Academic Articles 2011-2008


Allan K, Hoddinott P, Avenell A. A qualitative study comparing commercial and health service weight loss groups, classes and clubs. J Hum Nutr Diet 2011;24(1):23-31

Andrews PJ, Avenell A, Noble D, Campbell MK, Croal BL, Simpson WG, Vale L, Battison CG, Jenkinson DJ, Cook J, SIGNET Trial Group. Randomised trial of glutamine, selenium, or both, to supplement parenteral nutrition for critically ill patients. BMJ 2011;342(d1542) DOI:10.1136/bmj.d1542

Azuara-Blanco A, Burr JM, Cochran C, Ramsay C, Vale L, Foster P, Friedman D, Quayyum Z, Lai J, Nolan W, Aung T, Chew P, McPherson G, McDonald A, Norrie J. The effectiveness of early lens extraction with intraocular lens implantation for the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (EAGLE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2011;12:133-142.

Azuara-Blanco A, Reddy A, Wilkinson G, Flin R. Safe eye surgery: non-technical aspects. Eye 2011;25:1109-1111.

Bolland M, Grey A, Avenell A, Gamble GD, Reid IR. Calcium supplements with or without vitamin D and risk of cardiovascular events: re-analysis of the Women' Health Initiative limited access dataset and meta-analysis. BMJ 2011;342:d2040.

Breeman S, Campbell M, Dakin H, Fiddian N, Fitzpatrick R, Grant A, Gray A, Johnston L, MacLennan GS, Morris R, Murray D, KAT Trial Group. Patellar resurfacing in total knee replacement: five year clinical and economic results of a large randomised controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2011;93(16):1473-1481.

Campbell MK, Entwistle VA, Cuthbertson BH, Skea Z, Sutherland A, McDonald AM, Norrie JD, Carlson R, Bridgman S, KORAL Study Group. Developing a placebo-controlled trial in surgery: issues of design, acceptability and feasibility. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2011;12(50).

Charles K, McKee L, McCann S. A quest for patient-safe culture: contextual influences on patient safety performance. Health Services Research and Policy 2011;16(suppl.1):57-64

Che Hamzah J, Burr JM, Ramsay CR, Azuara-Blanco A, Prior M. Choosing appropriate patient reported outcomes instrument for glaucoma research: a systematic review of vision instruments. Qual Life Res 2011.DOI: 10.1007/s11136-010-9831-1

Crowther M, Avenell A, MacLennan GS, Mowatt G. Further use for the harvest plot: a novel method for quantitative and qualitative data synthesis. Research Synthesis Methods 2011;2(2):79-83.

Cuthbertson BH, Campbell MK, Stott SA, Elders A, Hernandez R, Boyers D, Norrie J, Kinsella J, Brittenden J, Cook J, Rae D, Cotton SC, Alcorn D, Addison J, Grant A, FOCCUS study group. A pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of fluid loading in high-risk surgical patients undergoing major elective surgery - The FOCCUS study. Crit Care 2011;15(6):R296.

Dumoulin C, Glazener CM, Jenkinson DJ. Determining the optimal pelvic floor muscle training regimen for women with stress urinary incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn 2011;30(5):746-753.

Eccles MP, Hrisos S, Francis J, Stamp E, Johnston M, Hawthorne G, Steen N, Grimshaw JM, Elovainio M, Presseau J, Hunter M. Instrument development, data collection, and characteristics of practices, staff, and measures in the Improving Quality of Care in Diabetes (iQuaD) study. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2011;6:61.

Garner M, Ning Z, Francis J. A framework for the evaluation of the effectiveness of patient information leaflets. Health Expect 2011;DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00665.x.

Glaucoma Platform Study Group, [Burr JM], [Campbell MK], [Campbell SE], [Francis J], [Hernandez RA], [Greene A], [Hopkins D], [McCann SK]. Developing the clinical components of a complex intervention for a glaucoma screening trial: a mixed methods study. BMC Med Res Methodol [serial on the Internet] 2011;11:54.

Glazener C, Boachie C, Buckley B, Cochran C, Dorey G, Grant A, Hagen S, Kilonzo M, McDonald A, McPherson G, Moore K, N'Dow J, Norrie J, Ramsay C, Vale L. Conservative treatment for urinary incontinence in Men After Prostate Surgery (MAPS): two parallel randomised controlled trials. Health Technol Assess 2011;15:24.

Glazener CM, Boachie C, Buckley B, Cochran C, Dorey G, Grant A, Hagen S, Kilonzo M, McDonald A, McPherson G, Moore K, Norrie J, Ramsay C, Vale L, N'Dow J. Urinary incontinence in men after formal one-to-one pelvic-floor muscle training following radical prostatectomy or transurethral resection of the prostate (MAPS): two parallel randomised controlled trials. Lancet 2011;378(9788):328-337.

Gordon J, Watson M, Avenell A. Lightening the load? A systematic review of community pharmacy-based weight management interventions. Obes Rev 2011;12(11):897-911.

Grimshaw J, Eccles M, Steen N, Johnston M, Pitts N, Glidewell L, MacLennan G, Thomas RE, Bonetti D, Walker A. Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of lumbar spine x-ray for low back pain in UK primary care practice. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2011;6:55.

Hagen S, Stark D, Glazener C, Dickson S, Barry S, Elders A, Frawley H, Galea MP, Logan J, McDonald A, McPherson G, Moore KH, Norrie J, Walker A, Wilson D. Individualised pelvic floor muscle training in women with pelvic organ prolapse: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2014;383(9919):796-806.

