Courses to the value of 120 credit points, at least 90 credit points from list below. Remaining credit points from any Level 5 30 credit Law course (excluding LS501E and LS551K)
International Energy and Environmental Law (LS501C)
course deals with the regulation of international activities regarding energy
and the environment. The course will consider the international legal framework
regarding energy sources, and it will
look at the various legal instruments at the global and regional level as well
as the key actors that are involved in regulation. It will also examine
environmental issues that correspond to the generation and use of energy in the
international context and the responses relating to environmental protection of
soil, water, air, atmosphere and species.
Oil and Minerals for Good (LS501D)
The course examines the relationship between law, energy and natural resources, ethics, governance and development at the national and international levels on the one hand and variable developmental outcomes, particularly the resource curse phenomenon, on the other hand. The course then proceeds to apply advanced academic and experiential knowledge to formulate the fundamentals for overarching legal frameworks that will enable the good exploitation and development of energy and natural resources, thereby producing enduring benefits for all key stakeholders.
Energy, Innovation and Law (LS501F)
Students will explore the law and regulation which is relevant to innovation across the energy sector (taken in its widest sense). We will consider intellectual property, UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol, government initiatives, competition, human rights, and oil and gas licensing. We will focus on the impact of these fields on business, reward, sharing, sustainable growth, energy security, and the relationship between private rights, raw materials and the wider public interest. Sessions will be interactive and you need not have studied any of these fields before – although we will move quickly. Assessment is by essay, exam and group presentation.
The Politics of Human Rights (LS5068)
The course addresses the political processes by
which human rights law is created and sustained (e.g. by exploring the main
drivers of the change in human rights norms – like global civil society
activism). Classroom discussions look into the ways in which international
human rights law shapes controversial issues of international politics (like
the problems of international development or humanitarian intervention). Two
seminars are dedicated to ‘case studies’ on human rights politics: (1) the practice
of human rights activism, and (2) the relevance of human rights for dealing
with the social and political tensions generated by the oil industry in Nigeria.
Private International Law: Jurisdiction in Business Transactions (LS5089)
We examine the question of jurisdiction in relation to commercial matters involving private international law. We examine the general and special jurisdictional aspects of the Brussels I Regulation and the Recast Brussels I Regulation; choice of court agreements; and, international commercial arbitration.
Private International Law: Concepts and Institutions (LS5093)
As a result of globalisation, and, in Europe, of its recent communitarisation, Private International Law has undergone profound changes and has become a subject of increasing prominence and complexity. This course forms a foundation for the Programme LLM in Private International Law and is designed to enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of key concepts of Private International Law, including classification, renvoi, incidental question, public policy and mandatory rules. Students will also acquire insight into the role played by key institutions to develop principles and harmonize rules pertaining to jurisdiction, choice of law and recognition and enforcement of judgments.
Comparative and International Insolvency Law (LS5095)
This course explores, through seminar discussion including some group work, the theory and general principles of insolvency law, the domestic insolvency law of selected jurisdictions (currently Scotland, the US and Germany), the theory and general principles of international insolvency law and selected topics in international insolvency law (currently the EU Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings, domestic law provisions regulating international insolvency in selected jurisdictions and the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency). Topics and selected jurisdictions may vary according to topicality.
World Trade Organisation: Gatt (LS5098)
The course aims to provide a thorough and critical understanding of fundamental concepts, principles and institutions of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), with emphasis on trade in goods (GATT). The main topics covered include relevant historical and institutional developments, WTO dispute resolution, core principles such as the non-discrimination, most-favour-nation (MFN) and the prohibition of quantitative restrictions on international trade. The security, environment, human rights, labour standards, economic emergencies and free trade areas and customs unions based exceptions and their challenges are also analytically explored. These are studied in light of relevant WTO panel and Appellate Body cases and recommendations.
International Commercial Arbitration (on Campus) (LS5083)
The demand for international commercial
arbitration has increased significantly over the last 20 years. Empirical
surveys conducted consistently report figures that suggest around 60% of
businesses prefer arbitration over other dispute resolution methods. This
course provides students with a solid understanding of how arbitration works
both in principle and in practice. Topics covered include; the
arbitration agreement, arbitral jurisdiction, the arbitral tribunal,
challenging and enforcing awards. This course is taught together with
International Commercial Arbitration in the Asia Pacific.
