Academic Articles 2003-2000

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2003

AGREE Collaborative Group, [Grimshaw JM]. Development and validation of an international appraisal instrument for assessing the quality of clinical practice guidelines: the AGREE project. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(1):18-23.

Angus VC, Entwistle VA, Emslie MJ, Walker K, Andrew JE. The requirement for prior consent to participate on survey response rates: a population-based survey in Grampian. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2003;3:21 (18 November 2003).Available from: URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/3/21

Ansari F, Gray K, Nathwani D, Phillips G, Ogston S, Ramsay C, Davey P. Outcomes of an intervention to improve hospital antibiotic prescribing: interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother 2003;52(5):842-848.

Avenell A, Handoll H. A systematic review of protein and energy supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in older people. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003;57(8):895-903.

Boilson M, Hamilton R. A survey of monitoring of weight and blood glucose in in-patients. Psychiatr Bull R Coll Psychiatr 2003;27(11):424-426.

Bond CM, Watson M, Grampian Evidence Based Community Pharmacy Guidelines Group. The development of evidence based guidelines for over-the-counter treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Pharm World Sci 2003;25(4):177-181.

Cantwell R, Scottish Comorbidity Study Group, [Eagles J], [Naji SA]. Substance use and schizophrenia: effects on symptoms, social functioning and service use. Br J Psychiatry 2003;182(4):324-329.

Cody J, Wyness L, Wallace S, Glazener CM, Kilonzo M, Stearns SC, McCormack K, Vale L, Grant AM. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tension-free vaginal tape for treatment of urinary stress incontinence. Health Technol Assess 2003;7(21):1-189.

Eagles JM, Carson DP, Begg A, Naji SA. Suicide prevention: a study of patients' views. Br J Psychiatry 2003;182(3):261-265.

Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Campbell MK, Ramsay CR. Research designs for studies evaluating the effectiveness of change and improvement strategies. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(1):47-52.

Entwistle VA, Andrew JE, Emslie MJ, Walker K, Dorrian C, Angus VC, Conniff A. Public opinion on systems for feeding back views to the National Health Service. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(6):435-442.

Entwistle VA, O'Donnell M. Research funding organisations and consumer involvement [editorial]. J Health Serv Res Policy 2003;8(3):129-131.

Entwistle VA. Patients' information environments: deserts, jungles and less hostile alternatives [editorial]. Health Expect 2003;6(2):93-96.

Gilbody SM, Whitty P, Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE. Improving the detection and management of depression in primary care. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(2):149-155.

Gilbody SM, Whitty P, Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE. Educational and organizational interventions to improve the management of depression in primary care: a systematic review. JAMA 2003;289(23):3145-3151.

Glazener CM, Peto R, Evans JHC. Effects of interventions for the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in children. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(5):390-394.

Grant, A. M., RECORD Project Management Group, and [Campbell MK]. Protocol 02PRT/35. Randomised placebo-controlled trial of daily oral vitamin D and calcium for the secondary prevention of osteoporosis-related fractures in the elderly (RECORD). Lancet [serial on the Internet] 2003.Available from: URL: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/misc/protocol/02PRT-35

Greiner K, McCormack K, Grant A, Forrester JV. The relative contribution of medical and surgical referrals to the workload in general ophthalmic practice. Br J Ophthalmol 2003;87(8):933-935.

Grimshaw JM, McAuley LM, Bero LA, Grilli R, Oxman AD, Ramsay CR, Vale L, Zwarenstein M. Systematic reviews of the effectiveness of quality improvement strategies and programmes. Qual Saf Health Care 2003;12(4):298-303.

Hagen S, Bugge C, Alexander H. Psychometric properties of the SF-36 in the early post-stroke phase. J Adv Nurs 2003;44(5):461-468.

Masson LF, McNeill G, Avenell A. Genetic variation and the lipid response to dietary intervention: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutrit 2003;77(5):1098-1111.

McColl E, Eccles M, Rousseau N, Steen I, Parkin D, Grimshaw J. From the generic to the condition-specific?   Instrument order effects in quality of life assessment. Med Care 2003;41(7):777-790.

McKenzie L, Vale L, Stearns SC, McCormack K. Metal on metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty: an economic analysis.   Eur J Health Econ 2003;4(2):122-129.