Hislop J, Quayyum Z, Elders A, Fraser C, Jenkinson DJ, Mowatt G, Sharma P, Vale L, Petty R. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of imatinib dose escalation for the treatment of unresectable and/or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumours that have progressed on treatment at a dose of 400mg/day: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2011;15:25.

Hoddinott P, Seyara R, Marais D. Global evidence synthesis and UK idiosyncrasy: why have recent UK trials had no significant effects on breastfeeding? [editorial]. Maternal and Child Nutrition 2011;7(3):221-227.

Ivers N, Taljaard M, Dixon S, Bennett C, McRae A, Taleban J, Skea Z, Brehaut J, Boruch R, Eccles M, Grimshaw J, Weijer C, Zwarenstein M, Donner A. Impact of CONSORT extension for cluster randomised trials on quality of reporting and study methodology: review of random sample of 300 trials, 2000-8. BMJ 2011;343:d5886.

Kolehmainen N, Francis J, Ramsay CR, Owen C, McKee L, Katelaar M, Rosenbaum P. Participation in physical play and leisure: developing a theory- and evidence-based intervention for children with motor impairments. BMC Pediatrics 2011;11:100.

Lois N, Burr JM, Norrie J, Vale L, Cook J, McDonald A, Boachie C, Ternent L, McPherson G. Internal limiting membrane peeling versus no peeling for idiopathic full thickness macular hole: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 2011;52(3):1586-1592.

Lourenco T, Grant A, Burr JM, Vale L. The introduction of new interventional procedures in the British National Health Service - a qualitative study. Health Policy 2011;100(1):35-42

MacArthur C, Glazener CM, Lancashire R, Herbison P, Wilson D. Exclusive caesarean section delivery and subsequent urinary and faecal incontinence: a twelve year longitudinal study. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2011;118(8):1001-1007.

Madhuvrata P, Glazener C, Boachie C, Allahdin S, Bain C. A randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of polyglactin (Vicryl) mesh, polydioxanone (PDS) or polyglactin (Vicryl) sutures for pelvic organ prolapse surgery: outcomes at 2 years. J Obstet Gynaecol 2011;31(5):429-435.

McDonald A, Treweek S, Shakur H, Free C, Knight R, Speed C, Thomas R, Campbell M. Using a business model approach and marketing techniques for recruitment to clinical trials. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2011;12(74).URL:

Michie S, Abraham C, Eccles MP, Francis J, Hardeman W, Johnston M. Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions: a study protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2011;6(10)

Mowatt G, N'Dow J, Vale L, Nabi G, Boachie C, Cook JA, Fraser C, Griffiths TRL, Aberdeen Technology Assessment Review Group. Photodynamic diagnosis of bladder cancer compared with white light cystoscopy: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2011;27(1):3-10

Presseau J, Francis J, Campbell NC, Sniehotta F. Goal conflict, goal facilitation, and health professionals' provision of physical activity advice in primary care: An exploratory prospective study. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2011;6:73.

Prior M, Che Hamzah J, Francis J, Ramsay CR, Castillo M, Campbell SE, Azuara-Blanco A, Burr JM. Pre-validation methods for developing a patient reported outcome instrument. BMC Med Res Methodol [serial on the Internet] 2011;11:112.

Reid IR, Avenell A. Evidence-based policy on dietary calcium and vitamin D. J Bone Miner Res 2011;26(3):452-454.

Reid IR, Bolland M, Avenell A, Grey A. Cardiovascular effects of calcium supplementation. Osteoporos Int 2011;22(6):1649-1658.

Robertson C, Arcot Ragupathy SK, Fraser C, Heys S, MacLennan G, Mowatt G, Thomas R, Gilbert F, Mammographic Surveillance Health Technology Assessment Group. Surveillance mammography for detecting ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence and metachronous contralateral breast cancer: A systematic review. Eur Radiol 2011;21(12):2484-2491.

Robertson C, Dixon M, Fraser C, Hernandez R, Heys S, Jack W, Kerr G, Ragupathy SKA, Lawrence G, MacLennan G, Maxwell A, McGregor J, Mowatt G, Pinder S, Ternent L, Thomas R, Vale L, Wilson R, Zhu S, Gilbert F. The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different surveillance mammography regimes after the treatment of primary breast cancer. Health Technol Assess 2011;15:34.

Skea Z, MacLennan SJ, Entwistle VA, N'Dow J. Enabling mutual helping? Examining variable needs for facilitated peer support.  Patient Educ Couns 2011;85(2):e120-e125.

Sniehotta F, Dombrowski S, Avenell A, Johnston M, McDonald S, Murchie P, Ramsay CR, Roberston K, Araujo-Soares V. Randomised controlled trial feasibility trial of an evidence-informed behavioural intervention for obese adults with additional risk factors. PLoS One 2011;6(8):E23040

Taljaard M, McRae A, Weijer C, Bennett C, Dixon S, Taleban J, Skea Z, Brehaut J, Eccles M, Donner A, Saginur R, Grimshaw J. Inadequate reporting of research ethics review and informed consent in cluster randomised trials: review of random sample of published trials. BMJ 2011;342(d2496).

Treweek S, Ricketts I, Francis J, Eccles M, Bonetti D, MacLennan G, Sullivan F, Jones C, Weal M, Barnett K. Developing and evaluating interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing by general practitioners of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections: a randomised controlled trial to compare paper-based and web-based modelling experiments. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2011;6(16)

Walker BF, French S, Page MJ, O'Connor DA, McKenzie JE, Beringer K, Murphy K, Keating J, Grimshaw JM, Michie S, Francis JJ, Green SE. Management of people with acute low-back pain: a survey of Australian chiropracters. Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2011;19:29.


