This is a map showing Europe nowadays.
The Angles, Saxons and Jutes came to Britain around 450 A.D.(see map below). Some Franks and Frisians also came, as well as some smaller tribes.
The people already living in Britain were called the Britons. They were a Celtic people, like many of the Scots, Irish and Welsh today. The Anglo-Saxon invaders drove most of the Britons back until they lived only in the areas now called Cornwall, Wales and Scotland.
This map shows where different tribes from Europe settled in Britain.
It is from the names of these tribes that we get some of the names of parts of Britain that we still use today:
East Angles - East Anglia
East Saxons - Essex
South Saxons - Sussex
Even the word England comes from Angle-land.