Dr J. Edward Schofield

Dr J. Edward Schofield
BA, MSc, PhD, FSA Scot

Senior Lecturer

Overview
Dr J. Edward Schofield
Dr J. Edward Schofield

Contact Details

Telephone
work +44 (0)1224 273589
Email
Address
The University of Aberdeen G19 St Mary's Building, Department of Geography & Environment, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen, Elphinstone Road, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK.

Biography

  • 2007-present: Lecturer in Geography, Department of Geography & Environment, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen; 2015-present, Adjunct Lecturer in Archaeology within the same School
  • 2004-07: PDRF, Department of Geography & Environment, University of Aberdeen
  • 2002-04: PDRA, School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Kingston University
  • 2002: RA, Wetland Archaeology and Environments Research Centre (WAERC), University of Hull
  • 1996-2001: PhD Vegetation Succession in the Humber Wetlands
  • 1995-1996: MSc Environmental Analysis & Dynamics, University of Hull
  • 1991-1994: BA (Hons) Geography, University of Hull

Memberships and Affiliations

Internal
  • Course co-ordinator for GG1510 (Global Worlds, Local Challenges)
  • Library Representative for Geography & Environment
  • Member of the Teaching Committee for Geography & Environment 
External
  • Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (FSA Scot).
  • Book review editor for the international journal Environmental Archaeology.
  • Scottish Archaeological Research Framework (ScARF): Science in Scottish Archaeology panel member 2010-12 (based at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh). Contribution to the Science Report on Pollen Analysis.
Research

Research Overview

  • Reconstructing past environments (specialising in palynology)
  • Viking settlement across the North Atlantic islands, with an emphasis on the Norse colonisation of Greenland
  • Human-environment relationships through prehistory and into the late Medieval period
  • Vegetation history and plant succession in British wetlands
  • Biogeography

Current Research

I am currently pursuing interests that connect directly with the University of Aberdeen's strategic theme of The North. In this respect, my core research activities continue to focus upon the impacts of Norse settlement on the vegetation and landscapes of southwest Greenland. The colonisation (landnám) of Greenland by people of Scandinavian origin - the Norse, or 'Vikings' of popular culture - took place around AD 985 following the arrival of settlers from Iceland led by Erik the Red. Settlement continued for a period of around 400 years before the colonies collapsed for various economic, social and climatic reasons which are still being debated. My research in this field is centred upon the characterisation of signatures for Norse activity in palaeoecological records from Greenland using pollen analysis and associated proxies (such as microscopic charcoal, fungal spores, radiocarbon dating, and peat geochemistry).

 

(Above) The ruins of Hvalsey church and farm, Eastern Settlement, Greenland (June 2011, photograph by J.E.Schofield). The last definite (written) record to emerge from Norse Greenland is a letter reporting a wedding at Hvalsey church in AD 1408.

 

Research Funding and Grants

  • Leverhulme Trust Standard Grant (2014-17) Calving glaciers: long-term validation and evidence (CALVE) (Co-investigator)
  • AHRC Standard Grant (2014) Bennachie landscapes: investigating communities past and present at the Colony site (Co-investigator)
  • SNH 'Year of Natural Scotland' (2013) A stratigraphic survey and pollen analysis of peat deposits at Bennachie, Aberdeenshire (in collabaration with the Scottish Sculpture Workshop)
  • Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Research Grant (2010) The potential of the Norse Middle Settlement of Greenland for a major interdisciplinary research project (joint with Prof. K Edwards)
Teaching

Teaching Responsibilities

Course co-ordinator for Level 1 Geography (Semester 2)

  • GG1510 Global Worlds, Local Challenges

...with teaching contributions on the following Geography modules:

  • GG1008 Global Worlds, Global Challenges
  • GG2508 Skills & Techniques in Geosciences
  • GG3069 Remote sensing and GIS
  • GG3575 Techniques in Physical Geography
  • GG4571 Environmental Change

...plus guest lectures, lab practicals and seminars for various modules in Archaeology.

Publications

Publications 

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  • Environmental challenges for the medieval North Atlantic world

    Schofield, J.

    Environmental Archaeology

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palynological evidence for pre-agricultural reindeer grazing and the later settlement history of the Lycksele region, northern Sweden

    Kamerling, I., Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J.

    Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, vol. 13, 42

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Eurasian Modern Pollen Database (EMPD), version 2

    Davis, B. A. S., Chevalier, M., Sommer, P., Carter, V. A., Finsinger, W., Mauri, A., Phelps, L. N., Zanon, M., Abegglen, R., Åkesson, C. M., Alba-Sánchez, F., Anderson, R. S., Antipina, T. G., Atanassova, J. R., Beer, R., Belyanina, N. I., Blyakharchuk, T. A., Borisova, O. K., Bozilova, E., Bukreeva, G., Bunting, M. J., Clò, E., Colombaroli, D., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Desprat, S., Di Rita, F., Djamali, M., Edwards, K. J., Fall, P. L., Feurdean, A., Fletcher, W., Florenzano, A., Furlanetto, G., Gaceur, E., Galimov, A. T., Gałka, M., García-Moreiras, I., Giesecke, T., Grindean, R., Guido, M. A., Gvozdeva, I. G., Herzschuh, U., Hjelle, K. L., Ivanov, S., Jahns, S., Jankovska, V., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Karpińska-Kołaczek, M., Kitaba, I., Kołaczek, P., Lapteva, E. G., Latałowa, M., Lebreton, V., Leroy, S., Leydet, M., Lopatina, D. A., López-Sáez, J. A., Lotter, A. F., Magri, D., Marinova, E., Matthias, I., Mavridou, A., Mercuri, A. M., Mesa-Fernández, J. M., Mikishin, Y. A., Milecka, K., Montanari, C., Morales-Molino, C., Mrotzek, A., Muñoz Sobrino, C., Naidina, O. D., Nakagawa, T., Nielsen, A. B., Novenko, E. Y., Panajiotidis, S., Panova, N. K., Papadopoulou, M., Pardoe, H. S., Pędziszewska, A., Petrenko, T. I., Ramos-Román, M. J., Ravazzi, C., Rösch, M., Ryabogina, N., Sabariego Ruiz, S., Salonen, J. S., Sapelko, T. V., Schofield, J. E., Seppä, H., Shumilovskikh, L., Stivrins, N., Stojakowits, P., Svobodova Svitavska, H., Święta-Musznicka, J., Tantau, I., Tinner, W., Tobolski, K., Tonkov, S., Tsakiridou, M., Valsecchi, V., Zanina, O. G., Zimny, M.

    Earth System Science Data, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 2423-2445

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Pushing the Limits: Palynological Investigations at the Margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet in the Norse Western Settlement

    Schofield, J. E., Pearce, D. M., Mair, D. W., Rea, B. R., Lea, J. M., Kamenos, N. A., Schoenrock, K. M., Barr, I. D., Edwards, K. J.

    Environmental Archaeology, pp. 1-15

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palaeoecological research in the Department of Geography and Environment, University of Aberdeen

    Edwards, K. J., Mauquoy, D., Mighall, T. M., Schofield, J. E.

    Scottish Geographical Journal, vol. 135, no. 3-4, pp. 287-315

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Biodiversity of Kelp Forests and Coralline Algae Habitats in Southwestern Greenland

    Schoenrock, K. M., Vad, J., Muth, A., Pearce, D. M., Rea, B. R., Schofield, J. E., Kamenos, N. A.

    Diversity, vol. 10, no. 4, 117

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Industrial-era lead and mercury contamination in southern Greenland implicates North American sources

    Pérez-Rodríguez, M., Silva-Sánchez, N., Kylander, M. E., Bindler, R., Mighall, T. M., Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J., Martínez Cortizas, A.

    Science of the Total Environment, vol. 613-614, pp. 919-930

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • A Geochemical Signal from a Mesolithic Intertidal Archaeological Site: A Proof-of-Concept Study from Clachan Harbor, Scotland

    Mikolajczyk, L., Schofield, J. E.

    Geoarchaeology-An International Journal, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 400-413

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Les premiers agricultueurs et leur impact sur la végétation (The first farmers and their impact on vegetation)

    Edwards, K. J., Gauthier, ., Schofield, J. E.

    Le Groenland. CNRS Éditions, pp. 192-197, 6 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Norse landscape impacts: Northern Isles versus the North Atlantic islands

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E.

    Shetland and the Viking World. Turner, V. E., Owen, O. A., Waugh, D. J. (eds.). Shetland Heritage Publications, pp. 91-96, 6 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Peat and people in Greenland

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J.

    Shetland and the Viking World. Turner, V. E., Owen, O. A., Waugh, D. J. (eds.). Shetland Heritage Publications, pp. 192-197, 6 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • First evidence of cryptotephra in palaeoenvironmental records associated with Norse occupation sites in Greenland

    Blockley, S. P., Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Pyne-O'Donnell, S. D., Jensen, B. J., Matthews, I. P., Cook, G. T., Wallace, K. L., Froese, D.