Blackman T, Hunter D, Marks L, Harrington B, Elliott E, Williams G, Greene A, McKee L. Wicked Comparisons: Reflections on Cross-national Reserach about Health Inequalities in the UK. Evaluation 2010;16(1):43-57.

Bolland M, Avenell A, Baron J, Grey A, MacLennan GS, Gamble GD, Reid IR. Effect of calcium supplements on the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular events: a meta-analysis. BMJ 2010;341(c3691).

Bonetti D, Johnston M, Clarkson JE, Grimshaw J, Pitts NB, Eccles M, Steen N, Thomas R, MacLennan GS, Glidewell L, Walker A. Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of placing preventive fissure sealants. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;5:Article no. 25.

Boyers D, Jia X, Crowther M, Jenkinson DJ, Fraser C, Mowatt G. Eltrombopag for the treatment of chronic idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP): A Single Technology Appraisal. Health Technol Assess 2010;15 (Suppl. 1):23-32.

Campbell MK, Skea Z, Sutherland A, Cuthbertson BH, Entwistle VA, McDonald A, Norrie J, Carlson R, Bridgman S, KORAL Study Group. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of arthroscopic lavage in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a mixed methods study of the feasibility of conducting a surgical placebo-controlled trial (the KORAL study). Health Technol Assess 2010;14(5):1-115.

Clarkson JE, Ramsay CR, Eccles MP, Eldridge S, Grimshaw J, Johnston M, Michie S, Treweek S, Walker A, Young L, Black I, Bonetti D, Cassie.H, Francis J, MacKenzie C, MacPherson L, McKee L, Pitts N, Rennie J, Stirling D, Tilley C, Torgerson C, Vale L. The translation research in a dental setting (TRiaDS) programme protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;5.

Cuthbertson BH, Campbell MK, Stott SA, Vale L, Norrie J, Kinsella J, Cook JA, Brittenden J, Grant AM, FOCCUS study group. A pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of fluid loading and level of dependency in high-risk surgical patients undergoing major elective surgery: trial protocol. Trials 2010;11(1):16 April 2010.

Cuthbertson BH, Francis J, Campbell MK, McIntyre L, Seppelt I, Grimshaw JM, SuDDICU study group. A study of the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of SDD in adult critical care units (The SuDDICU study). Trials [serial on the Internet] 2010;11(117).

Cuthbertson BH, Roughton S, Jenkinson DJ, MacLennan GS, Vale L. Quality of life in the five years after intensive care. Crit Care 2010;14(1):R6.

Deveraux G, Wilson A, Avenell A, McNeill G, Fraser WD. A case-control study of vitamin D status and asthma in adults. Allergy 2010;65(5):666-667.

The DIPART (vitamin D Individual Patient Analysis of Randomized Trials) Group, [Avenell A], [MacLennan G]. Patient level pooled analysis of 68,500 patients from seven major vitamin D fracture trials in the US and Europe. BMJ 2010;340(7738):b5463.

Dickinson HO, Hrisos S, Eccles MP, Francis J, Johnston M. Statistical considerations in a systematic review of proxy measures of clinical behaviour. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;5.

Dombrowski S, Avenell A, Sniehotta F. Behavioural interventions for obese adults with additional risk factors for morbidity: systematic review of effects on behaviour, weight and disease risk factors. Obesity Facts 2010;3(6):377-396

Eddama O, Petrou S, Regier D, Norrie J, MacLennan GS, MacKenzie F, Norman J. Study of progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth in twins (STOPPIT): Findings from a trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2010;26(2):141-148.

Fearn P, Avenell A, McCann S, Milne AC, MacLennan GS, MAVIS Trial Group. Factors influencing the participation of older people in clinical trials - data analysis from the MAVIS trial. J Nutrit Health Aging 2010;14(1):51-56.

Fielding S, Fayers P, Ramsay C. Predicting missing quality of life data that was later recovered: an empirical comparison of approaches. Clin Trials 2010;7:333-342.

Francis J, Johnston M, Robertson C, Glidewell L, Entwistle VA, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM. What is an adequate sample size? Operationalising data saturation for theory-based interview studies. Psychol Health 2010;25(10):1229-1245.

Greener J, Douglas F, van Teijlingen E, Avenell A, PROGRESS Team. More of the same? Conflicting views towards the determinants and solutions of obesity among overweight people, health professionals and policy makers. Soc Sci Med 2010;70(7):1042-1049.

Hislop J, Quayyum Z, Flett G, Boachie C, Fraser C, Mowatt G. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care tests for the detection of genital chlamydia infection in women and men. Health Technol Assess 2010;14(29).

Hoddinott P, Allan K, Avenell A, Britten J. Group interventions to improve health outcomes: a framework for their design and delivery. BMC Public Health 2010;10:800.

Imamura M, Abrams P, Bain C, Buckley BS, Cardozo L, Cody J, Cook J, Eustice S, Glazener C, Grant A, Hay-Smith J, Hislop J, Jenkinson DJ, Kilonzo M, Mowatt G, Nabi G, N'Dow J, Pickard R, Ternent L, Wallace S, Wardle J, Zhu S, Vale L. Systematic review and economic modelling of the effectiveness and efficiency of non-surgical treatments for women with stress urinary incontinence. Health Technol Assess 2010;14(40).

Imamura M, Cook JA, MacLennan S, N'Dow J, Dahm P, Evidence Based Urology (EBU) Working Group. Evidence based urology in practice: heterogeneity in a systematic review meta-analysis. BJU Int 2010;105(6):770-773.

Ivers NM, Tu K, Francis J, Barnsley J, Shah B, Upshur R, Kiss A, Grimshaw J, Zwarenstein M. Feedback GAP. Trial of goal-setting and action-plans to increase the effectiveness of audit and feedback interventions in primary care. Study protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;8:98.

