewart F, Thomson G, Crossland N, Tappin D, Campbell MK, Hoddinott P. Incentives to Promote Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics 2015;135(3):e678-e702.


Morgan, HM, Hoddinott, P, Thomson, G, Crossland, N, Farrar, S, Yi, D, Hislop, J, Hall Moran, V, MacLennan, G, Dombrowski, S, Rothnie, K, Stewart, F, Bauld, L, Ludbrook, A, Dykes, F, Sniehotta, F, Tappin, D,Campbell, M. Benefits of incentives for breastfeeding and smoking cessation in pregnancy (BIBS): a mixed methods study to inform trial design. Health Technol Assess 2015;19(30).


Norrie J. Mortality prediction in ICU: a methodological advance. Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2015;3(1):5-6.


Pai, M, Iorio, A, Meerpohl, J, Taruscio, D, laricchiuta, P, Mincarcone, P, Morciano, C, Leo, C, Sabina, S, Akl, A, Treweek, S, Djulbegocis, B,Schunemann, HJ. Developing methodology for the creation of clinical practice guidelines for rare diseases: A report from RARE-Bestpractices. Rare Diseases 2015;3(1):e1058463.


Pickard, R, K, S, MacLennan, G, Lam, T, Burr, J, McPherson, G, McDonald, A, Anson, K, N'Dow, J, Burgess, N, Kilonzo, M, Gillies, K, Shearer, K, Boachie, C, Cameron, S, Norrie, J,McClinton, S. Medical expulsive therapy in adults with ureteric colic: a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2015;386(9991):341-249.


Pickard, R, Starr, K, MacLennan, G, Kilonzo, M, Lam, T, Thomas, R, Burr, J, Norrie, J, McPherson, G, McDonald, A, Shearer, K, Gillies, K, Anson, K, Boachie, C, N'Dow, J, Burgess, N, Clark, T, Cameron, S,McClinton, S. Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults: a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis of a calcium channel blocker (nifedipine) and an alpha-blocker (tamsulosin) (the SUSPEND trial). Health Technol Assess 2015;19(63).


Ramsay, CR, Adewuyi, T, Gray, J, Hislop, J, Shirley, MDF, Jayakody, K, MacLennan, GS, Fraser, C, MacLennan, SJ, Brazzelli, M, N'Dow, J, Pickard, R, Robertson, C, Rothnie, K, Rushton, SP, Vale, LD,Lam, T. Ablative therapy for localised prostate cancer: systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2015;19(49).


Robertson, C, Avenell, A, Boachie, C, Stewart, F, Archibald, D, Douglas, F, Hoddinott, P, van Teijlingen, E,Boyers, D. Should weight loss and maintenance programmes be designed differently for men? A systematic review of long-term randomised controlled trials presenting data for men and women: The ROMEO Project. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice 2015;10(1):70-84.


Ryan M, Yi D, Avenell A, Douglas F, Aucott L, van Teijlingen E, Vale LD. Gaining pounds by losing pounds: preferences for lifestyles to reduce obesity. Health Economics, Policy and Law 2015;10(2):161-82.


SCARLESS Trial Group, [Ahmed I], [Cook JA], [Duncan A], [Krukowski ZH], [Malik M], [MacLennan G], [McCormack K]. Single port/incision laparoscopic surgery compared with standard 3 port laparoscopic surgery for appendicectomy - A randomised controlled trial. Surg Endosc 2015;29(1):77-85.


Sharma, P, Scotland, G, Cruickshank, M, Tassie, E, Fraser, C, Burton, C, Croal, B, Ramsay, C,Brazzelli, M. Point-of-care tests (CoaguChek system, INRatio2 PT/INR monitor and ProTime Microcoagulation system) for the self-monitoring of the coagulation status of people receiving long-term vitamin K antagonist therapy compared with standard UK practice. Health Technol Assess 2015;19(48)


Sharma, P, Scotland, G, Cruickshank, M, Tassie, E, Fraser, C, Burton, C, Croal, B, Ramsay, C,Brazzelli, M. Is self-monitoring an effective option for people receiving long-term vitamin K antagonist therapy? A systematic review and economic evaluation. BMJ Open 2015;5(6):e007758


Sharma, P, Boyers, D, Scott, N, Hernandez, R, Fraser, C, Cruikshank, M, Ahmed, I, Ramsay, C, R.,Brazzelli, M. The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of open mesh repairs in adults presenting with a clinically diagnosed primary unilateral inguinal hernia who are operated in an elective setting: systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2015;19(92).


Starr, K, McPherson, G, Forrest, M,Cotton, S. SMS text pre-notification and delivery of reminder e-mails to increase response rates to postal questionnaires in the SUSPEND trial: a factorial design, randomised controlled trial. Trials 2015;16:295.


Stephenson, R, Carnell, S, Johnson, N, Brown, R, Wilkinson, J, Munday, A, Payne, S, Watkin, N, N'Dow, J, Sinclair, D, Rees, R, Barclay, S, Cook, J, Goulao, B, MacLennan, G, McPherson, G, Jackson, M, Rapley, T, Shen, J, Vale, L, Norrie , J, McColl, E,Pickard, R. Open urethroplasty versus endoscopic urethrotomy - clarifying the management of men with recurrent urethral stricture (the OPEN trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2015;16:600.


Tandogdu, Z, Vale, L, Fraser, C,Ramsay, C. A Systematic Review of Economic Evaluations of the Use of Robotic Assisted Laparoscopy in Surgery Compared with Open or Laparoscopic Surgery. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 2015;13:457-67.


Treweek, S, Altman, D, Bower, P, Campbell, M, Chalmers, I, Cotton, S, Craig, P, Crosby, D, Davidson, P, Loudon , K, McDonald, A, Norrie, J,Ramsay, C, R. Making randomised trials more efficient: report of the first meeting to discuss the Trial Forge platform. Trials 2015;16:261.


Van Engelen, B, OPTIMISTIC Consortium [S Treweek]. Cognitive behaviour therapy plus aerobic exercise training to increase activity in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) compared to usual care (OPTIMISTIC). Trials 2015;16:224


Vitry, A, Nguyen, T, Roughead, E,Entwistle, V. Regulatory withdrawal of medicines marketed with uncertain benefits - the bevacizumab case study. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice 2015;8(25)


Witham, M, Band, M, Littleford, R, Avenell, A, Soiza, RL, McMurdo, MET, Sumukadas, D, Ogston, S, Lamb, E,Hampson, G. Does oral sodium bicarbonate therapy improve function and quality of life in older patients with chronic kidney disease and low-grade acidosis (the BiCARB trial)? Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2015;16:326.