Mowatt G, Vale L, Perez J, Wyness L, Fraser C, MacLeod A, Daly C, Stearns SC. Systematic review of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, and economic evaluation of home versus hospital or satellite unit haemodialysis for people with end-stage renal failure. Health Technol Assess 2003;7(2):1-174.

Naji SA, Gibb J, Andrew JE, Hamilton R, Sclare P, Eagles J. Why do people with schizophrenia consult their GPs?   A preliminary case-control study in Aberdeen. Prim Care Ment Health 2003;1(2):107-110.

NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, [Glazener CMA], [Grant AM], [Wallace SA]. Treating nocturnal enuresis in children. Eff Health Care Bull 2003;8(2):1-8.

Pandian Z, Bhattacharya S, Nikolaou D, Vale L, Templeton AA. The effectiveness of in vitro fertilisation in unexplained fertility: a systematic review. Hum Reprod 2003;18(10):2001-2007.

Ramsay CR, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Steen N. Assessing the long-term effect of educational reminder messages on primary care radiology referrals. Clin Radiol 2003;58(4):319-321.

Ramsay CR, Matowe L, Grilli R, Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE. Interrupted time series designs in health technology assessment: lessons from two systematic reviews of behaviour change strategies. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2003;19(4):613-623.

Ramsay CR, Brown E, Hartman G, Davey P. Room for improvement: a systematic review of the quality of interventions to improve hospital antibiotic prescribing. J Antimicrob Chemother 2003;52(5):764-771.

Reid M, Glazener CM, Connery L, MacKenzie J, Ismail D, Prigg A, Taylor GS. Two interventions for postnatal support. Br J Midwifery 2003;11(5):294-298.

Riemsma R, Pattenden J, Bridle C, Sowden AJ, Mather L, Watt IS, Walker A. Systematic review of the effectiveness of stage based interventions to promote smoking cessation. Br Med J 2003;326(7400):1175-1177.

Rousseau N, McColl E, Newton J, Grimshaw J, Eccles M. A practice-based, longitudinal, qualitative interview study of computerized evidence based guidelines in primary care. Br Med J 2003;32(7384):1-8.

Sharp PF, Olson J, Strachan F, Hipwell J, Ludbrook A, O'Donnell M, Wallace S, Goatman K, Grant A, Waugh N, McHardy K, Forrester JV. The value of digital imaging in diabetic retinopathy. Health Technol Assess 2003;7(30):1-119.

Smith L, Gilhooly K, Walker AE. Factors influencing prescribing decisions in the treatment of depression: a social judgement theory approach. Appl Cogn Psychol 2003;17(1):51-63.

Symon A, Glazener CM, MacDonald A, Ruta DA.   Pilot study: quality of life assessment of postnatal fatigue and other physical morbidity. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2003;24(4):215-219.

Thomas RE, Grimshaw JM, Mollison J, McClinton S, McIntosh E, Deans H, Repper J. Cluster randomized trial of a guideline-based open access urological investigation service. Fam Pract 2003;20(6):646-654.

Vale L, Grant A, Ludbrook A. Assessing the costs and consequences of laparoscopic versus open methods of hernia repair: a systematic review. Surg Endosc 2003;17(6):844-849.

Verstappen WHJM, Van der Weijden T, Sijbranij J, Smeele J, Hermsen J, Grimshaw J, Grol R. Effect of a practice-based strategy on test ordering performance of primary care physicians: a randomized trial. JAMA 2003;289(18):2407-2412.

Walker AE, Grimshaw JM, Johnston M, Pitts N, Steen N, Eccles M. PRIME - PRocess modelling in ImpleMEntation research: selecting a theoretical basis for interventions to change clinical practice. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2003;3:22 (19 December 2003).Available from: URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/3/22

Watson M, Bond CM, Grampian Evidence Based Community Pharmacy Guidelines Group. Evidence based guidelines for non-prescription treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Pharm World Sci 2003;25(4):129-134.

2002

Avenell A, Wallace S. Searching the electronic literature - improving the quality of results. CPD Bull Clin Biochem 2002;4(3):74-77.

Brazzelli M, Shirran E, Vale L. Absorbent products for containing urinary and/or fecal incontinence in adults. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2002;29(1):45-54.

Campbell SE, Avenell A, Walker AE, TEMPEST Trial Group, [Campbell MK], [Grant AM], [Grimshaw JM], [McIntosh E], [Vale L]. Assessment of nutritional status in hospital inpatients. Q J Med 2002;95(2):83-87.

