Selection, Assessment & Performance

Selection, Assessment & Performance

It is critical to robustly and fairly assess who has the potential to be a capable healthcare professional (selection) and how students and doctors-in-training perform on formal and workplace assessments.

Topics of research in this theme include: design and validation of selection processes, including programmatic selection; assessing the relationships between different types of assessment; identifying and addressing underperformance; and designing new learning environments and approaches.

Studies within this theme focus on:

  • selection into medical and dental school, and postgraduate training
  • widening access/increasing diversity
  • predicting performance
  • teaching and learning in simulated environments
  • evaluating educational initiatives

Key publications:

  1. Patterson F, Knight A, Dowell J, Nicholson S, Cleland JA.  How effective are selection methods in medical education? A systematic review.  Medical Education, 2016: 50: 36-60. 
  2. Cleland JA, Walker K, Gale M, Nicol LJ.  Simulation-based education: Understanding the complexity of a surgical training “Boot Camp”.  Medical Education, 2016: 50: 829–841. This paper won the inaugural Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES) Award for Best Research in Medical Simulation, 2016.
  3. Nicholson S, Cleland JA.  “It’s making contacts”: Notions of social capital and their implications for medical selection and education. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017; 22:477–490.
  4. Schreurs, S, Cleutjens, K, Collares, CF, Cleland, J & Oude Egbrink,  'Opening the black box of selection', Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2020; 25: 363-382.