Academic Articles 1999-1996

1999  |  1998 |  1997 |  1996



Aberdeen Endometrial Ablation Trials Group, [Grant AM]. A randomised trial of endometrial ablation versus hysterectomy for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding: outcome at four years. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;106:360-366.

Calder LD, Maclean JR, Bayliss AP, Gilbert FJ, Grant AM. The diagnostic performance of a PC-based teleradiology link. Clin Radiol 1999;54(10):659-664.

Campbell MK, Torgerson DJ. Bootstrapping: estimating confidence intervals for cost-effectiveness ratios. Q J Med 1999;92:177-182.

Cluzeau FA, Littlejohns P, Grimshaw JM, Feder G, Moran SE. Development and application of a generic methodology to assess the quality of clinical guidelines. Int J Qual Health Care 1999;11:21-28.

Cooper KG, Parkin DE, Garratt AM, Grant AM. Two-year follow up of women randomised to medical management or transcervical resection of the endometrium for heavy menstrual loss: clinical and quality of life outcomes. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;106(3):258-265.

Eagles J, Fraser C, Wilson GE, Milton AM, Kiehlmann P, Naji SA. A survey of general practitioners in north-east Scotland on prevalence of practice- based counselling services. Health Bull 1999;57:175-179.

Eagles JM, Wileman SM, Cameron IM, Howie FL, Lawton K, Gray DA, Andrew JE, Naji SA. Seasonal affective disorder among primary care attenders and a community comparison group in Aberdeen. Br J Psychiatry 1999;175:472-475.

Entwistle VA. Who's afraid of the newspaper advice column [editorial]. CMAJ 1999;161:397-398.

Entwistle VA, Watt IS. Judging journalism: how should the quality of news reporting about clinical interventions be assessed and improved. Qual Health Care 1999;8:172-176.

EU Hernia Trialists Collaboration, [Grant AM], [Webb K], [Scott NW], [Vale L]. Overview of randomized trials of inguinal hernia repair - a European Union Concerted Action. Surg Endosc 1999;13:1030-1031.

Feder G, Eccles MP, Grol R, Griffiths CJ, Grimshaw JM. Clinical practice guidelines. Using clinical practice guidelines. Br Med J 1999;318:728-730.

Gerrard L, Grant AM, Maclean JR. Factors that may influence the implementation of nurse-centred telemedicine services. J Telemed Telecare 1999;5:231-236.

Gillan MGC, Ross SJ, Gilbert FJ, O'Dwyer PD, Grant AM, Scottish Back Trial Group, MRC Laparoscopic Groin Hernia Trial Group, [Campbell MK], [Vale L], [McCormack K], [Scott NW]. Recruitment to multicentre trials: the impact of external influences. Health Bull 1999;58:229-237.

Glazener CM, Ramsay CR, Campbell MK, Booth P, Duffty P, Lloyd D, McDonald A, Reid JA. Neonatal examination and screening trial (NEST): a randomised controlled switchback trial of alternative policies for low risk infants. Br Med J 1999;318:627-632.

Grol R, Grimshaw JM. Evidence-based implementation of evidence-based medicine. Jt Comm J Qual Improv 1999;25:503-513.

Hay-Smith EJC, Glazener CM. Persistent postnatal perineal pain and dyspareunia: a review of physical pathology and treatment. Crit Rev Phys Rehab Med 1999;11:111-137.

Leigh-Brown AP, Kennedy ADM, Campbell J, Macnicol MF, Torgerson DJ, Grant AM. Development and validation of a knee specific questionnaire: the Edinburgh Knee Function Scale. Knee 1999;6:115-123.

Littlejohns P, Cluzeau F, Bale R, Grimshaw JM, Feder G, Moran S. The quantity and quality of clinical practice guidelines for the management of depression in primary care in the UK. Br J Gen Pract 1999;49:205-210.