Wyke, S, Hunter, K, Gray, CM, Fenwick, E, Bunn, C, Donnan, PT, Rauchhaus, P, Mutrie, N, Anderson, AS, Boyer, M,Brady, AT, S. Football fans in training (FFIT): a randomised controlled trial of a gender-sensitised weight loss and healthy living programme for men. Public Health Research 2015;3(2).


Anderson, AS, Macleod, N, Mutrie, N, Sugden, J, Dobson, H, Treweek, S, O'Carroll, R, Thomson, A, Kirk, A, Brennan, G,Wyke, S. Breast cancer risk reduction - is it feasible to initiate a randomised control trial of a lifestyle intervention programme (ActWell) within a national breast screening programme? International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition & Physical Activity 2014;11:156.


Anderson AS, Craigie AM, Caswell S, Treweek S, Stead M, Macleod M, Daly F, Belch J, Rodger J, Kirk A, Ludbrook A, Rauchhaus P, Norwood P, Thompson J, Wardle J, Steele RJ. The impact of a bodyweight and physical activity intervention (BeWEL) initiated through a national colorectal cancer screening programme: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2014;348:g4823.


Baker R, Willars J, McNicol S, Dixon-Woods M, McKee L. Primary care quality and safety systems in the English National Health Service: a case study of a new type of primary care provider. J Health Serv Res Policy 2014;19(1):34-41.


Barnett K, Bennie M, Treweek S, Robertson C, Petrie DJ, Ritchie LD, Guthrie B. Effective Feedback to Improve Primary Care Prescribing Safety (EFIPPS) a pragmatic three-arm cluster randomised trial: designing the intervention (NCT01602705). Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2014;9:133.


Beale S, Duffy S, Glanville J, Lefebvre C, Wright D, McCool R, Varley D, Boachie C, Fraser C, Harbour J, Smith.L. Choosing and using methodological search filters: searchers' views. Health Information & Libraries Journal 2014;31(2):133-147.


Birks Y, Fairhurst C, Bloor K, Campbell MK, Baird W, Torgerson D. Use of the h-index to measure the quality of the output of health services researchers. J Health Serv Res Policy 2014;19(2):102-109.


Birks Y, Harrison R, Bosanquet K, Hall J, Harden M, Entwistle J, Watt I, Walsh P, Ronald S, Roberts D, Adamson J, Wright J, Iedema R. An exploration of the implementation of open disclosure of adverse events in the UK: a scoping review and qualitative exploration. Health Services and Delivery Research 2014;2:20.


Bower P, Brueton V, Treweek S, Tudur Smith C, Young B, Williamson P. Interventions to improve recruitment and retention in clinical trials: a survey and workshop to assess current practice and future priorities. Trials 2014;15:399.


Brazzelli M, Cruickshank M, Kilonzo M, Ahmed I, Stewart F, McNamee P, Elders A, Fraser C, Avenell A, Ramsay C. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cholecystectomy compared with observation/conservative management for preventing recurrent symptoms and complications in adults presenting with uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones or cholecystitis: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2014;18:55.


Brittenden J, Cotton SC, Elders A, Ramsay CR, Norrie J, Burr J, Campbell B, Bachoo P, Chetter I, Gough M, Earnshaw J, Lees T, Scott J, Baker SA, Francis J, Tassie E, Scotland G, Wileman S, Campbell MK. A randomized trial comparing treatments for varicose veins. N Engl J Med 2014;371(13):1218-1227.


Burr JM, Hernandez R, Ramsay CR, Prior M, Campbell SE, Azuara-Blanco A, Campbell MK, Francis JJ, Vale L. Is it worthwhile to conduct a randomised controlled trial of glaucoma screening in the United Kingdom?  J Health Serv Res Policy 2014;19(1):42-51.


Canter RR, Harvey S, Harrison DA, Campbell MK, Rowan K, Cuthbertson BH, SuDDICU Investigators. Survey and observational analysis of current use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in UK critical care units. Br J Anaesth 2014;113(4):610-617.


Carr A, Rees J, Ramsay C, Fitzpatrick R, Gray A, Moser J, Dawson J, Bruhn H, Beard D, Campbell MK. Protocol for the United Kingdom Rotator Cuff Study (UKUFF): a randomised controlled trial of open and arthroscopic surgical repair rotator cuff repair. Bone and Joint Research 2014;3(5):155-160.


Cook JA, Hislop J, Adewuyi T, Harrild K, Altman DG, Ramsay CR, Fraser C, Buckley B, Fayers P, Briggs A, Harvey I, Norrie JD, Fergusson DA, Ford I, Vale L. Assessing methods to specify the target difference for a randomised controlled trial: DELTA (Difference ELicitation in TriAls) review. Health Technol Assess 2014;18:28.


Cook JA, Hislop J, Altman DG, Briggs A, Fayers PM, Norrie JD, Ramsay CR, Harvey I, Vale LD. Use of methods for specifying the target difference in randomised controlled trial sample size calculations: Two surveys of trialists' practice. Clin Trials 2014;11(3):300-308.


Craig WL, Ramsay CR, Fielding S, Krukowski Z. A cross-specialty survey to assess the application of risk stratified surgery for differentiated thyroid cancer in the UK. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2014;96(6):466-474.


Dombrowski S, Knittle K, Avenell A, Araujo-Soares V, Sniehotta F. Long term maintenance of weight loss with non-surgical interventions in obese adults: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2014;348:g2646.


Dixon-Woods M, Baker R, Charles K, Dawson J, Jerzembek G, Martin G, McCarthy I, McKee L, Minion J, Ozieranski P, Willars J, Wilkie P, West M. Culture and behaviour in the English National Health Service: overview of lessons from a large multimethod study. BMJ Quality & Safety 2014;23(2):106-115.


Dixon-Woods M, Minion J, McKee L, Willars J, Martin G. The friends and family test: a qualitative study of concerns that influence the willingness of English National Health Service staff to recommend their organisation. J R Soc Med 2014;107(8):318-325.


Duncan EM, Cuthbertson B, Prior ME, Marshall AP, Wells EC, Todd LE, Bolsover D, Newlands RS, Webster F, Rose L, Campbell MK, Bellingan G, Seppelt I, Francis JJ. The views of health care professionals about Selective Decontamination of the Digestive tract: an international, theoretically-informed interview study. J Crit Care 2014;29(4):634-640.


Entwistle VA, Brown RCH, Morgan HM, Skea ZC. Involving patients in their care. Current Breast Cancer Reports 2014;6(3):211-218.


Farquharson B, Dombrowski S, Pollack A, Johnston M, Treweek S, Williams B, Smith K, Dougall N, Jones C, Pringle S. Reducing patient delay with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome: a research protocol for a systematic review of previous interventions to investigate which behaviour change techniques are associated with effective interventions. Open Heart 2014;1: e000079 doi:10.1136/openhrt-2014-000079


Forbes L, Ramirez AJ, Expert group on Information about Breast Screening, [Entwistle VA]. Offering informed choice about breast screening. J Med Screen 2014;21(4):194-200.