Croal BL, Mitchell IDC, Mutch WJ, Dickie A, Cohen N, Ross IS. Serum HER-2-neu extracellular domain levels in men presenting with suspected prostate cancer. UroOncology 2002;2(2):99-102.

Cruickshank ME, Chambers G, Murray G, McKenzie L, Donaldson C, Andrews J, Campbell MK, Kitchener H. Age-restricted cervical screening: HPV testing at age 50 identifies a high risk group for cervical disease. Int J Gynaecol Cancer 2002;12(6):735-740.

Eagles JM, Howie FL, Cameron IM, Wileman SM, Andrew JE, Robertson C, Naji SA. Use of health care services in seasonal affective disorder. Br J Psychiatry 2002;180(May):449-454.

Eagles JM, Andrew JE, Wileman SM, Howie FL, Cameron IM, Naji SA. Seasonal affective disorder and social deprivation in Aberdeen. J Affect Disord 2002;70(3):337-340.

Eccles M, McColl E, Steen N, Rousseau N, Grimshaw J, Parkin D. Effect of computerised evidence based guidelines on management of asthma and angina in adults in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial. Br Med J 2002;325(7370):941-947.

Eccles M, Hawthorne G, Whitty P, Steen I, Vanoli A, Grimshaw J, Wood L. A randomized controlled trial of a patient based Diabetes Recall and Management System:   The DREAM Trial: Study Protocol ISRCTN32042030. BMC Health Serv Res [serial on the Internet] 2002;2:5 (21 March 2002).Available from: URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/2/5

Entwistle VA. Putting participation in the picture [editorial]. Health Expect 2002;5(2):93-94.

Entwistle VA, Tritter J, Calnan M. Researching experiences of cancer: the importance of methodology. Eur J Cancer Care 2002;11(3):232-237.

EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [Grant AM], [Scott NW], [Vale L], [Webb K]. Repair of groin hernia with synthetic mesh: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Ann Surg 2002;235(3):322-332.

Fish A, Watson MC, Bond CM. Practice based phamaceutical services: a systematic review. Int J Pharm Practice 2002;10(4):225-233.

Foy R, MacLennan GS, Grimshaw J, Penney G, Campbell MK, Grol R. Attributes of clinical recommendations that influence change in practice following audit and feedback. J Clin Epidemiol 2002;55(7):717-722.

Gilbody SM, Whitty P, Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE. Improving the recognition and management of depression in primary care. Eff Health Care Bull 2002;7(5):1-12.

Grant AM, EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [McCormack K], [Scott NW], [Vale L]. Laparoscopic versus open groin hernia repair: meta-analysis of randomised trials based on individual patient data. Hernia 2002;6(1):2-10.

Grant AM, EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [McCormack K], [Scott NW], [Vale L]. Open mesh versus non-mesh repair of groin hernia: meta-analysis of randomised trials based on individual patient data. Hernia 2002;6(3):130-136.

Greener J, Langhorne P. Systematic reviews in rehabilitation for stroke: issues and approaches to addressing them. Clin Rehabil 2002;16(1):69-74.

Grimshaw JM, Eccles MP, Walker AE, Thomas RE. Changing physicians' behavior: what works and thoughts on getting more things to work. J Contin Educ Health Prof 2002;22(4):237-243.

Hamilton R, Gordon P, Naji SA. Service innovation: the first year of a brief psychiatric screening clinic in primary care. Psychiatr Bull R Coll Psychiatr 2002;26(6):218-221.

Jefferson T, Demicheli V, Vale L. Quality of systematic reviews of economic evaluations in health care. JAMA 2002;287(21):2809-2812.

Jousimaa J, Makela M, Kunnamo I, MacLennan GS, Grimshaw JM. Primary care guidelines on consultation practices: the effectiveness of computerized versus paper-based versions. A cluster randomized controlled trial among newly qualified primary care physicians. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2002;18(3):586-596.

Maddern GJ, Middleton PF, Grant AM. Urinary stress incontinence [editorial]. Br Med J 2002;325(7368):789-790.

Matowe L, Ramsay CR, Grimshaw J, Gilbert F, Macleod MJ, Needham G. Effects of mailed dissemination of the Royal College of Radiologists' guidelines on general practitioner referrals for radiography: a time series analysis. Clin Radiol 2002;57(7):575-578.

McCreadie RG, Scottish Comorbidity Study Group, [Eagles J], [Naji SA]. Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: case-control study. Br J Psychiatry 2002;181:321-325.