MRC Laparoscopic Groin Hernia Trial Group, [Grant AM], [Ross SJ], [Scott NW], [McIntosh E], [Campbell MK], [Kennedy A], [Torgerson D], [Zarins K]. Laparoscopic versus open repair of groin hernia: a randomised comparison. Lancet 1999;354:185-190.

Naji SA, Howie FL, Cameron IM, Walker S, Andrew JE, Eagles J. Discharging psychiatric in-patients back to primary care: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of a novel discharge protocol. Primary Care Psychiatry 1999;5:109-115.

New SA, Robins S, Campbell MK, Martin JC, Garton MJ, Bolton-Smith C, Grubb DA, Lee SJ, Reid DM. Dietary influences on bone mass and bone metabolism - further evidence of a positive link between fruit and vegetable consumption and bone health. Am J Clin Nutrit 1999;71:142-151.

NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, [Grimshaw JM], [Shirran E], [Thomas R], [Mowatt G], [Fraser C]. Getting evidence into practice. Eff Health Care Bull 1999;5(1):1-16.

O'Connor AM, Rostom A, Fiset V, Tetroe J, Entwistle VA, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Holmes M, Barry M, Jones J. Decision aids for patients facing health treatment or screening decisions: systematic review. Br Med J 1999;319:731-734.

Prescott RJ, Counsell CE, Gillespie WJ, Grant AM, Russell IT, Kiauka S, Colthart IR, Ross S, Shepherd SM, Russell D. Factors that limit the quality, number and progress of randomised controlled trials. Health Technol Assess 1999;3(20).

Ramsay CR, Campbell MK, Glazener CM. Linking community health index and Scottish morbidity records for neonates: the Grampian experience. Health Bull 1999;57:70-75.

Ross SJ, Grant AM, Counsell CE, Gillespie W, Russell IT, Prescott R. Barriers to participation in randomised controlled trials: a systematic review. J Clin Epidemiol 1999;52(12):1143-1156.

Ruta DA, Garratt AM, Russell IT. Patient centred assessment of quality of life for patients with four common conditions. Qual Health Care 1999;8:22-29.

Shekelle PG, Woolf SH, Eccles M, Grimshaw J. Clinical practice guidelines. Developing guidelines. Br Med J 1999;318:593-596.

Walker AE, Campbell SE, Grimshaw JM, TEMPEST Trial Group, [Grant AM], [Vale L], [Campbell MK]. Implementation of a national guideline on prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism: a survey of acute services in Scotland. Health Bull 1999;57(2):141-147.

Woolf, S., Grol, R., Hutchinson, A., Eccles, M. P., and Grimshaw, J. M. Clinical practice guidelines. An international overview. Br Med J [serial on the Internet] 1999.Available from:

Woolf SH, Grol R, Hutchinson A, Eccles M, Grimshaw JM. Clinical Guidelines. Potential benefits, limitations and harms of clinical guidelines. Br Med J 1999;318:527-530.


Bero LA, Grilli R, Grimshaw JM, Harvey E, Oxman AD, Thomson MA. Closing the gap between research and practice: an overview of systematic reviews of interventions to promote implementation of research findings by health care professionals. Br Med J 1998;317:465-468.

Bhattacharya S, Mollison J, Cameron IM, Parkin DE, Abramovich DR, Kitchener HC. Admission-discharge policies for hysteroscopic surgery: a randomised comparison of day case with in-patient admission. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1998;76:81-84.

Bodner C, Ross SJ, Little J, Douglas JG, Legge JS, Friend JAR, Godden DJ. Risk factors for adult onset wheeze: a case-control study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;157:35-42.

Campbell MK, Torgerson DJ, Thomas RE, McClure JD, Reid DM. Direct disclosure of bone density results to patients: effect on knowledge of osteoporosis risk and anxiety level. Osteoporos Int 1998;8:584-590.

