Reducing land degradation and carbon loss from Ethiopia's soil to strengthen livelihoods and resilience (RALENTIR)

Land and soil degradation is a major problem in Ethiopia as in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Restoring degraded common lands through the establishment of "exclosure" areas where traditional community access is restricted is common in Ethiopia. Both degradation and measures to restore land are inherently unequally distributed in time and space. Hence, aspects of justice and equity need to be taken into account for soil restoration measures to be sustainable in the long run. The project will develop and apply frameworks for the analysis of equity within the case study areas to design specific interventions. Through a range of participatory, communication, and survey methods the project will explore - the impact of the interventions on the participants in terms of their attitudes, changes in behaviour, livelihoods etc - the influence of process characteristics, power relationships and communication practices on people's responses to these interventions - what worked/what didn't, how it compared to expectations - the impact of the changing knowledge and experience of the interventions on wider attitudes and community preferences for local natural resource governance.

HERU researchers involved in this research project: Verity Watson

External collaborators: Phimister, E. (Business School, University of Aberdeen); Smith, J.U., Hallett, P. (Institute of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Aberdeen); Mekuria, W., Haile, A., Tekle, A. (Nile Basin & East Africa Office, International Water Management Institute); Ameda, T.T., Lemma Argaw, T. (Hawassa University); Byg, A. (James Hutton Institute); Edo., G. (Southern Agricultural Research Institute); Fischer, A. (Swedish University of Agricultural Science); Allan, J. (Health Psychology, University of Aberdeen) and Scott, T. (University of Melbourne).