Ford J, MacLennan GS, Avenell A, Bolland M, Grey A, Witham M, RECORD Trial Group. Cardiovascular disease and vitamin D supplementation; trial analysis, systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;100(3):746-755.


Francis JJ, Duncan EM, Prior ME, MacLennan GS, Dombrowski SU, Bellingan G, Campbell MK, Eccles MP, Rose L, Rowan KM, Shulman R, Wilson APR, Cuthbertson BH. Selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critically ill patients treated in Intensive Care Units: a mixed-methods feasibility study (the SuDDICU study). Health Technol Assess 2014;18:25.


Francis JJ, Duncan EM, Prior ME, MacLennan G, Marshall AP, Wells EC, Todd L, Rose L, Campbell M, Webster F, Eccles MP, Bellingan G, Seppelt I, Grimshaw JM, Cuthbertson BH, SuDDICU study groups. Comparison of four methods for assessing the importance of attitudinal beliefs: an international Delphi study in intensive care settings. Br J Health Psychol 2014;19(2):274-291.


Gillies K, Elwyn G, Cook J. Making a decision about trial participation: the feasibility of measuring deliberation during the informed consent process for clinical trials. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2014;15:307.


Gillies K, Huang K, Skea Z, Brehaut J, Cotton S. Patient information leaflets (PILs) for UK randomised controlled trials: a feasibility study exploring whether they contain information to support decision making about trial participation. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2014;15:62.


Gillies K, Skea Z, Campbell M. Decision aids for randomised controlled trials: a qualitative exploration of stakeholders' views. BMJ Open 2014;4(8):e005734.


Glazener C, MacArthur C, Hagen S, Elders A, Lancashire R, Herbison P, Wilson D, ProLong Study Group. Twelve-year follow-up of conservative management of postnatal urinary and faecal incontinence and prolapse outcomes: randomised controlled trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2014;121(1):112-119.


Gould NJ, Lorencatto F, Stanworth SJ, Michie S, Prior M, Glidewell L, Grimshaw J, Francis JJ. Application of theory to enhance audit and feedback interventions to increase the uptake of evidence-based transfusion practice: An intervention development protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2014;9:92.


Hagen S, Stark D, Glazener C, Dickson S, Barry S, Elders A, Frawley H, Galea MP, Logan J, McDonald A, McPherson G, Moore KH, Norrie J, Walker A, Wilson D. Individualised pelvic floor muscle training in women with pelvic organ prolapse: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2014;383(9919):796-806.


Harbour J, Fraser C, Lefebvre C, Glanville J, Beale S, Boachie C, Duffy S, McCool R, Smith L. Reporting methodological search filter performance comparisons: a literature review. Health Information & Libraries Journal 2014;31:176-194.


Hernandez RA, Jenkinson D, Vale L, Cuthbertson B, PRaCTICaL Trial Group. Economic evaluation of nurse led, intensive care follow-up programmes compared with standard care: the PRaCTICaL Trial. Eur J Health Econ 2014;15(3):243-252.


Hislop J, Adewuyi T, Vale L, Harrild K, Fraser C, Gurung T, Altman DG, Briggs A, Fayers P, Ramsay C, Norrie JD, Harvey I, Buckley B, Cook JA. Methods for specifying the target difference in a randomised controlled trial: the Difference ELicitation in TriAls (DELTA) systematic review. PLOS Medicine 2014;11(5):e1001645.


Hoddinott P, Morgan HM, MacLennan GS, Sewel K, Thomson G, Bauld L, Yi D, Ludbrook A, Campbell MK. Public acceptability of financial incentives for smoking cessation in pregnancy and breastfeeding. BMJ Open 2014;4:e005524.


Hunt K, Wyke S, Gray C, Anderson A, Brady A, Bunn C, Donnan P, Fenwick E, Grieve.E., Leishman J, Mutrie NRP, White A, Treweek S. A gender-sensitised weight loss and healthy living programme for overweight and obese men delivered by Scottish Premier League football clubs (FFIT): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2014;383(9924):1211-1221.


Ismail R, Azuara-Blanco A, Ramsay C. Variation of clinical outcomes used in glaucoma randomised controlled trials: a systematic review. Br J Ophthalmol 2014;98(4):464-468.


Jansen JO, Campbell M, on behalf of the GEOS Investigators. The GEOS study: Designing a geospatially optimised trauma system for Scotland. The Surgeon 2014;12(2):61-63.


Jansen JO, Morrison JJ, Wang H, Lawrenson R, Egan G, He S, Campbell MK. Optimizing Trauma System Design: The GEOS (Geospatial Evaluation of Systems of Trauma Care) Approach. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 2014;76(4):1035-1040.


Lau R, Stevenson F, Ong BN, Dziedzic K, Eldridge S, Everitt H, Kennedy A, Konotopantelis E, Little P, Quereshi S, Rogers A, Treweek S, Peacock R, Murray E. Addressing the evidence to practice gap for complex interventions in primary care: a systematic review of reviews protocol. BMJ Open 2014;4:e005548.


Loudon K, Santesso N, Callaghan M, Thornton J, Harbour J, Graham K, Harbour R, Kunnamo I, Liira H, McFarlane E, Ritchie K, Treweek S. Patient and public attitudes to and awareness of clinical practice guidelines: a systematic review and thematic analysis. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2014;14:321.


MacLennan G, McDonald A, McPherson G, Treweek S, Avenell A. Advance telephone calls ahead of reminder questionnaires increase response rate in non-responders compared to questionnaire reminders only: The RECORD Phone Trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2014;15:13..


McCleary N, ., Ramsay CR, Francis J, Campbell MK, Allan J. Perceived difficulty and appropriateness of decision making by General Practitioners: a systematic review of scenario studies. BMC Health Services Research 2014;14:621.


McClinton S, Starr K, Thomas R, MacLennan G, McPherson G, McDonald A, Lam T, N'Dow J, Kilonzo M, Pickard R, Anson K, Burr J. Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults (SUSPEND a multicentre, placebo controlled, randomised trial of a calcium channel blocker (nifedipine) and an alpha-blocker (tamsulosin). Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2014;15:238.


Marshall AP, Weisbrodt L, Rose L, Duncan EM, Prior M, Todd L, Wells E, Seppelt I, Cuthbertson B, Francis JJ. Implementing Selective Digestive Decontamination in the intensive care unit: A qualitative analysis of considerations identified by critical care nurses. Heart Lung 2014;43(1):13-18.