Jia X, Glazener C, Mowatt G, Jenkinson DJ, Fraser C, Bain C, Burr J. Systematic review of the efficacy and safety of using mesh in surgery for uterine or vaginal vault prolapse. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2010;21(11):1413-1431.

Kilonzo M, Sambrook A, Cook J, Campbell MK, Cooper KG. A cost utility analysis of microwave endometrial ablation versus thermal balloon endometrial ablation. Value Health 2010;13(5):528-534.

Kolehmainen N, MacLennan G, Francis J, Duncan EAS. Clinicians' caseload management behaviours as explanatory factors in patients' length of time on caseloads: a predictive multilevel study in paediatric community occupational therapy. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2010;10:249.

Kolehmainen N, Duncan E, McKee L, Francis J. Mothers' perceptions of their children's occupational therapy processes: a qualitative interview study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy 2010;73(5):192-199.

Kolehmainen N, Francis J, Duncan E, Fraser C. Community professionals' management of  client care: a mixed-methods systematic review. J Health Serv Res Policy 2010;15(1):47-55.

Langston AL, Campbell MK, Fraser WD, MacLennan GS, Selby PL, Ralston SH. Pragmatic Randomised Trial of Intensive Bisphosphonates versus  Symptomatic Management in established Paget's disease of Bone. J Bone Mineral Density 2010;25(1):20-31.

Lourenco T, Grant A, Burr J, Vale L. Local decision-makers views' of national guidance on interventional procedures in the UK. J Health Serv Res Policy 2010;15(supp. 2):3-11.

Lourenco T, Shaw M, Fraser C, MacLennan GS, N'Dow J, Pickard R. The clinical effectiveness of transurethral incision of the prostate: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. World J Urol 2010;28(1):23-32.

MacKenzie IS, Wei L, Rutherford DR, Findlay E, Saywood W, Campbell MK, MacDonald TM. Promoting public awareness of randomised clinical trials using the media: the 'Get Randomised' campaign.  Br J Clin Pharmacol 2010;69(2):128-135.

McCann S, Campbell MK, Entwistle VA. Reasons for participating in randomised controlled trials: conditional altruism and considerations for self. Trials 2010;11(31):22 March 2010.

McKenzie L, de Verteuil R, Cook J, Shanmugam V, Loudon MA, Watson AJ, Vale L. Economic evaluation of the treatment of grade II haemorrhoids: a comparison of stapled haemorrhoidplexy and rubber band ligation. Colorectal Dis 2010;12(6):587-593.

McKenzie J, O'Connor DA, Page MJ, Mortimer DS, French SD, Walker BF, Keating JL, Grimshaw JM, Michie S, Francis J, Green SE. Improving the care for people with acute low-back pain by allied health professionals (the ALIGN trial): a cluster randomised trial protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;5(86).

McNeill S.A, Nabi G, McLornan L, Cook JA, Bollina P, Stolzenberg J.U. Endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy: critical analysis of outcomes and learning curve. BJU Int 2010;106(10):1537-1543.

Mowatt G, Zhu S, Kilonzo M, Boachie C, Fraser C, Griffiths TRL, N'Dow J, Nabi G, Cook JA, Vale L. Systematic review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness of photodynamic diagnosis and urine biomarkers (FISH, ImmunoCyt, NMP22) and cytology for the detection and follow-up of bladder cancer. Health Technol Assess 2010;14(4).

Porteous T, Francis J, Bond C, Hannaford P.  Temporal stability of beliefs about medicines: implications for optimising adherence. Patient Educ Couns 2010;79(2):225-230.

Presseau J, Sniehotta F, Francis J, Gebhardt W. With a little help from my goals: intergoal facilitation predicts physical activity beyond the theory of planned behaviour. Br J Health Psychol 2010;15(4):905-919.DOI 10.1348/135910710X494105

Ramsay C, Thomas RE, Croal BL, Grimshaw JM, Eccles M. Using the theory of planned behaviour as a process evaluation tool in randomised trials of knowledge translation strategies: a case study from UK general practice. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2010;5(71).

Schumm K, Skea Z, McKee L, N'Dow J. 'They're doing surgery on two people': A meta-ethnography of the influences on couples' treatment decision making for prostate cancer. Health Expect 2010.doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2010.00624.x

Shanmugam V, Muthukumarasamy G, Cook JA, Vale L, Watson AJ, Loudon MA. Randomised controlled trial comparing rubber band ligation with stapled haemorrhoidopexy for grade II circumferential haemorrhoids long term results. Colorectal Dis 2010;12(6):579-586.

Shojiani K, Jennings A, Mayhew A, Ramsay CR, Eccles M, Grimshaw J. Effect of point-of-care computer reminders on physician behaviour: a systematic review. CMAJ 2010;182(5):E216-E225.

Witham MD, Avenell A. Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people. Age Ageing 2010;39(2):176-184.

Wong S, Fraser C, Lourenco T, Barnett D, Avenell A, Glazener C, Cuthbertson BH, N'Dow J. The fate of conference abstracts: systematic review and meta-analysis of surgical treatments for men with benign prostatic enlargement. World J Urol 2010;28(1):63-69.


Araujo-Soares V, McIntyre T, Sniehotta F, MacLennan GS. Development and exploratory cluster-randomised opportunistic trial of a theory-based intervention to enhance physical activity in adolescents. Psychol Health 2009;24(7):805-22.

Armstrong N, Vale L, Deverill M, Nabi G, McClinton S, N'Dow J, Pickard R, and the BPE Team. Surgical treatments for men with benign prostatic enlargement: cost effectiveness study. BMJ 2009;338(7704):1187-1190.

