BA (Michigan), MA, PhD (Bryn Mawr)

Senior Lecturer


Contact Details

work +44 (0)1224 272363
The University of Aberdeen Department of Archaeology
School of Geosciences
University of Aberdeen
St. Mary's, Elphinstone Road
Aberdeen, AB24 3UF
Scotland, UK


BA, Anthropology (Hons), Michigan State University, 1981. MA, Anthropology, Bryn Mawr College, 1985. Thesis title: Nunakhaknak; Koniag Society on the Russian Frontier. PhD, Anthropology, Bryn Mawr College, 1995. Dissertation title: The Late Prehistory of the Alutiiq People; Culture Change on the Kodiak Archipelago From 1200-1750 A.D.  Founding Director of Alutiiq Culture Center in Kodiak, Alaska, 1991. Founding Director of Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository, Kodiak Alaska, 1995.  Founding Director of Museum of the Aleutians, Unalaska, Alaska, 1999.  Ethnographer and Director of Oral History Program, Bureau of Arts and Culture, Republic of Palau, Micronesia, 2004-2005.  Academic Program Head and Assistant Professor, Department of Alaska Native and Rural Development, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2005-2008.

Further Info

Regional Research Interests

Aleutian Islands

Nunivak Island and Bering Sea

Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta

Kodiak Archipelago and Gulf of Alaska

Canadian Arctic


Palau and Micronesia


Indigneous approaches to archaeology

Community-based archaeological research and cultural preservation

Prehistoric adaptations to climate change

Inuit/Eskimo origins and early prehistory

Ethnohistory and historic contact

Museum research and public outreach



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Contributions to Journals


  • Ledger, PM., Forbes, V., Masson-Maclean, E., Hillerdal, C., Hamilton, WD., McManus-Fry, E., Jorge, A., Britton, K. & Knecht, RA. (2018). 'Three Generations Under One Roof? Bayesian Modeling of Radiocarbon Data from Nunalleq, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska'. American Antiquity, vol 83, no. 3, pp. 505-524.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1017/aaq.2018.14
  • McManus-Fry, E., Knecht, R., Dobney, K., Richards, MP. & Britton, K. (2018). 'Dog-human dietary relationships in Yup'ik western Alaska: The stable isotope and zooarchaeological evidence from pre-contact Nunalleq'. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol 17, pp. 964 - 972.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.04.007
    [Online] AURA: McManus_Fry_et_al._JAS_Reports_2016.docx
  • Britton, K., McManus-Fry, E., Nehlich, O., Richards, M., Ledger, PM. & Knecht, R. (2018). 'Stable carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotope analysis of permafrost preserved human hair from rescue excavations (2009, 2010) at the precontact site of Nunalleq, Alaska'. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol 17, pp. 950-963.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.04.015
    [Online] AURA: Stable_carbon_nitrogen_and_sulphur_isotope_analysis_of_perma...
  • Gigleux, CA., Grimes, V., Tütken, T., Knecht, R. & Britton, K. 'Reconstructing caribou seasonal biogeography in Little Ice Age (late Holocene) Western Alaska using intra-tooth strontium and oxygen isotope analysis'. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.10.043
  • Noble, G., Turner, J., Hamilton, D., Hastie, L., Knecht, R., Stirling, L., Sveinbjarnarson, O., Upex, B. & Milek, K. 'Early Medieval Shellfish Exploitation in Northwest Europe: Investigations at the Sands of Forvie Shell Middens, Eastern Scotland, and the Role of Coastal Resources in the First Millennium AD'. Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1080/15564894.2017.1329242
  • Noble, G., Turner, JR., Hamilton, D., Hastie, L., Knecht, R., Sveinbjarnarson, O., Upex, BR., Milek, KB. & Stirling, L. (2017). 'Early Medieval Shellfish Gathering at the Sands of Forvie, Aberdeenshire: Feast or Famine?'. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol 146, pp. 121-152.
    [Online] DOI: 10.9750/PSAS.146.1214
    [Online] AURA: Text_revised_Dec_2016.docx
  • Ledger, PM., Forbes, V., Masson -MacLean, E. & Knecht, RA. (2016). 'Dating and Digging Stratified Archaeology in Circumpolar North America: A View from Nunalleq, Southwestern Alaska'. Arctic, vol 69, no. 4.
    [Online] DOI: 10.14430/arctic4599
    [Online] AURA: Ledger_et_al_2016_Digging_and_Dating_Archaeology.pdf
  • Forbes, V., Britton, K. & Knecht, R. (2015). 'Preliminary archaeoentomological analyses of permafrost-preserved cultural layers from the pre-contact Yup’ik Eskimo site of Nunalleq, Alaska: implications, potential and methodological considerations'. Environmental Archaeology, vol 20, no. 2, pp. 158-167.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000037
    [Online] AURA: 1749631414Y_2E0000000037.pdf
  • Raghavan, M., DeGiorgio, M., Albrechtsen, A., Moltke, I., Skoglund, P., Korneliussen, TS., Grønnow, B., Appelt, M., Gulløv, HC., Friesen, TM., Fitzhugh, W., Malmström, H., Rasmussen, S., Olsen, J., Melchior, L., Fuller, BT., Fahrni, SM., Stafford Jr., T., Grimes, V., Renouf, MAP., Cybulski, J., Lynnerup, N., Lahr, MM., Britton, K., Knecht, R., Arneborg, J., Metspalu, M., Cornejo, OE., Malaspinas, A-S, Wang, Y., Rasmussen, M., Raghavan, V., Hansen, TVO., Khusnutdinova, E., Pierre, T., Dneprovsky, K., Andreasen, C., Lange, H., Hayes, MG., Coltrain, J., Spitsyn, VA., Götherström, A., Orlando, L., Kivisild, T., Villems, R., Crawford, MH., Nielsen, FC., Dissing, J., Heinemeier, J., Meldgaard, M., Bustamante, C., O’Rourke, DH., Jakobsson, M., Gilbert, MTP., Nielsen, R. & Willerslev, E. (2014). 'The genetic prehistory of the New World Arctic'. Science, vol 345, no. 6200, pp. 1020-1029.
    [Online] DOI: 10.1126/science.1255832
  • Knecht, R. (2014). 'Nunalleq, Rescuing an Eskimo Village from the Sea'. British Archaeology, no. 136.
    [Link] http://www.britisharchaeology.org/ba136
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