Metcalfe EL, Avenell A, Fraser A. Branched chain amino acid supplementation in adults with cirrhosis and porto-systemic encephalopathy: systematic review. Clin Nutr 2014; 33:958-65


Morgan HM. Research Note: Surveillance in contemporary health and social care: friend or foe? Surveillance & Society 2014;12(4):594-596.


Mowatt GM, ernandez R, Castillo M, Lois N, Elders A, Fraser C, Amoaku W, Burr JM, Lotery A, Ramsay C, Azuara-Blanco A. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the diagnosis of neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess 2014;18:69.


Munro J, Adams R, Campbell A, Campbell S, Donaldson C, Godwin J, Haw S, Kidd L, Lane C, Leslie SJ, Mason H, Mutrie N, O'Carroll R, Taylor C, Treweek S, Watson A, Hubbard G. CRIB - the use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) with embedded feasibility study. BMJ Open 2014;4:e004684.


Murray DW, MacLennan GS, Breeman S, Dakin HA, Johnston L, Campbell MK, Gray AM, Fiddian N, Fitzpatrick R, Morris RW, Grant AM, KAT Trial Group. A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different knee prostheses - the KAT trial. Health Technol Assess 2014;18:19.


Power B, Kiezebrink K, Allan J, Campbell M. Effects of workplace-based dietary and/or physical activity interventions targeting healthcare professionals: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMC Obesity 2014;1:23.


Price R, MacLennan G, Glen J. Selective digestive or oropharyngeal decontamination and topical oropharyngeal chlorhexidine for prevention of death in general intensive care: systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMJ 2014;348:g2197.


Prior M, Elouafkaoui P, Elders A, Young L, Duncan E, Newlands R, Clarkson JE, Ramsay CR, TRiaDS Research Methodology Group. Evaluating an audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing behaviour in general dental practice (the RAPiD trial): a partial factorial cluster randomised trial protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2014;9:50.


Robertson C, Archibald D, Avenell A, Douglas F, Hoddinott P, van Teijlingen E, Boyers D, Stewart F, Boachie C, Fioratou E, Wilkins D, Street T, Carroll P, Fowler C. Systematic reviews and integrated report on the quantitative, qualitative and economic evidence base for the management of obesity in men. Health Technol Assess 2014;18(35).


Robertson C, Ramsay C, Gurung T, Mowatt G, Pickard R, Sharma P, UK Robotic and Laparoscopic Prostatectomy HTA Study Group. Practicalities of using a modified version of the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool for randomised and non-randomised study designs applied in a health technology assessment setting. Res Synth Methods 2014;5(3):187-284.


Rogers W, Hutchison K, Skea Z, Campbell MK.  Strengthening the ethical acceptability of placebo-controlled surgical trials: three proposals. BMC Medical Ethics 2014;15:78.


Ryan M, Kinghorn P, Entwistle VA, Francis JJ. Valuing Patients' Experiences of Healthcare Processes: Towards broader applications of existing methods. Soc Sci Med 2014;106C:194-203.


Ryan C, Ross S, Davey P, Duncan E, Francis JJ, Fielding S, Johnston M, Ker J, Lee AJ, Macleod MJ, Maxwell S, McKay GA, McLay JS, Webb DJ, Bond C. Prevalence and causes of prescribing errors: The PRescribing Outcomes for Trainee Doctors Engaged in Clinical Training (PROTECT) Study. PLoS One 2014;9(1):e79802.


Sambrook A, Elders A, Cooper KG. Microwave endometrial ablation versus thermal balloon endometrial ablation (MEATBall): 5-year follow up of a randomised controlled trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2014;121(6):747-753.


Schünemann HJ, Wiercioch W, Etxeandia I, Falavigna E, Santesso N, Mustafa R, Ventresca M, Brignardello-Petersen R, Laisaar K-T, Kowalski S, Baldeh T, Zhang Y, Raid U, Neumann I, Norris SL, Thonrton J, Harbour R, Treweek S, Guyatt.G., Alsonso-Coello A, Reinap M, Brozek J, Oxman A, Akl EA. Guidelines 2.0: systematic development of a comprehensive checklist for a successful guideline enterprise. Can Med Assoc J 2014;186(3):E123-E142.


Siddiqui N, Neil CJ, Bruce M, MacLennan G, Cotton SC, Papadopoulo SA, Feelisch M, Bunce N, Lim P, Schwarz K, Singh S, Hildick-Smith D, Horowitz JD, Madhani M, Boon N, Kaski JC, Dawson D, Frenneaux MP. Intravenous sodium nitrite in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a randomized controlled trial (NIAMI). Eur Heart J 2014;35(19):1255-1262.


Skea ZC, Entwistle VA, MacLennan SJ, N'Dow J. Communicating good care: a qualitative study of what people with urological cancer value in interactions with clinicians. Eur J Oncol Nurs 2014;18(1):35-40.


Steen N, Campbell M, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Ramsay C, Russell I. The use of latin squares and other block designs in implementation research. J Clin Epidemiol 2014;67(12):1299-1301.


Stewart F, Fraser C, Robertson C, Avenell A, Archibald D, Douglas F, Hoddinott P, van Teijlingen E, Boyers D. Are men difficult to find? Identifying male-specific studies in MEDLINE and Embase. Systematic Reviews 2014;3:78.


Taljaard M, McKenzie JE, Ramsay C, Grimshaw J. The use of segmented regression in analysing interrupted time series studies: an example in pre-hospital ambulance care. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2014;9:77.


Tassie E, Scotland G, Brittenden J, Cotton SC, Elders A, Campbell MK, Campbell B, Gough M, Burr JM, Ramsay CR, CLASS Study Team. Cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation or surgery as treatment for primary varicose veins from the randomized CLASS trial. Br J Surg 2014;101(12):1532-1540.


Thomson G, Morgan H, Crossland N, Bauld L, Dykes F, Hoddinott P. Unintended consequences of incentive provision for behaviour change and maintenance around childbirth. PLoS One 2014;9:10.


Treweek S, Bonetti D, MacLennan G, Barnett K, Eccles MP, Jones C, Pitts NB, Ricketts I, Sullivan F, Weal M, Francis JJ. Paper-based and web-based Intervention Modelling Experiments identified the same predictors of general practitioner antibiotic prescribing behaviour: an evaluation of the Intervention Modelling Experiment methodology. J Clin Epidemiol 2014;67(3):296-304.


Walker M, Rogers W, Entwistle VA. Ethical justifications for access to unapproved medical interventions: an argument for (limited) patient obligations. American Journal of Bioethics 2014;14(11):3-15.


Watson AJM, Bruhn H, Macleod K, McDonald A, McPherson G, Kilonzo M, Norrie J, Loudon M, McCormack K, Buckley B, Brown S, Curran F, Jayne D, Rajagopal R, Burr J, Cook J, eTHoS Study Group. A pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing stapled haemorrhoidopexy to traditional excisional surgery for haemorrhoidal disease (eTHoS):  study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2014;15:439.