    Quaternary Geochronology, vol. 27, pp. 145-157

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The geography of the past: a North Atlantic saga

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E.

    The Geographer, vol. Spring, pp. 6-7

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Terminus-driven retreat of a major southwest Greenland tidewater glacier during the early 19th century: insights from glacier reconstructions and numerical modelling

    Lea, J. M., Mair, D. W., Nick, F. M., Rea, B. R., Weidick, A., Kjaer, K. H., Morlighem, M., van As, D., Schofield, J. E.

    Journal of Glaciology, vol. 60, no. 220, pp. 333-344

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Vatnahverfi: a green and pleasant land? Palaeoecological reconstructions and environmental land-use change

    Ledger, P. M., Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E.

    Journal of the North Atlantic, vol. 6, pp. 29-46

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Toftanes. A Viking Age Farmstead in the Faroe Islands

    Bending, J. (ed.), Buckland, P. C. (ed.), Christensen, K. (ed.), Edwards, K. J. (ed.), Hunter, F. (ed.), Jouttijarvi, A. (ed.), Schofield, J. E. (ed.), Hansen, S. S. (ed.), Vickers, K. (ed.)

    Acta Archaeologica, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 5-239

    Contributions to Journals: Special Issues

  • Re-deposited cryptotephra layers in Holocene peats linked to anthropogenic activity

    Swindles, G. T., Galloway, J., Outram, Z., Turner, K., Schofield, J. E., Newton, A. J., Dugmore, A. J., Church, M. J., Watson, E. J., Batt, C., Bond, J., Edwards, K. J., Turner, V., Bashford, D.

    The Holocene, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1493-1501

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palynology supports 'Old Norse' introductions to the flora of Greenland

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J., Erlendsson, E., Ledger, P. M.

    Journal of Biogeography, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1119-1130

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Investigation of proposed irrigation channels and dams at Garðar/Igaliku, Greenland

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E.

    Water History, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 71-92

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Estimates of relative pollen productivity (RPP) for selected taxa from southern Greenland: A pragmatic solution

    Bunting, M. J., Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J.

    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, vol. 190, pp. 66-74

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palaeoenvironmental investigations of mire deposits from Unst

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Swindles, G. T.

    Viking Unst. Turner, V. E., Bond, J. M., Larsen, A. (eds.). Shetland Heritage Publications, pp. 75-90, 16 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Towards a first chronology for the Middle Settlement of Norse Greenland: 14C and related studies of animal bone and environmental material

    Edwards, K. J., Cook, G. T., Nyegaard, G., Schofield, J. E.

    Radiocarbon, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 13-29

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Long-term development of a cultural landscape: the origins and dynamics of lowland heathland in southern England

    Groves, J. A., Waller, M. P., Grant, M. J., Schofield, J. E.

    Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 453-470

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • First comprehensive peat depositional records for tin, lead and copper associated with the antiquity of Europe's largest cassiterite deposits

    Meharg, A. A., Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Raab, A., Feldmann, J., Moran, A., Bryant, C. L., Thornton, B., Dawson, J. J.

    Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 717-727

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Bogged down in history

    Meharg, A., Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J.

    Planet Earth, no. Summer, pp. 24-25

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Problematic but promising ponds?: Palaeoenvironmental evidence from the Norse Eastern Settlement of Greenland

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Kirby, J. R., Cook, G. T.

    Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 854-865

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Grazing impacts and woodland management in Eriksfjord: Betula, coprophilous fungi and the Norse settlement of Greenland

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J.

    Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181-197

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Norse-Inuit interaction and landscape change in southern Greenland?: A geochronological, pedological and palynological investigation

    Golding, K. A., Simpson, I. A., Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J.

    Geoarchaeology-An International Journal, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 315-345

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Is there a Norse ‘footprint’ in North Atlantic pollen records.

    Edwards, K. J., Erlendsson, E., Schofield, J. E.

    Viking settlements and society. Sigmundsson, S., Holt, A., Sigurðsson, G., Ólafsson, G., Vésteinsson, O. (eds.). Hið íslenska fornleifafélag and University of Iceland Press, pp. 65-82, 18 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • An integrated geochemical and palynological study of human impacts, soil erosion and storminess from southern Greenland since c. AD 1000

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J., Mighall, T. M., Martinez Cortizas, A., Rodriguez-Racedo, J., Cook, G.

    Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, vol. 295, no. 1-2, pp. 19-30

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Was Erik the Red's Brattahlið located at Qinngua?: a dissenting view

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Arneborg, J.

    Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 83-99

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palynology 'On The Edge' and the Archaeological Vindication of a Mesolithic Presence?: The case of Shetland

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Whittington, G., Melton, N. D.

    From Bann Flakes to Bushmills. Finlay, N., McCartan, S., Milner, N., Wickham-Jones, C. (eds.). Oxbow Books, pp. 113-123, 11 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Geoarchaeological investigations at Sandhavn, south Greenland

    Golding, K. A., Simpson, I. A., Schofield, J. E., McMullen, J. A.

    Antiquity, vol. 83, no. 320

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Palaeoecological and historical evidence for manuring and irrigation at Garðar (Igaliku), Norse Eastern Settlement, Greenland

    Buckland, P. C., Edwards, K. J., Panagiotakopulu, E., Schofield, J. E.

    The Holocene, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 105-116

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Footprints on the edge of Thule: landscapes of Norse-indigenous interaction: A major new research programme

    Edwards, K. J., Dugmore, A. J., Panagiotakopulu, E., Simpson, I. A., Schofield, J. E., Golding, K. A., Casely, A. F.

    Journal of Northern Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 117-122

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Environmental impacts around the time of Norse landnám in the Qorlortoq valley, Eastern Settlement, Greenland

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J., Christensen, C.

    Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1643-1657

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Land management at the bishop's seat, Garðar, medieval Greenland

    Buckland, P., Edwards, K. J., Panagiotakopulu, E., Schofield, J. E.

    Antiquity, vol. 82, no. 315

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • High resolution paleoenvironmental and chronological investigations of Norse landnám at Tasiusaq, Eastern Settlement, Greenland

    Edwards, K. J., Schofield, J. E., Mauquoy, D.

    Quaternary Research, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 1-15

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Rye area project: absolute dating radiocarbon results

    Hamilton, W. D., Schofield, J. E., Waller, M. P., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J.

    Dungeness and Romney Marsh. Long, A. J., Waller, M. P., Plater, A. J. (eds.). Oxbow Books, pp. 215-225, 11 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • The Rye area: pre-inundation landscape and vegetation history

    Waller, M. P., Schofield, J. E.

    Dungeness and Romney Marsh. Long, A. J., Waller, M. P., Plater, A. J. (eds.). Oxbow Books, pp. 10-73, 64 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • The Rye area: the timing of inundation and post-breach coastal evolution

    Long, A. J., Waller, M. P., Stupples, P., Schofield, J. E.

    Dungeness and Romney Marsh. Long, A. J., Waller, M. P., Plater, A. J. (eds.). Oxbow Books, pp. 74-107, 34 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • The chrono- and biostratigraphy of the natural pits on Dungeness foreland: implications for foreland evolution and vegetation history

    Waller, M. P., Schofield, J. E., Long, A. J.

    Dungeness and Romney Marsh. Long, A. J., Waller, M. P., Plater, A. J. (eds.). Oxbow Books, pp. 155-188, 34 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • Mid to late Holocene vegetation and land use history change in the Weald of south-eastern England: multiple pollen profiles from the Rye area

    Waller, M. P., Schofield, J. E.

    Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 367-384

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Modern pollen-vegetation relationships in subarctic southern Greenland and the interpretation of fossil pollen data from the Norse landnám

    Schofield, J. E., Edwards, K. J., McMullen, J. A.

    Journal of Biogeography, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 473-488

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • The Dungeness Foreland project: absolute dating radiocarbon results

    Meadows, J., Bayliss, A., Waller, M. P., Schofield, J. E., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J.

    Dungeness and Romney Marsh. Oxbow Books, pp. 226-231, 6 pages

    Chapters in Books, Reports and Conference Proceedings: Chapters

  • The interpretation of radiocarbon dates from the upper surface of late Holocene peat layers in coastal lowlands

    Waller, M. P., Long, A. J., Schofield, J. E.

    The Holocene, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 51-61

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • A pollen analytical record for hemp retting from Dungeness Foreland, UK

    Schofield, J. E., Waller, M. J.

    Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 32, pp. 715-726

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

  • Mid-Holocene presence of water chestnut (Trapa natans L.) in the meres of Holderness, East Yorkshire, UK

    Schofield, J. E., Bunting, M. J.

    The Holocene, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 687-697

    Contributions to Journals: Articles

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