Mowatt G, Shirran L, Grimshaw JM, Rennie D, Flanagin A, Yank V, MacLennan GS, Gotzsche PC, Bero LA. Prevalence of honorary and ghost authorship in Cochrane reviews. JAMA 2002;287(21):2769-2771.

Novak F, Heyland DK, Avenell A, Drover JW, Su X. Glutamine supplementation in serious illness: a systematic review of the evidence. Crit Care Med 2002;30(9):2022-2029.

Petrou S, Glazener CM. The economic costs of alternative modes of delivery during the first two months postpartum: results from a Scottish observational study. BJOG 2002;109(2):214-217.

Phillips LH, Smith L, Gilhooly K. The effects of adult aging and induced positive and negative mood on planning. Emotion 2002;2(3):263-273.

Ramsay CR, Wallace SA, Garthwaite PH, Monk AF, Russell IT, Grant AM. Assessing the learning curve effect in health technologies. Lessons from the non-clinical literature. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2002;18(1):1-10.

Reid M, Glazener CM, Murray GD, Taylor GS.   A two-centred pragmatic randomised controlled trial of two interventions of postnatal support. BJOG 2002;109(10):1164-1170.

Riemsma R, Pattenden J, Bridle C, Sowden AJ, Mather L, Watt IS, Walker AE. A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions based on a stages-of-change approach to promote individual behaviour change. Health Technol Assess 2002;6(24):1-231.

Scott NW, McPherson GC, Ramsay CR, Campbell MK. The method of minimization for allocation to clinical trials: a review. Control Clin Trials 2002;23(6):662-674.

Soroka D, Drutz HP, Glazener CM, Hay-Smith EJC, Ross S. Perineal pad test in evaluating outcome of treatments for female incontinence: a systematic review. Int Urogynecol J 2002;13(3):165-175.

Stone E, Morton S, Hulscher MEJL, Maglione M, Roth E, Grimshaw JM, Mittman B, Rubenstein L, Shekelle P. Interventions that increase use of adult immunization and cancer screening services: a meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 2002;136(9):641-651.

Vale L, Wyness L, McCormack K, McKenzie L, Brazzelli M, Stearns SC. A systematic review of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthoplasty for treatment of hip disease. Health Technol Assess 2002;6(15):1-109.

Watson MC, Bond CM, Grimshaw JM, Mollison J, Ludbrook A, Walker AE. Educational strategies to promote evidence-based community pharmacy practice: a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT). Fam Pract 2002;19(5):529-536.

Watson MC, Grimshaw JM, Bond CM, Mollison J, Ludbrook A. Oral versus intra-vaginal imidazole and triazole anti-fungal agents for the treatment of uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (thrush):   a systematic review. BJOG 2002;109(1):85-95.

Wright D, Paterson C, Scott N, Hair A, O'Dwyer PJ. Five-year follow-up of patients undergoing laparoscopic or open groin hernia repair: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2002;235(3):333-337.

2001

Andrew JE, Wileman SM, Howie FL, Cameron IM, Naji SA, Eagles JM. Comparison of consultation rates in primary care attenders with and without seasonal affective disorder. J Affect Disord 2001;62:199-205.

Atherton-Naji A, Hamilton RJ, Riddle W, Naji SA. Improving adherence to antidepressant drug treatment in primary care: a feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial of educational intervention. Primary Care Psychiatry 2001;7(2):61-67.

Avenell A, Handoll H, Grant AM. Lessons for search strategies from a systematic review, in the Cochrane Library, of nutritional supplementation trials in patients after hip fracture. Am J Clin Nutrit 2001;73:505-510.

Cameron IM, Eagles J, Howie FL, Andrew JE, Crawford JR, Kohler C, Naji SA. Preliminary validation of a UK modified version of the basis-32. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2001;5:41-48.

Campbell MK, Mollison J, Grimshaw JM. Cluster trials in implementation research: estimation of intracluster correlation coefficients and sample size. Stat Med 2001;20:391-399.

Campbell S, Campbell MK, Grimshaw JM, Walker AE. A systematic review of discharge coding accuracy in the United Kingdom. J Public Health Med 2001;23(3):205-211.

Campbell SE, Walker AE, Grimshaw JM, Campbell MK, Lowe GDO, Harper D, Fowkes FGR, Petrie JC, TEMPEST Trial Group, [Grant AM], [Vale L]. The prevalence of prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis in acute hospital trusts. Int J Qual Health Care 2001;13:309-316.