Whitford HM, Entwistle VA, van Teijlingen E, Aitchison PE, Davidson T, Humphrey T, Tucker J. Use of a birth plan within woman-held maternity records: a qualitative study with women and staff in northeast Scotland. Birth 2014;41(3):283-289.


Aitchison PE, Entwistle VA, van Teijlingen E, Whitford HM, Davidson T, Humphrey T, Tucker J. Asking women to complete health and maternal histories for maternity records: A qualitative study. Br J Midwifery 2013;21(11):22-28.


Beard D, Price A, Cook J, Fitzpatrick R, Carr A, Campbell M, Doll H, Campbell H, Arden N, Cooper C, Davies L, Murray D. Total or Partial Knee Arthroplasty Trial - TOPKAT: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:292.


Breeman S, Campbell MK, Dakin H, Fiddian N, Fitzpatrick R, Grant A, Gray A, Johnston L, MacLennan GS, Morris RW, Murray DW. Five year results of a randomised controlled trial comparing mobile and fixed bearing total knee replacement. Bone Joint Journal 2013;95-B(4):486-492


Bristow SM, Bolland MJ, MacLennan GS, Avenell A, Grey A, Gamble GD, Reid IR. Calcium supplements and cancer risk: a meta-analysis of randomised trials. Br J Nutr 2013;110(8):1384-1393.


Buckley BS, Grant AM, Glazener CMA. Case study: a patient-clinician collaboration that identified and prioritized evidence gaps and stimulated research development. J Clin Epidemiol 2013;66(5):483-499.


Bugge C, Williams B, Hagen S, Logan J, Glazener C, Pringle S, Sinclair L. A Process for Decision-making after Pilot and feasibility Trials (ADePT): development following a feasibility study of a complex intervention for pelvic organ prolapse. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:353.


Chaudhry SH, Brehaut JC, Grimshaw JM, Weijer C, Boruch R, Donner A, Eccles MP, McRae AD, Saginur R, Skea ZC, Zwarenstein M, Taljaard M. Challenges in the research ethics review of cluster randomized trials: International survey of investigators. Clin Trials 2013;10(2):257-268.


Clarkson JE, Ramsay CR, Averely P, Bonetti D, Boyers D, Campbell L, Chadwick GR, Duncan A, Elders A, Gouick J, Hall AF, Heasman L, Heasman PA, Hodge PJ, Jones C, Laird M, Lamont TJ, ovelock LA, Madden I, McCombes W, McCracken GI, McDonald AM, McPherson G, Macpherson LE, Mitchell FE, Norrie JD, Pitts NB, van der Pol M, Ricketts DN, Ross MK, Steele JG, Swan M, Tickle M, Watt PD, Worthington HV, Young L. IQuaD dental trial; improving the quality of dentistry: a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing oral hygiene advice and periodontal instrumentation for the prevention and management of periodontal disease in dentate adults attending dental primary care [protocol]. BMC Oral Health 2013;13:58.


Clement, K., Omar, M. I., Lapitan, M., and Glazener, C. Urodynamic studies for management of urinary incontinence in children and adults.   Cochrance Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 10   Art. No.: CD003195. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003195.pub3.


Close A, Robertson C, Rushton S, Shirley M, Vale L, Ramsay C, Pickard R. Comparative cost-effectiveness of robotic prostatectomy and laparoscopic prostatectomy as alternatives to open radical prostatectomy for the treatment of men with localized prostate cancer:  A Health Technology Assessment from the Perspective of the UK National Health Service. Eur Urol 2013;64(3):361-369.


Cuthbertson B, Campbell MK, MacLennan G, Duncan EM, Marshall AP, Wells EC, Prior ME, Todd L, Rose L, Seppelt I, Bellingan G, Francis JJ, SuDDICU international study group. Clinical stakeholders' opinions on the use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critically ill patients in intensive care units: an international Delphi study. Crit Care 2013;17(6):R266.


Cuthbertson B, Elders A, Hall S, Taylor J, MacLennan G, Mackirdy F, Mackenzie S. Mortality and quality of life in the five years after severe sepsis. Crit Care 2013;17(2):R70.


Dickson S, Logan J, Hagen S, Stark D, Glazener C, McDonald A, McPherson G. Reflecting on the methodological challenges of recruiting to a UK-wide multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:389.


Dombrowski S, Prior M, Duncan EM, Cuthbertson B, Bellingan G, Campbell MK, Rose L, Binning AR, Gordon AC, Wilson P, Shulman R, Francis J, SuDDICU study groups. Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention: Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care. Aust Crit Care 2013;26(4):173-179.


Easton PM, Entwistle VA, Williams B. How the stigma of low literacy can impair spoken patient-professional interactions and affect health: insights from a qualitative investigation. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2013;13:319.


Entwistle VA, Watt IS. Treating patients as persons: a capabilities approach to support delivery of person centered care. American Journal of Bioethics 2013;13(8):29-39.


Finch TL, Rapley T, Girling M, Mair FS, Murray E, Treweek S, McColl E, Steen IN, May CR. Improving the Normalisation of Complex Interventions: Measure Development based on Normalization Process Theory (NoMAD): Study Protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2013;8:43.


Ford JA, Jones R, Elders A, Mulatero C, Royle P, Stewart F, Todd R, Mowatt G. Denosumab for treatment of bone metastases secondary to solid tumours: systematic review and network meta-analysis. Eur J Cancer 2013;49(2):416-430.


Ford JA, Cummins E, Sharma P, Elders A, Stewart F, Johnston R, Royle P, Jones R, Mulatero C, Todd R, Mowatt G. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, and economic evaluation, of denosumab for the treatment of bone metastases from solid tumours. Health Technol Assess 2013;17(29):1-385.


Forrest Keenan K, Simpson SA, Miedzybrodzka Z, Alexander DA, Semper J. How Do Partners Find out About the Risk of Huntington's Disease in Couple Relationships? J Genet Couns 2013;22(3):336-344.


Gillies K, Skea Z, MacLennan S, Ramsay C, Campbell MK. Determining information for inclusion in a decision support intervention for clinical trial participation: a modified Delphi approach. Clin Trials 2013;10(6):967-976.


Glazener C, Elders A, MacArthur C, Lancashire RJ, Herbison P, Hagen S, Dean N, Bain C, Toozs-Hobson P, Richardson K, McDonald A, McPherson G, Wilson D, ProLong Study Group. Childbirth and prolapse: long term associations with the symptoms and objective measurement of pelvic organ prolapse. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2013;120(2):161-168.