Avenell A. Current evidence and ongoing trials on the use of glutamine in critically ill and surgical patients. Proc Nutr Soc 2009;68(3):261-268.

Avenell A, Cook J, MacLennan GS, McPherson GC, RECORD Trial Group. Vitamin D supplementation and type 2 diabetes: a sub study of a randomised placebo-controlled trial in older people (RECORD Trial, ISRCTN 51647438). Age Ageing 2009;38(5):606-9.

Barkun JS, Aronson JK, Felman LS, Maddern GJ, Strasberg SM, Balliol Collaboration, [Campbell MK], [Cook JA]. Evaluation and stages of surgical innovations. Lancet 2009;374(9695):1089-1096.

Blackman T, Elliott E, Greene A, Harrington B, Hunter D, Marks L, McKee L, Smith K, Williams G. Tackling health inequalities in post-devolution Britain: do targets matter? Public Administration 2009;87(4):762-768.

Britten J, Burr JM, Campbell B, Campbell MK, Chetter I, Cotton S, Earnshaw J, Francis J, Gough M, McDonald A, McPherson G, Ramsay C, Ternent L, Vale L. 09PRT/2275: The CLASS Study: Comparison of LAser, Surgery and foam Sclerotherapy as a treatment for varicose veins (ISRCTN 51995477; EudraCT 2008-001069-26). Lancet [serial on the Internet] 2009.URL:

Bonetti D, Young L, Black I, Cassie.H, Ramsay C, Clarkson JE. Can't do it, won't do it!  Developing a theoretically framed intervention to encourage better decontamination practice in Scottish dental practices. Implementation Sci [serial on the Internet] 2009;4(31):5 June 2009.

Brown T, Avenell A, Edmunds E, Moore H, Whittaker V, Avery L, Summerbell C, PROGRESS Team. Systematic review of long-term lifestyle interventions to prevent weight gain and morbidity in adults. Obes Rev 2009;10(6):627-638.

Clarkson JE, Young L, Ramsay C, Bonner B, Bonetti D. How to Influence Patient Oral Hygiene Behavior Effectively. J Dent Res 2009;88(10):933-937

Cook J. The challenges faced in the design, conduct and analysis of surgical randomised trials. Trials 2009;10(9):6 February 2009.

Crowther M. A review of the use of glutamine supplementation in the nutritional support of bone marrow transplant and cancer patients. Proc Nutr Soc 2009;68(3):269-73.

Crowther M, Avenell A, Culligan D. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the data for glutamine supplementation in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant 2009;44(7):413-425.

Cuthbertson BH, Rattray J, Campbell MK, Gager M, Roughton S, Smith A, Hull A, Breeman S, Norrie J, Jenkinson DJ, Hernandez R, Johnston M, Wilson E, Waldmann C. The PRaCTICaL study of nurse led, intensive care follow-up programmes for improving long term outcomes from critical illness: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;339(7728):b3723.

Dorey G, Glazener C, Buckley BS, Cochran C, Moore K. Developing a pelvic floor muscle training regimen for use in a trial intervention. Physiotherapy 2009;95(3):199-209.

Eccles MP, Francis J, Foy R, Johnston M, Bamford C, Grimshaw JM, Hughes J, Lecouturier J, Steen N, Whitty P. Improving professional practice in the disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia: A modelling experiment to evaluate a theory based intervention. Int J Beh Med 2009;16(4):377-387.

Eccles MP, Hawthorne G, Johnston M, Hunter M, Steen N, Francis J, Hrisos S, Elovainio M, Grimshaw J. Improving the delivery of care for patients with diabetes through understanding optimised team work and organisation in primary care: Study protocol. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2009;4:22.

Eccles MP, Hrisos S, Francis J, Steen N, Bosch M, Johnston M. Can the collective intentions of individual professionals within healthcare teams predict the team's performance: developing methods and theory. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2009;4:24.

Epstein D, Bojke L, Sculpher M, the REFLUX trial group. Laparoscopic fundoplication compared with medical management for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: cost effectiveness study. BMJ 2009;338(7713):144-156.

Ergina PL, Cook J, Blazeby JM, Boultron I, Clavein P, Reeves B, Seiler CM, for the Balliol Collaboration. Challenges in evaluating surgical innovation. Lancet 2009;374(9695):1097-1104.

Fielding S, Fayers P, Ramsay CR. Investigating the missing data mechanism in quality of life outcomes: a comparison of approaches. Health  Qual  Life Outcomes [serial on the Internet] 2009;7(57):22 June 2009.

Forrest Keenan K, van Teijlingen E, McKee L, Miedzybrodzka ZH, Simpson SA. How young people find out about their family history of Huntington's disease. Soc Sci Med 2009;68(10):1892-1900.

Francis J, Stockton C, Eccles M, Johnston M, Cuthbertson BH, Grimshaw JM, Hyde C, Tinmouth A, Stanworth S. Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions: Using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour. Br J Health Psychol 2009;14(4):625-646.

Francis J, Wileman SM, Bekker HL, Barton G, Ramsay CR, REFLUX Trial Group. Beliefs about surgery: development and validation of an instrument to assess cognitive representations about surgery, in the context of a chronic illness. Psychol Health 2009;24(10):1125-1137.

Francis J, Tinmouth A, Stanworth SJ, Grimshaw JM, Johnston M, Hyde C, Stockton C, Brehaut JC, Fergusson F, Eccles MP. Using theories of behaviour to understand transfusion prescribing in three clinical contexts in two countries: development work for an implementation trial. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2009;4:Article 70.