International Commercial Arbitration In the Asia Pacific (on Campus) (LS5085)
The demand for international commercial arbitration has increased significantly over the last 20 years. Empirical surveys consistently report figures that suggest around 60% of businesses prefer arbitration over other dispute resolution methods. This course provides students with a solid understanding of how arbitration works in principle and in practice. Topics covered include; arbitration agreement, arbitral jurisdiction, arbitral tribunal, challenging and enforcing awards. This course is taught together with the International Commercial Arbitration course. This course allows a greater focus on the Asia Pacific region and is particularly relevant to those who foresee themselves working in that part of the world.
Cultural Property Issues: Law, Art, and Museums (LS55UU)
Taught by museum and law academics, this course will
examine cultural property issues such as
treasure trove, looting and repatriation, forgery, sacred and street art,
and the derogatory treatment of art. Objects from the University Museum and
collections worldwide will be drawn on to illustrate aspects of the course.
Museum practice and operational experience will also inform certain
aspects. Students will be encouraged to explore and develop their own
ideas. Facilitating this, the course will include a programme of case
studies and/or issue papers to be presented by students for class
Choice of Law for Business (LS551B)
This LLM course as a whole addresses choice of law for business, and focuses on three areas, namely contractual obligations, non-contractual obligations and corporate law. Students are expected to develop a clear understanding of relevant legislation and judgments, as well as to consider whether the law strikes an appropriate balance between party autonomy and the interests of states in prescribing relevant outcomes. The course is taught by means of seminars and guided independent reading.
The Law of International Organisations (LS551F)
The course deals with the
creation of international organisations, their legal powers and limitations. Looking at international and
regional organisations, the United Nations and the European Union included, it
provides a sample of international organisations’ structures which leads to
general conclusions as to the role played by international organisations in the
International Humanitarian Law (LS551G)
The course explores the history, nature and salient features of the principles of ‘the laws and customs of war’, also called IHL; they are enshrined, inter alia, in the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977. The principles of distinction, humanity, necessity and proportionality as applied to contemporary armed conflicts are examined. The course emphasises the rules and challenges pertaining to civilian immunity, occupation, legal controls on weapons and how IHL is implemented and enforced. It also clarifies the differences/complementarity between IHL and international human rights law and the law on the use of force.
International Trade and Finance Law (LS5588)
This course focuses on the difficulties which can arise when the buyer and seller of goods are located in different legal systems: we examine the sources of International Trade Law and the legal issues arising for buyer and seller in an international sale of goods transaction. We consider how to minimise or avoid these difficulties in the following contexts: the Sale of Goods Act 1979 and the CISG; Incoterms and bills of lading; International Documentary Letters of Credit; dispute resolution by litigation and arbitration.
Private International Law of Family Law (LS5589)
To learn about the contribution of international instruments to private international law of family law, in particular those developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law and the European Union. To analyse the Hague Conventions on International Child Abduction (1980), Maintenance (2007) and Intercountry Adoption (1993) and the EU Regulations dealing with child abduction and maintenance. Finally, to consider possible future regulation of international surrogacy arrangements.
International Human Rights Law (LS5590)
The course was designed to help students build
competence in dealing with the doctrinal issues about international human
rights. It involves understanding the place of human rights in public
international law, finding one’s way around the foundational human rights
documents and the jurisprudence of human rights bodies. The course delivery
puts heavy emphasis on classroom discussion on the controversial issues on
contemporary human rights law that shape doctrinal development in this field:
the justifiability of torture, the limits of freedom of religion, the
justiciability of social rights, etc
Carriage of Goods By Sea (LS5592)
We look at the issues arising from the use of a ship to transport goods from buyer to seller when each is based in a separate legal system. We examine the contract of affreightment; the relevance of charterparties; the possibilities offered by Bills of Lading and analogous ‘documents’ (whether electronic or not). We consider the law concerning a cargo claim as it may involve the Hague Rules, the Hague-Visby Rules, the Hamburg Rules. We also evaluate the Rotterdam Rules. We consider international commercial dispute resolution of cargo claims by arbitration and litigation.
International Criminal Law (LS5597)
The course explores the history, ambit and nature of ICL and the notion of individual criminal responsibility, issues of immunities, superior orders and subordinate responsibility. War crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and the crime of aggression are also critically examined. National and international prosecution of international crimes with emphasis on the Rome Statute and the International Criminal Court (ICC) and questions of international cooperation to suppress international crimes are carefully studied in light of relevant cases such as decisions of the Nuremburg and Tokyo tribunals, the ICC, ICTY and the ICTR (tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda respectively).