Grant AM, Boachie C, Cotton SC, Faria R, Bojke L, Epstein D, Ramsay CR, Corbacho B, Sculpher M, Krukowski ZH, Heading RC, Campbell MK, REFLUX Trial Group. Clinical and economic evaluation of laparoscopic surgery compared with medical management for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - 5-year follow-up of multicentre randomised trial (The REFLUX Trial). Health Technol Assess 2013;17(22):1-166.


Grant AM, Faria R, Cotton SC, Boachie C, Bojke L, Epstein D, Ramsay CR, Corbacho B, Sculpher M, Krukowski Z, Heading RC, Campbell MK, REFLUX Trial Group. Minimal access surgery compared with medical management for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - clinical and economic evaluation based on five year follow-up of multicentre randomised controlled trial (The REFLUX  Trial). BMJ 2013;346:f1908.


Gray CM, Hunt K, Mutrie N, Anderson AS, Treweek S, Wyke S. Weight management for overweight and obese men delivered through professional football clubs: a pilot randomized trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10:121.


Higgins JPT, Ramsay CR, Reeves BC, Shea B, Valentine J, Tugwell P, Wells G. Issues relating to study design and risk of bias when including non-randomized studies in systematic reviews on the effects of interventions. Res Synth Methods 2013;4(1):12-25.


Johnston DW, Jones MC, Charles K, McCann S, McKee L. Stress in nurses: stress-related affect and its determinants examined over the working day. Ann Behav Med 2013;45(3):348-356.


Kazimierczak KA, Skea Z, Dixon-Woods M, Entwistle VA, Feldman-Stewart D, N'Dow J, MacLennan S. Provision of cancer information as a "support for navigating the knowledge landscape": findings from a critical interpretive literature synthesis. Eur J Oncol Nurs 2013;17(3):360-369.


Kolehmainen N, Duncan EAS, Francis J. Clinicians' actions associated with the successful patient care process: A content analysis of interviews with paediatric occupational therapists. Disabil Rehabil 2013;35(5):388-396.


Loudon K, Zwarenstein M, Sullivan F, Donnan P, Treweek S. Making clinical trials more relevant: improving and validating the PRECIS tool for matching trial design decisions to trial purpose. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:115.


MacArthur C, Wilson D, Herbison P, Lancashire RJ, Hagen S, Toozs-Hobson P, Dean N, Glazener C, ProLong Study Group. Faecal incontinence persisting after childbirth: a 12 year longitudinal study. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2013;120(2):169-179.


McCann SK, Campbell MK, Entwistle VA. Recruitment to clinical trials: A meta-ethnographic synthesis of studies of reasons for participation. J Health Serv Res Policy 2013;18(4):43-51.


McCleary N, Duncan EM, Stewart F, Francis J. Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: a systematic review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:146.


McKee L, Charles K, Dixon-Woods M, Willars J, Martin G. 'New' and distributed leadership in quality and safety in healthcare, or "old" and hierarchical? An interview study with strategic stakeholders. J Health Serv Res Policy 2013;18 (Suppl.)(2):11-19.


MacLennan G, McDonald A, McPherson G, Treweek S, Avenell A. Advance telephone calls ahead of reminder questionnaires increase response rate in non-responders compared to questionnaire reminders only: The RECORD Phone Trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;15:13.


McPherson G, Campbell MK, Elbourne D. Investigating the relationship between predictability and imbalance in minimisation: a simulation study. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:86.


McRae A, Bennett C, Skea Z, Boruch R, Brehaut J, Donner A, Eccles M, Grimshaw J, Weijer C, Taljaard M. Reporting of patient consent in healthcare cluster randomised trials is associated with the type of study interventions and publication characteristics. J Med Ethics 2013;39(2):119-124.


Palmer AJ, Ho C, Ajibola O, Avenell A. The role of omega-3 fatty acid supplemented parenteral nutrition in critical illness in adults: a systematic review & meta-analysis. Critical Care Medicine 2013;41(1):307-316.


Powell R, McKee L, King PM, Bruce J. Post-surgical pain, physical activity and satisfaction with the decision to undergo hernia surgery: A prospective qualitative investigation. Health Psychol Res 2013;1(2).


Powell R, Johnston M, Cairns Smith W, King PM, Chambers WA, McKee L, Bruce J. Rehabilitation following surgery: Clinical and psychological predictors of activity limitations. Rehabilation Psychology 2013;58(4):350-360.


Presseau J, Tait R, Francis JJ, Johnston D, Sniehotta FF. Goal conflict and goal facilitation as predictors of Daily Accelerometer-Assessed Physical Activity. Health Psychol 2013;32(12):1179-1187.


Prior M, Francis JJ, Azuara-Blanco A, Anand N, Burr JM, Glaucoma Platform Study Group. Why do people present late with advanced glaucoma? A qualitative interview study. Br J Ophthalmol 2013;97(12):1574-1578.


Prior M, Ramsay CR, Burr JM, Campbell SE, Jenkinson DJ, Asoaka R, Francis JJ. Theoretical and empirical dimensions of the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire: a cross sectional survey and principal component analysis. BMC Ophthalmology 2013;13:72.


Reeves BC, Higgins JPT, Ramsay CR, Shea B, Tugwell P, Wells G. An introduction to methodological issues when including non-randomized studies in systematic reviews on the effects of interventions. Res Synth Methods 2013;4(1):1-11.


Robertson C, Close A, Fraser C, Gurung T, Jia X, Sharma P, Vale L, Ramsay C, Pickard R, UK Robotic and Laparoscopic Prostatectomy HTA Study Group. Relative effectiveness of robotic and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for treatment of localised prostate cancer:  A systematic review and mixed treatment comparison meta-analysis. British Journal of Urology International 2013;112(6):798-812.


Ross S, Ryan C, Duncan EM, Francis JJ, Johnston M, Davey P, Fielding S, Ker J, Lee AJ, Macleod MJ, Maxwell S, McKay G, McLay J, Webb DJ, Bond C. Perceived causes of prescribing errors by junior doctors in hospital inpatients: a study from the PROTECT programme. BMJ Quality & Safety 2013;22(2):97-102.


Siddiqui MA, Bruce M, Neil CJ, Jagpal B, MacLennan G, Cotton SC, Papadopoulo SA, Bunce N, Lim P, Schwarz K, Singh S, Hildick-Smith D, Horowitz JD, Madhani M, Boon N, Kaski JC, Dawson D, Frenneaux MP. Protocol: does sodium nitrite administration reduce ischaemia-reperfusion injury in patients presenting with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction? Nitrites in acute myocardial infarction (NIAMI). Journal of Translational Medicine 2013;11:116.


Treweek S, Lockhart P, Pitkethly M, Cook JA, Kjeldstrom M, Johansen M, Taskilla TK, Sullivan F, Wilson S, Jackson C, Jones R, Mitchell E. Methods to improve recruitment to randomised controlled trials: Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 2013;3:e002360.