Grant AM, Wileman SM, Ramsay CR, Mowat NAG, Krukowski Z, Heading RC, Thursz M, Campbell MK, the REFLUX trial group. Minimal access surgery compared with medical management for chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: UK collaborative randomised trial. BMJ 2009;338(7686):81-84.

Greene A, Pagliari C, Cunningham C, Donnan P, Emslie-Smith A, Morris A, Guthrie B. Do managed clinical networks improve quality of diabetes care? Evidence from a retrospective mixed methods evaluation. Qual Saf Health Care 2009;18(6):456-461.

Greene A. What health care professionals should do: a view from young people with diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes 2009;10(suppl. 13):50-57.

Hagen S, Stark D, Glazener C, Sinclair L, Ramsay I. A randomized controlled trial of pelvic floor muscle training for stages I and II pelvic organ prolapse. Int Urogynecol J 2009;20(1):45-51. 

Hagen S, Glazener CM, Sinclair L, Stark D, Bugge C. Psychometric properties of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Symptom Score. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2009;116(1):25-31.

Harrington B, Smith K, Hunter DJ, Marks L, Blackman T, McKee L, Greene A, Elliott E, Williams G. Health inequalities in England, Scotland and Wales: stakeholders' accounts and policy compared. Public Health 2009;123(1):e24-e28.

Hernandez R, Sullivan F, Donnan P, Swann I, Vale L. Economic evaluation of prednisolone and/or acyclovir for Bell's Palsy. Fam Pract 2009;26(2):137-144.

Hrisos S, Eccles MP, Francis J, Bosch M, Dijkstra R, Johnston M, Grol R, Kaner E, Steen I. Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in primary care: a comparison across two European countries. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2009;9:140.

KAT Trial Group, [Campbell MK], [MacLennan G], [Grant AM], [McCormack K], [Ramsay C]. The Knee Arthroplasty Trial (KAT): design features, baseline characteristics and two-year functional outcomes after alternative approaches to knee replacement. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009;91:134-141.

McCulloch P, Altman D, Campbell WB, Flum DR, Marshall JC, Nicholl J, Balliol Collaboration, [Campbell MK]. No surgical innovation without evaluation: the IDEAL recommendations. Lancet 2009;374(9695):1105-12.

Mowatt G, Houston G, Hernandez R, de Verteuil R, Fraser C, Cuthbertson BH, Vale L. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oesophageal Doppler monitoring in critically ill and high-risk surgical patients. Health Technol Assess 2009;13(7)

Mowatt G, Boachie C, Crowther M, Fraser C, Hernandez R, Jia X, Ternent L. Romiplostim for the treatment of chronic immune or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a single technology appraisal. Health Technol Assess 2009;13(Suppl 2):63-68.

Norman JE, MacKenzie F, Owen P, Mactier H, Hanretty K, Cooper S, Calder A, Mires G, Danielian P, Sturgiss S, MacLennan G, Tydeman G, Thornton S, Martin B, Thornton JG, Neilson JP, Norrie J. Progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth in twin pregnancy (STOPPIT): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and meta-analysis. Lancet 2009;373(9680):2034-2040.

Paul-Ebhohimhen V, Avenell A. A systematic review of the effectiveness of group versus individual treatment trials for adult obesity. Obesity Facts 2009;2(1):17-24.

Powell R, McKee L, Bruce J. Information and behavioural instruction along the health-care pathway: the perspective of people undergoing hernia repair surgery and the role of formal and informal information sources. Health Expect 2009;12:149-59.

Presseau J, Sniehotta F, Francis J, Campbell N. Multiple goals and time constraints: perceived impact on physicians' performance of evidence-based behaviours. Implementation Science [serial on the Internet] 2009;4:Article 77.

Richardson K, Hagen S, Glazener C, Stark D. The role of nurses in the management of women with pelvic organ prolapse. Br J Nurs 2009;18(5):294-300.

Robertson C, Langston AL, Stapley S, McColl E, Campbell MK, Fraser WD, MacLennan GS, Selby PL, Ralston SH, Fayers P, PRISM Trial Group. Meaning behind measurement: self-comparisons affect responses to health related quality of life questionnaires. Qual Life Res 2009;18(2):221-230.

Sambrook A, Cooper KG, Campbell MK, Cook JA, . Clinical outcomes from a randomised comparison of Microwave Endometrial Ablation with Thermal Balloon endometrial ablation for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2009;116(8):1038-45.

Smith K, Hunter DJ, Blackman T, Elliott E, Greene A, Harrington B, Marks L, McKee L, Williams G. Divergence or Convergence? Health Inequalities and Policy in a Devolved Britain. Critical Social Policy 2009;29(2):216-42.

Sullivan F, Swan IRC, Donnan P, Morrison J, Smith BH, McKinstry B, Davenport RJ, Vale L, Clarkson JE, Hernandez R, Stewart K, Hammersley V, Hayavi S, McAteer A, Gray D, Daly F. A randomised controlled trial of the use of aciclovir and/or prednisolone for the early treatment of Bell's palsy: The BELLS study. Health Technol Assess 2009;13(47).

Ternent L, Vale L, Buckley BS, Glazener CM. Measuring outcomes of importance to women with stress urinary incontinence. Br J Obstet  Gynaecol 2009;116(5):719-725.


Acharya S, Avenell A, Philip S, Burr J, Bevan JS, Abraham P. Radioiodine therapy (RAI)for Graves'disease (GD) and the effect on ophthalmopathy: a systematic review. Clin Endocrinol 2008;69:943-950.

Allahdin S, Glazener CM, Bain C. A randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of polyglactin mesh, polydioxanone and polyglactin sutures for pelvic organ prolapse surgery. J Obstet Gynaecol 2008;28(4):427-431.