Eccles M, Grimshaw JM, Baker R, Feder G, Hurwitz B, Hutchinson A, Lawrence M. Teaching the theory behind guidelines: the Royal College of General Practitioners Guidelines Skills Course. J Eval Clin Pract 1998;4:157-163.

Gordon B, Mackrodt C, Fern E, Truesdale A, Ayers S, Grant A. The Ipswich Childbirth Study 1: A randomised evaluation of two stage postpartum perineal repair leaving the skin unsutured. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1998;105:435-440.

Greener J, Grant A. Beliefs about effectiveness of treatment for aphasia after stroke. Int J Lang Commun Disord 1998;33(Suppl):162-164.

Greener J, Enderby P, Whurr R, Grant A. Treatment for aphasia following stroke: evidence for effectiveness. Int J Lang Commun Disord 1998;33(Suppl):158-162.

Grimshaw JM, Thomson MA. What have new efforts to change professional practice achieved? J R Soc Med 1998;91(Suppl 35):20-25.

Grimshaw JM, Watson S, Eccles M. A false dichotomy (commentary on: Onion CWR, Walley T. Clinical Guideline: ways ahead). J Eval Clin Pract 1998;4:295-298.

Grimshaw JM. Commentary on Soumerai et al. Effect of a local medical opinion leaders on quality of care for acute myocardial infarction. A randomized controlled trial. ACP J Club 1998;129:78.

Hickie S, Ross SJ, Bond CM. A survey of the management of leg ulcers in primary care settings in Scotland. J Clin Nurs 1998;7:45-50.

Ibbotson T, Grimshaw JM, Grant A. Evaluation of a programme of workshops for promoting the teaching of critical appraisal skills. Med Educ 1998;32:486-491.

Khan IH, Campbell MK, Cantarovich D, Catto GRD, Delcroix C, Edward N, Fontenaille CH, van Hamersvelt HW, Henderson IS, Koene RAP, Papadimitriou M, Ramsay CR, Ritz E, Stier E, Tsakiris D, MacLeod AM. Comparing outcomes in renal replacement therapy: how should we correct for case mix? Am J Kidney Dis 1998;31:473-478.

Mackrodt C, Gordon B, Fern E, Ayers S, Truesdale A, Grant A. The Ipswich Childbirth Study: 2. A randomised comparison of polyglactin 910 with chromic catgut for postpartum perineal repair. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1998;105(4):441-445.

MacLeod A, Grant A, Donaldson C, Khan I, Campbell M, Daly C, Lawrence P, Wallace S, Vale L, Cody J, Fitzhugh K, Montague G, Ritchie C. Effectiveness and efficiency of methods of dialysis therapy for end-stage renal disease: systematic reviews. Health Technol Assess 1998;2(5):1-166.

Mauthner NS. Re-assessing the importance and role of the marital relationship in postnatal depression: methodological and theoretical implications. J Reprod Infant Psychol 1998;16(2):157-175.

Mauthner NS, Naji SA, Mollison J. Survey of community mental health teams. Psychiatr Bull R Coll Psychiatr 1998;22:733-739.

McIntosh E, Donaldson C, Grant AM. Economic evaluation of open versus laparoscopic hernia repair: some pragmatic considerations for the measurement of costs. Seminars in Laparoscopic Surgery 1998;5:242-247.

Mowatt G, Bower DJ, Brebner JA, Cairns J, Grant AM, McKee L. When is the 'right' time to initiate an assessment of a health technology. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1998;14:372-386.

Mowatt G, Thomson MA, Grimshaw J, Grant A. Implementing early warning messages on emerging health technologies. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1998;14(4):663-670.

Naji SA, Atherton-Naji A, MacPherson I, Dow I. The role of the community psychiatric nurse in community care; a national survey of present practice. Health Bull 1998;56:813-821.

Naji SA, Atherton-Naji A, Beattie JAG, Donald PM. Counselling in Scottish General Practice: a National Sample Survey. Primary Care Psychiatry 1998;4:133-139.