Cooper K, Jack S, Parkin D, Grant AM. Five-year follow-up of women randomised to medical management or transcervical resection of the endometrium for heavy menstrual loss: clinical and quality of life outcomes. BJOG 2001;108:1222-1228.

Croal BL, Mutch WJ, Clark BM, Dickie A, Church J, Noble D, Ross IS. The clinical application of a urine albumin:creatinine ratio point-of-care device. Clin Chim Acta 2001;307:15-21.

Daly CD, Campbell MK, MacLeod AM, Cody DJ, Vale LD, Grant AM, Donaldson C, Wallace SA, Lawrence PD, Khan IH. Do the Y-set and double-bag systems reduce the incidence of CAPD peritonitis? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2001;16(2):341-347.

Eccles M, Steen N, Grimshaw J, Thomas L, McNamee P, Soutter J, Wilsdon J, Matowe L, Needham G, Gilbert F, Bond S. Effect of audit and feedback, and reminder messages on primary-care referrals: a randomised trial. Lancet 2001;357:1406-1409.

Elbourne D, Campbell MK. Extending the CONSORT statement to cluster randomised trials: for discussion. Stat Med 2001;20:489-496.

Entwistle VA. The potential contribution of decision aids to screening programmes. Health Expect 2001;4:109-115.

Entwistle VA, Skea Z, O'Donnell M. Decisions about treatment: interpretations of two measures of control by women having a hysterectomy. Soc Sci Med 2001;(53):721-732.

Entwistle VA. Participation in screening programmes [editorial]. Health Expect 2001;4:79-80.

Foy R, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM. Why does primary care need more implementation research? Fam Pract 2001;18:353-355.

Foy R, Walker AE, Penney G. Barriers to clinical guidelines: the need for concerted action. Br J Clin Governance 2001;6(4):166-174.

Foy R, MacLennan GS, Grimshaw JM, Penney G, Campbell MK, Grol R. Attributes of clinical recommendations that influence changes in practice following audit and feedback. J Clin Epidemiol 2001;55(7):717-722.

Gillan MGC, Gilbert FJ, Andrew JE, Grant AM, Wardlaw D, Valentine NW, Gregori AC, Scottish Back Trial Group, [Campbell MK], [Ross SJ], [Vale L], [Scott NW]. Influence of imaging on clinical decision making in the treatment of lower back pain. Radiology 2001;220:393-399.

Glazener CM, MacArthur C. Postnatal morbidity. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2001;3(4):179-184.

Glazener, C. M., Herbison, G. P., Wilson, P. D., MacArthur, C., Lang, G. D., Gee, H., and Grant, A. M. Conservative management of persistent postnatal urinary and faecal incontinence: a randomised controlled trial. Br Med J [serial on the Internet] 2001.Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/323/7313/593

Glazener CM, Herbison GP, Wilson PD, MacArthur C, Lang GD, Gee H, Grant AM. Conservative management of persistent postnatal urinary and faecal incontinence: a randomised controlled trial. Br Med J 2001;323(7313):593-596.

Grant AM, Gordon B, Mackrodt C, Fern E, Truesdale A, Ayers S. The Ipswich childbirth study: one year follow-up of alternative methods used in perineal repair. BJOG 2001;108:34-40.

Grimshaw JM, Walker AE. Evidence based implementation of evidence based guidelines. Proc R Coll Physicians Edinb 2001;31(Suppl 9).

Grimshaw JM, Shirran L, Thomas RE, Mowatt G, Fraser C, Bero L, Grilli R, Harvey EL, Oxman AD, O'Brien MA. Changing provider behaviour: an overview of systematic reviews of interventions. Med Care 2001;39(Supplement 2):2-45.

Gross PA, Greenfield S, Cretin S, Ferguson J, Grimshaw JM, Grol R, Klazinga N, Lorenz W, Meyer GS, Riccobono C, Schoenbaum SC, Schyve P, Shaw C. Optimal methods for guideline implementation: Conclusions from Leeds Castle meeting. Med Care 2001;39(Supplement 2):85-92.

Harbour R, Miller J, for the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Methodology Review Group, [Grimshaw JM], [Grant AM]. A revised method for the grading of guideline recommendations. Br Med J 2001;323(7308):334-336.