Astin M, Brazzelli M, Fraser C, Counsell CE, Needham G, Grimshaw JM. Developing a sensitive search strategy in MEDLINE to retrieve studies on assessment of the diagnostic performance of imaging techniques. Radiology 2008;247(2):365-373.

Avenell A, Goode A. Assessing the evidence base for interventions to prevent the further increase in obesity. Aust Econ Rev 2008;41(1):97-104.

Cameron J, Taylor J, Greene A. Representations of rituals and care in British Midwifery Textbooks 1937-2004. Midwifery 2008;24(3):335-43.

Campbell AJ, Cook JA, Adey G, Cuthbertson BH. Predicting death and readmission after intensive care discharge. Br J Anaesth 2008;100(5):656-662.

Clarkson JE, Turner S, Grimshaw JM, Ramsay CR, Johnston M, Scott A, Bonetti D, Tilley C, MacLennan GS, Ibbetson R, MacPherson I, Pitts N. Changing clinician behaviour: a randomised controlled trial of fees and education.J Dent Res 2008;87(7):640-4.

Cook JA, Ramsay CR, Norrie J. Recruitment to publicly funded trials - Are surgical trials really different? Contemp Clinical Trials 2008;29(5):631-634.

de Verteuil R, Imamura M, Zhu S, Glazener C, Fraser C, Munro N, Hutchison JD, Grant AM, Coyle D, Coyle K, Vale L. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and economic modelling of minimal incision total hip replacement approaches in the management of arthritic disease of the hip. Health Technol Assess 2008;12(26):1-244.

Dean N, Wilson D, Herbison P, Glazener CM, Aung T, MacArthur C. Sexual function, delivery mode history, pelvic floor muscle exercises and incontinence: a cross-sectional study six years postpartum. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2008;48:302-11.

Entwistle VA, Prior M, Skea Z, Francis J. Involvement in treatment decision-making: its meaning to people with diabetes and implications for conceptulisation. Soc Sci Med 2008;66:362-75.

Evans JE, Guthrie B, Pagliari C, Greene A, Cunningham S, Donnan P. Do general practice characteristics influence uptake of an information technology (IT) innovation in primary care? Informatics in Primary Care 2008;16(6):3-8.

Fielding S, Fayers P, McDonald A, McPherson GC, Campbell MK. Simple imputation methods were inadequate for missing not at random (MNAR) quality of life data. Health Qual Life Outcome [serial on the Internet]  2008;6(57):4 August 2008.

Fielding S, MacLennan GS, Cook JA, Ramsay CR. A review of RCTs in four medical journals to assess the use of imputation to overcome missing data in quality of life outcomes. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2008;9(51):11 August 2008.

Francis J, Eccles MP, Johnston M, Whitty P, Grimshaw JM, Kaner E, Smith L, Walker A. Explaining the effects of a randomised controlled trial to implement evidence-based diabetes care. Implement Sci [serial on the Internet] 2008;3(50):19 November 2008.

Franklin V, Greene A, Waller A, Greene S, Pagliari C. Supporting chronic disease by text-messaging: perceptions and reactions to 'Sweet Talk'. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2008;10(2):e20.

Glanville J, Bayliss S, Booth A, Dundar Y, Fernandes H, Fleeman ND, Foster L, Fraser C, Fry-Smith A, Golder S, Lefebvre C, Miller C, Paisley S, Payne L, Price A, Welch K, InterTASC Information Specialists' Sub-group. So many filters, so little time: the development of a search filter appraisal checklist. J Med Lib Assoc 2008;96(4):356-361.

Grant A, Wileman SM, Ramsay C, Bojke L, Epstein D, Sculpher M, Macran S, Kilonzo M, Vale L, Francis J, Mowat A, Krukowski Z, Heading RC, Thursz M, Russell I, Campbell MK, on behalf of the REFLUX trial group. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimal access surgery amongst people with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - a UK collaborative study.  The REFLUX trial. Health Technol Assess 2008;12(31):1-204.

Hernandez R, Burr J, Vale L, for the OAG screening project group. Economic evaluation of screening for open angle glaucoma. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2008;24(2):203-11.

Hernandez R, Rabindranath KS, Fraser C, Vale L, Azuara-Blanco A, Burr J. Screening for open angle glaucoma: systematic review of cost-effectiveness studies. J Glaucoma 2008;17(3):159-68.

Hernandez R, de Verteuil R, Fraser C, Vale L, on behalf of the Aberdeen Health Technology Assessment Group. Systematic review of economic evaluations of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. Colorectal Dis 2008;10(9):859-868.

Hrisos S, Eccles M, Johnston M, Francis J, Kaner E, Steen N, Grimshaw J. Developing the content of two behavioural interventions.  Using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #1. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2008;8(11):14 January 2008.

 Hrisos S, Eccles M, Johnston M, Francis J, Kaner E, Steen N, Grimshaw J. An intervention modelling experiment to change GP's intentions to implement evidence-based practice: Using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #2. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2008;8(10):14 January 2008.

Jia X, Glazener CM, Mowatt G, MacLennan GS, Fraser C, Bain C, Burr J. Efficacy and safety of using mesh or grafts in surgery for anterior and/or posterior vaginal wall prolapse: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2008;115(11):1350-1361.

Jia X, McNeill G, Avenell A. Does taking vitamin, mineral and fatty acid supplements prevent cognitive decline? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials? J Hum Nutr Diet 2008;21(4):317-336.

Jia X, Craig LCA, Aucott L, Milne AC, McNeill G.Repeatability and validity of a food frequency questionnaire in free-living older people in relation to cognitive function. J Nutrit Health Aging 2008;12(10):735-741.