Roberts TE, Extracoporeal Membrane Oxygenation Economics Working Group, Grant A. Economic evaluation and randomised controlled trial of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: UK collaborative trial. Br Med J 1998;317:911-916.

Stewart A, Torgerson DJ, Reid DM. Prediction of fractures in perimenopausal women: A comparison of dual energy x- ray absorptiometry (DXA) and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA). Ann Rheum Dis 1998;55:140-142.

UK Collaborative ECMO Trial Group, Grant A.   The Collaborative UK ECMO Trial: Follow-up to one year of age. Pediatrics 1998;101:e1-e10.


Beck LL. Putting research networking at the heart of professional practice. Br J Nurs 1997;6:120-122.

Bhattacharya S, Cameron IM, Parkin DE, Abramovich DR, Mollison J, Pinion SB, Alexander DA, Grant AM, Kitchener HC. A pragmatic randomised comparison of transcervical resection of the endometrium with endometrial laser ablation for the treatment of menorrhagia. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104:601-607.

Bower DJ, Brebner JA, Cairns JA, Grant AM, Ibbotson T, McKee L, Maclean JR, Mowatt G. When is the right time to initiate an assessment of a health technology? J Telemed Telecare 1997;3(Suppl 1):97.

Campbell MK, Torgerson DJ. Confidence intervals for cost-effectiveness ratios: the use of bootstrapping. J Health Serv Res Policy 1997;2:253-255.

Cluzeau F, Littlejohns P, Grimshaw JM, Feder G. National survey of UK clinical guidelines for the management of coronary heart disease, lung and breast cancer, asthma and depression. J Clin Eff 1997;2:120-123.

Cooper KG, Grant AM, Garratt AM. The impact of using a partially randomised patient preference design when evaluating alternative managements for heavy menstrual bleeding. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104(12):1367-1373.

Cooper KG, Parkin DE, Garratt AM, Grant AM.   A randomised comparison of medical and hysteroscopic management in women consulting a gynaecologist for treatment of heavy menstrual loss. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104(12):1360-1366.

Donaldson C, Thomas RE, Torgerson DJ. Validity of open-ended and payment scale approaches to eliciting willingness to pay. Appl Econ 1997;29:79-84.

Eagles J, Naji SA, Gray D, Christie J, Beattie JAG. Seasonal affective disorder among primary care consulters in January: Prevalence and month by month consultation patterns. J Affect Disord 1997;49:1-8.

Feder G, Griffiths CJ, Grimshaw JM. Healthcare practice guidelines for chronic disease management. Dis Manag Health Outcomes 1997;1:129-133.

Flannelly G, Campbell MK, Meldrum P, Torgerson DJ, Templeton AA, Kitchener H. Immediate colposcopy or cytological surveillance for women with mild dyskaryosis: A comparative cost analysis. J Public Health Med 1997;19:419-423.

Glazener CM. Sexual function after childbirth: women's experiences, persistent morbidity and lack of professional recognition. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104(3):330-335.

Glazener CM. Postpartum problems. Br J Hosp Med 1997;58:313-316.

Granados A, Jonsson E, Banta HD, Bero L, Bonair A, Cochet C, Freemantle N, Grilli R, Grimshaw J, Harvey E, Levi R, Marshall D, Oxman A, Pasart L, Raisanen V, Ruis E, Espinas JA. Eur-Assess project subgroup report on dissemination and impact. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1997;13(2):220-286.

Greener J, Grant AM. A survey of speech and language therapists in Scotland who manage people aphasic after stroke. Health Bull 1997;56:518-525.

Howie FL, Henshaw RC, Naji SA, Russell IT, Templeton AA. Medical abortion or vacuum aspiration? Two year follow-up of a patient preference trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104:829-833.

Hundley VA, Milne JM, Glazener CM, Mollison J. Satisfaction and the three C's - continuity, choice and control. Women's views from a randomised controlled trial of midwife-led care. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104(11):1273-1280.