Holmes-Rovner M, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Entwistle VA, Coulter A, O'Connor AM, Rovner D. Patient choice modules for summaries of clinical effectiveness: a proposal. Br Med J 2001;322:664-667.

Kirby L, Vale L. Dialysis for end-stage renal disease: determining a cost-effective approach. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2001;17(2):181-189.

Leigh-Brown AP, Kennedy ADM, Torgerson DJ, Campbell J, Webb JAG, Grant AM. The OMENS trial: opportunistic evaluation of musculo-skeletal physician care among orthopaedic outpatients unlikely to require surgery. Health Bull 2001;59(3):198-210.

Lemouchoux CH, Millar HR, Naji SA. Eating disorders services in Scotland: starved of resources. Psychiatr Bull R Coll Psychiatr 2001;25(256):260.

MacArthur C, Glazener CM, Herbison P, Wilson PD, Lang D, Gee H. Obstetric practice and faecal incontinence three months after delivery. BJOG 2001;108(7):678-683.

Mauthner NS. Postnatal depression: how can midwives help? Midwifery 2001;13(1):163-171.

Miller P, Vale L. Programme approach to managing informed purchasing: opportunities and barriers. Health Serv Manage Res 2001;14:159-164.

Mitchell IDC, Croal BL, Dickie A, Cohen NP, Ross I. A prospective study to evaluate the role of complexed prostate specific antigen and free/total prostate specific antigen ratio for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. J Urol 2001;165:1549-1553.

Morrison J, Carroll L, Twaddle S, Cameron IT, Grimshaw JM, Leyland AH, Baillie HM, Watt GCM. A pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate guidelines for the management of infertility across the primary-secondary interface. Br Med J 2001;322:1282-1284.

Mowatt G, Grimshaw JM, Davis DA, Mazmanian PE. Getting evidence into practice - the work of the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organization of Care Group (EPOC). J Contin Educ Health Prof 2001;21:55-60.

Mowatt G, Shirran E, Grimshaw J, Alderson P, Bero L, Chalmers I, Flanagin A, Gotzsche PC, Grant A, Ober M, Rennie D, Yank V. Survey of contributorship in Cochrane Reviews. Nordic Evidence-based Health Care Newsletter 2001;5:39-40.

Mowatt G, Grimshaw J, Cochrane Effective Practice & Organisation of Care Review Group (EPOC). The Cochrane Effectiveness Practice and Organisation of Care Group. Nordic Evidence-based Health Care Newsletter 2001;5:26-27.

MRC Laparoscopic Groin Hernia Trial Group, [McIntosh E], [Scott NW], [Grant AM], [Campbell MK], [Ross SJ], [Kennedy A], [Torgerson D], [Zarins K]. Cost-utility analysis of open versus laparoscopic groin hernia repair: results from a multicentre randomized clinical trial.   Br J Surg 2001;88:653-661.

O'Donnell M, Entwistle VA, Deery C. Discussing wisdom teeth removal with patients: a critique of information materials. Health Bull 2001;59(3):171-177.

Pagliari C, Grimshaw J, Eccles M. The potential influence of small group processes on guideline development. J Eval Clin Pract 2001;7(2):165-173.

Petrou S, Gordon B, Mackrodt C, Fern E, Ayers S, Grant AM, Truesdale A, McCandlish R. How cost-effective is it to leave perineal skin unsutured? Br J Midwifery 2001;9(4):209-214.

Ramsay CR, Grant AM, Wallace SA, Garthwaite PH, Monk AF, Russell IT. Statistical assessment of the learning curves of health technologies. Health Technol Assess 2001;5(12).

Scott JT, Entwistle VA, Sowden AJ, Watt IS. Giving tape recordings or written summaries of consultations to people with cancer: a systematic review. Health Expect 2001;4:162-169.

Shekelle P, Ortiz E, Rhodes S, Morton S, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Woolf S. The validity of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality clinical practice guidelines.   How quickly do guidelines go out-of-date? JAMA 2001;286(12):1461-1467.

Shekelle PG, Eccles MP, Grimshaw JM, Woolf SH. When should clinical practice guidelines be updated or withdrawn? Br Med J 2001;323:155-157.

Sowden AJ, Forbes C, Entwistle VA, Watt I.   Informing, communicating and sharing decisions with people who have cancer. Qual Health Care 2001;10:193-196.