Kolehmainen N, Francis J, McKee L. To provide or not to provide treatment: that is the question. Br J Occup Therap 2008;71(12):510-523.

Langston AL, Johnston M, Francis J, Robertson C, Campbell MK, Entwistle VA, Marteau T, MacLennan GS, Weinman J, McCallum M, Miedzybrodzka ZH, Charnock K, Ralston SH. Protocol for stage 2 of the GaP study (genetic testing acceptability for Paget's disease of bone): A questionnaire study to investigate whether relatives of people with Paget's disease would accept genetic testing and preventative treatment if they were available. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2008;8(116):29 May 2008.

Lecouturier J, Bamford C, Hughes J, Francis J, Foy R, Eccles M, Johnston M. Appropriate disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia: identifying the key behaviours of 'best practice'. BMC Health Serv Res  [serial on the Internet]  2008;8(95):1 May 2008. 

Lois N, Burr J, Norrie J, Vale L, Cook JA, McDonald A, The FILMS Study Group. Clinical and cost-effectiveness of internal limiting membrane peeling for patients with idiopathic full thickness macular hole. Trials [serial on the Internet] 2008;9(61):3 November 2008.

Lourenco T, Armstrong N, Nabi G, Deverill M, Pickard R, Vale L, MacLennan GS, Fraser C, McClinton S, Wong S, Coutts A, Mowatt G, Grant AM, N'Dow J. Systematic review and economic modelling of effectiveness and cost utility of surgical treatments for men with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). Health Technol Assess 2008;12(35).

Lourenco T, Murray A, Grant AM, McKinley A, Krukowski Z, Vale L. Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer: safe and effective? - a systematic review. Surg Endosc 2008;22(5):1146-60.

Lourenco T, Pickard R, Vale L, Grant AM, Fraser C, MacLennan GS, N'Dow J. Alternative approaches to endoscopic ablation for benign enlargement of the prostate: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2008;337(7660):449-57.

Lourenco T, Pickard R, Vale L, Grant AM, Fraser C, MacLennan GS, N'Dow J. Minimally invasive therapies for the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement - a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Br Med J 2008;337(7676):1662-1670.

McKenzie J, French S, O'Connor D, Grimshaw JM, Mortimer D, Michie S, Francis J, Spike N, Schattner P, Kent PM, Buchbinder R, Green S. IMPLEmenting a clinical practice guideline for acute low back pain evidence-based manageMENT in general practice (IMPLEMENT): cluster randomised controlled trial study protocol. Implement Sci 2008;3(11):22 February 2008.

Michie S, Johnston M, Francis J, Hardeman W, Eccles M. From theory to intervention: mapping theoretically derived behavioural determinants to behaviour change techniques. Appl Psychol 2008;57:660-680.

Mowatt G, Cummins E, Waugh N, Walker S, Cook J, Jia X, Hillis G, Fraser C. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 64-slice or higher computed tomography angiography as an alternative to invasive coronary angiography in the investigation of coronary artery disease. Health Technol Assess 2008;12(17):1-163.

Mowatt G, Glazener CM, Jarrett M. Sacral nerve simulation for fecal incontinence and constipation in adults: a short version Cochrane review. Neurourol Urodyn 2008;27(3):155-161.

Mowatt G, Cook JA, Hillis G, Walker S, Fraser C, Jia X, Waugh N. 64-slice computed tomography angiography in the diagnosis and assessment of coronary artery disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart 2008;94(11):1386-1393.

Mowatt G, Burr JM, Cook JA, Siddiqui MAR, Ramsay C, Fraser C, Azuara-Blanco A, Deeks J, OAG Screening Project Group. Screening tests for detecting open angle glaucoma: systematic review and meta-analysis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008;49(12):5373-5385. 

Paul-Ebhohimhen V, Avenell A. Systematic review of the use of financial incentives in treatments for obesity and overweight. Obes Rev 2008;9(4):355-367.

Presseau J, Sniehotta F, Francis J, Little BR. Personal projects analysis: Opportunities and implications for multiple goal assessment, theoretical integration, and behaviour change. European Health Psychologist 2008;10(2):32-36

Reader T, Cuthbertson BH, Decruyenaere J. Burnout in the ICU: Potential consequences for staff and patient well-being. Intensive Care Med 2008;34(1):4-6.

Schumm K, Lam T. Types of urethral catheters for management of short-term voiding problems in hospitalized adults: a short version Cochrane review. Neurourol Urodyn 2008;27(8):738-746.

Skea Z, Entwistle VA, Watt I, Russell I. Avoiding harm to others' considerations in relation to parental MMR vaccination discussions - an analysis of an online chat forum. Soc Sci Med 2008;67(9):1382-1390.

Somani B, Nabi G, Thorpe P, Hussey J, Cook J, N'Dow J. Is percutaneous drainage the new gold standard in the management of emphysematous pyelonephritis? J Urol 2008;179(5):1844-1849.

Sprung CL, Annane D, Keh D, Moreno R, Singer M, Freivogel K, Weiss Y, Benbenishy J, Kalenka A, Forst H, Laterre P, Reinhart K, Cuthbertson BH, Payen D, Briegel J. Hydrocortisone therapy for patients with septic shock. New Engl J Med 2008;358(2):111-124.

Watson M, Cleland JA, Inch J, Bond C, Francis J. Theory-based communication skills training for medicine counter assistants to improve consultations for non-prescription medicines. Med Educ 2008;41:450-459.

Williams D, Olsen S, Crichton W, Witte K, Flin R, Ingram J, Campbell MK, Watson M, Hopf Y, Cuthbertson BH. Detection of adverse events in a Scottish hospital using a consensus-based methodology. Scott Med J 2008;53(4):26-30.