Leigh-Brown AP, Lawrie HE, Kennedy AD, Webb JA, Torgerson DJ, Grant AM. Cost effectiveness of a prize draw on response to a postal questionnaire: results of a randomised trial among orthopaedic outpatients in Edinburgh. J Epidemiol Community Health 1997;51(4):463-464.

McIntosh E, Cairns J. A framework for the economic evaluation of telemedicine. J Telemed Telecare 1997;3:132-139.

Mowatt G, Bower DJ, Brebner JA, Cairns JA, Grant AM, McKee L. When and how to assess fast-changing technologies: a comparative study of medical applications of four generic technologies. Health Technol Assess 1997;1(14).

Mulrow CD, Langhorne P, Grimshaw JM. Integrating heterogeneous pieces of evidence in systematic reviews. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:989-995.

Ramsay CR, Glazener CM, Campbell MK, Booth P, Duffty P, Lloyd D, Reid JA. Neonatal screening examinations - is one examination enough? MIDIRS Midwifery Dig 1997;8:97.

Roland MO, Grimshaw JM, Grol R, Shanks D, Johnson A, Russell I, Taylor R. Do general practitioners attitudes and characteristics of their practices explain patterns of specialist referral. Eur J Gen Pract 1997;3:143-147.

Torgerson DJ, Thomas RE, Reid DM. Mother and daughters menopausal ages: is there a link. Eur J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;74:63-66.

Torgerson DJ, Thomas RE, Campbell MK, Reid DM. Alchohol consumption and age of maternal menopause are associated with menopause onset. Maturitas 1997;26:21-25.

Torgerson DJ, Campbell MK. Unequal randomisation can improve the economic efficiency of clinical trials. J Health Serv Res Policy 1997;2:81-85.

Torgerson DJ, Thomas RE, Campbell MK, Reid DM. Randomized Trial of Osteoporosis Screening: Use of Hormone Replacement Therapy and Quality-of-Life Results. Arch Intern Med 1997;157:2121-2125.

Wisely J, Grimshaw JM, Haines A. A national R&D programme on the evaluation of methods to promote the implementation of health research findings. Educ Health 1997;10:387-388.


Alexander DA, Atherton-Naji A, Pinion S, Mollison J, Kitchener HC, Parkin DE, Abramovich DR, Russell IT. Randomised trial comparing hysterectomy with endometrial ablation for dysfunctional uterine bleeding: psychiatric and psychosocial aspects. Br Med J 1996;312:280-284.

Armstrong IJ, Haston WS, Maclean JR. Telepresence for decision support offshore. J Telemed Telecare 1996;2:176-177.

Begg A, Grieve L, Greener J, Henry J, McKie L. Practice-based dietetic services. Audit Gen Pract 1996;November/December:16-17.

Bhattacharya S, Mollison J, Pinion S, Parkin DE, Abramovich DR, Terry P, Kitchener HC. A comparison of bladder and ovarian function two years following hysterectomy or endometrial ablation. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1996;103:898-903.

Buckingham JK, Birdsall J, Douglas JG. Comparing three versions of the time tradeoff: Time for a change? Med Decis Making 1996;16:335-347.

Cameron IM, Mollison J, Pinion SB, Atherton-Naji A, Buckingham K, Torgerson DJ. A cost comparison of hysterectomy and hysteroscopic surgery for the treatment of menorrhagia. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1996;70:87-92.

Donaldson C, Hundley VA, McIntosh E. Using economics alongside clinical trials: Why we cannot choose the evaluation technique in advance. Health Econ 1996;5:287-269.

Eccles M, Clapp A, Grimshaw JM, Adams PC, Higgins B, Purves I, Russell IT. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: methods of guideline development. Br Med J 1996;312:760-762.

Eccles M, Clapp Z, Grimshaw JM, Adams PC, Higgins B, Purves I, Russell IT. Developing valid guidelines: methodological and procedural issues from the North of England Evidence Based Guideline Development Project. Qual Health Care 1996;5:44-50.