Walker AE, Grimshaw JM, Armstrong E. Salient beliefs and intentions to prescribe antibiotics for patients with a sore throat. Br J Health Psychol 2001;6(4):347-360.

Walker AE. Clinical effectiveness 2000: An overview. Proc R Coll Physicians Edinb 2001;31(Suppl 9):2-6.

Wileman SM, Andrew JE, Howie FL, Cameron IM, McCormack K, Eagles JM, Naji SA. Light therapy for seasonal affective disorder in primary care: randomised contolled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2001;178:311-316.

2000

AGREE Collaborative Group, [Grimshaw JM]. Guideline development in Europe: an international comparison. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2000;16(4):1039-1049.

Alexander H, Bugge C, Hagen S, Russell E. Incidence, hospital admission rates, and health outcomes following stroke in Ayrshire and Arran. Health Bull (Edinb) 2000;59(5):408-413.

Baxter-Jones A, Helms P, EASE Study Group, [Grant AM], [Ross SJ]. Early introduction of inhaled steroids in wheezing children presenting in primary care. A pilot study. Clin Exp Allergy 2000;30(11):1619-1626.

Baxter-Jones A, Helms P, Russell G, Grant A, Ross S, Cairns JA, Ritchie L, Taylor R, Reid DM, Osman LM, Robins S, Fletcher ME. Early asthma prophylaxis, natural history, skeletal development and economy (EASE): a pilot randomised controlled trial. Health Technol Assess 2000;4(28):1-89.

Campbell MK, Grimshaw JM, Steen IN. Sample size calculations for cluster randomised trials. J Health Serv Res Policy 2000;5:12-16.

Campbell MK, Daly C, Wallace SA, Cody DJ, Donaldson C, Grant AM, Khan IH, Lawrence P, Vale L, MacLeod AM. Evidence-based medicine in nephrology: identifying and critically appraising the literature. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2000;15(12):1950-1955.

Campbell MK, Grimshaw JM, Walker AE, Donaldson C, TEMPEST Trial Group, [Grant AM], [McIntosh E], [Vale L]. Design and statistical considerations in implementation research: the thromboembolism prevention evaluation study (TEMPEST). J R Stat Soc A 2000.

Campbell MK, Mollison J, Steen IN, Grimshaw JM, Eccles M. Analysis of cluster randomised trials in primary care: A practical approach. Fam Pract 2000;17:192-196.

Chadha YC, Mollison J, Howie F, Grimshaw J, Hall M, Russell I. Guidelines in gynaecology. Evaluation in menorrhagia and urinary incontinence. BJOG 2000;107(4):535-543.

Cosens M, Ibbotson T, Grimshaw JM. Identifying opinion leaders in ward nurses: a pilot study. Nurs Times Res 2000;5:148-155.

Croal BL. Prostate cancer and prostate-specific antigen. CPD Bull Clin Biochem 2000;3(2):96-100.

Croal BL, Simpson WG, Duff P, Ramsay CR, Walton S, Ross IS. The short and long term prognostic significance of admission troponin I and T in patients presenting with chest pain without ST elevation. Clin Chem 2000.

Eccles MP, Grimshaw JM, Steen N, Parkin D, Purves I, McColl E, Rousseau N. The design and analysis of a randomised controlled trial to evaluate computerised decision support: the COGENT Study. Fam Pract 2000;17:180-186.

Entwistle VA. Commentary on 'Effectiveness of computer-generated reminders for increasing discussions about advance directives and completion of advance directive forms: a randomised controlled trial'. J Evid Based Health Care 2000;3:103.

Entwistle VA. Developing research-based information: creativity or compromise [editorial]. Health Expect 2000;3:87-89.

Entwistle VA, Watt IS, Johnson F. The case of Norplant as example of media coverage over the life of a new health technology. Lancet 2000;355:1633-1636.

Entwistle VA. Supporting and resourcing treatment decision-making: some policy considerations. Health Expect 2000;3:77-85.

EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [Webb K], [Scott NW], [Grant AM]. Laparoscopic compared with open methods of groin hernia repair: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Br J Surg 2000;87:860-867.

EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [Scott NW], [Webb K], [Grant AM]. Mesh compared with non-mesh methods of open groin hernia repair - systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Br J Surg 2000;87:854-859.

Foy R, MacLennan GS, Grimshaw JM, Penney G, Campbell MK, Grol R. Attributes of clinical recommendations that influence changes in practice following audit and feedback. Br Med J 2000.