Treweek S, Oxman AD, Alderson P, Bossuyt PM, Brandt L, Brozek J, Davoli M, Flottorpe S, Harbour R, Hill S, Liberati A, Liira H, Schunemann HJ, Rosenbaum S, Thornton J, Olav Vandvick P, Alonso-Cuello P, DECIDE Consortium. Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE): Protocol and preliminary results. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2013;8(6):9 January 2013.


Treweek S, Wilkie E, Craigie AM, Caswell S, Thompson J, Steele RJC, Stead M, Anderson AS. Meeting the challenges of recruitment to multicentre, community-based, lifestyle-change trials: a case study of the BeWEL trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2013;14:436.


Vandvik PO, Brandt L, Alonso-Cuello P, Treweek S, Akl A, Kristiansen A, Heen AF, Agoritsas T, Montori VM, Guyatt G. Creating clinical practice guidelines we can trust, use and share: A new era is imminent. Chest 2013;144(2):381-389.


Avenell A, MacLennan GS, Jenkinson DJ, McPherson GC, McDonald A, Pant PR, Grant AM, Campbell MK, Anderson FH, Cooper C, Francis RM, Gillespie WJ, Robinson CM, Torgerson DJ, Wallace WA, RECORD Trial Group. Long-Term Follow-Up for Mortality and Cancer in a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Vitamin D3 and/or Calcium (RECORD Trial). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011;Doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-1309.


Blackman T, Harrington B, Williams G, Greene A, Elliott E, McKee L, Hunter D, Marks L. Framing health inequalities: comparative case studies. Sociol Health Illn 2012;34(1):49-63.

Boyers D, Jia X, Mowatt G. Eltrombopag for the treatment of chronic immune or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a NICE single technology appraisal. Pharmacoeconomics 2012;30(6):483-495.


Buckley B, Lapitan MC, Glazener C, MAPS Trial Group. The effect of urinary incontinence on health utility and health related quality of life in men following prostate surgery. Neurourol Urodyn 2012;31(4):465-469.


Burr JM, Botello AP, Takwongi Y, Hernandez R, Vazquez-Montes M, Elders A, Asoaka R, Banister K, van der Schoot J, Fraser C, King A, Lemij H, Sanders R, Vernon S, Tuulonen A, Kotecha A, Glasziou P, Garway-Heath D, Crabb D, Vale L, Azuara-Blanco A, Perera R, Ryan M, Deeks J, Cook J. Surveillance for ocular hypertension: an evidence synthesis and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2012;16:29.


Campbell MK, Piaggio G, Elbourne DR, Altman DG, CONSORT Group. The CONSORT 2010 statement: extension to cluster randomised trials. BMJ 2012;345:e5661.


Campbell SE, Azuara-Blanco A, Campbell MK, Francis JJ, Greene A, Ramsay C, Burr J. Developing the specifications of an Open Angle Glaucoma screening intervention in the United Kingdom: a Delphi approach. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2012;12:447.


Cook JA, Botello AP, Elders A, Alia A, Azuara-Blanco A, Fraser C, McCormack K, Burr J, Surveillance of Ocular Hypertension Study Group. Systematic review of the agreement of tonometers with Goldmann applanation tonometry. Ophthalmology 2012;119(8):1552-1557.


Cook JA, Bruckner T, MacLennan GS, Seiler CM. Clustering in surgical trials - database of intracluster correlations. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2012;13:2.


Cook JA, Ramsay CR, Carr AJ, Rees JL, UKUFF Trial Group. A questionnaire elicitation of surgeons' belief about learning within a surgical trial. PLoS One 2012;7(11): e49178.


Dakin H, Gray A, Fitzpatrick R, MacLennan G, Murray D. Rationing of total knee replacement: A cost-effectiveness analysis on a large trial dataset. BMJ Open 2012;2(1):e000332.


Dombrowski S, Sniehotta F, Avenell A, Johnston M, MacLennan G, Azuara-Blanco A. Identifying active ingredients in complex behavioural interventions for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: A systematic review. Health Psychology Review 2012;6(1).


Duncan EM, Francis JJ, Johnston M, Davey P, Maxwell S, McKay GA, McLay J, Ross S, Ryan C, Webb D, Bond C, PROTECT Study Group. Learning curves, taking instructions and patient safety: using a theoretical domains framework in an interview study to investigate prescribing errors among doctors in training. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7:86.


Eccles MP, Grimshaw J, MacLennan G, Bonetti D, Glidewell L, Pitts N, Steen N, Thomas R, Walker A, Johnston M. Explaining clinical behaviors using multiple theoretical models. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7:99.


Elovainio M, Steen N, Presseau J, Francis J, Hrisos S, Hawthorne G, Johnston M, Hunter M, Grimshaw J, Eccles M. Is organizational justice associated with clinical performance in the care for patients with diabetes in primary care? Evidence from the Improving Quality of care in Diabetes study. Fam Pract 2012.


Entwistle VA, Firnigl D, Kinghorn P, Francis JJ, Ryan M. Which experiences of healthcare delivery matter to service users and why? An interpretive synthesis and conceptual map. J Health Serv Res Policy 2012;17(2):70-78..


Fielding S, Fayers PM, Ramsay CR. Analysing randomised controlled trials with missing data: choice of approach affects conclusions. Contemp Clin Trials 2012;33(3):461-469.


Ford JA, Mowatt G, Jones R. Assessing pharmacological interventions for bone metastases: the need for more patient-centred outcomes. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol 2012;5(3):271-279.


French SD, Green SE, O'Connor D, McKenzie JE, Francis JJ, Michie S, Buchbinder R, Schattner P, Spike N, Grimshaw JM. Developing theory-informed interventions to implement evidence into practice: a systematic approach using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7:38.


Gillies K, Entwistle VA. Supporting positive experiences and sustained participation in clinical trials: looking beyond information provision. J Med Ethics 2012;38(12):751-756.

Glidewell L, Johnston M, Thomas RE. Shared understandings of dementia?  An application of the Common Sense Self Regulation Model to a case study. Dementia 2012;11(2):217-250.


Glidewell L, Thomas R, MacLennan G, Bonetti D, Johnston M, Eccles M, Edlin R, Pitts NB, Clarkson J, Steen N, Grimshaw JM. Do incentives, reminders or reduced burden improve healthcare professional response rates in postal questionnaires? Two randomised controlled trials. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2012;12(250):14 August 2012.


Hawthorne G, Hrisos S, Stamp E, Elovainio M, Francis JJ, Grimshaw JM, Hunter M, Johnston M, Presseau J, Steen N, Eccles MP. Diabetes care provision in UK primary care practices. PLoS One 2012;7(7):e41562.