Foster KN, Bain NSC, Grimshaw JM, Macleod TN, Broom J, Reid J, Ritchie LD. Developing a local protocol for the management of lipid disorders in general practice. Health Bull 1996;54:270-275.

Garratt AM, Ruta DA, Russell IT, Macleod K, Brunt P, McKinlay A, Mowat A, Sinclair T. Developing a condition-specific measure of health for patients with dyspepsia and ulcer-related symptoms. J Clin Epidemiol 1996;49:565-571.

Garratt AM, Ruta DA, Abdalla MI, Russell IT. Responsiveness of the SF36 and the condition-specific measure of health for patients with varicose veins. Qual Life Res 1996;5:223-234.

Garton MJ, Abdalla MI, Reid DM, Russell IT.   Estimating the point accuracy of population registers using capture-recapture methods in Scotland. J Epidemiol Community Health 1996;50:99-103.

Glazener CM, Campbell MK. Neonatal examination and screening - survey of GP practice and opinion. Health Bull 1996;54:355-360.

Greener J, Grimshaw JM. Using meta-analysis to summarise evidence within systematic reviews. Nurse Researcher 1996;4:27-38.

Grimshaw JM. Towards effective professional practice. Therapie 1996;51:233-236.

Howard S, Mugford M, Normand C, Elbourne DR, Grant AM, Field D, Johnson A. A cost-effective analysis of neonatal ECMO using existing evidence. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1996;12:80-92.

Ibbotson T, Wyke S, McEwen J, Macintyre S, Kelly M. Uptake of cervical screening in general practice: effect of practice organisation, structure and deprivation. J Med Screen 1996;3:35-39.

Khan IH, Campbell MK, Cantarovich D, Catto GRD, Delcroix C, Edward N, Fontenaille CH, Flemming LW, Gerlag PGG, van Hamersvelt HW, Henderson IS, Koene RAP, Papadimitriou M, Ritz E, Russell IT, Stier E, Tsakiris D, MacLeod AM. Survival on renal replacement therapy in Europe: is there a 'centre effect'? Nephrol Dial Transplant 1996;11:300-307.

Maclean JR. Telemedicine and the nurse: the benefit or burden of new technology? J Telemed Telecare 1996;2:54-56.

North of England Asthma Guideline Development Group, Grimshaw JM. North of England evidence based guideline development project. An evidence based guideline for primary care management of recurrent wheeze. Br Med J [serial on the Internet] 1996.

North of England Asthma Guideline Development Group, Grimshaw JM. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: summary version of evidence based guideline for the primary care management of asthma in adults. Br Med J 1996;312:762-766.

North of England Stable Angina Guideline Development Group, Grimshaw JM. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: summary version of evidence based guideline for the primary care management of stable angina. Br Med J 1996;312:827-832.

Torgerson DJ, Donaldson D, Reid DM. Bone mineral measurements - are they worth while? J R Soc Med 1996;89:457-461.

Torgerson DJ, Campbell MK, Thomas RE, Reid DM. Prediction of premenopausal fractures by bone mineral density and other risk factors. J Bone Miner Res 1996;11:293-297.

UK Collaborative ECMO Trial Group, Grant A. UK Collaborative randomised trial of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Lancet 1996;348:75-82.

Wilson BJ, Goodwin N, Grimshaw JM, Blumer J, Durno D, Wilson H, Williamson AM. Complementary therapies in a local healthcare setting: Part 2: An experiment in bringing complementary therapies into local NHS commissioning. The Grampian Consensus Development Conference. Complement Ther Med 1996;4:118-123.

Wright D, Kennedy A, Baxter JN, Fullarton GM, Fife LM, Sunderland G, O'Dwyer PJ. Early outcome after open versus extraperitoneal endoscopic tension-free hernioplasty: A randomised clinical trial. Surgery 1996;119:552-557.