Glazener CM, Ford WCL, Hull MGR. The prognostic power of the post-coital test for natural conception depends on duration of infertility. Hum Reprod 2000;15(9):1953-1957.

Greener J, Enderby P, Whurr R, Grant A. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials of speech and language therapy for aphasia. Bull R Coll Speech Lang Ther 2000;574:13-14.

Grimshaw J, Campbell M, Eccles M, Steen I. Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for evaluating guideline implementation stategies. Fam Pract 2000;17(Suppl 1):S11-S18.

Grimshaw JM, Eccles M, Thomas RE. Using guidelines to improve quality of care. Qualitatsmanagement in Klinik und Praxis 2000;8:92-96.

Kennedy A, Grant A. Subversion of allocation concealment in a randomised controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 2000.

Kennedy ADM, Leigh-Brown AP, Torgerson DJ, Campbell J, Webb JAG. Resource use data by patient report or hospital records: Do they agree? Health Bull (Edinb) 2000.

Makela M, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Grol R. Guidelines as a policy tool: A fashion to stay. Health Policy 2000.

Mollison J, Simpson J, Campbell MK, Grimshaw JM. Comparison of analytical methods for cluster randomised trials: an example from a primary care setting. J Epidemol Biostat 2000;5:339-346.

Osman LM, Baxter-Jones A, Helms P, EASE Study Group, [Grant AM], [Ross SJ]. Parents' quality of life and respiratory symptons in young children with mild wheeze. Eur Respir J 2000;17(2):254-258.

Ramsay CR, Grant AM, Wallace SA, Garthwaite PH, Monk AF, Russell IT. Assessment of the learning curve in health technologies. A systematic review. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2000;16(4):1095-1108.

Ramsay CR, Campbell MK, Cantarovich D, Catto GRD, Cody J, Daly C. Evaluation of clinical guidelines for the management of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in Europe: The EU Biomed 1 Study. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2000;15:1394-1398.

Rao GP, Noonan CP, Pillai P, Sen J, Ramsay CR, Chanda A.   Convergence insufficiency: efficacy of orthoptic treatment. Br J Ophthalmol 2000.

Ross S, Jabbar A, Ramsay CR, Watson AJ, Grant AM, Krukowski ZH. Symptomatic outcome following laparoscopic anterior partial fundoplication: follow-up of a series of 200 patients. J R Coll Surg Edinb 2000;45(6):363-365.

Scott NW, Grant AM, Ross SJ, Smith A, MacIntyre IMC, O'Dwyer PJ, MRC Laparoscopic Groin Hernia Trial Group, [Campbell MK], [McIntosh E], [Kennedy A], [Zarins K], [Torgerson D]. Patient-assessed outcome up to three months in a randomised controlled trial comparing laparoscopic with open groin hernia. Hernia 2000;4:73-79.

Thomas RE, Donaldson C, Torgerson DJ. Who answers 'willingness to pay' questions. J Health Serv Res Policy 2000;5(1):7-11.

Torgerson DJ, Campbell MK. Economics notes: cost effectiveness calculations and sample size. Br Med J 2000;321(7262):697.

Torgerson DJ, Campbell MK. Use of unequal randomisation to aid the economic efficiency of clinical trials (Economic Note). Br Med J 2000;321:759.

Vale L, Donaldson C, Campbell MK, Cody J, Grant A, Khan IH, Lawrence P, Wallace S, MacLeod AM. Evidence-based medicine and health economics: A case study of end stage renal disease. Health Econ 2000;9:337-351.

Walker AE, Campbell MK, Grimshaw JM, TEMPEST Trial Group, [Grant AM], [Campbell SE]. A recruitment strategy for cluster randomized trials in secondary care settings. J Eval Clin Pract 2000;6(2):185-192.

Walker SA, Naji SA, Howie FL, Andrew JE, Cameron IM, Eagles JM. The effectiveness of psychiatric discharge co-ordinators. Primary Care Psychiatry 2000;6:149-153.

Watson MC, Walker AE, Bond CM. Community pharmacists' views and beliefs about the treatment of symptoms suggestive of vaginal thrush in community pharmacies. Pharm World Sci 2000;22(4):130-135.

Wileman SM, Booth NA, Moore N, Redmill B, Forrester JV, Knott RM. Regulation of plasminogen activation by TGF-B in cultured human retinal endothelial cells. Br J Ophthalmol 2000;84:417-422.