Hislop J, Mowatt G, Sharma P, Fraser C, Elders A, Jenkinson DJ, Vale L, Petty R. Systematic review of escalated imatinib doses compared with sunitinib or best supportive care, for the treatment of people with unresectable/metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumours whose disease has progressed on the standard imatinib dose. Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 2011;53(2):168-176.


Hoddinott P, Craig L, Britten J, McInnes R. A serial qualitative study of infant feeding experiences: idealism meets realism. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000504.


Hoddinott P, Craig L, MacLennan G, Boyers D, Vale L, FEST project team. The FEeding Support Team (FEST) randomised, controlled feasibility trial of proactive and reactive telephone support for breastfeeding women living in disadvantaged areas. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000652 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000652.


Hoddinott P, Craig L, MacLennan G, Boyers D, Vale L, FEST project team. Process evaluation for the FEeding Support Team (FEST) trial of proactive telephone support for breastfeeding women living in disadvantaged areas. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001039 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001039.


Imamura M, Munro NA, Zhu S, Glazener C, Fraser C, Hutchison J, Vale L. Single mini-incision total hip replacement in the management of arthritic disease of the hip: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2012;94(20):1897-1905.


Islam R, Tinmouth A, Francis J, Brehaut J, Born J, Stockton C, Stanworth S, Eccles MP, Cuthbertson BH, Hyde C, Grimshaw JM. A cross-country comparison of Intensive Care Unit physicians' perceptions about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7(93):21 September 2012.


Kolehmainen N, Francis JJ. Specifying content and mechanisms of change in interventions to change professionals' practice: an illustration from the Good Goals study in occupational therapy. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7(100):18 October.


Kolehmainen N, Francis J, McKee L, Duncan EAS. Beliefs about responsibilities, the aims of therapy, and the structure of the therapy process: a qualitative study of caseload management issues in child health occupational therapy. Child Care Health Dev 2012;38(1):108-116.


Kolehmainen N, MacLennan G, Ternent L, Duncan EAS, Duncan EM, Ryan S, McKee L, Francis J. Using shared goal setting to improve access and equity: a mixed methods study of the Good Goals intervention in children's occupational therapy. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7:76.


Lourenco T, Grant A, Burr J, Vale L. A framework for the evaluation of new interventional procedures. Health Policy 2012;104(3):234-240.


McPherson G, Campbell M, Elbourne D. Use of Randomisation in Clinical Trials: A Survey of UK Practice. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2012;13(198):26 October 2012.


McSherry LA, Dombrowski S, Francis J, Murphy J, Martin CM, O'Leary JJ, Sharp L, ATHENS Group. "It's a can of worms": understanding primary care practitioners' behaviours in relation to HPV using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7(73):3 August 2012.


Malik M, McCormack K, Krukowski Z, McDonald A, McPherson G, Cook J, Ahmed I, IDEAL Group. Single port/incision laparoscopic surgery compared with standard 3 port laparoscopic surgery for appendicectomy - A randomised controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2012;13(201):30 October 2012.


Martel G, Crawford A, Barkun JS, Boushey RP, Ramsay CR, Ferguson DA. Expert opinion on laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer parallels evidence from a cumulative meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One 2012;7:4.


Martel G, Duhaime S, Barkun JS, Boushey RP, Ramsay CR, Fergusson DA. The quality of research synthesis in surgery: the case of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. Systematic Reviews 2012;17:14.


Patey AM, Islam R, Francis JJ, Bryson GL, Grimshaw JM, Canada PRIme Plus Team. Anaesthesiologists' and surgeons' perceptions about routine pre-operative testing in low risk patients: application of the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify factors that influence physicians' decisions to order pre-operative tests. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2012;7(52):9 June 2012.


Pickard R, Lam T, MacLennan G, Starr K, Kilonzo M, McPherson G, Gillies K, McDonald A, Walton K, Buckley B, Glazener C, Boachie C, Burr J, Norrie J, Vale L, Grant A, N'Dow J. Types of urethral catheter for reducing symptomatic urinary tract infections in hospitalised adults requiring short-term catheterisation: multicentre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of antimicrobial- and antiseptic-impregnated urethral catheters (the CATHETER trial). Health Technol Assess 2012;16(47):1-197.


Pickard R, Lam T, MacLennan G, Starr K, Kilonzo M, McPherson G, Gillies K, McDonald A, Walton K, Buckley B, Glazener C, Boachie C, Burr J, Norrie J, Vale L, Grant A, N'Dow J. Antimicrobial catheters for reduction of symptomatic urinary tract infection in adults requiring short-term catheterisation in hospital: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2012;380(9857):1927-1935.


Powell R, Johnston M, Smith CS, King P, Chambers A, Krukowski Z, McKee L, Bruce J. Psychological risk factors for chronic-post surgical pain after inguinal hernia surgery.  A prospective cohort study. European Journal of Pain 2012;16(4):600-610.


Prior M, Burr J, Ramsay C, Jenkinson D, Campbell S, Francis J. Evidence base for an intervention to maximise uptake of glaucoma testing: a theory-based cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000710.


Ramsay C, Pickard R, Robertson C, Close A, Vale L, Armstrong N, Barocas DA, Eden CG, Fraser C, Gurung T, Jenkinson D, Jia X, Lam TB, Mowatt G, Neal DE, Robinson MC, Royle J, Rushton SP, Sharma P, Shirley MDF, Soomro N. Systematic review and economic modelling of the relative clinical benefit and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery for removal of the prostate in men with localised prostate cancer. Health Technol Assess 2012;16(41):1-313.


Rejnmark L, Avenell A, Masud T, Anderson F, Meyer HE, Sanders KM, Salovaara K, Cooper C, Smith HE, Jacobs ET, Torgerson D, Jackson RD, Manson JE, Brixen K, Mosekilde L, Robbins JA, Francis RM, Abrahamsen B. Vitamin D with calcium reduces mortality: patient level pooled analysis of 70,528 patients from eight major vitamin D trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012;97(8):2670-2681.


Sharma P, Boyers D, Boachie C, Stewart F, Miedzybrodzka Z, Simpson W, McNamee P, Mowatt G. Elucigene FH20 and LIPOchip for the diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolaemia: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2012;16(17).


Thomson G, Dykes F, Hurley M, Hoddinott P. Incentives as connectors: perceptions of women and peer supporters participating in a breastfeeding incentive intervention in a disadvantaged area of North West England. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth [serial on the Internet] 2012;12:22.


Treweek S, Barnett K, MacLennan G, Bonetti D, Eccles MP, Francis J, Jones C, Pitts NP, Ricketts I, Weal M, Sullivan F. E-mail invitations to general practitioners were as effective as postal invitations and were more efficient. J Clin Epidemiol 2012;65(7):793-797.